The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Approval of Congressperson Running for Re-Election 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Approve'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 58 54 68 61 66 62 65 60 66 60 63 ** 63 54 61
Females 57 51 70 58 65 65 60 58 66 61 54 ** 59 50 61
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 59 54 72 60 68 64 63 60 68 61 62 ** 63 52 63
Black non-Hispanic 54 46 55 55 54 61 64 65 62 66 46 ** 64 53 58
Hispanic 33 30 61 53 56 63 50 49 54 51 48 ** 41 55 56
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 31 30 67 54 73 61 66 45 65 63 45 ** 50 40 54
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 60 55 62 58 58 64 69 44 55 54 43 ** 48 57 50
High School Diploma 56 52 71 57 66 65 62 59 64 59 51 ** 59 46 56
Some College, no Degree 57 51 68 58 66 63 62 56 68 60 63 ** 61 53 63
College Degree/ Post-grad 59 53 69 64 70 63 62 66 68 65 66 ** 66 59 65
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 57 52 59 56 58 58 59 57 64 61 49 ** 57 46 54
Income 17-33 Percentile 59 51 68 61 69 70 65 56 67 54 51 ** 64 54 55
Income 34-67 Percentile 59 55 74 60 66 65 64 59 67 59 59 ** 59 48 63
Income 68-95 Percentile 58 53 72 62 69 65 62 60 64 66 67 ** 66 58 67
Income 96-100 Percentile 60 57 70 67 76 56 62 75 71 65 70 ** 64 55 62
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 63 54 72 66 69 64 60 62 68 63 63 ** 67 ** **
White Collar 57 54 72 59 72 65 64 62 68 63 59 ** 61 ** **
Blue Collar 56 51 69 56 59 64 62 55 64 59 56 ** 57 ** **
Unskilled 51 57 68 57 55 57 72 53 77 34 48 ** 64 ** **
Farmers 74 53 63 67 80 59 71 67 51 76 56 ** 61 ** **
Housewives 52 51 63 55 66 66 60 59 63 63 57 ** 59 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 56 54 71 60 66 71 65 72 68 66 58 ** 64 44 64
Non-Union Households 58 52 69 59 65 62 62 56 66 59 58 ** 60 53 60
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 60 62 71 63 67 63 60 63 67 59 50 ** 65 52 62
Nonsouth 56 48 68 57 65 64 63 57 66 62 61 ** 59 52 60
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 58
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 50 51 57 57 42 ** 47 46 57
Born 1959-1974 40 43 58 50 55 53 51 53 58 57 52 ** 58 53 63
Born 1943-1958 49 47 70 54 63 64 64 63 67 63 61 ** 67 52 61
Born 1927-1942 62 51 72 62 74 72 69 64 74 68 69 ** 69 61 68
Born 1911-1926 68 64 72 74 74 76 74 62 77 57 73 ** 71 65 59
Born 1895-1910 66 54 70 60 66 65 52 59 73 64 34 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 78 75 100 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 61 54 71 62 67 69 67 63 65 63 59 ** 62 49 58
Independents 36 38 56 43 49 48 48 42 60 44 38 ** 48 40 49
Republicans (incl leaners) 61 55 70 61 68 62 62 60 68 65 64 ** 63 60 69
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 59 53 70 58 65 61 64 60 63 54 51 ** 64 51 54
Moderates 60 56 74 63 68 65 61 61 65 65 64 ** 60 49 64
Conservatives 62 55 71 64 69 67 62 63 69 64 70 ** 60 59 65

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 8A.3.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)