The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

How to Use                                                                                            List of Tables



Time of Presidential Election Vote Decision 1948-2004
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Last 2 Weeks of Campaign/On Election Day'


  % OF GROUP: '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Males 11 10 ** 9 ** 11 ** 12 ** 20 ** 11 ** 22 ** 24 ** 13 ** 16 ** 25 ** 18 ** 23 ** 15
Females 14 13 ** 11 ** 12 ** 14 ** 23 ** 16 ** 26 ** 27 ** 14 ** 19 ** 24 ** 20 ** 22 ** 15
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Whites non-Hispanic 13 12 ** 9 ** 12 ** 14 ** 23 ** 14 ** 25 ** 28 ** 13 ** 18 ** 26 ** 20 ** 22 ** 13
Black non-Hispanic 11 10 ** 20 ** 12 ** 2 ** 9 ** 15 ** 15 ** 10 ** 10 ** 15 ** 12 ** 7 ** 21 ** 19
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** 13 ** 29 ** 30 ** 24 ** 13 ** 22 ** 21 ** 32 ** 36
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 25 ** 22 ** 19 ** 43 ** 26 ** 17 ** 22 ** 22 ** 27 ** 9
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 11 13 ** 8 ** 7 ** 14 ** 18 ** 13 ** 16 ** 19 ** 17 ** 16 ** 14 ** 25 ** 16 ** 23
High School Diploma 15 12 ** 12 ** 13 ** 14 ** 23 ** 13 ** 25 ** 27 ** 12 ** 18 ** 26 ** 19 ** 21 ** 17
Some College, no Degree 11 6 ** 7 ** 15 ** 7 ** 27 ** 16 ** 28 ** 25 ** 14 ** 16 ** 26 ** 21 ** 24 ** 15
College Degree/ Post-grad ** 8 ** 9 ** 13 ** 12 ** 18 ** 14 ** 24 ** 27 ** 13 ** 18 ** 23 ** 16 ** 24 ** 13
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Income 0-16 Percentile 16 11 ** 9 ** 5 ** 13 ** 16 ** 13 ** 18 ** 14 ** 21 ** 13 ** 20 ** 18 ** 32 ** 13
Income 17-33 Percentile 18 15 ** 10 ** 6 ** 13 ** 20 ** 13 ** 20 ** 27 ** 17 ** 18 ** 22 ** 16 ** 18 ** 17
Income 34-67 Percentile 4 12 ** 10 ** 14 ** 13 ** 23 ** 13 ** 27 ** 28 ** 13 ** 19 ** 24 ** 21 ** 22 ** 15
Income 68-95 Percentile 16 12 ** 10 ** 15 ** 13 ** 24 ** 16 ** 26 ** 27 ** 12 ** 19 ** 26 ** 18 ** 21 ** 13
Income 96-100 Percentile 11 2 ** 8 ** 9 ** 12 ** 24 ** 11 ** 20 ** 23 ** 5 ** 9 ** 25 ** 14 ** 27 ** 15
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Professionals ** 7 ** 6 ** 11 ** 11 ** 21 ** 11 ** 25 ** 26 ** 13 ** 18 ** 26 ** 17 ** 22 ** 14
White Collar ** 14 ** 16 ** 13 ** 14 ** 23 ** 16 ** 23 ** 28 ** 15 ** 16 ** 24 ** 18 ** 22 ** 15
Blue Collar ** 14 ** 9 ** 12 ** 15 ** 26 ** 12 ** 20 ** 26 ** 13 ** 17 ** 22 ** 20 ** 26 ** 15
Unskilled ** 12 ** 10 ** 0 ** 5 ** 20 ** 0 ** 25 ** 26 ** 12 ** 14 ** 24 ** 54 ** 35 ** 23
Farmers ** 11 ** 5 ** 6 ** 2 ** 14 ** 11 ** 24 ** 28 ** 24 ** 20 ** 29 ** 16 ** 34 ** 16
Housewives ** 12 ** 12 ** 14 ** 13 ** 20 ** 15 ** 28 ** 25 ** 9 ** 20 ** 25 ** 21 ** 13 ** 19
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Union Households 14 14 ** 11 ** 14 ** 10 ** 27 ** 14 ** 24 ** 28 ** 16 ** 18 ** 24 ** 22 ** 22 ** 14
Non-Union Households 12 11 ** 9 ** 11 ** 13 ** 20 ** 14 ** 24 ** 25 ** 13 ** 17 ** 24 ** 19 ** 23 ** 16
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
South ** 10 ** 12 ** 12 ** 9 ** 17 ** 10 ** 18 ** 21 ** 12 ** 13 ** 23 ** 19 ** 18 ** 16
Nonsouth ** 12 ** 9 ** 11 ** 14 ** 23 ** 15 ** 26 ** 28 ** 14 ** 19 ** 25 ** 19 ** 25 ** 15
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 ** 41 ** 32 ** 14
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 27 ** 18 ** 17 ** 27 ** 16 ** 24 ** 18
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 ** 26 ** 15 ** 30 ** 31 ** 15 ** 18 ** 24 ** 22 ** 21 ** 15
Born 1927-1942 29 12 ** 11 ** 11 ** 13 ** 27 ** 15 ** 28 ** 26 ** 13 ** 17 ** 23 ** 19 ** 17 ** 13
Born 1911-1926 11 15 ** 13 ** 15 ** 11 ** 21 ** 14 ** 21 ** 24 ** 12 ** 16 ** 22 ** 16 ** 20 ** 16
Born 1895-1910 14 10 ** 8 ** 9 ** 13 ** 15 ** 10 ** 13 ** 14 ** 8 ** 18 ** 26 ** 3 ** 68 ** **
Born before 1895 5 8 ** 6 ** 9 ** 15 ** 13 ** 9 ** 18 ** 40 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Democrats (incl leaners) ** 15 ** 12 ** 15 ** 9 ** 21 ** 19 ** 24 ** 27 ** 16 ** 17 ** 21 ** 16 ** 22 ** 16
Independents ** 20 ** 23 ** 16 ** 18 ** 41 ** 11 ** 43 ** 33 ** 25 ** 36 ** 38 ** 51 ** 45 ** 40
Republicans (incl leaners) ** 5 ** 4 ** 7 ** 18 ** 18 ** 8 ** 19 ** 23 ** 8 ** 15 ** 25 ** 19 ** 19 ** 12
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 ** 23 ** 26 ** 14 ** 18 ** 21 ** 15 ** 23 ** 13
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 ** 27 ** 29 ** 16 ** 22 ** 27 ** 27 ** 34 ** 21
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 ** 22 ** 22 ** 9 ** 13 ** 24 ** 17 ** 19 ** 14

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 9A.3.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)