The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Approval of Congressperson Running for Re-Election 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Don't Know'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 32 36 20 29 26 25 23 26 18 25 25 ** 27 27 10
Females 36 42 23 36 29 26 28 30 21 28 35 ** 30 31 9
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 32 38 19 32 25 24 24 27 18 26 27 ** 27 29 9
Black non-Hispanic 39 43 39 36 42 31 28 26 24 24 44 ** 27 25 9
Hispanic 55 63 29 40 32 28 38 32 28 34 44 ** 49 28 16
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 63 70 26 36 17 30 27 40 26 30 44 ** 44 45 13
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 35 40 34 36 35 33 24 46 30 38 48 ** 44 26 18
High School Diploma 36 41 21 34 28 25 27 31 20 31 36 ** 31 34 12
Some College, no Degree 33 40 21 33 29 25 24 28 21 25 30 ** 28 28 8
College Degree/ Post-grad 30 35 18 26 23 24 25 18 15 19 20 ** 22 24 7
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 35 41 32 37 36 33 32 35 21 26 40 ** 28 33 13
Income 17-33 Percentile 37 43 26 33 24 23 27 31 20 34 36 ** 27 23 14
Income 34-67 Percentile 33 37 17 32 27 25 23 26 20 28 33 ** 31 32 9
Income 68-95 Percentile 31 37 16 29 23 21 23 27 19 21 21 ** 22 25 6
Income 96-100 Percentile 31 33 22 26 22 32 29 7 14 25 18 ** 26 36 6
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 30 35 17 26 24 25 26 23 16 19 27 ** 24 ** **
White Collar 35 40 19 32 24 23 25 25 21 25 29 ** 25 ** **
Blue Collar 36 42 23 36 34 26 28 33 21 31 32 ** 33 ** **
Unskilled 36 35 20 31 31 31 14 25 15 43 35 ** 30 ** **
Farmers 26 39 24 24 9 29 17 21 20 19 25 ** 29 ** **
Housewives 42 40 30 38 26 25 26 32 19 30 34 ** 36 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 33 37 20 30 27 21 21 19 16 22 32 ** 26 32 8
Non-Union Households 35 40 22 34 28 26 26 30 20 28 31 ** 29 29 10
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 34 30 20 31 26 26 27 28 22 30 38 ** 28 29 12
Nonsouth 35 43 22 34 29 25 25 28 18 25 28 ** 29 30 8
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 21
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 30 37 32 36 53 ** 42 34 11
Born 1959-1974 54 49 31 43 40 36 37 36 30 31 36 ** 33 30 11
Born 1943-1958 42 44 20 37 31 22 23 22 16 23 26 ** 23 28 5
Born 1927-1942 30 40 16 28 18 20 18 23 10 21 20 ** 18 21 8
Born 1911-1926 25 29 21 19 19 18 19 23 12 27 16 ** 18 17 6
Born 1895-1910 24 40 24 33 23 29 30 36 19 36 66 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 22 25 0 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 31 37 20 30 26 21 23 28 20 23 29 ** 28 28 10
Independents 55 58 38 51 46 43 38 46 28 47 50 ** 39 45 14
Republicans (incl leaners) 30 36 19 31 26 26 25 23 17 25 27 ** 27 26 7
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 30 35 21 32 26 27 25 27 18 26 39 ** 26 27 9
Moderates 33 34 16 29 26 23 26 29 20 25 27 ** 29 32 5
Conservatives 28 35 17 27 24 20 23 20 16 24 17 ** 27 24 7

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 8A.3.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)