The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Aid to Blacks/Minorities 1970-2012

  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Govt. Help 1 : 13 12 12 11 10 5 7 8 7 9 8 6 5 5 9 6 ** 8 6 4
2 : 7 7 6 7 5 4 5 7 5 5 6 5 5 4 7 4 ** 5 5 4
3 : 7 12 10 11 9 10 10 13 10 10 10 10 9 9 10 7 ** 8 7 7
4 : 23 21 21 18 22 25 25 27 28 21 24 24 24 21 25 24 ** 22 19 21
5 : 11 10 10 10 14 18 14 16 16 14 14 13 15 18 14 15 ** 15 12 12
6 : 10 11 8 9 11 11 14 9 13 13 14 13 15 17 12 15 ** 15 14 16
Help Themselves 7 : 19 17 19 17 17 12 11 8 12 17 16 19 20 18 14 20 ** 16 22 24
DK, Haven't Thought: 10 11 15 17 11 14 15 13 9 11 9 10 7 9 10 9 ** 11 15 13
N   1494 2255 2489 2834 2284 1401 1403 2231 2152 2008 1957 2467 1765 1708 1274 973   1194 2312 5883

PERCENTAGE WITHIN STUDY YEAR
Table 4B.4
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table  
Link to see 2012 data by mode  


QUESTION TEXT:

1970-1984, 1986 FORM B, 1988 FORM B: "Some people feel that the
government in Washington should make every possible effort to improve
the social and economic position of blacks (1970: Negroes) and other
minority groups (1980: even if it means giving them preferential
treatment). Others feel that the government should not make any
special effort to help minorities because they should help themselves
(1970: but they should be expected to help themselves)."
1986 FORM A, 1988 FORM A, 1990 and later: "Some people feel that the
government in Washington should make every (prior to 1996 only:
possible) effort to improve the social and economic position of
blacks...Others feel that the government should not make any
special effort to help blacks because they should help themselves."
ALL YEARS: "Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't
you thought much about it?" (7-POINT SCALE SHOWN TO R)


Graph of Response:


Percent among demographic groups who responded:

 
 
NOTE: 2012 data are for the combined (face-to-face and internet) sample.

In the 2012 Web instrument, Don't Know was not present as an
onscreen categories for Internet, however Haven't Thought Much
about it was a response option for both modes.

This question is variable VCF0830 in the ANES Cumulative Data File dataset.
Consult the Cumulative Data File codebook for complete question text and annotation.
Weight variable VCF0009z was used to produce this table (see weight documentation)

(Table generated: 11NOV15)


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