The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Republican Presidential Candidate Knowledgeable 1980-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Quite Well/ Extremely Well'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 69 ** 74 ** 84 ** 84 ** 85 ** 70 ** 60 76
Females 72 ** 79 ** 82 ** 81 ** 82 ** 73 ** 59 79
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 72 ** 78 ** 86 ** 85 ** 87 ** 73 ** 64 82
Black non-Hispanic 59 ** 67 ** 71 ** 71 ** 64 ** 66 ** 45 62
Hispanic 71 ** 74 ** 75 ** 73 ** 74 ** 72 ** 56 68
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 80 ** 81 ** 78 ** 81 ** 83 ** 65 ** 50 75
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 74 ** 78 ** 82 ** 73 ** 67 ** 61 ** 51 68
High School Diploma 75 ** 80 ** 83 ** 82 ** 79 ** 74 ** 65 77
Some College, no Degree 66 ** 78 ** 88 ** 84 ** 87 ** 74 ** 61 79
College Degree/ Post-grad 60 ** 64 ** 77 ** 85 ** 89 ** 65 ** 51 79
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 69 ** 76 ** 80 ** 78 ** 70 ** 73 ** 55 75
Income 17-33 Percentile 72 ** 76 ** 78 ** 77 ** 81 ** 74 ** 61 75
Income 34-67 Percentile 69 ** 80 ** 83 ** 83 ** 84 ** 72 ** 60 78
Income 68-95 Percentile 70 ** 75 ** 86 ** 88 ** 91 ** 67 ** 62 84
Income 96-100 Percentile 66 ** 75 ** 91 ** 88 ** 94 ** 75 ** 54 85
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 65 ** 69 ** 81 ** 83 ** 87 ** 68 ** 50 **
White Collar 72 ** 79 ** 86 ** 84 ** 85 ** 74 ** 67 **
Blue Collar 73 ** 79 ** 82 ** 81 ** 79 ** 71 ** 61 **
Unskilled 68 ** 73 ** 77 ** 77 ** 76 ** 60 ** 49 **
Farmers 89 ** 88 ** 91 ** 87 ** 81 ** 67 ** 74 **
Housewives 72 ** 84 ** 86 ** 85 ** 87 ** 81 ** 76 **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 67 ** 71 ** 82 ** 86 ** 83 ** 70 ** 52 77
Non-Union Households 71 ** 78 ** 83 ** 82 ** 83 ** 72 ** 62 78
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 73 ** 82 ** 84 ** 82 ** 81 ** 77 ** 66 79
Nonsouth 70 ** 75 ** 83 ** 83 ** 84 ** 69 ** 57 77
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 ** 82 ** 73 ** 44 84
Born 1959-1974 67 ** 81 ** 82 ** 82 ** 80 ** 75 ** 64 74
Born 1943-1958 69 ** 77 ** 83 ** 83 ** 84 ** 68 ** 63 76
Born 1927-1942 68 ** 76 ** 82 ** 82 ** 88 ** 72 ** 65 74
Born 1911-1926 74 ** 74 ** 86 ** 84 ** 85 ** 63 ** 60 81
Born 1895-1910 73 ** 76 ** 82 ** 83 ** 72 ** 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 78 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 60 ** 63 ** 74 ** 76 ** 77 ** 60 ** 39 66
Independents 75 ** 80 ** 82 ** 77 ** 78 ** 75 ** 58 82
Republicans (incl leaners) 85 ** 92 ** 94 ** 93 ** 93 ** 85 ** 85 92
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals 48 ** 56 ** 74 ** 75 ** 80 ** 52 ** 30 65
Moderates 68 ** 77 ** 80 ** 83 ** 84 ** 67 ** 59 75
Conservatives 79 ** 86 ** 91 ** 89 ** 94 ** 80 ** 78 90

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 7C.6.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)