The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Approval of Congressperson Running for Re-Election 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Disapprove'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 10 10 12 10 8 13 12 14 16 14 12 ** 10 20 30
Females 7 7 7 6 6 9 12 12 14 11 10 ** 11 19 30
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 8 8 10 8 6 11 13 13 14 12 12 ** 11 19 29
Black non-Hispanic 6 11 5 10 4 8 8 9 13 10 10 ** 9 22 33
Hispanic 12 8 10 7 12 9 12 19 18 15 7 ** 10 18 28
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 6 0 8 10 10 9 7 15 9 7 12 ** 6 15 33
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 5 5 5 6 7 3 7 10 15 8 9 ** 8 16 32
High School Diploma 8 7 8 8 7 10 11 11 16 10 12 ** 10 21 32
Some College, no Degree 9 9 10 8 6 12 13 15 11 15 7 ** 11 19 28
College Degree/ Post-grad 10 12 13 9 8 13 13 17 17 16 14 ** 12 17 28
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 8 7 9 8 6 9 10 9 15 12 11 ** 15 21 34
Income 17-33 Percentile 5 6 6 7 7 8 9 13 13 13 13 ** 9 23 31
Income 34-67 Percentile 8 8 9 9 7 10 13 15 14 14 9 ** 10 20 29
Income 68-95 Percentile 11 10 12 9 8 14 15 13 17 12 12 ** 11 16 27
Income 96-100 Percentile 9 10 8 7 3 12 9 18 15 11 12 ** 10 9 32
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 8 10 11 8 7 11 14 15 16 18 10 ** 9 ** **
White Collar 8 6 9 8 4 11 11 13 11 12 12 ** 14 ** **
Blue Collar 8 7 8 8 7 10 10 12 14 10 12 ** 10 ** **
Unskilled 13 8 13 12 14 11 15 22 8 24 17 ** 6 ** **
Farmers 0 8 13 9 11 12 12 12 29 5 20 ** 10 ** **
Housewives 6 9 7 6 8 9 14 10 18 8 9 ** 4 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 11 9 9 10 7 7 14 9 16 12 10 ** 10 24 28
Non-Union Households 7 8 9 8 7 11 12 14 14 13 11 ** 11 18 30
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 6 8 9 6 7 11 13 9 12 11 11 ** 6 19 27
Nonsouth 9 8 9 9 6 11 12 16 16 13 11 ** 12 19 31
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 21
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 20 12 11 7 6 ** 11 20 32
Born 1959-1974 6 8 10 7 5 11 12 11 12 12 12 ** 9 18 27
Born 1943-1958 8 9 9 8 6 14 14 14 18 15 13 ** 10 20 34
Born 1927-1942 8 10 11 10 7 9 13 13 16 12 11 ** 13 19 23
Born 1911-1926 7 7 7 7 7 6 8 15 11 16 11 ** 12 18 34
Born 1895-1910 10 5 6 7 11 6 17 5 8 0 0 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 0 0 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 7 9 8 9 7 10 11 9 15 14 12 ** 10 23 32
Independents 9 3 7 6 5 9 14 13 12 9 12 ** 13 15 36
Republicans (incl leaners) 9 9 11 8 6 12 14 17 15 11 9 ** 10 15 24
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 11 12 10 10 9 12 11 13 19 20 10 ** 11 22 38
Moderates 8 10 10 8 6 12 13 10 15 10 8 ** 10 19 31
Conservatives 10 10 13 9 8 13 15 17 15 12 13 ** 13 17 27

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 8A.3.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)