III.E

                              Issues:  Minorities




          For how blacks or black leaders will vote, see Chapter V, Section
            D.1.b(1), How Others Vote/Will Vote, Groups.
          SEE ALSO:  Chapter I, Section B.2, Ethnic Groups and Ethnic Diversity 
            in America.



       - Were the Following Issues Emphasized in the 1974 Senate
           Campaign  [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2133 

       - Are the Following Issues Important or Not Important to R
           [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2143            76: V3711 

       - How Would R Rate the Importance of the Following Issues
           [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2153            76: V3732 

       - Is the Present Form of American Government Capable of Solving
          the Race Problems in America
            72: V99*,700*


                        Affirmative Action                                      III.E.1  
                                                                   

                                                                            
        ADMISSIONS:  COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES                    III.E.1.a 
                                                                            

       - Should Universities Enforce Admission Quotas of Blacks or are
           Quotas Wrong Because They Discriminate Against Whites
            86: V471[&474](A) 


                --(if R has opinion) Favor/Oppose Strongly or Favor/Oppose
                   Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V472(A) 

       - Should Universities Enforce Admission Quotas of Blacks or are
           Quotas Wrong Because They Give Blacks Advantages They
           Haven't Earned
            86: V477[&480](B)    88: V869[&890]       90: V465(A)
            CWP:V465(A)          92: V5947

                --(if R has opinion) Favor/Oppose Strongly or Favor/Oppose
                   Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V478(B)         88: V870
                     90: V466(A)         CWP:V466(A)
                     92: V5948
       - How Likely is it These Days that a White Person Won't Get
           Admitted to a School While an Equally or Less Qualified
           Black Person Gets Admitted Instead  [asked of non-black Rs]
            86: V560(B) 

       - How Likely is it These Days that Someone in R's Family Won't
           Get Admitted to a School While an Equally or Less Qualified
           Black Person Gets Admitted Instead  [asked of non-black Rs]
            86: V569[&575](B)

       - How Likely is it These Days that a Black Person Will Get
           Admitted to a School While an Equally Qualified White
           Person Gets Turned Down  [asked of black Rs]
            86: V561(B) 

       - How Likely is it These Days that Someone in R's Family Will
           Get Admitted to a School While an Equally Qualified White
           Person Gets Turned Down  [asked of black Rs]
            86: V570[&576](B) 



                                                                    
        JOBS:  HIRING AND PROMOTION                       III.E.1.b 
                                                                    

       - Should Blacks be Given Preference in Hiring and Promotion or
           is Preference Wrong Because it Discriminates Against Whites
            86: V469[&473]((A)   88: V856[&887]

                --(if R has opinion) Favor/Oppose Strongly or Favor/Oppose
                   Not Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V470(A)         88: V857

       - Should Blacks be Given Preference in Hiring and Promotion or
           is Preference Wrong Because it Gives Blacks Advantages They
           Haven't Earned
            86: V475[&479](B)    88: ST515            90: V463(A)
            CWP:V463(A),2558     92: V5935


                --(if R has opinion) Favor/Oppose Strongly or Favor/Oppose
                   Not Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V476(B)         88: ST516,517
                     90: V464(A)         CWP:V464(A),2559,2560
                     92: V5936
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                     CWP:V2561          

       - Would R Say That the Democratic Party is Mainly For or
           Against Preferential Hiring and Promotion of Blacks
            CWP:V2562

       - Would R Say That the Republican Party is Mainly For or
           Against Preferential Hiring and Promotion of Blacks
            CWP:V2563

       - How Likely is it These Days that a White Person Won't Get a
           Job or Promotion While an Equally or Less Qualified Black
           Person Gets One Instead  [asked of non-black Rs]
            86: V563(B) 

       - How Likely is it These Days that a Black Person Will Get a
           Job or Promotion While an Equally Qualified White Person
           Gets Turned Down  [asked of black Rs]
            86: V564(B) 

       - How Likely is it These Days that R or Anyone in R's Family
           Won't Get a Job or Promotion While an Equally or Less
           Qualified Black Employee Receives One Instead  [asked 
                of non-black Rs]
            86: V583[&591](B) 

       - How Likely is it These Days that R or Anyone in R's Family
           Will Get a Job or Promotion While an Equally Qualified
           White Person Gets Turned Down  [asked of black Rs]
            86: V584[&592](B) 

       - Is R For or Against Reserving Jobs for Racial and Ethnic
           Minorities According to Their Percent in the Whole
           Population
            CWP:V2612

                --(if R has opinion) For/Against Strongly or For/Against
                   Not Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2613,2614
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                     CWP:V2615





                                                              
        PREFERENCE IN GENERAL                       III.E.1.c 
                                                              

       - Affirmative Action, 7-Point Scale:  Should Minorities and
           Women be Given Preferential Treatment in Jobs and
           Admissions or Should only an Individual's Ability or
           Experience Count in Hiring and School Admission, R's
           Position
            78: V451 

       - Affirmative Action Programs for Blacks Have Reduced Whites'
           Chances for Jobs, Promotions and Admissions to Schools and
           Training Programs (Agree/Disagree)  [asked of non-black Rs]
            86: V516(B) 

                --(if agree or disagree) Agree/Disagree Strongly or Agree/
                   Disagree Not Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V517(B) 

       - Affirmative Action Programs for Blacks Have Increased Blacks'
           Chances for Jobs, Promotions, and Admissions to Schools and
           Training Programs (Agree/Disagree)  [asked of black Rs]
            86: V518(B) 

                --(if agree or disagree) Agree/Disagree Strongly or Agree/
                   Disagree Not Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V519(B) 



                                                                   
  Civil Rights Movement and Activism                      III.E.2  
                                                                   

     For civil rights topics which are not specifically related to minorities,
        see: Chapter III, Section F.5, Issues: Miscellaneous, Nonracial Civil
        Rights/Equal Opportunity.

       - Does R Think that Civil Rights Leaders are Trying to Push Too
           Fast, are Going Too Slowly, or are Moving at About the
           Right Speed
            64: V105             66: V43              68: V81  
            70: V71*             72: V112             76: V3213  
            80: V1132;I636       84: V1073            86: V559(B) 
            88: V845[&882]       90: V518(A)          CWP:V518(A)
            CF: V814             92: V5929

       - During the Past Year or So, Have Most of the Actions Taken by
           Blacks to Get the Things They Want Been Violent or Peaceful
            64: V106             68: V82              70: V72*  
            72: V113  




       - Have the Actions Which Blacks Have Taken Helped or Hurt Their
           Cause 
            64: V107             68: V83              70: V73  
            72: V114  

       - What is the Best Way for Blacks to Gain Their Rights-- Use
           Laws and Persuasion or be Ready to Use Violence if
           Necessary  [asked of black Rs]
            72: V130  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Discrimination Affects
           All Blacks and the Only Way to Handle it is for Blacks to
           Organize Together and Demand Rights for All;  OR: 
           Discrimination May Affect All Blacks but the Best Way to
           Handle it is for Each Individual to Act Like any Good
           American-- Work Hard, Get a Good Education and Mind his Own
           Business
            72: V845             76: V3803  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  the Best Way for Blacks
           to Overcome Discrimination is through Pressure and Social
           Action;  OR:   the Best Way is for Each Individual Black to
           be Even Better Trained and More Qualified than the Most
           Qualified White Person
            72: V849             76: V3807  

       - Has R Heard Whether Congress Did Anything this Year for Civil
           Rights
            64: V406  
                
                --(if R mentions Civil Rights Bill) Does R Remember President
                   Johnson's Position on the Civil Rights Bill
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V406  
                --(if R mentions Civil Rights Bill) Does R Remember Goldwater's
                   Position on the Civil Rights Bill (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V407  

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Following 'Black Power'
           Statements: [asked of black Rs]
         . There Should Be More Black Businesses, Banks and Stores
            72: V124  
         . Blacks Should Shop in Black-Owned Stores Whenever Possible
            72: V125  
         . Blacks Should Take More Pride in Black History
            72: V126  
         . Blacks Should not Have Anything to do With Whites if They
             can Help it
            72: V127  
         . There should Be a Separate Black Nation Here
            72: V128  
         . Black Children Should Study an African Language  
            72: V129  


       - How Much Real Change Does R Perceive in the Position of
           Blacks in Society in the Past Few Years
            64: V104             66: V42              68: V80  
            70: V70*             72: V111             74: V2264  
            76: V3212            84: V1075            86: V562(B) 
            88: V846[&883]       90: V519(A)          CWP:V519(A)
            CF: V813             92: V5930

       - Civil Rights Leaders, Feeling Thermometer
            70: V239             72: V729             74: V2373  
            76: V3843            80: V875;I683        84: V779 
            88: V606[&650]       CF: V216,242

       - Which of the Following Groups Does R Belong To. 
         . Black Muslims 
         . Congress of Racial Equality 
         . National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
            64: V385

       - Has R Ever Belonged to Any of These Groups. 
         . Black Muslims 
         . Congress of Racial Equality 
         . National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
            64: V386

                --(if yes)  Which Ones  (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V387
                --(if yes)  When Did R Belong: Year of Termination; When
                    Did R Belong: Number of Years Belonged (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V388-389  

       - NAACP, Has R Heard of
            64: V366

       - NAACP, Feeling Thermometer  
            64: V367  

       - Black Militants, Has R Heard of
            64: V376

                --(if yes) Feeling Thermometer (FOLLOWUP)
                    64: V377  

       - Black Militants, R's Opinion of Influence of
            76: V3588 

       - Ku Klux Klan, Has R Heard of
            64: V372

                --(if yes) Feeling Thermometer (FOLLOWUP)
                    64: V373

       - Which of the Following Groups Does R Belong To. 
          .Ku Klux Klan 
             64: V385

       - Has R Ever Belonged to Any of These Groups. 
          .Ku Klux Klan 
             64: V386



                                                                   
  Discrimination versus Equal Opportunity                 III.E.3  
                                                                   

   This section applies only to discrimination and equal opportunity for
   minorities specifically.  For discrimination, equal opportunity, and civil
   rights topics which are not specifically related to minorities, see:
   III.F.5. Issues: Miscellaneous, Nonracial Civil Rights/ Equal Opportunity.

   Discrimination versus equal opportunity specifically in public education is
   addressed in III.E.5.c, Integration/Desegregation, Schools, which considers
   remedies to discrimination and unequal opportunity in public schools.

   For integration/desegregation as a concept or social value (i.e., in
   opposition to discrimination or unequal opportunity), see III.E.5.a,
   Integration/ Desegregation, In General.

   For economic or other specific government programs for minorities, see
   III.E.4, Government Aid Programs.



                                                                     
        GOVERNMENT's ROLE IN SOLVING                       III.E.3.a 
                                                                     

         See note above.

        For government enforcement of integration/desegregation and busing as
        remedies to discrimination and unequal opportunity in public schools,
        see III.E.5.c.

       - Equal Opportunity for Blacks and Whites to Succeed Is
           Important but it is Not the Government's Job to Guarantee
           it 
            86: V522             88: V965[&992]       CF: V9038

       - Government Officials Usually Pay Less Attention to a Request
           or Complaint from a Black Person than from a White Person 
            86: V567[&573((B) 

       - In Response to Passage by Congress of Law Which States that
           Blacks Have the Right to go to Any Hotel or Restaurant They
           Can Afford, Is This Something the Government Should Support
           or Should the Government Stay out of this Matter:  Does R
           Have an Opinion.  What.
            64: V408             68: V78              70: V65,66*  
            72: V109,110  

       - Should the Federal Government See to it That Blacks are
           Getting Fair Treatment in Jobs (1956-1960: and Housing) or
           is This Not the Government's Business:  Does R Have an
           Opinion.  What is R's Opinion.  (1956,1958, 1960:  Agree or
           Disagree that Government Should See to it;  1952: What
           Should Government Do)
            52: V47,48           56: V44              58: V31  
            60: V62              64: V97              68: V73  
            72: V103,104         86: V505,506(B)      88: V864[&889],
            92: V5937,5938       CF: V9037                 865;ST532,
                                                            533

                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made up Or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V98
                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Doing Too
                   Much, Not Enough or What about This (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V45  
                         ---(if R has govt. opinion) ## Which Party is
                             Closer to R's View
                               56: V46
                --(if R has opinion) ## Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V32  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Support
                   Fair Employment (1960: and Housing) for Blacks
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V63             64: V99  
                     68: V74  
                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made up Or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V409  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Government Support for Equal Access to Public
                   Accomodations (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V410            68: V79  
                     70: V67*  

       - Would a Supreme Court Decision Whether Blacks Have the Right
           to Live in Any Part of Town They Want Change R's Feelings
           on This Issue  [asked of Rs who had given an opinion of
           their own on this]
            66: V155,157

       - Would a Supreme Court Decision Whether Blacks Have the Right
           to Live in Any Part of Town They Want Change R's Feelings
           Toward the Supreme Court
            66: V156,158

       - How Much Responsbility Does the Government Have for Solving
           the Following Problems [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            76: V3722 

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
           R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]
         . Fighting Racial Discrimination
            PS: V511*

       - Have Federal Efforts to Protect Blacks from Discrimination
           Increased, Decreased or Stayed the Same as They Were in
           1980
            88: V1040[&1051,1064]

                --(if increased or decreased) Does R Approve or Disapprove of
                   Increase/Decrease (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V1041

       - Does the 1958 Democratic House Candidate Oppose or Support
           the US Government Helping Blacks with [Equal Opportunity
           in] Jobs, Housing, Schools, etc.   [asked of Rs who said
           they had 'heard something about' this candidate AND who
           had an opinion on at least 1 of 2 preceding questions
           evaluating this candidate]
            58: V142
                
                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V143
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V146

       - Does the 1958 Republican House Candidate Oppose or Support
           the US Government Helping Blacks with [Equal Opportunity
           in] Jobs, Housing, Schools, etc.   [asked of Rs who said
           they had 'heard something about' this candidate AND who
           had an opinion on at least 1 of 2 preceding questions
           evaluating this candidate]
            58: V118
                
                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V119
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V122




                                                    
         IN GENERAL                       III.E.3.b 
                                                    

          See III.E.3 note.  SEE ALSO:  III.E.6, Perceptions About Blacks/
              Whites/Hispanics.


       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  With Enough Money and
           Effort it is Possible to Get Rid of Racial Discrimination;
           OR:  We Will Never Get Rid of Discrimination, it is Part of
           Human Nature
              72: V87*,861  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Racial Discrimination is
           Here to Stay;  OR:  it is Possible for American Society to
           Rid Itself of Racial Discrimination
            72: V76*,854  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  People Who Blame
           Discrimination Generally do it to Cover Their Own
           Weaknesses;  OR:  a Person's Skill and Effort are Important
           but Many People Still Face Discrimination in our Society
            72: V857  

       - Government Officials Usually Pay Less Attention to a Request
           or Complaint from a Black Person than from a White Person 
           (Agree/Disagree)
            86: V567[&573((B) 

       - A Small Group of Powerful and Wealthy White People Control
           Things and Act to Keep Blacks Down (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V606*            86: V577[&585](B) 

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Blacks have Only
           Themselves to Blame for Not Doing Better, If They Tried
           Harder They Would Do Better;  OR:  When Two Qualified
           People, One Black and One White, are Considered for the
           Same Job, the Black Won't Get the Job no Matter What
            72: V851  

       - Generations of Slavery and Discrimination have Created
           Conditions that Make it Difficult for Blacks to Work Their
           Way Up (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V609*            86: V580[&588](B)    88: V964[&991,
            90: V523(A)          CWP:V523(A)               1085]
            92: V6129            CF: V9039

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Many Blacks who Don't do
           Well in Life have Good Training but Opportunities Always Go
           to Whites;  OR:  Blacks may not Have the Same Opportunities
           as Whites but Many Blacks Haven't Prepared Themselves
           Enough to Make Use of the Opportunities that Come their Way
            72: V855             76: V3806  


       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Blacks' Attempts to "Fit
           In" Haven't Paid Off because No Matter How 'Proper' 
           Blacks are, They Still Face Discrimination;  OR:  the
           Problem for Many Blacks is that They Don't Meet American
           Standards, Any Black who is Educated and does What is
           Considered Proper Will Get Ahead
            72: V859             76: V3812  

       - Does R Think Most White People in R's Area Want to see Blacks
           Get a Better Break or do They Want to Keep Blacks Down or
           Don't They Care [asked of black Rs]
            72: V121  

       - Irish, Italians, Jewish and many Other Minorities Worked
           Their Way Up, Blacks Should do the Same Without Special
           Favors (Agree/Disagree)
            86: V568[&574((B)    88: V961[&988,1069]  90: V521(A)
            CWP:V521(A)          92: V6126            CF: V9040

       - If Blacks Tried Harder, they Would Do As Well as Whites
           (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V608*            86: V579[&587](B)    88: V963[&990,
            90: V522(A)          CWP:V522(A)                1080]
            92: V6128            CF: V9041

       - Blacks Have Gotten Less Than They Deserved in the Past Few
           Years (Agree/Disagree)
            86: V566[&572](B)    88: V962[&989,1074]  90: V520(A)
            CWP:V520(A)          92: V6127            CF: V9042

       - How Important Are the Following Qualities in Making a 'True
           American:'
        . Treating People of All Races and Backgrounds Equally
            CWP:V2604            92: V3522



                                                        
         SPECIFIC AREAS                       III.E.3.c 
                                                        

        This section applies to equal opportunity as a right, and to the
        presence of discrimination in access to public accomodations,
        jobs, and housing.

        For enforced remedies to discrimination and unequal opportunity in
        public schools and jobs through:  1) busing and desegregation;  or
        2)affirmative action programs in jobs and colleges and universities,
        see III.E.1, Affirmative Action, and III.E.5, Integration/
        Desegregation, and Busing.

        For integration/desegregation as a concept or social value (i.e., in
        opposition to discrimination or unequal opportunity), see III.E.5.a,
        Integration/ Desegregation, In General.


                                                  
                        Equal Access III.E.3.c(1) 
                                                  

          See III.E.3 note and III.E.3.c notes above.

       - In Response to Passage by Congress of a Law Which States that
           Blacks Have the Right to go to Any Hotel or Restaurant They
           Can Afford, Is This Something the Government Should Support
           or Should the Government Stay out of this Matter:  Does R
           Have an Opinion.  What.
            64: V408             68: V78              70: V65,66*  
            72: V109,110  

                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made up Or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V409  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Government Support for Equal Access to Public
                   Accomodations (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V410            68: V79  
                     70: V67*  


                                          
                        Jobs III.E.3.c(2) 
                                          

          See III.E.3 note and III.E.3.c notes.

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Blacks and Other
           Minorities no Longer Face Unfair Unemployment Conditions
           and are Favored in Many Training and Job Programs;  OR: 
           Even with the New Programs, Minorities Still Face the Same
           Old Job Discrimination Once the Program Is Over  
            72: V862             76: V3814  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Lack of Skills and
           Abilities Keep Blacks From Getting Jobs Rather than the
           Fact that They are Black;  OR:  Many Qualified Blacks can't
           Get a Good Job While Whites with the Same Skills Can
            72: V847             76: V3805  

       - Should the Federal Government See to it That Blacks are
           Getting Fair Treatment in Jobs (1956-1960: and Housing) or
           is This Not the Government's Business:  Does R Have an
           Opinion.  What is R's Opinion.  (1956,1958, 1960:  Agree or
           Disagree that Government Should See to it;  1952: What
           Should Government Do)
            52: V47,48           56: V44              58: V31  
            60: V62              64: V97              68: V73  
            72: V103,104         86: V505,506(B)      88: V864[&889]
            92: V5937,5938                                 865;ST532,
                                                            533



                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made up Or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V98
                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Doing Too
                   Much, Not Enough or What about This (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V45  
                         ---(if R has govt opinion) ## Which Party is Closer to
                             R's View  
                               56: V46
                --(if R has opinion) ## Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V32  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Support
                   Fair Employment (1960: and Housing) for Blacks
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V63             64: V99  
                     68: V74  

       - Whether Race, Nationality, or Religion Ever Affected Job
           Opportunity  
            72: V988*

       - Does the 1958 Democratic House Candidate Oppose or Support
           the US Government Helping Blacks with [Equal Opportunity
           in] Jobs, Housing, Schools, etc.   [asked of Rs who said
           they had 'heard something about' this candidate AND who
           had an opinion on at least 1 of 2 preceding questions
           evaluating this candidate]
            58: V142
                
                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V143
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V146

       - Does the 1958 Republican House Candidate Oppose or Support
           the US Government Helping Blacks with [Equal Opportunity
           in] Jobs, Housing, Schools, etc.   [asked of Rs who said
           they had 'heard something about' this candidate AND who
           had an opinion on at least 1 of 2 preceding questions
           evaluating this candidate]
            58: V118

                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V119
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V122

       - Is R For or Against Reserving Jobs for Racial and Ethnic
           Minorities According to Their Percent in the Whole
           Population
            CWP:V2612

                --(if R has opinion) For/Against Strongly or For/Against
                   Not Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)

                     CWP:V2613,2614
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                     CWP:V2615


                                                  
                        Open Housing III.E.3.c(3) 
                                                  

          See III.E.3 note and III.E.3.c notes.

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  White People Have a Right
           to Keep Blacks Out of their Neighborhoods;  OR:  Blacks
           Have a Right to Live Anywhere they can Afford, Just Like
           White People
            64: V116             68: V84              70: V68*
            72: V115             76: V3214            CF: V819

                --(if R chooses) Strength of R's Feeling   (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V117            66: V153  
                     68: V85             70: V69*  

       - Should Blacks be Allowed to Live in Any Part of Town They
           Want to or Not
            66: V152

                --(if R has opinion) Strength of R's Feeling (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V153
                --(if 'depends' or other qualifications) What Conditions
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V154
                --(if should be allowed) Would a Supreme Court Decision that
                   Blacks do Not Have this Right Change R's Feelings
                   (FOLLOWUP) on This
                     66: V155
                --(if should be allowed) Would a Supreme Court Decision that
                   Blacks do Not Have this Right Affect R's Feelings
                   Toward the Supreme Court (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V156

                --(if should not be allowed) Would a Supreme Court Decision
                   that Blacks do Have this Right Change R's Feelings on
                   This (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V157
                --(if should not be allowed) Would a Supreme Court Decision
                   that Blacks do Have this Right Affect R's Feelings
                   Toward the Supreme Court (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V158

       - Should the Federal Government See to it That Blacks are
           Getting Fair Treatment in Jobs and Housing or is This Not
           the Government's Business:  Does R Have an Opinion.  What
           is R's Opinion:  Does R Agree or Disagree that the
           Government Should See to it.
            56: V44              58: V31              60: V62

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Doing Too
                   Much, Not Enough or What about This (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V45  
                         ---(if R has opinion) ## Which Party is Closer to
                             R's View  
                               56: V46
                --(if R has opinion) ## Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V32  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Support
                   Fair Employment and Housing for Blacks (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V63       

       - Does the 1958 Democratic House Candidate Oppose or Support
           the US Government Helping Blacks with [Equal Opportunity
           in] Jobs, Housing, Schools, etc.   [asked of Rs who said
           they had 'heard something about' this candidate AND who
           had an opinion on at least 1 of 2 preceding questions
           evaluating this candidate]
            58: V142
                
                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V143
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V146

       - Does the 1958 Republican House Candidate Oppose or Support
           the US Government Helping Blacks with [Equal Opportunity
           in] Jobs, Housing, Schools, etc.   [asked of Rs who said
           they had 'heard something about' this candidate AND who
           had an opinion on at least 1 of 2 preceding questions
           evaluating this candidate]
            58: V118
                
                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V119
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V122





                                                                   
  Government Aid Programs                                 III.E.4  
                                                                   

       - Government Aid to Minorities, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government Help Blacks and Other Minority Groups or Should
           Minorities Help Themselves (1986 form A mentions "blacks"
           only, not "blacks and other minorities"; in 1988, the first
           variable specifies "blacks" only, not "blacks and other
           minorities" while the second variable reads "blacks and
           other minorities"; the PS vars specify only
           "blacks"). R's Position  
            70: V106             72: V629             74: V2296
            76: V3264            78: V373             80: V1062;I589 
            82: V415[C]          84: V382             86: V426(B),
            88: V332,340         90: V447                  427(A)
            CWP:V447             92: V3724            PS: V573,574
            CF: V830,831

       - Government Aid to Minorities, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government Help Blacks and Other Minority Groups or Should
           Minorities Help Themselves (in 1988, the first variable
           specifies "blacks" only, not "blacks and other minorities"
           while the second variable reads "blacks and other
           minorities;"  1990 includes only "blacks"). Perceived
           Positions of:  
         . John Anderson 
            80: V1065;I592 
         . Jerry Brown 
            80: I594 
         . George Bush 
            80: I595             88: V334,342         90: V448
            CWP:V448
         . Jimmy Carter 
            76: V3266            78: V374             80: V1063;I590 
         . Democratic Candidate for House (by name) 
            78: V377             80: V1067            82: V419 
            CF: V9098
         . Democratic Candidate for Senate (by name) 
            78: V379             80: V1070 
         . Democratic Party  
            70: V107             72: V633             74: V2300
            76: V3267            78: V375             80: V1074;I597 
            82: V417             84: V385             88: V338,346
            90: V449             CWP:V449             CF: V517,519
         . Democratic Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9084
         . Michael Dukakis
            88: V333,341
         . Gerald Ford  
            74: V2297            76: V3265  
         . House Incumbent Candidate 
            78: RV2101           CF: V9108
         . House Challenger Candidate
            78: RV2102
         . Jesse Jackson
            88: V335,343
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for House (by name) 
            80: V1069            82: V421 
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for U.S. Senate (by name)
            80: V1072 
         . Ted Kennedy 
            80: V1066;I593 
         . George McGovern  
            72: V631  
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: V384 
         . Most Blacks 
            76: V3271 
         . Most Businessmen 
            76: V3269 
         . Most Conservatives 
            82: V423 
         . Most Liberals 
            82: V422 
         . Most Middle Class People  
            72: V636  
         . Most Poor People 
            76: V3270 
         . Most Whites 
            76: V3272 
         . Most Workingmen  
            72: V635  
         . Edmund Muskie  
            70: V110  
         . Richard Nixon  
            70: V109             72: V630             74: V2299  
         . President
            CF: V9076
         . Ronald Reagan 
            80: V1064;I591       82: V416             84: V383 
            88: V339,347
         . Republican Candidate for House (by name) 
            78: V378             80: V1068            82: V420 
            CF: V9103
         . Republican Candidate for Senate (by name) 
            78: V380             80: V1071 
         . Republican Party  
            70: V108             72: V634             74: V2301
            76: V3268            78: V376             80: V1073;I596 
            82: V418             84: V386             88: V337,345
            90: V450             CWP:V450             CF: V518,520
         . Republican Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9092
         . Senate Incumbent Candidate 
            78: RV2103
         . Senate Non-incumbent Challenger 
            78: RV2104
         . George Wallace  
            70: V111             72: V632             74: V2298  
         . What Federal Government Is Doing Now
            80: V1075;I598       82: V424             84: V387 
            88: V336,344         90: V451             CWP:V451
            CF: V9119

       - Checkpoint:  R's Position and Perceived Government Position
           on 7-Point Scale for Government Aid to Minorities/Blacks
            80: V1076;I599

                --(if R rated self and government) How Important is it
                   to R that the Government Stays Close to/ Comes Closer to R's
                   Position (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1077;I600

       - Perceived Distance Between Parties on Issues:
          . Government Aid to Minorities, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV553

       - Perceived Proximity of R to Democratic or Republican Party
          . Government Aid to Minorities, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV564

       - How Important to R is the Issue of Government Aid to
           Minorities [asked of Rs who rated self on 7-Point Scale]
            70: V112  

       - Government Aid to Minorities, Branching Format:  Should 
           the Government Help Blacks and other Minority Groups or
           Should Minorities Help Themselves or Something in Between.
           Does R Have an Opinion.
            84: CM816            88: ST505

                --(if yes) What is R's Opinion (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM817           88: ST506
                         ---(if R has opinion not 'in between') Should
                             the Government Help to a Great Extent or to
                             Some Extent; Should the Government Leave
                             Minorities Alone to Help Themselves to a Great
                             Extent or to Some Extent
                               84: CM818 
                               88: ST507

       - Government Aid to Minorities, Branching Format:  Should 
           the Government Help Blacks and other Minority Groups or
           Should Minorities Help Themselves or Something in Between.
           Perceived Positions of:  (incl. Great Extent/Some Extent if
           Candidate does not reply 'in between')
         . Gary Hart 
            84: CM823,824 
         . Jesse Jackson 
            84: CM825,826 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: CM821,822 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: CM819,820 

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
           R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]:
         . Programs that assist blacks (1984: Assistance to blacks)
            84: V1005           86: V334[&342]      88: V381[&404]
            90: V386            CWP:V386            92: V3729
            PS: V514*           CF: V9050
         . Fighting Racial Discrimination
            PS: V511*
       - How Would R Rate the Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to
           R]:
         . Improving the Conditions of Blacks
            80: I559            82: 316 

       - Does the 1958 Democratic House Candidate Oppose or Support
           the US Government Helping Blacks with [Equal Opportunity
           in] Jobs, Housing, Schools, etc.   [asked of Rs who said
           they had 'heard something about' this candidate AND who
           had an opinion on at least 1 of 2 preceding questions
           evaluating this candidate]
            58: V142
                
                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V143
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V146

       - Does the 1958 Republican House Candidate Oppose or Support
           the US Government Helping Blacks with [Equal Opportunity
           in] Jobs, Housing, Schools, etc.   [asked of Rs who said
           they had 'heard something about' this candidate AND who
           had an opinion on at least 1 of 2 preceding questions
           evaluating this candidate]
            58: V118

                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V119
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V122




                                                                   
  Integration/Desegregation                               III.E.5  
                                                                   

          For the consideration of whether open housing is a right, see
            III.E.3.c.(3).


                                                     
          IN GENERAL                       III.E.5.a 
                                                     

          See note above.

       - How Many Blacks in R's Area Favor Desegregation [not asked if there
             are no blacks in R's area]
            64: V125             68: V86              70: V74*  
            72: V116             76: V3215            CF: V821

       - How Many Whites in R's Area Favor Strict Segregation  [not asked if
             there are no whites in R's area]
            64: V126             68: V87              70: V76*  
            72: V117             76: V3216            CF: V820

       - How Many Whites in R's Area Favor Desegregation [not asked if there
             are no whites in R's area]
            70: V75*  

       - Does R Favor Desegregation or Strict Segregation  
            64: V127             68: V88              70: V77*  
            72: V118             76: V3217            78: V444 
            CF: V815

       - Does R's Minister Believe that the Bible Favors Segregation
           or Integration [asked of Rs who belong to a church]
            64: V411  



                                                       
          R's EXPOSURE                       III.E.5.b 
                                                       

       - Race Composition of R's Neighborhood  
            64: V118             68: V89              70: V78*  
            72: V131             76: V3219  

       - Preferred Race Composition for R's Neighborhood 
            72: V132             76: V3220  

       - Race Composition of Grade School in R's Neighborhood
            64: V119             68: V90              70: V79* 
            72: V133             76: V3221 




       - Race Composition of Junior High School in R's Neighborhood 
            64: V120             68: V91              70: V80*  

       - Race Composition of High School in R's Neighborhood 
            64: V121             68: V92              70: V81*
            72: V134  

       - How Many Blacks in R's Area Favor Desegregation [not asked if there
             are no blacks in R's area]
            64: V125             68: V86              70: V74*  
            72: V116             76: V3215            CF: V821

       - How Many Whites in R's Area Favor Strict Segregation  [not asked if
             there are no whites in R's area]
            64: V126             68: V87              70: V76*  
            72: V117             76: V3216            CF: V820

       - How Many Whites in R's Area Favor Desegregation [not asked if there
             are no whites in R's area]
            70: V75*  

       - Race Composition of Co-Workers  
            64: V122             68: V93              70: V82*  
            72: V136             86: V626,627,RV639,
                                        640,668,669

       - Race Composition of People Where R Shops  
            64: V123             68: V94              70: V83*  
            72: V137  

       - Race Composition of Friends  
            64: V124             68: V95              70: V84*  
            72: V138             76: V3222  



                                                  
          SCHOOLS                       III.E.5.c 
                                                  

       - Race Composition of Grade School in R's Neighborhood
            64: V119             68: V90              70: V79* 
            72: V133             76: V3221 

       - Race Composition of Junior High School in R's Neighborhood 
            64: V120             68: V91              70: V80*  

       - Race Composition of High School in R's Neighborhood 
            64: V121             68: V92              70: V81*
            72: V134  






                                                                        
                       Court/Government-Ordered Admissions III.E.5.c(1) 
                                                                        

       - The Government Ought to See to it That White and Black
           Children go to the Same Schools (Agree/ Disagree).  Does R
           Have an Opinion.  R's Opinion
            62: V61,62           CF: V816[see next q.]

       - Should the Government See to it That White and Black Children
           go to the Same Schools or is This None of the Government's
           Business.  Has R Been Concerned Enough About this Question
           to Favor One Side Over the Other. R's Opinion.  1964-1970:
           Reasons for R's Opinion OR Comments OR Qualifications
            64: V100,101         66: V25,26           68: V75,76
            70: V61-63*          72: V105,106         76: V3210,3211
            78: V442,443         86: V484,485(B)      90: V469,470(A)
            CWP:V469,470(A)      92: V5931,5932       CF: V816

                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made Up or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (1966: R's Opinion and Certainty Summary)
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V102            66: V27,28
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Do What R
                   Wants on This Issue (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V29             70: V64*  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Want the
                   Government to See to it that White and Black
                   Children go the Same Schools (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V103            68: V77  

       - The Government Ought to Stay Out of the Question of Whether
           White and Black Children Go to the Same School (Agree/
           Disagree) 1958,1960: Reasons R Feels This Way.
            56: V74              58: V35,36           60: V70,71  

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Not Doing
                   Enough or Going Too Far on this Issue (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V75  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's Views
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V76             58: V38  
                --(if R has opinion) Has R's Opinion Changed in the Last 2
                   Years (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V37             60: V72  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Stay Out
                   of the Question (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V73


       - If R Had Children Going to a White School and the Courts
           Ordered Admission of Black Students Would R Keep his/her
           Children in the Same School or Try to Send Them to a
           Different School or What [asked of non-black Rs]
            64: V108  

       - If a White School Near R were Much Better than R's School
           Would R Want his/her Children to Attend that School Even if
           the Children were Among the First Blacks to Attend that
           School OR Would R Want his/her Children to Stay at R's
           Black School. Reason. [asked of black Rs]
            64: V111,112  

       - Are There any White Schools in R's Area Where Courts Have
           Ordered Admission of Black Students [asked of non-black Rs whose
           schools are not already integrated]
            64: V109  

       - Has R Heard of Anything Indicating that Court-Ordered
           Integration Might Occur in any Schools in R's Area [asked of non-
           black Rs whose schools are not already integrated]
            64: V110  


                                                   
                        School Busing III.E.5.c(2) 
                                                   

       - Has School Busing Occurred in R's Area
            64: V113             72: V107             76: V3208  

                --(if no) Has R Heard of Anything Indicating that Busing
                   Might Occur in R's Area (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V114            72: V108  
                     76: V3209 

       - Do Any of R's Children Ride a Bus to School [asked of Rs who have been
            married and who have school age children attending public schools]
            76: V3382 

                --(if yes) Is the Busing for the Purposes of Racial
                   Integration (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3383 

       - If School Board Told R that R's Child/ren Must be Bused to
           Integrate the Schools, Would R go Along with this Decision
           or Try to Have it Changed or What [asked of Rs with child/ren]
            64: V115  

       - What does R Think of Busing as a Way to Integrate Schools [3
           mentions in opinion]
            76: V3205-3207 

       - Are the Following Issues Important or Not Important to R
           [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2143            76: V3711 

       - How Would R Rate the Importance of the Following Issues
           [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2153            76: V3732 

       - How Much Responsbility Does the Government Have for Solving
           the Following Problems [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            76: V3722 

       - School Busing, 7-Point Scale:  Is Achieving Racial
           Integration an Important Enough Goal to Justify Busing
           Children Out of their Neighborhood Schools or is Having
           Children Attend Their Neighborhood Schools Important Enough
           to Justify Opposing Busing.  R's Position
            72: V202             74: V2288            76: V3257
            80: V1133;I637       84: V1074            CF: V817,818

       - School Busing, 7-Point Scale:  Is Achieving Racial
           Integration an Important Enough Goal to Justify Busing
           Children Out of their Neighborhood Schools or is Having
           Children Attend Their Neighborhood Schools Important Enough
           to Justify Opposing Busing.  Perceived Positions of:
         . Jimmy Carter 
            76: V3259 
         . Democratic Candidate for U.S. Senate  
            74: V2294  
         . Democratic Party  
            72: V206             74: V2292            76: V3260 
            CF: V533,535
         . Gerald Ford  
            74: V2289            76: V3258  
         . George McGovern  
            72: V204  
         . Most Blacks 
            76: V3262 
         . Most Whites 
            76: V3263 
         . Richard Nixon  
            72: V203             74: V2291  
         . Republican Candidate for U.S. Senate  
            74: V2295  
         . Republican Party  
            72: V207             74: V2293            76: V3261 
            CF: V534,536
         . George Wallace  
            72: V205             74: V2290  



       - Perceived Distance Between Parties on Issues:
          . School Busing, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV555

       - Perceived Proximity of R to Democratic or Republican Party
          . School Busing, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV566

       - Were the Following Issues Emphasized in the 1974 Senate
           Campaign  [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2133 

       - Are the Following Issues Important or Not Important to R
           [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2143            76: V3711 

       - How Would R Rate the Importance of the Following Issues
           [list shown to R]:
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2153            76: V3732 



                                                                   
  Perceptions About Asians/Blacks/Whites/Hispanics        III.E.6  
                                                                   


                                                
         ASIANS                       III.E.6.a 
                                                

       - Asians-Americans, Feeling Thermometer
            92: V5339

       - Asian-Americans, Whether R Feels Close to
            92: V6202

       - Where Would R Rate Asian-Americans on These 7-Point scales:
         . Hard-Working ..... Lazy
            92: V6223
         . Unintelligent ..... Intelligent
            92: V6227
         . Violent ..... Peaceful
            92: V6231

       - Looking at the Following List of Things That Might Happen as
           a Consequence of the Growing Number of Asian People in
           the United States, How Likely is Each Possibility:
         . Improve Our Culture with New Ideas and Customs 
            92: V6239
         . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public Services
            92: V6240
         . Take Jobs Away from People Already Here
            92: V6241


                                                 
          BLACKS╠                      III.E.6.b 
                                                 

       - Where Would R Rate Blacks on These 7-Point scales
         . Hard-Working ..... Lazy
            92: V6222
         . Unintelligent ..... Intelligent
            92: V6226
         . Violent ..... Peaceful
            92: V6230

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Blacks have Only
           Themselves to Blame for Not Doing Better, If They Tried
           Harder They Would Do Better;  OR:  When Two Qualified
           People, One Black and One White, are Considered for the
           Same Job, the Black Won't Get the Job no Matter What
            72: V851  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Many Blacks who Don't do  
         Well in Life have Good Training but Opportunities Always Go
           to Whites;  OR:  Blacks may not Have the Same Opportunities
           as Whites but Many Blacks Haven't Prepared Themselves
           Enough to Make Use of the Opportunities that Come their Way
            72: V855             76: V3806  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Blacks' Attempts to "Fit
           In" Haven't Paid Off because No Matter How 'Proper'
           Blacks are, They Still Face Discrimination;  OR:  the
           Problem for Many Blacks is that They Don't Meet American
           Standards, Any Black who is Educated and does What is
           Considered Proper Will Get Ahead
            72: V859             76: V3812  

       - The Reason that White People Seem to Get More of the Good
           Things of Life in America is that Black Americans Teach
           their Children Values which are Different From Those
           Required for Success (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V610*            86: V581[&589](B) 

       - The Reason that White People Seem to Get More of the Good
           Things of Life in America is that Blacks Come From a Less
            Able Race (1972: asked of non-black Rs) (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V611*            86: V582[&590](B) 

       - What is the Most Important Reason that Blacks Remain
           Disadvantaged  [card shown to R with 6 possible reasons
           which are same as V607-611]
            72: V612*  

       - Most Blacks on Welfare Could Do Without it if They Tried
           (Agree/Disagree)
            86: V565[&571](B) 

       - How Much Real Change Does R Perceive in the Position of
           Blacks in Society in the Past Few Years
            64: V104             66: V42              68: V80  
            70: V70*             72: V111             74: V2264  
            76: V3212            84: V1075            86: V562(B) 
            88: V846[&883]       90: V519(A)          CWP:V519(A)
            92: V5930            CF: V813

       - Irish, Italians, Jewish and many Other Minorities Worked
           Their Way Up, Blacks Should do the Same Without Special
           Favors (Agree/Disagree)
            86: V568[&574((B)    88: V961[&988]       90: V521(A)
            CWP:V521(A)          92: V6126            CF: V9040

       - If Blacks Tried Harder, they Would Do As Well as Whites
           (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V608*            86: V579[&587](B)    88: V963[&990,
            90: V522(A)          CWP:V522(A)               1080]
            92: V6128                   CF: V9041

       - How Many Blacks in R's Area Dislike Whites [asked of black Rs]
            72: V123  

       - How Many Blacks in R's Area Favor Desegregation [not asked if
             there are no blacks in R's area]
            64: V125             68: V86              70: V74*  
            72: V116             76: V3215  

       - Blacks, Feeling Thermometer
            64: V250             66: V130             68: V240
            70: V249             72: V720             74: V2365
            76: V3832            80: V870;I678        82: V145
            84: V763             86: V149[&176]       88: V613[&657]
            90: V155[&189]       CWP:V155[&189],2232  92: V5323
            CF: V206,232

       - Blacks, Whether R Feels Close to
            72: V819             76: V3859            80: V1156;I703
            84: V1087            88: V1100

       - Blacks, R's Opinion of Influence of
            72: V745             74: V2384            76: V3570 

       - Black Muslims, Feeling Thermometer
            64: V376,377  


       - Black Militants, Has R Heard of
            64: V376

                --(if yes) Feeling Thermometer  (FOLLOWUP)
                    64: V377  

       - Black Militants, R's Opinion of Influence of
            76: V3588 

       - Negroes: How Close R Feels to Others in Own Group [asked of black Rs]
            56: V250*            58: V216*            60: V159*

       - Negroes:  How Interested R Is in How Own Group as a Whole Is
           Getting Along   [asked of black Rs]
            56: V251*            58: V217*            60: V160*

       - Negro Organizations:  Opinion of Own Group's Efforts to
           Influence Congress  [asked of black Rs]
            56: V252*

       - Negro Organizations:  Opinion of Own Group's Aid to
           Political Candidates  [asked of black Rs]
            56: V253*

       - Group(s) That R Trusts/Distrusts to Recommend Candidates:
         . Blacks         
            56: V262

         Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better Off by Electing Carter
         . Blacks 
            76: V3325 

         Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better off by Electing Ford
         . Blacks 
            76: V3341 

       - What Groups of People Does R Feel Close to, in Terms of
           Economic matters [3 mentions]
            84: V170-172;CM124-126 

                --(if any mentions) Checkpoints: Did R Mention: (FOLLOWUP)
                  . Blacks 
                     84: V195;CM137 
                --(if blacks mentioned) Has the Economic Position of Blacks
                    Gotten Better, Worse, or Stayed the Same
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V200;CM142 

       - Should the Government Guarantee Everyone a Job and Good
           Standard of Living, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
         . Most Black People  
            72: V619*            76: V3765  

       - Government Health Insurance Plan, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Position of:
         . Most Blacks 
            76: V3280 

       - Government Aid to Minorities, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government Help Blacks and Other Minority Groups or Should
           Minorities Help Themselves.  Perceived Positions of:  
         . Most Blacks 
            76: V3271 

       - School Busing, 7-Point Scale:  Is Achieving Racial
           Integration an Important Enough Goal to Justify Busing
           Children Out of their Neighborhood Schools or is Having
           Children Attend Their Neighborhood Schools Important Enough
           to Justify Opposing Busing.  Perceived Positions of:
         . Most Blacks 
            76: V3262 

       - Rights of the Accused, 7-Point Scale:  Should it be Primarily
           Important to do Everything Possible be Done to Protect the
           Legal Rights of those Accused of Committing Crimes or is it
           More Important to Stop Criminal Activity even at the Risk
           of Reducing the Rights of the Accused, Perceived Positions
           of:
         . Most Black People  
            72: V628             76: V3253  

       - Liberal/Conservative Placement, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Positions of:
         . Most Black People  
            72: V659  

       - Does R Think Blacks Will Vote Mostly Democratic, Mostly
           Republican or About Evenly Split [in 1956 asked only of black Rs]
            52: V98              56: V156

                --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     52: V107            56: V157

       - Does R Think Black Leaders Will Vote Mostly Democratic,
           Mostly Republican or About Evenly Split [asked only of black Rs]
            56: V158

                --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V159




       - In the Country as a Whole, What Percent of the U.S.
           Population Would R Say is Black
            CWP:V2628


                                                                            
         BLACKS AND WHITES: COMPARATIVE OR BOTH                   III.E.6.c 
                                                                            

       - Are the Relations Between Blacks and Whites Getting Better or
           Worse  
            72: V119  

       - With Which Statement Would R Agree:  On the Average, Blacks
           are Born with More Intelligence than Whites;  OR  On the
           Average, Whites and Blacks are Born with about Equal
           Intelligence;  OR  On the Average, Whites are Born with
           More Intelligence than Blacks
            72: V139  

       - The Reason that White People Seem to Get More of the Good
           Things of Life in America is that God Made the Races
           Different (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V607*            86: V578[&586((B) 

       - Blacks and Whites: Perceived Agreement 7-pt. Scale
            72: V651  


                                                   
         HISPANICS                       III.E.6.d 
                                                   

       - Where Would R Rate Hispanic-Americans on These 7-Point
           scales:
        . Hard-Working ..... Lazy
            92: V6224
        . Unintelligent ..... Intelligent
            92: V6228
        . Violent ..... Peaceful
            92: V6232

       - Hispanics:  Feeling Thermometer  (92: Hispanic-Americans)
            80: V863;I671        84: V765          88: V617[&661]
            CWP:V2233            CF: V217,243

       - Mexican-Americans/Chicanos:  Feeling Thermometer
            76: V3825            CWP:V2236         CF: V217,243

       - Cuban-Americans:  Feeling Thermometer
            CWP:V2237

       - Puerto Ricans:  Feeling Thermometer
            CWP:V2237



       - In the Country as a Whole, What Percent of the U.S.
           Population Would R Say is Hispanic
            CWP:V2630

       - Hispanics, Whether R Feels Close to  (92: Hispanic-Americans)
            80: V1153;I700       84: V1085            92: V6212

       - Chicanos/Mexican-Americans, R's Opinion of Influence of
            76: V3576 

       - Looking at the Following List of Things That Might Happen as
           a Consequence of the Growing Number of Hispanic People in
           the United States, How Likely is Each Possibility:
        . Improve the U.S. Culture With New Ideas and Customs
            CWP:V2620            92: V6236
        . Take Jobs Away from People Already Here
            CWP:V2621            92: V6238
        . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public Services
            CWP:V2622            92: V6237
        . Cause an Increase in Crime
            CWP:V2623
        . Threaten the Place of English as the Country's Common
           Language
            CWP:V2624

       - In Answering Questions About Hispanics, Which Particular
           Nationality or Groups of People Did R Have in Mind
            CWP:V2625-2627


                                                
         WHITES                       III.E.6.e 
                                                

       - Does R Think Most White People in R's Area Want to see Blacks
           Get a Better Break or do They Want to Keep Blacks Down or
           Don't They Care [asked of black Rs]
            72: V121  

       - A Small Group of Powerful and Wealthy White People Control
           Things and Act to Keep Blacks Down (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V606*            86: V577[&585](B) 

       - How Many Whites in R's Area Dislike Blacks [asked of black Rs]
            72: V122  

       - How Many Whites in R's Area Favor Strict Segregation  [not asked if
             there are no whites in R's area]
            64: V126             68: V87              70: V76*  
            72: V117             76: V3216  

       - How Many Whites in R's Area Favor Desegregation [not asked if
             there are no whites in R's area]
            70: V75*  


       - Whites, Whether R Feels Close to
            72: V818             76: V3858            80: V1163;I710
            84: V1098            88: V1109            92: V6215

       - Whites, Feeling Thermometer  
            64: V245             66: V128             68: V233  
            70: V247             72: V718             74: V2363  
            76: V3846            80: V884;I692        82: V144 
            84: V769             88: V625[&669]       CWP:V2231
            92: V5333            CF: V207,233

       - Whites, R's Opinion of Influence of
            76: V3577 

         Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better Off by Electing Carter
         . Whites 
            76: V3324 

         Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better off by Electing Ford
         . Whites 
            76: V3340 

       - Ku Klux Klan, Has R Heard of
            64: V372

                 --(if yes) Feeling Thermometer (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V373

       - Which of the Following Groups Does R Belong To. 
         .Ku Klux Klan 
            64: V385

       - Has R Ever Belonged to Any of These Groups. 
         .Ku Klux Klan 
            64: V386

       - Should the Government Guarantee Everyone a Job and Good
           Standard of Living, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
         . Most White People  
            72: V620*            76: V3766  

       - Government Health Insurance Plan, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Position of:
         . Most Whites 
            76: V3281 

       - Government Aid to Minorities, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government Help Blacks and Other Minority Groups or Should
           Minorities Help Themselves.  Perceived Positions of:  
         . Most Whites 
            76: V3272 


       - School Busing, 7-Point Scale:  Is Achieving Racial
           Integration an Important Enough Goal to Justify Busing
           Children Out of their Neighborhood Schools or is Having
           Children Attend Their Neighborhood Schools Important Enough
           to Justify Opposing Busing.  Perceived Positions of:
         . Most Whites 
            76: V3263 

       - Rights of the Accused, 7-Point Scale:  Should it be Primarily
           Important to do Everything Possible be Done to Protect the
           Legal Rights of those Accused of Committing Crimes or is it
           More Important to Stop Criminal Activity even at the Risk
           of Reducing the Rights of the Accused, Perceived Positions
           of:
         . Most White People  
            72: V627             76: V3254  

       - Liberal/Conservative Placement, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Positions of:
         . Most White People  
            72: V658  











                                     III.F

                            Issues:  Miscellaneous




     For abortion, see Chapter III, Section G.1.
     For consumer protection, see Chapter III, Section F.7.c, Regulation of
       Business.
     For labor and 'big business,' see Chapter III, Section C.6.




                                                                   
  Church and State/Politics                               III.F.1  
                                                                    

        For R's religion and religious attitudes in general, see Chapter
          I, Section A.14, Demographics, Religious Background and Affiliation,
          and Chapter I, Section C.3.i, Religious Attitudes.


       - When Should the Law Permit Prayer in Public Schools [list of possible
              positions shown to R]
            86: V481             88: V866;ST530       90: V467(A)
            CWP:V467(A)          92: V5945

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Favor This Choice Strongly or Not
                   Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V482            88: V867,868
                     90: V468(A)         CWP:V468(A)
                     92: V5946
       - Is it All Right for Public Schools to Start Each Day with a
           Prayer or Doesn't Religion Belong in Public Schools but
           Should be Taken Care of by the Family and Church.  Has R
           been Interested Enough in This to Favor one Side over the
           Other.  (IF YES) What Does R Think. (1966,1968: Comments)
            64: V81              66: V30,31           68: V458,459  
            80: V1134,1135;      84: V1037,1038       CF: V9051
                I638,639 


                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made up or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V82             66: V32
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V34  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Allow
                   School Prayer (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V83  

       - Does R Favor Government Aid to Parochial Schools (1964:
           Reasons)
            62: V56              64: V69,70           92: V6023

       - Should a Person Be Punished for Breaking a Law Which S/he 
           Believes is Against His/Her Religion.  Comments.  
            66: V178,179

       - Can Someone Who Doesn't Believe in God Be a Good American 
            72: V935  

       - Evangelical Groups Active in Politics, Whether R Feels Close
           to
            80: V1164;I711       84: V1099            88: V1110

       - Evangelical Groups Active in Politics, Moral Majority,
           Feeling Thermometer
            80: V885;I693        84: V772             88: V614[&658]

       - Ministers Who Lead Protest Marches, Feeling Thermometer  
            70: V241             72: V733  

       - Christian Anti-Communist Crusade, Has R Heard of
            64: V370

                  --(if yes) Feeling Thermometer (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V371

       - Catholic Organizations: Opinion of Own Group's Efforts to
            Influence Congress [asked of Catholic Rs]
            56: V256*            60: V267*

       - Catholic Organizations:  Opinion of Own Group's Aid to
            Political Candidates [asked of Catholic Rs]
            56: V257*            60: V268*

       - Jewish Organizations: Opinion of Own Group's Efforts to
            Influence Congress [asked of Jewish Rs]
            56: V260*

       - Jewish Organizations:  Opinion of Own Group's Aid to
            Political Candidates [asked of Jewish Rs]
            56: V261*

       - Group(s) That R Trusts/Distrusts to Recommend Candidates
          . Catholics
          . Jews
          . Protestants
            56: V264,267,269     60:  V163,166,168

       - Catholics, R's Opinion of Influence (in 'American Life and
            Politics')
            72: V747             76: V3572  

       - Jews, R's Opinion of Influence (in 'American Life and
           Politics')
            72: V739             76: V3568  

       - Protestants, R's Opinion of Influence (in 'American Life
           and Politics')
            76: V3580 

       - Groups R Sees As Better Off by Electing Carter
         . Catholics 
            76: V3320 
         . Jews 
            76: V3322 
         . Protestants 
            76: V3321 

       - Groups R Sees As Better off by Electing Ford
         . Catholics 
            76: V3336   
         . Jews 
            76: V3338   
         . Protestants 
            76: V3337 

         How Well Does TRAIT Describe Pres. Candidate:
       - Religious:
         . Gary Hart 
            84: CM554 
         . Jesse Jackson 
            84: CM536 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: V350;907;CM452 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: V334,891;CM433 

       - Do Any 1972 Candidates Best Reflect High Moral and Religious
           Standards
            76: V267

                --(If Yes) Which One(s)  (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V268


       - Do Any 1976 Candidates Have Higher Moral or Religous
           Standards Than the Others
            76: V3313

                --(If Yes) Which One(s)  (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3314,3315

       - Does R Think Candidates for High Office Should Display Higher
           Moral Standards than the Average Citizen
            92: V3519

       - Does R Know Goldwater's Religion
            64: V295

       - Does R Know Johnson's Religion
            64: V297

       - Does R Know Kennedy's Religion
            60: V49  

       - Does R Know Nixon's Religion
            60: V45  

       - Does R Know if Republican House Candidate is Protestant,
           Catholic or Jewish  [asked of Rs who have heard or read
           something about Repub. Hse cand]
            58: V111

       - Does R Know if Democratic House Candidate is Protestant,
           Catholic or Jewish  [asked of Rs who have heard or read
           something about Repub. Hse cand]
            58: V135

       - Which of the Following Groups Does R Belong To. 
         . Christian Anti-Communist Crusade 
            64: V385

       - Has R Ever Belonged to Any of These Groups. 
         . Christian Anti-Communist Crusade 
            64: V386

       - Anything About Candidates Mentioned in R's Church
            60: V254

       - Does R's Minister Believe that the Bible Favors Segregation
           or Integration [asked of Rs who belong to a church]
            64: V411  

       - Are Election Campaigns Ever Discussed in R's Church
            64: V412

       - Does R's Minister Ever Recommend Candidates
            64: V413

       - Does R Think Catholics Will Vote Mostly Democratic, Mostly
           Republican or About Evenly Split [in 1956 asked only of
           Catholic Rs; includes 'content code']
            52: V103             56: V161,165

                --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     52: V112            56: V162

       - ## Does R Think Protestants Will Vote Mostly Democratic,
           Mostly Republican or About Evenly Split [in 1956 asked
           only of Catholic Rs]
            52: V102             56: V160

                --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     52: V111          

       - Does R Think Catholic Leaders Will Vote Mostly Democratic,
           Mostly Republican or About Evenly Split [in 1956 asked
           only of Catholic Rs]
            56: V163

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Have any Particular Leaders or
                    Organizations in Mind (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V164

       - Does R Think Jews Will Vote Mostly Democratic, Mostly
           Republican or About Evenly Split [in 1956 asked only of Jewish Rs]
            52: V104             56: V167     

                --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     52: V113            56: V168

       - ## Does R Think Protestants Will Vote Mostly Democratic,
           Mostly Republican or About Evenly Split [in 1956 asked
           only of Jewish Rs]
            52: V102             56: V166

                --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     52: V111          

       - Does R Think Jewish Leaders Will Vote Mostly Democratic,
           Mostly Republican or About Evenly Split [in 1956 asked
           only of Jewish Rs]
            56: V169

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Have any Particular Leaders or
                    Organizations in Mind (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V170

      - Which of the Following Qualities Make a 'True American:'
       . Believing in God
            CWP:V2602            92: V3521







                                                                   
  Energy                                                  III.F.2  
                                                                   

       - To Reduce the Amount of Energy Which the U.S. Uses, Should we
           Limit the Amount of Energy which People are Allowed to Use
           or Should we Charge Higher Prices for Energy to Discourage
           People from Using it
            76: V3928 

       - Which of the Following Does R Think the Government Should be
           Able to Do and Which Should it Not be Able to Do: [list shown to R]
         . Limit the Amount of Gas Someone Can Use During an Energy
           Crisis 
            76: V3560 

       - Energy Sources are Used Presently with Some Restrictions
           Meant to Protect the Environment and Limit Pollution.  In
           Order to Permit Increased Use of Energy Sources,  Should
           These Restrictions be Relaxed or Should the Environmental
           Regulations Remain Unchanged, Even if This Means Delaying
           the Production of More Energy
            80: V1141;I644 

                --(if relax or relax with 'qualifications') Should
                   Regulations Be Relaxed a Little or a Lot (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1142;I645 

       - Should the Government Regulate the Use of Gas Through
           Rationing in Order to Reduce Energy Consumption 
            80: V1143;I646 

                --(if yes) Should Gas be Rationed a Little, Some, or a Lot
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1144;I647 

       - Should the Government Continue to Control the Price of Gas
           and Oil or Should these Prices be Allowed to Rise in Order
           to Encourage Energy Conservation by Consumers
            80: V1145;I648 

                --(if allow prices to rise) Should Prices be Allowed to Rise a
                   Little, Some, or a Lot (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1146;I649 

       - Should the U.S. Develop More Power Sources from Nuclear
          Energy to Meet Energy Needs for the Future or are the Danger
          to the Environment and the Possibilitiy of Accidents Too
          Great-- Choices:  Should the U.S. Build More Nuclear Power
          Plants, Use Only Those Already Built, or Close Down All
          Nuclear Power Plants
            80: V1148;I651        CWP:V2804



       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Jimmy Carter's Handling of
           the Energy Problem 
            80: V340;I473 

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Approve/Disapprove Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V341;I473 

       - Does R Think Something Can be Done to Deal Successfully with
           the Energy Problem of Will we have to Continue to Live with
           Energy Shortages and Rising Prices because Not Much Can be
           Done About it
            80: V209;I652 

       - Were the Following Issues Emphasized in the 1974 Senate
           Campaign  [list shown to R]:
         . Energy Shortages
            74: V2130 

       - Is the Issues of Energy Shortages Important or Not Important
           to R
            74: V2140            76: V3708 

       - How Would R Rate the Importance to R of the Issue of Energy
           Shortages
            74: V2150            76: V3729 

       - How Much Responsibility Does the Government Have for Solving
           the Following Problems [list shown to R]:
         . Energy Shortages
            76: V3719 

       - Does R Favor or Oppose Using American Military Forces in the
           Middle East to Protect Oil Shipments
            88: V366

                --(if favors or opposes) Favor/Oppose Strongly or Favor/Oppose
                   Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V367

       - How Much Gasoline (Gallons) Does R Use a Week 
            80: V1147;I650 

       - People Who Oppose the Use of Nuclear Power, Feeling
           Thermometer
            CWP:V2243

       - How Important Are the Following U.S. Foreign Policy Goals:
        . Securing Adequate Supplies of Energy
            CWP:V2403            92: V5940





                                                                   
  Environment and Pollution                               III.F.3  
                                                                   

       - Does R Think Something Can be Done About Pollution or Isn't
           There Much that Can be Done
            72: V699* 

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of President's Handling of
           (82: Protection of Environment) (90: Pollution and Other
           Environmental Problems
            82: V456[C]          90: V104              CWP:V104

                --(if approves/disapproves) Approve/Disapprove Strongly or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V105                CWP:V105

       - Pollution from Private Industry, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government force Private Industry to Stop Pollution or
           Should Industries be Left Alone to Handle it in Business's
           own Way, R's Position
            70: V127             72: V214*  

                --(if R rates self) How Important is the Pollution Issue to R
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                          70: V133  

       - Pollution from Private Industry, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government force Private Industry to Stop Pollution or
           Should Industries be Left Alone to Handle it in Business's
           own Way, Perceived Positions of:
         . Democratic Party  
            70: V128             72: V218*  
         . George McGovern  
            72: V216*  
         . Edmund Muskie  
            70: V131  
         . Richard Nixon  
            70: V130             72: V215*  
         . Republican Party  
            70: V129             72: V219*  
         . George Wallace  
            70: V132             72: V217*  

       - Would R Support or Oppose a Tax Increase to Clean Up the
           Nation's Air and Water
              90: V486           CWP:V486

                 --(if support/oppose) How Strongly Support/Oppose
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                       90: V487              CWP:V487

       - Have Federal Efforts to Improve and Protect the Environment
           increased, decreased or Stayed About the Same Since 1980
            88: V899

                --(if increase) Does R Approve or Disapprove of Increase
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V900
                --(if stayed same) Does R Think These Programs Should Have
                   Increased, Decreased or Stayed the Same (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V901
                --(if decrease) Does R Approve or Disapprove of Decrease
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V902

       - Summary:  Federal Efforts to Improve and Protect the
           Environment Since 1980
            88: V903

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, for Which Programs
           Would R Like to See Spending Increased or Decreased:
         . Improving and Protecting the Environment
            84: V996;CM887       86: V327[&340]      88: V377[&400];
            90: V377             CWP:V377                ST518
            92: V3815            PS: V498            CF: V9047

       - How Would R Rate the Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to R]:
         . Improving and Protecting the Environment
            80: I553             82: V310

       - Energy Sources are Used Presently with Some Restrictions
           Meant to Protect the Environment and Limit Pollution.  In
           Order Permit Increased Use of Energy Sources,  Should These
           Restrictions be Relaxed or Should the Environmental
           Regulations Remain Unchanged, Even if This Means Delaying
           the Production of More Energy
            80: V1141;I644 

       - Should the U.S. Develop More Power Sources from Nuclear
          Energy to Meet Energy Needs for the Future or are the Danger
          to the Environment and the Possibilitiy of Accidents Too
          Great-- Choices:  Should the U.S. Build More Nuclear Power
          Plants, Use Only Those Already Built, or Close Down All
          Nuclear Power Plants
            80: V1148;I651        CWP:V2804

       - Should the Government Force All Companies to Comply With
           Strict Pollution Standards Even if it Might Put Some of
           Them Out of Business
            90: V491             CWP:V491

       - As a Foreign Policy Goal, How Important is Reducing  
           Environmental Pollution Around the World
            CWP:V2405            92: V5942


       - Should the U.S. Government Force Business and Industry to
           Stop Polluting the Environment, Even if it Means that Some
           Companies Have to Lay Off Workers or Shut Down
            CWP:V2805

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly About This or Not
                   Strongly
                     CWP:V2806  
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                     CWP:V2807

       - Which is Most Important:  Protecting Bird and Animal Species
           in Danger of Dying Out, Even if This Means That Some
           Workers Lose Their Jobs,  or Protecting Jobs
            CWP:V2808

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly About This or Not
                   Strongly
                     CWP:V2809
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                     CWP:V2810

       - Is the Issue of Protection of the Environment Important or
           Not Important to R
            74: V2146            76: V3714 

       - How Would R Rate the Importance to R of the Issue of
           Protection of the Environment
            74: V2156            76: V3735 

       - How Much Responsibility Does the Government Have for Solving
           the Following Problems [list shown to R]:
         . Protection of the Environment
            76: V3725

       - How Well Does 'Cares About the Environment' Describe George
           Bush
            88: V633

       - How Well Does 'Cares About the Environment' Describe Michael
           Dukakis
            88: V635

       - Which Party Would Do a Better Job in Improving and Protecting
           the Environment (PS: in Handling the Environment)
            90: V391         CWP:V391         PS: V222*

       - Which Presidential Candidate Would do a Better Job of 
           Handling the Problem of Pollution and Protecting the 
           Environment
            92: V3330

       - Were the Following Issues Emphasized in the 1974 Senate
           Campaign  [list shown to R]:
         . Protection of the Environment
            74: V2136

       - People Seeking to Protect Environment or Environmentalists,
           Feeling Thermometer 
            80: V867;I675        88: V620[&664]       90: V160[&194]
            CWP:V160[&194],2230, 92: V5329
                2243

       - People Seeking to Protect the Environment or
           Environmentalists, Whether R Feels Close to
            80: V1155;I702       84: V1091 


                                                                   
  Immigration and English as the Official                 III.F.4  
    U.S. Language                                                  
                                                                   

     SEE ALSO:  Chapter III, Section E.6.c, Perceptions About Hispanics, and 
       Chapter I, Section B.2, Ethnic Grouups and Ethnic Diversity in America.


       - Does R Think Immigrants to the U.S. Should be Immediately 
           Eligible for Government Services (Medicaid, Food Stamps, 
           Welfare) - or Should They Have to Wait a Year
            92: V6242

       - Should the Number of Immigrants From Foreign Countries Who
           Are Permitted to Come to the United States Be Increased,
           Decreased, or Left the Same as It is Now
            CWP:V2619            92: V6235

       - Looking at the Following List of Things That Might Happen as
           a Consequence of the Growing Number of Hispanic People in
           the United States, How Likely is Each Possibility:
        . Improve the U.S. Culture With New Ideas and Customs
            CWP:V2620            92: V6236
        . Take Jobs Away from People Already Here
            CWP:V2621            92: V6238
        . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public Services
            CWP:V2622            92: V6237
        . Cause an Increase in Crime
            CWP:V2623
        . Threaten the Place of English as the Country's Common
           Language
            CWP:V2624

       - In Answering Questions About Hispanics, Which Particular
           Nationality or Groups of People Did R Have in Mind
            CWP:V2625-2627


       - Looking at the Following List of Things That Might Happen as
           a Consequence of the Growing Number of Asian People in
           the United States, How Likely is Each Possibility:
         . Improve Our Culture with New Ideas and Customs 
            92: V6239
         . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public Services
            92: V6240
         . Take Jobs Away from People Already Here
            92: V6241

       - Illegal Aliens, Feeling Thermometer (92: illegal immigrants)
            88: V622[&666]       CWP:V2234            92: V5331

       - Immigrants, Feeling Thermometer
            CWP:V2229            92: V5336

       - Which is Closer to R's Opinion:  Racial and Ethnic Groups
           Should Maintain Their Distinct Cultures;  OR:  Groups
           Should Change So That They Blend into the Larger Society
            CWP:V2616

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                    About This
                       CWP:V2617
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                       CWP:V2618

       - Does R Favor or Oppose a Law Making English the Official
           Language of the United States, Meaning Government Business
           Would be Conducted in English Only
            CWP:V2607            92: V6233

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                    Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                       CWP:V2608,2609
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                       CWP:V2610 (FOLLOWUP)

       - How Should Non-English-Speaking Children Be Taught in the
           U.S.:  All Classes in English From the Start;  Classes in
           Their Native Language for A Year or Two; or Two Sets of
           Classes Through High School in Both Languages
            CWP:V2611            92: V6234

       - Which of the Following Qualities Make a 'True American:'
        . Speaking English
            CWP:V2605            92: V3523








                                                                   
  Nonracial Civil Rights/ Equal Opportunity               III.F.5  
                                                                   

          For civil rights, discrimination and equal opportunity specifically
          with regard to minorities or women, see III.E. Issues: Minorities,
          OR: III.G. Issues: Role of Women and Women's Rights.  For abortion
          rights, see III.G.1, Abortion.
          For the death penalty, see III.A.2.a.


       - If R Had Some Trouble with the Police, How Would R be
           Treated: Given a Harder Time than Other People, the Same as
           Anyone Else, or a Little Better than Most Other People
            66: V180  

                --(if R has opinion) Would R be Better Off if R Went to an
                   Elected Official and Had Hime Talk to the Police
                   for R, or Wouldn't it Make any Difference or Would
                   R be Worse Off (IF BETTER OFF) How Much Good Would
                   it do: Very Much, Some or Not Much (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V181  

       - If R Had Some Question to Take to a Government Office, How
           Would R be Treated: Given a Harder Time than Other People,
           the Same as Anyone Else, or a Little Better than Most Other
           People
            66: V182  

                --(if R has opinion) Would R be Better Off if R Went to an
                   Elected Official and Had Hime Talk to the People in
                   the Government Office for R, or Wouldn't it Make
                   any Difference or Would R be Worse Off (IF BETTER
                   OFF) How Much Good Would it do: Very Much, Some or
                   Not Much (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V183  


                                                      
         CIVIL RIGHTS                       III.F.5.a 
                                                      

                                                   
                        Miscellaneous III.F.5.a(1) 
                                                   

       - Should a Person Be Punished for Breaking a Law Which S/he 
           Believes is Against His/Her Religion.  Comments.  
            66: V178,179

       - Does R Think Those Who Tried to Avoid Military Service  
           During War in Vietnam Should Have Served Despite Personal 
           Beliefs
            92: V3525

       - Which of the Following Qualities Make a 'True American:'
        . Respecting People's Freedom to Say What They Want no Matter
          How Much You Disagree
            CWP:V2606

       - The Government Ought to Fire any Government Worker who is
           Accused of being a Communist Even Though They Don't Prove
           it (Agree/Disagree)
            56: V68  

                 --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Going Too
                    Far, Doing Less Than it Should or What (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V69
                         ---(if R has govt. opinion) Party Closer to R's View  
                                  56: V70  

       - Does R Favor or Oppose Laws to Protect Homosexuals Against
           Job Discrimination
            88: V852[&885]       92: V5923

                --(if favor or oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V853                 92: V5924

       - Does R Think Homosexuals Should be Allowed to Serve in the 
           U.S. Armed Services, or Not
            92: V5925

                --(if yes, think so/don't think so) Does R Feel Strongly/Not
                   Strongly that Homosexuals Should/Should Not be 
                   Allowed to Serve in the U.S. Armed Forces
                     92: V5926  

       - Does R Think Gay or Lesbian Couples Should be Legally 
           Permitted to Adopt Children
            92: V5927

                --(if yes or no) Does R Feel Strongly/Not Strongly that Gay 
                   or Lesbian Couples Should/Should Not be Legally 
                   Permitted to Adopt Children (FOLLOWUP)
                     92: V5928

       - Would R Favor or Oppose a State Law to Allow Use of
           Government Funds to Help Pay the Costs of Abortion for
           Women Who Can't Afford Them
            90: V482               CWP:V482           92: V3737
            PS: V583*,586*

                --(if favor or oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V483                CWP:V483
                     92: V3738               PS: V584*,585*


       - Would R Favor or Oppose a State Law Requiring Parental
           Consent Before a Teenager Could Have an Abortion
            90: V480               CWP:V480           92: V3735
            PS: V579*,582*

                --(if favor or oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V481                CWP:V481
                     92: V3736               PS: V580*,581*

       - Does R Favor or Oppose a State Law Requiring Married Woman to
           Notify Her Husband Before Having an Abortion
            92: V3739

                --(if favor/oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Such a Law
                   Strongly or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     92: V3740

       - Which of the Following Does R Think the Government Should be
           Able to Do and Which Should it Not be Able to Do:
         . Require Everyone to Carry a National Identification Card 
            76: V3561 
         . Look into Someone's Background if that Person Were Applying
           for Unemployment Benefits, Welfare, a Passport etc.
            76: V3563 
         . Wiretap Phones for National Security Reasons 
            76: V3565 

       - Should a Newsstand be Able to Sell Indecent Magazines to
           Adults
            66: V159

                  --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly About This
                     or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V160
                  --(if R's opinion is 'depends' or has qualifications)
                     What Conditions Does R have in Mind (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V161
                  --(if yes) Would R's Feeling Change if the Supreme
                     Court Decided that Newsstands Did Not Have this
                     Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V162
                  --(if yes) Would R's Feelings about the Supreme Court
                     Change if the Supreme Decided that Newsstands Did
                     Not Have this Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V163
                  --(if no) Would R's Feeling Change if the Supreme
                     Court Decided that Newsstands Did Have this Right
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V164
                  --(if no) Would R's Feelings about the Supreme Court
                     Change if the Supreme Decided that Newsstands Did
                     Have this Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V165

       - How Much of the Time Does R Think that Courts in the U.S.
           Guarantee Everyone a Fair Trial, 7-Point Scale ('None' to
           'a Great Deal')
            76: V3355 

       - Generally Everyone Is Treated Equally by the Law in this
           Country (Agree/Disagree)
            74: V2228  


                                                           
                        Rights of the Accused III.F.5.a(2) 
                                                           

       - Rights of the Accused, 7-Point Scale:  Should it be Primarily
           Important to do Everything Possible be Done to Protect the
           Legal Rights of those Accused of Committing Crimes or is it
           More Important to Stop Criminal Activity even at the Risk
           of Reducing the Rights of the Accused, R's Position
            70: V120             72: V621             74: V2281
            76: V3248            78: V365             CF: V832,833

                --(if R has opinion) How Important is This Issue to R
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     70: V126  

       - Rights of the Accused, 7-Point Scale:  Should it be Primarily
           Important to do Everything Possible be Done to Protect the
           Legal Rights of those Accused of Committing Crimes or is it
           More Important to Stop Criminal Activity even at the Risk
           of Reducing the Rights of the Accused, Perceived Positions
           of:
         . Jimmy Carter 
            76: V3250            78: V366 
         . Democratic Candidate for House (by name) 
            78: V369 
         . Democratic Party  
            70: V121             72: V625             74: V2284
            76: V3251            78: V367             CF: V524,526
         . Gerald Ford  
            74: V2282            76: V3249  
         . House Incumbent Candidate 
            78: RV2097
         . House Non-incumbent Challenger 
            78: RV2098
         . George McGovern  
            72: V623  
         . Most Black People  
            72: V628             76: V3253  
         . Most Conservatives 
            76: V3256 
         . Most Liberals 
            76: V3255 
         . Most White People  
            72: V627             76: V3254  
         . Edmund Muskie  
            70: V124  
         . Richard Nixon  
            70: V123             72: V622  
         . Republican Candidate for House (by name) 
            78: V370 
         . Republican Party  
            70: V122             72: V626             74: V2285
            76: V3252            78: V368             CF: V525,527
         . George Wallace  
            70: V125             72: V624             74: V2283  
         . Republican Candidate for U.S. Senate (78, by name) 
            74: V2287            78: V372 
         . Senate Incumbent Candidate 
            78: RV2099
         . Senate Non-incumbent Challenger 
            78: RV2100

       - Perceived Distance Between Parties on Issues:
          . Rights of the Accused, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV554

       - Perceived Proximity of R to Democratic or Republican Party
          . Rights of the Accused, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV565


                                                           
         EQUAL OPPORTUNITY                       III.F.5.b 
                                                           

        For equal opportunity specifically for minorities or women, see III.E,
          Issues: Minorities, OR:  III. G. Issues: Role of Women and Women's
          Rights.


       - Does R Favor or Oppose Laws to Protect Homosexuals Against
           Job Discrimination
            88: V852[&885]

                --(if favor or oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V853

       - Whether Race, Nationality or Religion Ever Affected Job
           Opportunity
            72: V988*


       - Poor People Have No chance to Get Good Education Because of
          Inferior Neighborhood Schools:  Agree/Disagree
            72: V691*            76: V3753

       - Would R Favor or Oppose a State Law to Allow Use of
           Government Funds to Help Pay the Costs of Abortion for
           Women Who Can't Afford Them
            90: V482               CWP:V482           92: V3737
            PS: V583*,586*

                --(if favor or oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V483                CWP:V483
                     PS: V584*,585*          92: V3738


                                                             
                        Efficacy of 'Hard Work' III.F.5.b(1) 
                                                             

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Most Poor People Are Poor
           Because They Don't Work Hard Enough; OR:  People Are Poor
           Because of Cirucumstances Beyond Their Control
            90: V332               CWP:V332

       - Which Statement is Closer to the Way R Feels Things Actually
           are:  People Who Don't do Well in Life Often Work Hard but
           Don't Get Breaks  OR  Some People Don't Use the Breaks That
           Come Their Way and if They Don't do Well, it's Their Own
           Fault
            72: V88*  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  People Born Poor
           Have Less Chance to Get Ahead than Others  OR  People Who
           Have Ability and Work Hard Have the Same Chance as Anyone
           Else, Even if Their Parents were Poor
            72: V843  

       - Many Poor People Simply Don't Want to Work Hard  
            72: V693*,848  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  There is No Opportunity
           for the Average Man Even if he Works Hard;  OR:  Any Hard
           Worker Can Succeed
            52: V127  

       - If People Work Hard They Almost Always Get What They Want
           (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V209             86: V510(B) 

       - Most People Who Don't Get Ahead Probably Work As Hard As
           People Who Do (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V252             86: V511(B) 

       - Even if They Try Hard, People Often Cannot Reach Their Goals
           (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V256             86: V513(B) 

       - Hard Work Doesn't Guarantee Success (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V207             86: V509(B) 

       - Which Statement is Closest to How R Thinks Really are:  Being
           Successful is a Matter of Hard Work and Luck Has Little to
           do With it;  OR:  Getting a Good Job Depends Mainly on
           Being in the Right Place at the Right Time
            72: V70

       - Any Person who is Willing to Work Hard Has a Good Chance of
           Succeeding 
            84: V254             86: V512(B) 

       - Which Statement is Closest to How R Thinks Really are: 
           Knowing the Right Person is Important to Getting Ahead;
           OR:  People Will Get Ahead in Life if they Have the Goods
           and Do a Good Job, Knowing the Right Person Has Nothing to
           do With it
            72: V85*  

       - Which of the Following Qualities Make a 'True American:'
        . Trying to Get Ahead on Your Own Efforts
            CWP:V2603            92: V3520


                                                
                        In General III.F.5.b(2) 
                                                

        For equal opportunity specifically for minorities or women, see III.E,
          Issues: Minorities, and III. G. Issues: Role of Women and Women's
          Rights.

       - Our Society Should do Whatever is Necessary to Make Sure
           that Everyone has an Equal Opportunity to Succeed (Agree/
           Disagree)
            84: V204             86: V364             88: V924[&1066
            90: V426(A)          CWP:V426(A)          92: V6024

       - We Have Gone Too Far in Pushing Equal Rights in This Country
           (Agree/Disagree; 1972: Equality Has Gone Too Far in This
           Country)
            72: V697*,942*       84: V206             86: V365 
            88: V925[&1071];     90: V427(A)          CWP:V427(A),2705
                ST443            92: V6025

       - One of the Big Problems in This Country is that We Don't Give
           Everyone an Equal Chance (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V208             86: V366             88: V929[&1094]
            90: V428(A)          CWP:V428(A)          92: V6029


       - It isn't Really a Big Problem if Some People Have More of a
           Chance in Life than Others (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V255             86: V368             88: V927[&1083]
            90: V430(A)          CWP:V430(A)          92: V6027

       - The Country Would Be Better Off If Worried Less About How
           Equal People Are (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V251             86: V367             88: V926
            90: V429(A)          CWP:V429(A)              [&1077]
            92: V6026

       - If People Were Treated More Equally We Would Have Fewer
           Problems in this Country (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V253             86: V369             88: V928[&1091];
            90: V431(A)          CWP:V431(A),2703         ST445
            92: V6028

       - How Important Are the Following Qualities in Making a 'True
           American:'
        . Treating People of All Races and Backgrounds Equally
            CWP:V2604            92: V3522

       - The Poor Are Poor Because the American Way of Life Doesn't
           Give All People an Equal Chance (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V689*,848        76: V3757  

       - Most People Who Don't Get Ahead Should Blame Themselves, Not
           the System (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V205             86: V508

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  People Born Poor
           Have Less Chance to Get Ahead than Others  OR  People Who
           Have Ability and Work Hard Have the Same Chance as Anyone
           Else, Even if Their Parents were Poor
            72: V843  

       - Poor People Have No chance to Get Good Education Because of
           Inferior Neighborhood Schools:  Agree/Disagree
            72: V691*            76: V3753

       - Whether R Feels S/he Has Had a Fair Opportunity in Life  
            72: V283  
                    --(if no)  Things That Stood in Way (FOLLOWUP)
                         72: V284  (FOLLOWUP)











                                                                   
                        Poverty and Causes of Poverty III.F.5.b(3) 
                                                                   

          For poverty specifically among blacks, see III.E. Issues: Minorities.

          For poverty's and unemployment's roles in urban unrest, see
            III.A.4.b(2).


       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  Most Poor People Are Poor
           Because They Don't Work Hard Enough; OR:  People Are Poor
           Because of Circumstances Beyond Their Control
            90: V332             CWP:V332

       - Poor People, Feeling Thermometer  
            72: V708             74: V2357            76: V3822  
            80 V860;I668         84: V768             86: V156[&183]
            88: V610[&654]       90: V162[&196]       CWP:V162[&196],
            CF: V223,249         92: V5320  

       - Poor People, Whether R Feels Close to
            72: V813             76: V3853            80: V1150;I697
            84: V1082            88: V1097            92: V6201

       - Poor People, R's Opinion of Influence of
            72: V738             74: V2380            76: V3567 

          Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better Off by Electing Carter
        . Poor People 
            76: V3319 

          Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better off by Electing Ford
         . Poor People 
            76: V3335   

       - Would R Favor or Oppose a State Law to Allow Use of
           Government Funds to Help Pay the Costs of Abortion for
           Women Who Can't Afford Them
            90: V482               CWP:V482           92: V3737
            PS: V583*,586*

                  --(if favor or oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                     Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                       90: V483              CWP:V483
                       PS: V584*,585*        92: V3738

       - Has Federal Spending on Poverty Increased, Decreased, or
           Stayed about the Same Since 1980
            88: V914
                  --(if increase) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                      88: V915
                  --(if same) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                      88: V916
                  --(if decrease) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                      88: V917

       - Summary. R's Opinion on Federal Spending on Poverty Since
           1980
            88: V918

       - What Groups of People Does R Feel Close to, in Terms of
           Economic matters [3 mentions]
            84: V170-172;CM124-126 

                  --(if any mentions) Checkpoints: Did R Mention: (FOLLOWUP)
                    . The Poor 
                        84: V197;CM139 
                             ---(if the poor mentioned) Has the Economic
                                  Position of the Poor Gotten Better,
                                  Worse, or Stayed the Same
                                      84: V202;CM144 

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
           R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]:
         . Assistance to the Poor
            88: ST523            92: V3817

       - Poor People Have No chance to Get Good Education Because of
          Inferior Neighborhood Schools:  Agree/Disagree
            72: V691*            76: V3753

       - The Poor are Poor Because the Wealthy and Powerful Keep them
           Poor  
            72: V686*            76: V3751  

       - The Poor are Poor because There Just Aren't Enough Good Jobs
           for Everybody  
            72: V687*            76: V3752  

       - With All the Training Programs and Efforts to Help the Poor,
           Anyone Who Wants to Work Can Get a Job These Days
            72: V688*  

       - The Poor Are Poor Because the American Way of Life Doesn't
           Give All People an Equal Chance (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V689*,848        76: V3757  

       - Most Poor People Don't Have the Ability to Get Ahead
            72: V690*  

       - Many Poor People Simply Don't Want to Work Hard  
            72: V693*,848  


       - The Seniority System in Most Companies Works Against Poor
           People, They are the Last to be Hired and the First to be
           Fired  
            72: V692*            76: V3754  

       - Good Skilled Jobs are Controlled by Unions and Most Poor
           People Can't Get into the Skilled Unions
            72: V694*            76: V3755  

       - Maybe it's Not Their Fault, but Most Poor People are Brought
           Up Without Drive or Ambition  
            72: V695*            76: V3756  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  People Born Poor
           Have Less Chance to Get Ahead than Others  OR  People Who
           Have Ability and Work Hard Have the Same Chance as Anyone
           Else, Even if Their Parents were Poor
            72: V843  

       - Which Statement is Closer to the Way R Feels Things Actually
           are:  People Who Don't do Well in Life Often Work Hard but
           Don't Get Breaks  OR  Some People Don't Use the Breaks That
           Come Their Way and if They Don't do Well, it's Their Own
           Fault
            72: V88*  

       - Most People Who Don't Get Ahead Lack Willpower  
            52: V222*            56: V282*  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  It's the Lack of
           Skills and Abilities that Keep Most Unemployed People from
           Getting a Job; If they had the Skills Most of Them Could
           Get a Job  OR  Many People with Skills Can't Get a Job,
           There Just Aren't any Jobs for Them
            72: V856  

       - People Should Blame Themselves, Not the System for Their
           Economic Position (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V205             86: V508

       - Which Statement is Closer to the Way R Feels Things Actually
           are: In the Long Run, Bad Things are Balanced by Good Ones;
           OR:  Most Misfortunes are the Result of Lack of Ability,
           Ignorance, Laziness or all Three
            72: V79*  

       - Which Statement is Closer to the Way R Feels Things Actually
           are:  Many of the Unhappy Things in People's Lives Are Due
           to Bad Luck;  OR:  People's Misfortunes are due to Mistakes
           That They Make
            72: V63*  




                                                                   
  Patriotism and Nationalism                              III.F.6  
                                                                   

       - When R Sees the American Flag, How Good Does it Make R Feel
            88: V968[&995,1087]  CWP:V2417            92: V6130

       - How Strong is R's Love for His/Her Country
            88: V969[&996,1088]  CWP:V2418            92: V6131

       - When R Hears the National Anthem, How Emotional Does it Make
           R Feel
            88: V970[&997,1089]

       - How Proud is R to be an American
            88: V971[&998,1090]

       - Should Burning or Destroying the American Flag as a Form of
           Political Protest be Legal or Should it be Against the Law
            90: V471               CWP:V471

                   --(if against the law) Does R Favor a Constitutional
                       Amendment Making it Illegal to Destroy the Flag
                       for Political Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                         90: V472            CWP:V472

       - Which of the Following Groups Does R Belong To. 
         . John Birch Society 
            64: V385

       - Has R Ever Belonged to Any of These Groups. 
         . John Birch Society 
            64: V386

       - John Birch Society, (1964: Has R Heard of; IF YES:) Feeling
           Thermometer
            64: V378,379         70: V245  

       - The U.S. Should Maintain its Position as the World's Most
           Powerful Nation Even if it Means Going to the Brink of War
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V972[&999]

       - Would R Say that in the Past Year or So the Position of the
           U.S. in the World Has Become Stronger, Weaker or Stayed the
           Same.  (1958-1968: Explanation)
            58: V58,59           60: V83,84           64: V137,138  
            68: V114,115         84: V246;CM607       86: V523 
            88: V252             90: V494             CWP:V494,2482
            92: V3601            CF: V9045

       - Which is the Best Way to Keep Peace:  Have a Strong Military
           or Work out Disagreements at the Bargaining Table
            88: V966[&993];ST512

                --(if R chooses) Strength of R's Feeling (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: ST513,514

       - How Important is it for the U.S. to Have a Strong Military in
           Order to Deal Effectively with Our Enemies
            88: V967[&994]       90: V496(B)           CWP:V496(B),
                                                           2483

      - Which of the Following Qualities Make a 'True American:'
       . Voting in Elections
            CWP:V2601
       . Believing in God
            CWP:V2602            92: V3521
       . Trying to Get Ahead on Your Own
            CWP:V2603            92: V3520
       . Treating People of All Races and Backgrounds Equally
            CWP:V2604            92: V3522
       . Speaking English
            CWP:V2605            92: V3523
       . Respecting People's Freedom to Say What They Want No Matter
           How Much You Disagree
            CWP:V2606



                                                                   
  Power/Size of the Federal Government,                   III.F.7  
  Government Regulation and Intervention                            
                                               


                                                       
         INTERVENTION IN ISSUES╬             III.F.7.a 
                                                       

        This section does not concern amount of government spending on issues.
        See Chapter III, Section C.2, Issues: Economic, Federal Budget, Budget
        Deficit) for government spending.

                                                                 
                        Current Government Activity III.F.7.a(1) 
                       |                                         

        This section covers R's assessment of the government's current activity
        level (or lack thereof) with respect to a particular issue.

       - Does Federal Government Have Too Much/Too Little Control
          Over Local Education  
            68: V456  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Cutting Taxes (Even If Some Important Things Must be Put Off
            56: V30

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Dealing with Communist Countries by Acting Just as Tough as
           They Do
            56: V51  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Fair Treatment for Blacks in Jobs and Housing
            56: V45  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Firing any Government Worker who is Accused of being a
           Communist (Even Though They Don't Prove it)
            56: V69

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Giving Money to Cities which Need Help to Build More Schools
            56: V54

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Government Guaranteed Job/Standard of Living
            56: V33  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Government Help for People to Get Medical Care at Low Cost
            56: V39  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Isolationist Attitudes:  U.S. Better Off Not to Concern
           Itself with Problems Elsewhere
            56: V36  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Keeping Soldiers Overseas Where They Can Help Countries that
           Are Against Communism
            56: V57  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Leaving Things Like Electric Power and Housing for Private
           Businessmen to Handle 
            56: V60

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Seeing to it That Big Business Doesn't Have Much to Say about
           How Government is Run
            56: V48

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Seeing to it That Labor Unions Don't Have Much to Say about
           How Government is Run
            56: V63

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Staying Out of the Question of Whether White and Black
           Children Go to the Same School
            56: V75  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - U.S. Economic Help to Poorer Countries Even if They Can't Pay
           for It
            56: V42

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - U.S. Help to Foreign Countries Even if They Are Not as Much
           Against Communism as We Are
            56: V72  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - U.S. Willingness to Go More Than Half-Way in Being Friendly
           with the Rest of the World
            56: V66  


                                                                  
                        Current Government Positions III.F.7.a(2) 
                                                                  

        This section covers questions which determine R's perceptions of the
        government's own current positions on particular issues, especially 7-
        point scales.

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Cooperate With Russia
            80: V1091;I586       84: V413             88: V372
            CF: V9117

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Defense Spending
            80: V288;I516        82: V414[C]          84: V400
            86: V414[&424]       88: V314             90: V445
            CWP:V445             92: V3712            CF: V9118

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Equal Role for Women
            80: V1107;I622       82: V442 

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Government Aid to Minorities/Blacks
            80: V1075;I598       82: V424             84: V387 
            88: V336,344         90: V451             CWP:V451
            CF: V9119


         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Government Guaranteed Job/Standard of Living
            80: V1123;I572       82: V434[C]          84: V419 
            88: V327             92: V3723            CF: V9121

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Government Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff
            80: V298;I530        82: V451[C]         84: V380
            86: V457[&467]       88: V306            90: V458
            CWP:V458             92: V3706           CF: V9120

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Improvement of Social and Economic Status of Women
            84: V406 

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Inflation/Unemployment Tradeoff
            80: V308;I502 

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - Liberal/Conservative Placement
            88: V237             90: V415            CWP:V415

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - U.S. Involvement in the Internal Affairs of Central America
            84: V393             86: V437[&447] 

         Perceived Federal Government Position on 7-Point Scale:
       - 1980 Proposed 30% Cut (Over 3 Year Period) in Federal Income
           Taxes.
            80: V330;I542 

       - When Should Abortion Be Permitted  [list of choices shown to R],
           Perceived Position of:
         . What the Federal Government Is Doing 
            80: I612 

       - By Law, When Abortion Should Be Permitted  [list of choices shown to R],
           Perceived Position of: 
         . Federal Law Now Applicable 
            80: V318;I608 


                                                                              
                    What Issues are Appropriate for Intervention III.F.7.a(3) 
                                                                              

        This section covers questions which identify whether an issue is
        appropriate for any government involvement (according to R).

        Questions which measure the positions of R (or others) on defined
        government programs (i.e., national health insurance, busing, foreign
        aid, etc.) appear topically (by particular issue) elsewhere in Chapter
        III.


          SEE ALSO:  Regulation of Business, III.F.7.c.


       - Are There Any Problems at Home or Abroad that the Government
           has Gotten into that it Should Stay Out of. (IF YES). What.
            64: V51,56,61

                 --(if R mentions problem) How Worried is R About Problem
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V52,57,62
                 --(if R mentions problem) Does R Think About This Problem
                     Often (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V53,58,63  
                 --(if R mentions problem) Does R Pay Attention to News About
                    This Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V54,59,64  
                 --(if R mentions problem) Which Party is More Likely to Do 
                    What R Wants to Deal with This Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V55,60,65  

       - Over the Years, the Government in Washington Has Gotten
           Involved in Handling and Deciding Issues Which Should not
           be the Federal Government's Business (Agree/Disagree)
            82: V460[C] 

                --(if agree) Has the Government Gotten Involved in Many
                   Such Issues or Just a Few (FOLLOWUP)
                     82: V461[C] 

       - Over the Years, the Government in Washington has Taken on
           More and More Responsibility for Handling Social and
           Economic Problems: in the Future Should the Government in
           Washington Continue to Have a Primary Responsiblity for
           Handling Social and Economic Problems or Should State and
           Local Governments be Given Most of the Responsibility
            82: V458 

       - In General, People Getting Together in Their Own Communities
           Can Solve Their Problems Better Than the Government in
           Washington
            86: V514(B) 


       - Which Does R Agree With:  We Need a Strong Government to
           Handle Today's Complex Economic Problems;  OR:  the Free
           Market Can Handle These Problems Without the Government
            90: V331           CWP:V331               92: V5730

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  the Main Reason the
           Government has Become Bigger is Because it Has Gotten
           Involved in Things that People Should Do for Themselves; 
           OR:  Government Has Become Bigger Because the Problems we
           Face Have Become Bigger
            90: V335             CWP:V335             92: V5731

       - Equal Opportunity for Blacks and Whites to Succeed Is
           Important but it is Not the Government's Job to Guarantee
           it 
            86: V522             88: V965[&992]

       - Does R Think the Federal Government Should Do More in Areas
           of Domestic Social Welfare or is it Doing Enough
            52: V45

       - Are There Differences Between the Major Parties' Views About
           Size Federal Government's Role in Social Welfare Should be
            52: V46

       - Fair Treatment for Blacks in Jobs (1956-1960: and Housing):
           This Not the Government's Business or Should the Government
           Enforce
            52: V47              56: V44              58: V31  
            60: V62              64: V97              68: V73  
            72: V103,104         86: V505,506(B)      88: V864,865;
                                                          ST532,533

       - Seeing to it That White and Black Children go to the Same
           Schools: is This Not the Government's Business or Should
           the Government do This
            64: V100,101         66: V25,26           68: V75,76
            70: V61-63*          72: V105,106         76: V3210,3211
            78: V442,443         86: V484,485(B)      90: V469,470(A)
            CWP:V469,470(A)      92: V5931,5932       CF: V816

       - Does R Think the Government Should Provide Child Care
           Assistance to Low and Middle Income Working Parents, or
           Isn't This the Government's Business
            90: V488             CWP:V488             92: V3745

       - The Government Ought to See to it That White and Black
           Children go to the Same Schools
            62: V61,62           CF: V816

       - The Government Ought to Stay Out of the Question of Whether
           White and Black Children Go to the Same School
            56: V74              58: V35,36           60: V70,71  


       - How Much Responsibility Does the Government Have for Solving
           the Following Problems [list shown to R]:
         . High Taxes
            76: V3717 
         . Inflation
            76: V3718
         . Energy Shortages
            76: V3719
         . Unemployment
            76: V3720 
         . Relations with Foreign Countries
            76: V3721
         . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            76: V3722 
         . Combatting Crime and Drugs
            76: V3723 
         . Consumer Protection
            76: V3724
         . Protection of the Environment
            76: V3725
         . 'Most Important Problem' [as named by R]
            76: V3693

       - In Response to Passage by Congress of Equal Access Law:  Is
           This Something the Government Should Support or Should the
           Government Stay out of this Matter
            64: V408             68: V78              70: V65,66*  
            72: V109,110  

       - Does 1958 Democratic US House Candidate Oppose/Support Having
           a Government Role in Jobs, Schools, Housing etc.  [asked of Rs who
           said they had read or heard something about Democratic US House
           candidate and who had an opinion about whether the Democratic
           US House candidate was the right sort of person to be a congressman
           and who had an opinion about whether the Democratic US House
           candidate was a person who understood the problems of people like R]
            58: V140

                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V141
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V145

       - Does 1958 Republican US House Candidate Oppose/Support Having
           a Government Role in Jobs, Schools, Housing etc.  [asked of Rs who
           said they had read or heard something about Republican US House
           candidate and who had an opinion about whether the Republican US
           House candidate was the right sort of person to be a congressman
           and who had an opinion about whether the Republican US House
           candidate was a person who understood the problems of people like R]
            58: V116

                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V117
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V121


       - The Government Should Leave Things Like Electric Power and
           Housing for Private Businessmen to Handle (Agree/Disagree;
           1964: Yes/No)
            56: V59              58: V21              60: V52
            64: V344

       - Does R Feel More Issues Should be Decided by Voters at Polls
            70: V226             72: V495             74: V2335

                --(if yes) What in Particular (FOLLOWUP)
                     70: V227            72: V496
                     74: V2336,2337


                                                                              
         POWER/SIZE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT                       III.F.7.b 
                                                                              

       - Is the Government in Washington Getting Too Powerful for the
           Good of the Country and the Individual Person or is the
           Government Not Getting (1964,1966,1970: has the Government
           Not Gotten) Too Strong (1964-1970: for the Good of the
           Country).  Has R Been Interested Enough in This to Favor
           one Side over the Other.  (IF YES) What is R's Feeling.
            64: V71              66: V21              68: V62  
            70: V58,59           72: V56*,57*         76: V3224,3225
            78: V453,454         80: V1128,1129;      84: V1059,1060
            88: V847,848[&884]       I632,633         92: V6015,6016
            CF: V829
            
                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made Up or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V72             66: V22  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V24             70: V60  
                --(if R has opinion and opinion is either 'government not
                   getting too strong' or 'depends') Should the Government
                   Become More Powerful or Stay as it is (FOLLOWUP)
                     78: V455            80: V1130;I634 
                     84: V1061           88: V849,850 
                     92: V6017
               --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to
                   Favor a Strong Government in Washington  
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V73             68: V63  
                     72: V58*            76: V3226  
                     78: V456            80: V1131;I635 
                     84: V1062           88: V851
                     92: V6018           CF: V521

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  the Less Government the
           Better; OR:  There Are More Things the Government Should be
           Doing
            90: V333             CWP:V333             92: V5729

       - Does R Favor or Oppose a Law Which Would Limit Members of
           Congress to No More Than 12 Years of Service in Their
           Office
            CWP:V2480            92: V3747

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  We Need a Strong
           Government to Handle Today's Complex Economic Problems; OR:
           the Free Market Can Handle These Problems without the
           Government Being Involved
            90: V331             CWP:V331             92: V5730

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  the Main Reason the
           Government has Become Bigger is Because it Has Gotten
           Involved in Things that People Should Do for Themselves; 
           OR:  Government Has Become Bigger Because the Problems we
           Face Have Become Bigger
            90: V335             CWP:V335             92: V5731

         Behavior - Pres. Candidate:
       - Reduce Power and Size of Government:  Does R Think Candidate
           as President Would (7-Pt. Agree/Disagree)
         . Carter 
            76: V3239 
         . Ford 
            76: V3232 

       - The Government Ought to See to it That Big Business Doesn't
           Have Much to Say about How Government is Run (Agree/
           Disagree)
            56: V47

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Going Too
                   Far, Not Doing Enough or What (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V48
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's Views
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V49

       - The Government Ought to See to it That Labor Unions Don't
           Have Much to Say about How Government is Run (Agree/
           Disagree)
            56: V62

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Going Too
                   Far, Not Doing Enough or What (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V63
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's Views
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V64

       - How Much Influence and Power Should the Federal Government in
           Washington Have (Much Less, Less, a Little Less, Same as
           Now, a Little More, More, Much More)
            74: V2258            76: V3554  

       - Which of the Following Does R Think the Government Should be
           Able to Do and Which Should it Not be Able to Do:
        . Limit the Amount of Gas Someone Can Use During Energy Crisis
            76: V3560 
        . Require Everyone to Carry a National Identification Card 
            76: V3561 
        . Look into Someone's Background if that Person Were Applying
           for Unemployment Benefits, Welfare, a Passport etc.
            76: V3563 
        . Wiretap Phones for National Security Reasons 
            76: V3565 

       - The U.S. Should Maintain its Position as the World's Most
           Powerful Nation Even if it Means Going to the Brink of War
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V972[&999]

       - The U.S. Should Remain the World's Strongest Military Power 
           Even if it Means Continued High Defense Spending (5-point 
           (Agree/Disagree)
            92: V3603

       - How Much Influence and Power Should State Governments Have
           (Much Less, Less, a Little Less, Same as Now, a Little
           More, More, Much More)
            74: V2259            76: V3555  

       - How Much Influence and Power Should Local Governments Have
           (Much Less, Less, a Little Less, Same as Now, a Little
           More, More, Much More)
            74: V2260            76: V3556  


                                                                
         REGULATION OF BUSINESS                       III.F.7.c 
                                                                

          This section includes the topic of consumer protection.


       - Does the Government in Washington Regulate and Control Too
           Little of What Goes on in Business and Industry, is There
           Too Much Regulation, About the Right Amount, or Doesn't R
           Have an Opinion
            82: V459[C] 


       - The Government Should Leave Things Like Electric Power and
           Housing for Private Businessmen to Handle (Agree/Disagree;
           1964: Yes/No)
            56: V59              58: V21              60: V52
            64: V344

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Going Too
                   Far, Not Doing Enough or What (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V60
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's Views
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V61     58: V22
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Leave This
                   to Private Business (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V53
                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made up or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V345
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Government Role (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V346

      - Which of the Following Does R Think the Government Should be
          Able to Do and Which Should it Not be Able to Do:
        . Regulate Local Businesses to Meet Job Safety Standards
            76: V3562 
        . Require Pollution Equipment on New Cars Even if it
          Increases the Price the Consumer Must Pay
            76: V3564 

      - In Order to Permit Increased Use of Energy Sources Which are
          Used Presently with Some Restrictions Meant to Protect the
          Environment and Limit Pollution, Should These Restrictions
          be Relaxed in Order to More Fully Utilize Energy Sources or
          Should the Environmental Regulations Remain Unchanged, Even
          if This Means Delaying the Production of More Energy
            80: V1141;I644 

                --(if relax or relax with 'qualifications') Should Regulations
                   Be Relaxed a Little or a Lot (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1142;I645 

      - Should a Newsstand be Able to Sell Indecent Magazines to
          Adults
            66: V159

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly About This or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V160
                --(if R's opinion is 'depends' or has qualifications) What
                   Conditions Does R have in Mind (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V161
                --(if yes) Would R's Feeling Change if the Supreme
                   Court Decided that Newsstands Did Not Have this
                   Right (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V162
                --(if yes) Would R's Feelings about the Supreme Court
                   Change if the Supreme Decided that Newsstands Did
                   Not Have this Right (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V163
                --(if no) Would R's Feeling Change if the Supreme
                   Court Decided that Newsstands Did Have this Right
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V164
                --(if no) Would R's Feelings about the Supreme Court
                   Change if the Supreme Decided that Newsstands Did
                   Have this Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V165

       - Pollution from Private Industry, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government force Private Industry to Stop Pollution or
           Should Industries be Left Alone to Handle it in Business's
           own Way, R's Position
            70: V127             72: V214*  

                --(if R rates self) How Important is the Pollution Issue to R
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                         70: V133  

       - Pollution from Private Industry, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government force Private Industry to Stop Pollution or
           Should Industries be Left Alone to Handle it in Business's
           own Way, Perceived Positions of:
         . Democratic Party  
            70: V128             72: V218*  
         . George McGovern  
            72: V216*  
         . Edmund Muskie  
            70: V131  
         . Richard Nixon  
            70: V130             72: V215*  
         . Republican Party  
            70: V129             72: V219*  
         . George Wallace  
            70: V132             72: V217*  

       - Should the Government Force All Companies to Comply With
           Strict Pollution Standards Even if it Might Put Some of
           Them Out of Business
            90: V491             CWP:V491

       - Should the U.S. Government Force Business and Industry to
           Stop Polluting the Environment, Even if it Means that Some
           Companies Have to Lay Off Workers or Shut Down
            CWP:V2805


                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly About This or Not
                   Strongly
                     CWP:V2806  
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                     CWP:V2807

       - Were the Following Issues Emphasized in 1974 Senate Campaign
           [list shown to R]
         . Consumer Protection
            74: V2135 

       - Are the Following Issues Important or Not Important to R
           [list shown to R]:
         . Consumer Protection
            74: V2145            76: V3713 

       - How are the Following Issues Ranked for Importance to R [list
                            shown to R]:
         . Consumer Protection
            74: V2155            76: V3734 

       - How Much Responsibility Does the Government Have for Solving
           the Following Problems [list shown to R]:
         . Consumer Protection
            76: V3724 

       - Summary:  Has R Heard of Anything about the Taft-Hartley Law.
           (IF YES) Is it Alright as it is or Should it be Changed.
           (IF CHANGED) Should it be Changed a Lot or a Little and in
           Labor's or Management's Favor or Should it be Repealed
           Entirely
            52: V49,50  



                                                                   
  Social Tolerance and Social Standards                   III.F.8  
                                                                   

          For social tolerance and social standards applied specifically to
            minorities or women, see III.E. Issues: Minorities OR:  III.G,
            Issues: Role of Women and Women's Rights.
          For feeling thermometers toward various groups, see I.B.3, Feeling
            Thermometers, Groups.

       - Newer Lifestyles Contribute to Society's Breakdown 
            86: V525             88: V954[&987,1082]  90: V500(A)
            CWP:V500(A)          92: V6118

       - The World is Changing and We Should Adjust Moral Views 
           Accordingly
            86: V526             88: V951[&984,1068]  90: V501(A)
            CWP:V501(A)          92: V6115


       - There is Too Much Sexual Freedom Today 
            86: V528 

       - It is Always Wrong for a Married Person to have Sexual 
           Relations with Someone Other than their Marriage Partner,
           5-Point Agree/Disagree
            92: V6119

       - There Would be Fewer Problems in This Country If There Were   
          More Emphasis on Traditional Family Ties 
            86: V527             88: V953[&986,1079]  90: V502(A)
            CWP:V502(A)          92: V6117

       - There is Nothing Wrong If Some People Think/Act Differently 
            86: V529 

       - We Should Be More Tolerant of People With Different 
           Moral Standards 
            86: V530             88: V952[&985,1073]; 90: V503(A)
            CWP:V503(A)              ST444            92: V6116

       - Divorce and Living Together Are Signs of Moral Decay [1988
           omits "divorce")
            86: V531             88: ST442

       - Society Should Be More Accepting of People with Different 
           Values/Appearance 
            86: V532 

       - People Should Pay Attention to New Ideas Even If They  
           Seem Against American Way of Life  
            56: V280*            72: V940  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  It is Better to Fit in
           With People Around You; OR:  It is Better to Conduct
           Yourself According to Your Own Standards, Even If That
           Makes You Stand Out
            90: V328             CWP:V328

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  People Should Take Care
           of Themselves and Their Families and Let Others Do the
           Same;  OR:  People Should Care Less About Their Own Success
           and More About the Needs of Society
            90: V329             CWP:V329

       - Should a Newsstand be Able to Sell Indecent Magazines to
           Adults
            66: V159

                  --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly About This or Not
                     Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V160
                  --(if R's opinion is 'depends' or has qualifications) What Conditions Does
                     R have in Mind (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V161
                  --(if yes) Would R's Feeling Change if the Supreme
                     Court Decided that Newsstands Did Not Have this
                     Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V162
                  --(if yes) Would R's Feelings about the Supreme Court
                     Change if the Supreme Decided that Newsstands Did
                     Not Have this Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V163
                  --(if no) Would R's Feeling Change if the Supreme
                     Court Decided that Newsstands Did Have this Right
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V164
                  --(if no) Would R's Feelings about the Supreme Court
                     Change if the Supreme Decided that Newsstands Did
                     Have this Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V165

       - The Artist and Professor are More Important to Society Than
           the Businessman and Manufacturer  
            56: V277*  

       - How R Feels About Standards and Values of Today's Society  
            72: V793*  

       - Change Usually Makes Things Worse (Agree/Disagree)
            56: V272*  

       - Is it Better to Stick by the Old Than Try the New 
            56: V274*            58: V167  

       - Is it Better to Respect one's Forefathers Than to Trust one's
           Own Ideas  
            56: V275*            58: V168  

       - Is Life Better Now or Was it Better 50 Years Ago  
            64: V395  

       - Is it More Difficult to Be Moral Now Than 50/25 Years Ago  
            64: V397             72: V580  

       - Today People Talk Too Much, Work Too Little  
            52: V226*  

















                                    III.G

                   Issues:  Role of Women and Women's Rights




          For government-sponsored childcare, see III.B.5, Domestic Social
            Welfare, Social Security and Other Assistance Programs.




                                                                   
  Abortion                                                III.G.1  
                                                                    

       - When Should Abortion Be Permitted  [list of choices shown to R]
            72: V238             76: V3796            78: V450 
            80: V1136;I611       82: V463[C]          CF: V837

       - When Should Abortion Be Permitted  [list of choices shown to R],
           Perceived Position of:
         . What the Federal Government Is Doing 
            80: I612 

                --(if R rates self and government) Checkpoint: R's and
                   Government's Positions Compared  (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: I613 
                --(if R rates self and government) How Important is it
                   to R that the Government Stays Close to/ Gets Closer to R's
                   Position (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: I614 

       - By Law, When Abortion Should Be Permitted
          [list of choices shown to R]
            80: V311;I601        84: V423             86: V488 
            88: V395             90: V479             CWP:V479
            92: V3732            CF: V838

       - By Law, When Abortion Should Be Permitted
          [list of choices shown to R],
           Perceived Positions of: 
         . John Anderson 
            80: V314;I604 
         . George Bush
            92: V3733
         . Jimmy Carter 
            80: V312;I602 
         . Bill Clinton
            92: V3734
         . Democratic Party 
            80: V317;I607 
         . Federal Law Now Applicable 
            80: V318;I608 
         . Ted Kennedy 
            80: V315;I605 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            80: V313;I603 
         . Republican Party 
            80: V316;I606 

                --(if R rates self and federal law) Checkpoint: R's and
                   Government's Positions Compared  (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V319;I609 
                --(if R rates self and federal law) How Important is it to
                   R that the Government Stays Close to/ Gets Closer to R's
                   Position (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V320;I610 

       - Under What Circumstances Should Abortion be Legal:  Any
           Circumstances, Certain Circumstances or Never
            88: ST529            PS: V572

       - Which Party is More Likely to Support a Constitutional
           Amendment Making Abortion Illegal 
            76: V3797 

       - Anti-Abortionists, Feeling Thermometer (1988,1990: Opponents
           of Abortion)
            84: V780             88: V624[&668]       90: V163[&197]
            CWP:V163[&197]

       - Supporters of Abortion, Feeling Thermometer
            90: V154[&188]        CWP:V154[&188]

       - Does R Favor or Oppose a Parental Consent Law
            90: V480              CWP:V480            92: V3735
            PS: V579*,582*
                --(if favor/oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Such a Law Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V481                CWP:V481
                     92: V3736               PS: V580*,581*


       - Does R Favor or Oppose a Law Providing Government Funding of
           Abortions for Poor Women
            90: V482              CWP:V482            92: V3737
            PS: V583*,586*

                --(if favor/oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Such a Law Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V483                CWP:V483
                     PS: V584*,585*          92: V3738 

       - Does R Favor or Oppose a State Law Requiring Married Woman to
           Notify Her Husband Before Having an Abortion
            92: V3739

                --(if favor/oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Such a Law
                   Strongly or Not Strongly
                     92: V3740



                                                                    
  Affirmative Action                                       III.G.2  
                                                                     
                                                     
       - Affirmative Action, 7-Point Scale:  Should Women and Minority
           Groups be Given Preferential Treatment in Jobs and
           Admissions to Colleges and Professional Schools or Should
           only the Individual's Ability and Experience be Considered
           in Hiring and Admissions, R's Position 
            78: V451 

       - Affirmative Action, 7-Point Scale: Should Women be Given
           Preferential Treatment in Jobs and Promotions or Should
           only the Individual's Ability and Experience be Considered,
           R's Position 
            80: V1137;I625 



                                                                    
  Discrimination/ Equal Opportunity                        III.G.3  
                                                                     

        For discrimination and equal opportunity not specifically with regard to
          women:  see III.F.5, Issues: Miscellaneous, Nonracial Civil Rights/
          Equal Opportunity.
        For discrimination and equal opportunity specifically with regard to
          minorities, see:  III.E. Issues: Minorities.


       - Would R Favor or Oppose a Law That Protects Women Against Job
           Discrimination
            90: V459               CWP:V459


                --(if favor/oppose) Would R Favor/Oppose Such a Law Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V460                 CWP:V460

       - How Much Job Discrimination Do Women Face
            90: V461               CWP:V461

       - Does R Agree or Disagree that our Society Discriminates
           Against Women 
            80: V1138;I626 

                --(if R agrees or disagrees) Agrees/Disagrees Strongly or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1139;I627 

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  Women can Best
           Overcome Discrimination by Pursuing Their Individual Career
           Goals in as Feminine a Way as Possible;  OR:  it is Not
           Enough for a Woman to be Successful Herself, Women Must
           Work Together to Change Laws and Customs that are Unfair to
           All Women
            72: V846             76: V3804  

       - Which is Closest to R's View:  The Best Way for Women to
           Improve Their Position is for Each Woman to Become Better
           Trained and More Qualified and Do the Best She Can as an
           Individual;  OR:  The Best Way for Women to Improve Their
           Position is to Work Together
            CWP:V2708            92: V6004

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  The Best Way to
           Handle Problems of Discrimination is for each Woman to Make
           Sure She Gets the Best Training Possible for What She Wants
           to Do;  OR:  Only if Women Organize and Work Together Can
           Anything be Done about Discrimination
            72: V852             76: V3809            80: V1140;I628 

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Our Society Discriminates Against Women (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V247  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  It is More Natural
           for Men to Have the Top Responsible Jobs in a Country; 
           OR:  Sex Discrimination Keeps a Woman from the Top Jobs
            72: V850             76: V3808  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  Men Have More of the
           Top Jobs Because They are Born with More Drive to be
           Ambitious and Successful than Women;  OR:  Men Have More of
           the Top Jobs because our Society Discriminates Against
           Women  
            72: V860             76: V3813  


       - Does R Think that Women with Working Husbands Should Be Laid
           Off First When Company Layoffs are Necessary  OR  Should
           Male and Female Employees be Treated the Same
            72: V239             76: V3798  

       - Has Being a Woman Ever Influenced R's Job Experience in Type
           of Job Available, Salary, Chances for Promotion, etc. 
           [asked of female Rs who have ever worked]
            72: V989  

                --(if yes) Has it Helped or Held R Back (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V990  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Women Have Less Opportunity than Men to Get the Education
           for Top Jobs (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V241  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Many Qualified Women Can't Get Good Jobs; Men with the Same
           Skills Have Much Less Trouble (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V245,844         76: V3802  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Women Have Just as Much Opportunity to Get Big and
           Important Jobs but They Just Aren't Interested (Agree/
           Disagree)
            72: V248  

       - How Often Does R Find Self Angry About the Way Women Are
           Treated in Society
            CWP:V2714            92: V6006

       - Thinking About the Overall Situation of Men and Women in
           Society Today, Do You Think That Men Have More
           Opportunities Than Women, That Men and Women Have Equal
           Opportunities, or That Women Have More Opportunities Than
           Men
            CWP:V2716

                --(if R has opinion) Does This Situation Please R, Bother R,
                    or Not Make Any Difference to R
                     CWP:V2717
                          ---(if R has reaction) Summary: R's Opinion and
                               Reaction
                                  CWP:V2718




                                                                   
  Equal Rights Amendment                                  III.G.4  
                                                                    

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Equal Rights Amendment 
            76: V3799            78: V452             80: V1126;
                                                          I629,630 

                --(if approve or disapprove) Approve/Disapprove Strongly or Not
                   Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1127;I631 

       - Did R's State Consider Passage of the Equal Rights Amendment 
            76: V3800 

                --(if yes) Did R's State Pass Equal Rights Amendment
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3801 

       - Is R Disappointed or Pleased that the Equal Rights Amendment
           was Defeated in 1982 or Doesn't R Have Feelings About it
            82: V453[C] 

                --(if disappointed or pleased) Very Disappointed/Pleased or
                   Somewhat Disappointed/Pleased  (FOLLOWUP)
                     82: V454[C] 


                                                                    
  Government Aid                                           III.G.5  
                                                                     

     For government-sponsorted childcare programs, see III.B.5, Social Security
       and Other Assistance Programs.


       - Improvement of Social and Economic Status of Women, 7-Point
           Scale:  Should the Government Make Every Effort to Improve
           the Social and Economic Position of Women or Should the
           Government not Make any Special Effort to Help Women
           because they Should Help Themselves, R's Position 
            84: V401 

                --(if R rates self) How Important is it to R that the
                   Government Does What R Wants on this Issue
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V407

       - Improvement of Social and Economic Status of Women, Branching
           Format:  Should the Government Make Every Effort to Improve
           the Social and Economic Position of Women or Should the
           Government not Make any Special Effort to Help Women
           because they Should Help Themselves, Does R Have an Opinion
            84: CM901 

                --(if yes) What is R's Opinion: Should the Government Help
                   Women or Should Women Help Themselves or Something
                   in Between (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM902 
                         ---(if opinion other than 'in-between') Should the
                             Government Help/Women Help Themselves
                             to a Great Extent or to Some Extent 
                              84: CM903 

       - Improvement of Social and Economic Status of Women, 7-Point
           Scale:  Should the Government Make Every Effort to Improve
           the Social and Economic Position of Women or Should the
           Government not Make any Special Effort to Help Women
           because they Should Help Themselves, Perceived Positions
           of:
         . Democratic Party 
            84: V404 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: V403 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: V402 
         . Republican Party 
            84: V405 
         . What Federal Government Is Doing Now
            84: V406 

       - Improvement of Social and Economic Status of Women, Branching
           Format:  Should the Government Make Every Effort to Improve
           the Social and Economic Position of Women or Should the
           Government not Make any Special Effort to Help Women
           because they Should Help Themselves or Should there be
           Something in Between, Perceived Positions of:
         . Gary Hart 
            84: CM908
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: CM906,907 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: CM904

                --(if Hart opinion other than 'in-between') Does
                   Hart Believe the Government Should Help/ that
                   Women Should Help Themselves to a Great Extent
                   or to Some Extent
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V907
                --(if Mondale opinion other than 'in-between') Does
                   Mondale Believe the Government Should Help/ that
                   Women Should Help Themselves to a Great Extent or
                   to Some Extent
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V909
                --(if Reagan opinion other than 'in-between') Does
                   Reagan Believe the Government Should Help/ that
                   Women Should Help Themselves to a Great Extent
                   or to Some Extent
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V905


                                                                   
  Maternal Leave                                          III.G.6  
                                                                    

       - Does R Think That Businesses Should Be Required to Give Women
           at Least 10 Weeks of Paid Leave to Take Care of a New Baby
           or Not
            CWP:V2710

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                    About This
                     CWP:V2711
                --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                     CWP:V2711



                                                                   
  Perceptions about Women /Men                            III.G.7  
                                                                    


                                                    
          CHARACTER                       III.G.7.a 
                                                    

       - Men are Just Better Cut Out Than Women For Important
           Positions in Society (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V210 

       - Most Men are Better Suited Emotionally For Politics Than are
           Most Women (Agree/Disagree)
            84: V257 

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Men are Born with More Drive to be Ambitious and Successful
           than Women (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V240  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  Men Have More of the
           Top Jobs Because They are Born with More Drive to be
           Ambitious and Successful than Women;  OR:  Men Have More of
           the Top Jobs because our Society Discriminates Against
           Women  
            72: V860             76: V3813  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           By Nature Women Are Happiest When They are Making a Home
           and Caring for Children (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V244  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Women Have Just as Much Opportunity to Get Big and
           Important Jobs but They Just Aren't Interested (Agree/
           Disagree)
            72: V248  


                                                     
          EQUAL ROLE                       III.G.7.b 
                                                     

       - Equal Role for Women, 7-Point Scale:  Should Women Have an
           Equal Role with Men in Running Business, Industry and
           Government or Is Women's Place in the Home, R's Position:
            72: V232             74: V2302            76: V3787
            78: V389             80: V1094;I615       82: V435[C] 
            84: V250             88: V387             90: V438(B)
            CWP:V438(B)          92: V3801            CF: V834,835

       - Equal Role for Women, 7-Point Scale:  Should Women Have an
           Equal Role with Men in Running Business, Industry and
           Government or Is Women's Place in the Home, Perceived
           Positions of:
         . John Anderson 
            80: V1097;I618 
         . George Bush
            88: V389
         . Jimmy Carter 
            76: V3789            78: V390             80: V1095;I616 
         . Democratic Candidate for House
            78: V395             80: V1099            82: V439 
            CF: V9097
         . Democratic Candidate for U.S. Senate
            74: V2303            78: V397             80: V1102 
         . Democratic Party  
            72: V236             76: V3790            78: V391
            80: V1106;I621       82: V437             88: V391
            CF: V537,539
         . Democratic Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9090
         . Michael Dukakis
            88: V388
         . Gerald Ford 
            76: V3788 
         . House Incumbent Candidate 
            78: RV2109           CF: V9197
         . House Challenger Candidate
            78: RV2110           CF: V9112
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for House
            80: V1101            82: V441 
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for U.S. Senate
            80: V1104 
         . Ted Kennedy 
            80: V1098;I619 
         . George McGovern  
            72: V234  
         . Most Men 
            76: V3793            78: V394 
         . Most Older People 
            76: V3795 
         . Most Women 
            76: V3792            78: V393 
         . Most Young People 
            76: V3794 
         . Richard Nixon  
            72: V233  
         . President
            CF: V9075
         . Ronald Reagan 
            80: V1096;I617       82: V436             88: V392
         . Republican Candidate for House
            78: V396             80: V1100            82: V440 
            CF: V9102
         . Republican Candidate for U.S. Senate
            74: V2304            78: V398             80: V1103 
         . Republican Party  
            72: V237             76: V3791            78: V392
            80: V1105;I620       82: V438             88: V390
            CF: V538,540
         . Republican Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9091
         . Senate Incumbent Candidate 
            78: RV2111
         . Senate Non-incumbent Challenger 
            78: RV2112
         . George Wallace  
            72: V235  
         . What Federal Government Is Doing Now
            80: V1107;I622       82: V442 

       - Checkpoint: R's and Government Positions on Equal Role for
          Women Compared 
            80: V1108;I623 

       - How Important is it to R that the Government Stays Close to/
          Gets Closer to R's Position on Equal Role for Women
            80: V1109;I624 

       - Distance Between Party Positions on 7-Point Scale:  Women's
           Equal Role
            CF: V560

       - Proximity of R's Position to Party Positions on 7-Point
           Scale:  Women's Equal Role
            CF: V571

       - Does R Think that Women with Working Husbands Should Be Laid
           Off First When Company Layoffs are Necessary  OR  Should
           Male and Female Employees be Treated the Same
            72: V239             76: V3798  

       - Women Should Stay Out of Politics (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V223*            72: V251             CF: V836

       - Does R Think Both Men and Women Should Be Subject to the
           Draft, or Should Only Men be Drafted
            CWP:V2709

       - Does R See Self as Focusing Mostly on Work Outside the Home,
           on Making a Home and Caring for R's Family, or About
           Equally on Both
            CWP:V2715

       - With Which Does R Agree:  The Only Way for Men and Women to
           be Equal in Society is If They Play the Same Kinds of Roles
           in Government, Business, and the Family;  OR:  Equality Can
           Exist Even If Men and Women Play Very Different Kinds of
           Roles
            CWP:V2719,2721

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                    About This
                     CWP:V2720

       - In Terms of the Way Things Really Are in Government and
           Politics Today, Do Men Have More Power and Influence Than
           Women, Do Men and Women Have About Equal Power and
           Influence, or Do Women Have More Power and Influence Than
           Men
            CWP:V2722

       - In Terms of the Way Things Should Be in Government and
           Politics Today, Should Men Have More Power and Influence
           Than Women, Should Men and Women Have About Equal Power and
           Influence, or Should Women Have More Power and Influence
           Than Men
            CWP:V2723,2725

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                    About This
                     CWP:V2724

       - In Terms of the Way Things Really Are in Their Families,
           Do Men Have More Power and Influence Than Women, Do Men and
           Women Have About Equal Power and Influence, or Do Women
           Have More Power and Influence Than Men
            CWP:V2726             92: V6010

       - In Terms of the Way Things Should Be in Their Families,
           Should Men Have More Power and Influence Than Women, Should
           Men and Women Have About Equal Power and Influence, or
           Should Women Have More Power and Influence Than Men
            CWP:V2727,2729        92: V6011

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                    About This
                     CWP:V2728              92: V6012

       - In Terms of the Way Things Really Are in Business and  
           Industry Today, Do Men Have More Power and Influence Than
           Women, Do Men and Women Have About Equal Power and
           Influence, or Do Women Have More Power and Influence Than
           Men
            CWP:V2730

       - In Terms of the Way Things Should Be in Business and  
           Industry Today, Should Men Have More Power and Influence
           Than Women, Should Men and Women Have About Equal Power and
           Influence, or Should Women Have More Power and Influence
           Than Men
            CWP:V2731,2733

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                    About This
                     CWP:V2732

       - Thinking About the Way Things Really Are in Government,
           Business and Industry Today, does R Think Men Have More
           Power and Influence than Women, OR That Men and Women Have
           About Equal Power and Influence, OR That Women Have More
           Power and Influence than Men
            92: V6007

       - Thinking About How R Would Like Things to Be in Government,
           Business, and Finance, Does R Think Men Should Have More
           Power and Influence than Women, OR That Men and Women
           Should Have About Equal Power and Influence, OR That Women
           Should Have More Power and Influence
            92: V6008

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                    About This
                     92: V6009


                                                        
          MISCELLANEOUS                       III.G.7.c 
                                                        

       - Women, Feeling Thermometer
            76: V3830            84: V762             88: V608[&625]

       - Women's Liberation Movement (1986,1990,1992: Women's
           Movement), Feeling Thermometer 
            70: V254             72: V725             74: V2370  
            76: V3839            80: V878;I686        84: V782 
            86: V152[&179]       90: V158[&192]       CWP:V158 
            92: V5324            CF: V225,251             [&192],2239,
                                                          2240

       - Feminists
            88: V605[&649]       92: V5317            PS: V116*

       - Housewives, Feeling Thermometer
            CWP:V2241

       - Men, Feeling Thermometer
            76:  V3847

       - Men, Whether R Feels Close to
            84: V1090 

       - Women, Whether R Feels Close to
            72: V821             76: V3861            80: V1160;I707
            84: V1095            88: V1107            92: V6213

       - Which Groups Does R Feel Close to:  Feminists
            84: V1089            88: V1102            92: V6207

       - When Reading or Listening to the News, How Much Attention
           Does R Pay to Issues That Especially Affect Women as a
           Group
            CWP:V2701            92: V6001

       - Does R Think of Self as Feminist
            CWP:V2706            92: V6002
                --(if yes) Strong Feminist or Not So Strong Feminist
                     CWP:V2707              92: V6003

       - Men, R's Opinion of Influence of
            76: V3583

       - Women, R's Opinion of Influence of
            72: V750             74: V2389            76: V3579

       - Women's Liberation Movement, R's Opinion of Influence of
            76: V3574

       - Men and Women:  Perceived Agreement, 7-Point Scale
            72: V647

       - It is Only Natural That Women Have Less Freedom Than Men
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V228*  

       - Do Men or Women (on the Average) Have a Better Life in the
           U.S. Today.  Reasons.
            72: V249,250  

       - Women Should Stay Out of Politics (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V223*            72: V251             CF: V836

       - Which Groups Does R See as Better Off by Electing Carter
         . Women 
            76: V3327

       - Which Groups Does R See as Better Off by Electing Ford
         . Women
            76: V3343

       - What Groups of People Does R Feel Close to, in Terms of
           Economic matters [3 mentions] Did R Mention Women
            84: V194; CM136 

                  --(if women mentioned) Has the Economic Position of Women
                     Gotten Better, Worse, or Stayed the Same
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V199;CM141 

       - Equal Role for Women, 7-Point Scale:  Should Women Have and
           Equal Role with Men in Running Business, Industry and
           Government or Is Women's Place in the Home, Perceived
           Positions of:
         . Most Men 
            76: V3793            78: V394 
         . Most Women 
            76: V3792            78: V393 

       - How Often Does R Find Self Angry About the Way Women Are
           Treated in Society
            CWP:V2714            92: V6006


                                                                     
          REASONS WOMEN LACK SUCCESS                       III.G.7.d 
                                                                     

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Men are Born with More Drive to be Ambitious and Successful
           than Women (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V240  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Women Have Less Opportunity than Men to Get the Education
           for Top Jobs (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V241  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Women are Usually Less Reliable on the Job Than Men because
           they Tend to be Absent More and Quit More Often (Agree/
           Disagree)
            72: V242  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Our Schools Teach Women to Want Less Important Jobs (Agree/
           Disagree)
            72: V243  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           By Nature Women Are Happiest When They are Making a Home
           and Caring for Children (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V244  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Many Qualified Women Can't Get Good Jobs; Men with the Same
           Skills Have Much Less Trouble (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V245,844         76: V3802  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Men are More Qualified Than Women for Jobs that have Great
           Responsiblity (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V246,844

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Our Society Discriminates Against Women (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V247  

       - A Reason Why Women in our Society Have not Been as Successful
           as Men in Business, Politics and Leadership Positions is: 
           Women Have Just as Much Opportunity to Get Big and
           Important Jobs but They Just Aren't Interested (Agree/
           Disagree)
            72: V248  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  It is More Natural
           for Men to Have the Top Responsible Jobs in a Country; 
           OR:  Sex Discrimination Keeps a Woman from the Top Jobs
            72: V850             76: V3808  


                                                           
          SELF (Female Rs)                       III.G.7.e 
                                                           

       - How Does R Feel About Her Housework: Delighted, Pleased,
           Mostly Satisfied, Mixed, Mostly Dissatisfied, Unhappy,
           Terrible  [asked of nonworking housewife Rs]
            72: V773*

       - Has R Ever Wanted a Career  [asked of nonworking housewife Rs]
            72: V993  

       - Would R Like to Take an Outside Job  [asked of nonworking housewife Rs]
            72: V994

       - Is it Likely that R Will Take Outside Job in the Future. 
           Reasons for Working.  [asked of nonworking housewife Rs]
            72: V995,996  

       - If R Wanted to Work, Could She Find a Job Easily.  Reasons.
           [asked of nonworking housewife Rs]
            72: V997,998  

       - How Does R Feel About Her Housework:  Does She Enjoy it or is
           it Just a Job  [asked of nonworking housewife Rs]
            72: V992

       - How Often Does R Find Self Feeling a Sense of Pride as a
           Woman in the Accomplishments of Other Women
            CWP:V2713            92: V6005




                                                                      
  Sexual Harassment                                            I.G.8  
                                                                      

       - How Serious a Problem Does R Think Sexual Harassment in the
           Work Place Is
            92: V3741            PS: V591*

       - Has R or Has Anyone R Knows Been Subjected to Sexual
           Harassment in the Work Place
            92: V3742

       - Does R Think That Enough is being Done to Protect Women From
           Being Sexually Harassed in the Work Place
            92: V3743

       - If a Woman Says That She Has Been Sexually Harassed at Work
           and the Man Denies it, Would R Believe the Woman or the Man
            92: V3744            PS: V592*










                                    III.H

                 Liberal/Conservative and Left/Right Ideology




       - Liberal/Conservative Placement, 7-Point Scale, R's Position
            72: V652             74: V2305            76: V3286  
            78: V399             80: V267,1037;I451A  82: V393[C] 
            84: V369             86: V385[&395]       88: V228;ST425;
            90: V406             CWP:V406,2450        92: V3509
            PS: V547,549         CF: V800,803,
                                      804

                --(if R doesn't choose Liberal/Conservative) If Forced
                   to Choose, Would R Choose Liberal or Conservative
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V280,1055;I451B 82: V406[C] 
                     84: V370            86: V386[&396]
                     88: V229;ST426;     90: V407
                     92: V3511,3512      CWP:V407,2451
                     PS: V548            CF: V824

       - Summary: Liberal/Conservative, R's Position (PS,ST:
           Verification of Choice)
            88: V230;ST427       92: V3513        PS: V550 
            CF: V849

       - Liberal/Conservative Placement, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Positions of:
         . John Anderson 
            80: V274,1041;I454 
         . Bruce Babbitt
            88: ST431
         . Howard Baker 
            80: I459 
         . Jerry Brown 
            80: V273;I458 
         . George Bush 
            80: V275,1038;I461   88: V232;ST435       90: V408
            CWP:V406,2452        92: V3514            PS: V551
         . Jimmy Carter 
            76: V3288            78: V400             80: V268,1038;
                                                          I452 
         . Bill Clinton
            92: V3515            PS: V593*
         . John Connally 
            80: V271;I456 
         . Democratic Candidate for House (by name) 
            78: V404             80: V1049            82: V401[C]
            86: V388[&398]       90: V409             CWP:V409
            PS: V561*,662*       CF: V9101
         . Democratic Candidate for U.S. Senate (1978ff, by name) 
            74: V2311            78: V407             80: V1042
            82: V395             86: V390[&400]       90: V411
            CWP:V411             PS: V556,754
         . Democratic Governor/Candidate (GOVERNOR NOT RETIRING)
            PS: V565
         . Democratic Party  
            72: V656             74: V2309            76: V3289
            78: V401             80: V279,1054;I464   82: V405[C] 
            84: V373             86: V393[&403]       88: V235
            90: V413             CWP:V413,2453        92: V3518
            PS: V569             CF: V503,505
         . Democratic Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9088
         . Robert Dole 
            76: V3296            88: ST438
         . Michael Dukakis
            88: V231;ST429       PS: V552*
         . Pierre DuPont
            88: ST440
         . Federal Government
            88: V237             90: V415             CWP:V415
         . Gerald Ford  
            74: V2306            76: V3287            80: V272;I457 
         . Richard Gephardt
            88: ST433
         . Albert Gore
            88: ST428
         . Alexander Haig
            88: ST436
         . Gary Hart
            88: ST430
         . House Incumbent Candidate 
            78: RV2089           PS: V708*            CF: V9111        
         . House Challenger Candidate
            78: RV2090           PS: V709*            CF: V9116        
         . Hubert Humphrey 
            76: V3291 
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for House 
            80: V1051            82: V403[C] 
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for U.S. Senate 
            80: V1044            82: V397 
         . Jesse Jackson
            88: V233;ST432
         . Jack Kemp
            88: ST439
         . Ted Kennedy 
            80: V270,1040;I455 
         . Patrick Lucey 
            80: V277;I462 
         . George McGovern  
            72: V654             76: V3293  
         . Walter Mondale 
            76: V3295            80: V276;I460        84: V372 
         . Most Black People  
            72: V659  
         . Most White People  
            72: V658  
         . Most Workingmen  
            72: V660  
         . Richard Nixon  
            72: V653             74: V2308  
         . Ross Perot
            92: V3516            PS: V554*
         . President
            CF: V9080
         . Ronald Reagan 
            76: V3294            80: V269,1039;I453   82: V394[C]
            84: V371             86: V387[&397]       88: V236;ST441
            PS: V567*
         . Republican Candidate for House (by name) 
            78: V405             80: V1050            82: V402[C]
            86: V389[&399]       90: V410             CWP:V410
            PS: V562*,663*       CF: V9106
         . Republican Candidate for U.S. Senate (1978ff, by name) 
            74: V2312            78: V408             80: V1043
            82: V396             86: V391[&401]       90: V412 
            CWP:V412             PS: V557,755
         . Republican Governor/Candidate (GOVERNOR NOT RETIRING)
            PS: V566*
         . Republican Party  
            72: V657             74: V2310            76: V3290
            78: V402             80: V278,1053;I463   82: V404[C] 
            84: V374             86: V394[&404]       88: V234
            90: V414             CWP:V414,2454        92: V3517
            PS: V570             CF: V504,506
         . Republican Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9096
         . Retiring Governor (STATE W/ RACE)
            PS: V564*
         . Retiring House Incumbent (by name) 
            78: V403             80: V1052            PS: V563*
         . Pat Robertson
            88: ST437
         . Senate Incumbent Candidate 
            78: RV2091           PS: V800
         . Senate Incumbent, Retiring
            78: V406             80: V1045            PS: V555
         . Senate Non-incumbent Challenger 
            78: RV2092           PS: V801
         . Senator in State with Race, Term Not Up
            78: V409             80: V1048            82: V400
            86: V392[&402]       PS: V558
         . Senator #1, Senator #2-- No Elections in State
            78: V407,408         80: V1046,1047       82: V398,399
            PS: V559,560
         . Seat #1, Seat #2 Senator
            PS: V846,847
         . Paul Simon
            88: ST434
         . George Wallace  
            72: V655             74: V2307            76: V3292 
            86: V389[&399]
         . Lowell Weicker
            PS1 V568*

       - Liberal/Conservative Placement, Branching Format: Does R
           Usually Think of Self as Liberal, Conservative, Moderate or
           What, R's Position
            84: V1119,1110;CM610 86: V536(A) 
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative or Not
                   Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V120,1011;CM611 86: V537(A) 
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Self as More Like a
                   Liberal or More Like a Conservative  (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V121,1012;CM612 86: V538(A) 
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Self
                             Placement
                              84: V122,1013;CM613  86: V539(A) 

       - Liberal/Conservative Placement, Branching Format: Does R
           Think of Person as Liberal, Conservative, Moderate or
           What, Perceived Positions of:
         . Democratic Party 
            84: V131 (from V131-133) 
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative
                   or Not Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V132
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Democratic Party as
                   More Like Liberal or More Like Conservative
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V133
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Democratic
                             Party Placement
                              84: V134
         . Geraldine Ferraro  
            84: CM634
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative
                   or Not Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM635
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Ferraro as More Like a
                   Liberal or More Like a Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM636
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Ferraro 
                             Placement
                              84: CM637
         . John Glenn 
            84: CM618 
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative
                   or Not Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM619
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Glenn as More Like a
                   Liberal or More Like a Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM620
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Glenn
                             Placement
                              84: CM621
         . Gary Hart 
            84: CM630
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative
                   or Not Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM631
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Hart as More Like a
                   Liberal or More Like a Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM632
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Hart
                             Placement
                              84: CM633
         . Jesse Jackson 
            84: CM627 (from CM626-628) 
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative
                   or Not Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM628
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Jackson as More Like a
                   Liberal or More Like a Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM629
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Jackson
                             Placement
                              84: CM630

         . Walter Mondale 
            84: V127,1018;CM622
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative
                   or Not Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V128,1019;CM623
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Mondale as More Like a
                   Liberal or More Like a Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V129,1020;CM624
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Mondale
                             Placement
                              84: V130,1021;CM625
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: V123,1014;CM614 
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative
                   or Not Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V124,1015;CM615
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Reagan as More Like a
                   Liberal or More Like a Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V125,1016;CM616
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Reagan
                             Placement
                              84: V126,1017;CM617
         . Republican Party 
            84: V135 (from V135-137) 
                --(if liberal or conservative) Strong Liberal/Conservative
                   or Not Strong Liberal/Conservative (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V136
                --(if no, moderate, DK) Does R Think of Republican Party as
                   More Like Liberal or More Like Conservative
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V137
                         ---Summary, Liberal/Conservative Republican
                             Party Placement
                              84: V138

       - What Sorts of Things Does R Have in Mind When S/he Says That
           Someone's Political Views are Liberal  [3 mentions]
            78: V410-412         80: V1056-1058;I465  84: V1022-1024 
            88: V945-947

       - What Sorts of Things Does R Have in Mind When S/he Says That
           Someone's Political Views are Conservative  [3 mentions]
            78: V413-415         80: V1059-1061;I466  84: V1025-1027
            88: V948-950

       - Where Would R Put His/Her Own Political Attitudes on 10-
           Point Scale of 'Left' to 'Right'  [scale shown to R]
            76: V3360 

       - Liberal/Conservative Index
            CF: V801,802

       - Conservatives, Feeling Thermometer
            88: V609[&641]       90: V156[&190]       CWP:V156[&190],
            CF: V212             92: V5319                2220

       - Liberals, Feeling Thermometer
            88: V616[&648]       90: V161[&195]       CWP:V161[&195],
            92: V5326            CF: V211                 2226

       - Moderates, Feeling Thermometer
            CWP:V2224

       - Conservatives, Whether R Feels Close to
            88: V1106            92: V6211

       - Liberals, Whether R Feels Close to
            88: V1098            92: V6203

       - Conservatives, R's Opinion of Influence of
            76: V3587 

       - Liberals, R's Opinion of Influence of
            72: V746             74: V2385            76: V3575 

       - Liberals and Conservatives: Perceived Agreement 7-pt. Scale
            72: V642  

       - Whether One Party More Conservative
            60: V232             64: V302             68: V361
            70: V174             72: V499             76: V3193
            84: V874             88: V810             90: V349(B)
            CWP:V349(B)          92: V5914            CF: V502

                       --(if yes) Which Party R Thinks/People Think is
                          More Conservative (1970: at the National
                          Level (FOLLOWUP)
                              60: V232             64: V302
                              68: V361             70: V175
                              72: V500             76: V3194
                              84: V875             88: V811
                              90: V350(B)          CWP:V350(B)
                              92: V5915            CF: V502
                       --(if yes) Reasons for Opinion (FOLLOWUP)
                              60: V233,234         64: V303,304
                              68: V362-367         70: V178-183
                              76: V3195-3200
                       --(if yes) Degree of Difference Between Parties
                          (FOLLOWUP)
                              60: V232             64: V302
                              68: V361             70: V176,177

         Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better Off by Electing Carter
         . Conservatives 
            76: V3326 
         . Liberals 
            76: V3317 

         Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better off by Electing Ford
         . Conservatives 
            76: V3342   
         . Liberals 
            76: V3333   

       - Campus Unrest Solution, Does R Feel Sympathetic with
           Student and Faculty or Favor Using Police/National Guard
           to Prevent or Stop Unrest, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Positions of:
         . Most Conservatives  
            72: V685*  
         . Most Liberals  
            72: V684*  

       - Should the U.S. Become More or Less Involved in the Internal
           Affairs of Central America, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Positions of:
         . Most Liberals 
            84: V1045 
         . Most Conservatives
            84: 1046

       - Government Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff, 7-Point Scale,
          Perceived Position of:
         . Most Liberals 
            84: V1034 
         . Most Conservatives 
            84: V1035 

       - Should the Government Guarantee Everyone a Job and Good
           Standard of Living, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
         . Most Conservatives 
            76: V3247            82: V433           84: V1055 
         . Most Liberals 
            76: V3246            82: V432           84: V1054 

       - How Much Government Action is Required to Control the Problem
           of Inflation, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
         . Most Conservatives  
            72: V605*  
         . Most Liberals  
            72: V604*  
       - Government Aid to Minorities, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government Help Blacks and Other Minority Groups or Should
           Minorities Help Themselves.  Perceived Positions of:  
         . Most Conservatives 
            82: V423 
         . Most Liberals 
            82: V422 

       - Rights of the Accused, 7-Point Scale:  Should it be Primarily
           Important to do Everything Possible be Done to Protect the
           Legal Rights of those Accused of Committing Crimes or is it
           More Important to Stop Criminal Activity even at the Risk
           of Reducing the Rights of the Accused, Perceived Positions
           of:
         . Most Conservatives 
            76: V3256 
         . Most Liberals 
            76: V3255 





















                                    III.J

                Most Important Problems/Issues/Goals/Conditions





         For economic conditions, see III.C. Issues: Economic.
         For R's personal problems, see Quality of Life I.C.4.




                                                                    
  Conditions and Goals of the U.S.                         III.J.1  
                                                                     

      - Does R Feel Things in This Country are Generally Going in the
          Right Direction, or Have Things Gotten off on the Wrong
          Track
           92: V3526

      - How Well are Things Going in the Country ('as a Whole') These
          Days 
            80: I653             84: V226;CM600       86: V540(A) 
            88: V238             CF: V9052

      - All in All, Would R Say That the Country is in Very Good 
          Shape, Fairly Good Shape, Poor Shape, or That Something is
          Very Wrong
            72: V101*,552*

      - Looking Ahead to the Next Five Years, Does R Think That
          Things in This Country Will Get Much Better, Somewhat
          Better, Somewhat Worse, or Much Worse
            72: V102*,553*


       - Have Things in General at Home (in the U.S.) in the Last Year
           Been Better or Worse Than, or About the Same as, Before. 
           How is That
            58: V60,61           60: V89,90  

       - Which One Goal is the Most Desirable for the U.S. as a Nation
           Among:
        . Maintaining Order in the Nation
        . Giving the People More Say in Important Political Decisions
        . Fighting Rising Prices
        . Protecting Freedom of Speech
            72: V557             76: V3949            80: V1171;I665
            84: V1076            88: V930             92: V6013
            CF: V9019

                --(if R chooses) Which is R's Second Choice (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V558            76: V3940
                     80: V1172;I666      84: V1077
                     88: V931            92: V6014
                     CF: V9020

       - How Important Are the Following as U.S. Foreign Policy Goals:
        . Securing Adequate Supplies of Energy 
            CWP:V2403
        . Preventing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons 
            CWP:V2404
        . Reducing Environmental Pollution Around the World 
            CWP:V2405
        . Protecting Weaker Nations Against Foreign Aggression 
            CWP:V2406
        . Helping to Bring a Democratic Form of Government to Other
           Nations
            CWP:V2407



                                                                    
  Most Important Problems                                  III.J.2  
                                                                    

       - What is/are the Most Important Problem(s) (1960-1970: the
           Government Should Try to Take Care of)  (1972-1978: Facing
           This Country). Any Others. (1964: ## Includes Type of
           Government Action Favored to Deal with Problem)
            60: V50,228          64: V36,41,46        66: V19  
            68: V48,52,56        70: V39              72: V546*  
            74: V2075-2077       76: V3685-3687       78: V311-313 
            80: V975-977;I655    82: V275-297[C]      84: V989-991 
            86: V302-304         88: V813-815         90: V322-324
            CWP:V322-324,        92: V5722-5724       CF: V875
                2334-2336




                 --(if R mentions more than 1) Which is the Single Most
                    Important Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V548*           74: V2079  
                     76: V3689           78: V315 
                     80: V979;I657       84: V993 
                     86: V306            88: V817
                     90: V326            CWP:V326,2338
                     92: V5726
                 --(if R mentions problem) How Good a Job is the
                    Government Doing in Dealing with this Problem
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V549*           74: V2108  
                     76: V3691           78: V316 
                     80: V984;I663       84: V994 
                     86: V307            88: V818
                     92: V5727
                 --(if R mentions problem) Which Party is Most Likely
                    to Get the Government to do a Better Job in 
                    Dealing with this Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V550*           76: V3692  
                     78: V317            80: V985;I664 
                     82: V300[C]         84: V995 
                     86: V308            88: V819
                     92: V5728           CF: V9012
                 --(if R mentions problem) Has R Discussed Problem with Anyone
                    (1976: in the Last Month or Two) (l980: in the
                    Last Week or Two) (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3694           80: V980;I658 
                         ---(if yes) Who: Spouse? (If Yes) Does Spouse Pay
                             More or Less Attention than R to Public
                             Affairs or About the Same
                                  76: V3695,3696 
                         ---(if yes) Who: Other Family Member or Relative?
                             (If Yes) Does Person Pay More or Less
                             Attention than R to Public Affairs or 
                             About the Same
                                  76: V3697,3698 
                         ---(if yes) Who: Someone at Work? (If Yes) Does
                             Person Pay More or Less Attention than R
                             to Public Affairs or About the Same
                                  76: V3699,3700 
                         ---(if yes) Who: Friend or Neighbor? (If Yes) 
                             Does Person Pay More or Less Attention
                             than R to Public Affairs or About the
                             Same
                                  76: V3701,3702 
                         ---(if yes) Who: Anyone Else? (If Yes) Does
                             Person Pay More or Less Attention than R
                             to Public Affairs or About the Same
                                  76: V3703,3704 
                 --(if R mentions problem) How Concerned is R Is About Problem
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V982;I661 
                 --(if R mentions problem) Has R Seen, Heard or Read Anything
                    in the News About Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V981;I659 
                         ---(if yes) Among Things Which R Saw/Heard/Read,
                             What Interested R Most
                                  80: I660 
                 --(if R mentions problem) Does Problem Affects R (1980: and
                    R's Family) Personally (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3690           80: V983;I662 
                 --(if R mentions problem) Do House Candidates Differ on How
                    to Deal with This Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     78: V318            80: V986
                     82: V302[C] 
                         ---(if yes) Which House Candidate Would Handle
                             the Problem Better
                                  78: V319
                                  80: V987 
                                  82: V303,304[C] 
                 --(if R mentions problem) How Much Responsibility Should the
                    Government Have in Solving This Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3693 
                 --(if R mentions problem) Does R Think Problem Can Be Solved
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V551*  
                 --(if R mentions problem) How Worried is R About Problem
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V37,42,47       68: V50,54,58  
                 --(if R mentions problem) Does R Think About This Problem 
                    Often (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V38,43,48  
                 --(if R mentions problem) Does R Pay Attention to News About
                    This Problem (FOLLOWUP) 
                     64: V39,44,49  
                 --(if R mentions problem) ## What Type of Government Action
                    Does R Favor to Deal With This Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V20             68: V49,53,57 
                 --(if R mentions problem) Which Party is More Likely to Do
                    What R Wants to Deal with This Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V51             64: V40,45,50  
                     68: V51,55,59  
                 --(if R mentions problem) Did R Read Anything About the 'Most
                    Important Problem' in Newspapers Shortly Before
                    Election Day (FOLLOWUP)
                     74: V2080  
                         ---(if yes) Which Problem Did R Read About [2 mentions]
                                74: V2081,2092
                                    (if specified) Level of Problem
                                     (International/National/ State/
                                      Local) Reference
                                          74: V2082,2093
                                    (if specified) Person/ Actor Reference
                                      #1
                                          74: V2083
                                    (if specified) Person/ Actor Reference
                                      #2
                                          74: V2084
                                    (if specified) Criticism or Praise #1
                                          74: V2085
                                    (if specified) Criticism or Praise 
                                      Object #1
                                          74: V2086
                                    (if specified) Criticism or Praise #2
                                          74: V2087
                                    (if specified) Criticism or Praise
                                     Object #2
                                          74: V2088
                                    (if specified) Proposal for Action
                                     Reference
                                          74: V2089
                                    (if specified) Keyword #1 in Problem
                                     Reference
                                          74: V2090
                                    (if specified) Keyword #2 in Problem
                                     Reference
                                          74: V2091

       - Does the Congress or the President Have the Most Say in What
           the Government Does About The Important Problems Facing 
           This Country Today
            78: V320 

       - Does R Feel a Change in Our Whole Form of Government is
           Needed to Solve the Problems Facing our Country or is no
           Real Change Necessary
            72: V98*,554*        76: V3361  

                --(if change needed) What Change(s) Does R Have in Mind
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V555*           76: V3362-3364 

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree:  the Main Reason the
           Government has Become Bigger is Because it Has Gotten
           Involved in Things that People Should Do for Themselves; 
           OR:  Government Has Become Bigger Because the Problems we
           Face Have Become Bigger
            90: V335             CWP:V335

       - Are There Any Problems at Home or Abroad that the Government
           has Gotten into that it Should Stay Out of. (IF YES). What.
            64: V51,56,61

                 --(if R mentions problem) How Worried is R About Problem
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V52,57,62
                 --(if R mentions problem) Does R Think About This Problem 
                    Often (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V53,58,63  
                 --(if R mentions problem) Does R Pay Attention to News About
                    This Problem (FOLLOWUP) 
                     64: V54,59,64  
                 --(if R mentions problem) Which Party is More Likely to Do
                    What R Wants to Deal with This Problem (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V55,60,65  

       - What is the Most Important Problem(s) the U.S. Faces in
           Foreign Relations (3 mentions)
            76: V3923-3925 

       - How Important Was the Problem of Handling the Vietnam War in
           Deciding R's 1968 Vote for President
            68: V471  

       - How Important is the U.S. Drug Problem
            88: V393[&410]

                 --(if very important or somewhat important) Which Presidential
                    Candidate Will Do a Better Job of Solving
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V394[&411]

       - How Serious a Problem is the Budget Deficit
            88: V248[&269]

       - How Serious a National Problem Is Inflation 
            80: V203;I485 

       - How Serious a National Problem is Unemployment 
            80: V207;I489 

       - What is the Most Important Problem Facing Education in R's
           School District.  What is the Second Most Important Problem
           Facing Education in R's School District.  
            68: V443,444

                --(if problem identified) How Should First Problem be Handled.  
                   How Should Second Problem be Handled (FOLLOWUP)
                     68: V445,446  





                                                                    
  Which Issues are Important                               III.J.3  
                                                                     


                                                    
          CAMPAIGNS                       III.J.3.a 
                                                    

       - In the Campaign for the U.S. House in R's District, What Was
           the Most Important Issue (1986-1990: to R)
            78: V182             80: V914             86: V204-206
            88: V698-700         90: V223-225         CWP:V223-225
            92: V5425-5427

                --(if R mentions more than 1) Which Issue is the Single Most
                   Important Issue (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V208            88: V702
                     90: V227            CWP:V227
                     92: V5429
                --(if R mentions issue) How Important Was This Issue to R:
                   Very, Somewhat or Not Very (FOLLOWUP)
                     78; V183            80: V915
                --(if R mentions issue) Did R Tend to Prefer One of the
                   Candidates Because of This Issue (FOLLOWUP)
                     78: V184            80: V916
                     86: V209            88: V704
                     90: V228            CWP:V228
                     92: V5431
                         --(if yes) Which Candidate
                                  78: V185
                                  80: V917
                                  86: V210
                                  88: V705
                                  90: V229
                                  CWP:V229
                                  92: V5432
                                      (if named) Party of Candidate Named
                                             86: V211
                                             88: V706
                                             90: V230
                                             CWP:V230
                                             92: V5433

       - In the Campaign for the U.S. House in R's District, What
           Issues Were Talked about Most
            PS: V211-213*[&214*]

       - Were There Any (Other) Questions that Were Important in R's
           Congressional District Election (IF YES) What. 
            58: V47

       - In R's State Senate Race, Which Issue Was Talked About Most
           During the Campaign
            PS: V207-209 [&210*]

       - What Issues Are the Democratic Presidential Candidates 
           Talking About
            88: ST213-217

       - What Issues Are the Republican Presidential Candidates
           Talking About
            88: ST218-222

       - Are There Any Issues Important to R That the Presidential
           Candidates Are Not Talking About
            88: ST223

                --(if yes) What (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: ST224-228

       - Importance of Handling Urban Unrest/Rioting Issue in Deciding
           R's Vote for President
            68: V465

       - How Important Was the Problem of Handling the Vietnam War in
           Deciding R's 1968 Vote for President
            68: V471  

       - Were Any of the Following Issues Important in Electing a
           Representative to Congress in R's District: [list shown to R]
         . Leaving Things Like Power and Housing to Private Business
            58: V39
         . Seeing to it That There are Job's 
            58: V40
         . Staying Home and Avoiding Foreign Problems
            58: V41
         . Helping/Not Helping Cities and Towns Build More Schools
            58: V42
         . Giving Economic Help to Poorer Countries
            58; V43
         . Getting Fair Treatment for Blacks in Jobs and Housing
            58; V44
         . Keeping Soldiers Overseas to Fight Communism
            58: V45
         . Staying Out of White and Black School Problems
            58: V46

       - In the Campaign for the U.S. Senate, Which of the Following
           Issues Were Emphasized or Talked About Most [list shown to R]
        . Honesty in Government
            74: V2127
        . Taxes
            74: V2128
        . Inflation
            74: V2129
        . Energy Shortages
            74: V2130
        . Unemployment
            74: V2131
        . U.S. Relations with Foreign Countries
            74: V2132
        . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2133
        . Combatting Crime and Drugs
            74: V2134
        . Consumer Protection
            74: V2135
        . Pollution
            74: V2136


                                                   
          NATIONAL                       III.J.3.b 
                                                   

        For evaluations of the levels of current government activity on behalf
          of issues ('too much' or 'too little'), see III.F.7.a(1).


       - Which of the Following Issues are Important/ Not Important
           to R [list shown to R]
        . Honesty in Government
            74: V2137            76: V3705
        . Taxes
            74: V2138            76: V3706
        . Inflation
            74: V2139            76: V3707
        . Energy Shortages
            74: V2140            76: V3708
        . Unemployment
            74: V2141            76: V3709
        . U.S. Relations with Foreign Countries
            74: V2142            76: V3710
        . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2143            76: V3711
        . Combatting Crime and Drugs
            74: V2144            76: V3712
        . Consumer Protection
            74: V2145            76: V3713
        . Pollution
            74: V2146            76: V3714


       - How Would R Rank the Importance (1st to 10th) of the 
           Following Issues [list shown to R]
        . Honesty in Government
            74: V2147            76: V3726
        . Taxes
            74: V2148            76: V3727
        . Inflation
            74: V2149            76: V3728
        . Energy Shortages
            74: V2150            76: V3729
        . Unemployment
            74: V2151            76: V3730
        . U.S. Relations with Foreign Countries
            74: V2152            76: V3731
        . Racial Issues, Including Busing
            74: V2153            76: V3732
        . Combatting Crime and Drugs
            74: V2154            76: V3733
        . Consumer Protection
            74: V2155            76: V3734
        . Pollution
            74: V2156            76: V3735

       - Summary: Important Issues Responses
            76: V3715 

       - How Important is it for the U.S. to Have a Strong Military in
           Order to Deal Effectively with Our Enemies
            88: V967[&994]       90: V496              CWP:V496

       - Importance of the Campus Unrest Issue to R
            70: V105

       - Importance of the Urban Unrest/Rioting Issue to R
            70: V91

       - How Important is the Government Health Insurance Plan Issue
           to R  
            70: V140  

       - How Important to R is the Issue of Handling the Vietnam War
            70: V98  

       - How Important is the Pollution Issue to R
            70: V133

       - Importance to R of Degree of Government Action Against
           Inflation [asked of Rs who have own opinions about this]
            70: V119  

       - How Important to R is the Issue of Government Aid to
           Minorities [asked of Rs who rated self on 7-Point Scale]
            70: V112  


       - Importance of Government Position on Government Services/
           Spending Changing (If Different from R's Position) or
           Staying the Same (If Close to R's Position) [asked of Rs
           who rated self and federal government on 7-point scale]
            80: V300;I532        84: V381,1036 

       - How Important is It that the Federal Government Agree with R
           on Government Services/Spending [asked of Rs who rated self
           on 7-pont scale]
            84: V420,1056 

       - Importance of Government Position on Guaranteed Job/Standard
           of Living Changing (If Different from R's Position) or
           Staying the Same (If Close to R's Position) [asked of Rs who
           rated self and federal government on 7-point scale]
            80: V1125;I574

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           Inflation/Unemployment Tradeoff Coming Closer to/ Staying
           Close to R's Opinion [asked of Rs who rated self and federal
           government on 7-point scale]
            80: V310;I504 

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           1980 Proposed 30% Income Tax Cut Coming Closer to/ Staying
           Close to R's Opinion [asked of Rs who rated self and federal
           government on 7-point scale]
            80: V332;I544 

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           Defense Spending Coming Closer to/ Staying Close to R's
           Opinion [asked of Rs who rated self and federal government
           on 7-point scale]
             80: V290;I518 

       - How Important is it That the Federal Government Does What R
           Wants on the Issue of Involvement in Central America [asked of Rs
           who rated self on 7-point scale]
             84: V394,1047 

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           Cooperation with Russia Coming Closer to/ Staying Close to
           R's Opinion [asked of Rs who rated self and federal government
           on 7-point scale]
             80: V1093;I588 

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           Government Aid to Minorities Coming Closer to/ Staying 
           Close to R's Opinion [asked of Rs who rated self and federal
           government on 7-point scale]
             80: V1077;I600

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           When Abortion Should be Permitted Coming Closer to/ Staying
           Close to R's Opinion [asked of Rs who rated self and federal
           government on 7-point scale]
            80: I614

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           Federal Abortion Law Coming Closer to/ Staying Close to 
           R's Opinion [asked of Rs who rated self and federal government
           on 7-point scale]
            80: V320;I610

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           Government Effort to Improve Women's Condition Coming 
           Closer to/ Staying Close to R's Opinion [asked of Rs who rated
           self and federal government on 7-point scale]
            84: V407

       - Importance of Government's Position on the 7-Point Scale for
           Equal Role for Women Coming Closer to/ Staying Close to
           R's Opinion [asked of Rs who rated self and federal government
           on 7-point scale]
            84: V1109;I624

       - Government Should Cut Taxes Even If Some Important Things
           Must be Put Off (Agree/Disagree)
            56: V29                88: V944[&983,1096]

       - Over the Years, the Government in Washington Has Gotten
           Involved in Handling and Deciding Issues Which Should not 
           be the Federal Government's Business (Agree/Disagree)
            82: V460[C] 
                --(if agree) Has the Government Gotten Involved in Many
                   Such Issues or Just a Few (FOLLOWUP)
                     82: V461[C]