- APPENDIX  A -

                               contextual data






          1.   Historical election returns at the state, county and
               congressional district levels, 1972, 1974, and 1976.  
               [V1001-1100]

                    VARIABLES:   For each level/office:     
                                   votes democratic candidate
                              votes republican candidate
                              votes all other candidates
                              votes all candidates      
                                   ==
                                   Levels/offices are: 
                              State  -  President   (1972,1976)
                              State  -  Senator   (1972,1974,1976)
                              State  -  Governor   (1972,1974,1976)
                              District  -  President   (1976)
                              District  -  Senator   (1976)
                              District  -  Governor   (1976)
                              District  -  Representative  
                              (1972,1974,1976)
                              County  -  President   (1972,1976)
                              County  -  Senator   (1972,1974,1976)
                              County  -  Governor   (1972,1974,1976)
                              County  -  Representative  
                              (1972,1974,1976)
                         SOURCE:  ICPSR U.S. HISTORICAL ELECTION
                         RETURNS, 1788-1978 (ICPSR STUDY NO.001),
                         EXCEPT FOR 1976 RETURNS AT THE CONGRESSIONAL
                         DISTRICT LEVEL FOR THE OFFICES OF PRESIDENT,
                         SENATOR AND GOVERNOR (PROVIDED BY
                         CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY, INC.). 

          2.   1978 election returns for primary and general elections
               at the state, county, district and precinct levels.  
               [V1101-1142,1412-1474,2133-2141]

                    VARIABLES:   Primaries:
                              votes democratic winner
                              votes democratic runner-up
                              votes all democratic candidates
                              votes republican winner                      
                              votes republican runner-up
                              votes all republican candidates
                                        ==
                                   Primary offices are:
                              District  -  Representative
                              County  -  Senator
                              County  -  Governor
                              Precinct of IW  -  Representative
                              Precinct of IW  -  Senator
                              Precinct of IW  -  Governor
                              Precinct of Registration  - 
                              Representative
                              Precinct of Registration  -  Senator
                              Precinct of Registration  -  Governor


1978:     2. [con't]
                            =====================
                            Elections, by party:
                              votes democratic candidate
                              votes republican candidate
                              votes all other candidates
                              votes all candidates
                                 ==
                            Levels/offices for elections by party are:
                              
                              State  -  Senator
                              State  -  Governor
                              District  -  Representative
                              County  -  Representative
                              County  -  Senator
                              County  -  Governor
                              Precinct of IW  -  Representative
                              Precinct of IW  -  Senator
                              Precinct of IW  -  Governor
                              Precinct of Registration  - 
                              Representative
                              Precinct of Registration  -  Senator
                              Precinct of Registration  -  Governor
                                  ===================
                            Elections, by incumbent/nonincumbent:
                              vote for incumbent
                              vote for non-incumbent
                              total vote
                              ==
                            Levels/offices for elections by
                         incumbent/nonincumbent are:
                              State  -  Senator
                              State  -  Governor
                              District  -  Representative
                         SOURCE:  ICPSR U.S. HISTORICAL ELECTION
                         RETURNS, 1788-1978 (ICPSR STUDY NO.001).

          3.   Vote Validation variables.  [V1399-1411,1475-1485]  
               SEE:  APPENDIX C.

          4.   Media Structure data.   Information about presence of
               televison(s) in households within R's county of
               residence and within R's "ADI" or "area of dominant
               influence."    [V1486-1499].
                         SOURCES:  ARBITRON TELEVISION'S "MARKET
                         REPORT 1977-1978" AND "TELEVISION HOUSEHOLDS
                         BOOK 1977-1978;" CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY INC.
                         (CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS IN THE 70S, 2ND
                         EDITION).

          5.   Incumbent Characteristics data.   The following
               information about the congressional incumbent is
               provided.   [V1143-1262].

                           General:     Candidate list code,  party, 
                                        year 1st elected to present
                                        term,  party seniority rank
                           Personal:    Age,  sex,  race,  marital
                                        status,  number of children, 
                                        religion
                           Education:   Bachelor's,  master's, 
                                        professional
                           Occupation:  U.S. Census occupation code, 
                                        Duncan S.E.I. score,  NORC
                                        prestige score (vars for 2
                                        occupations)
                           Experience:  Number of offices maintained
                                        in district,  4 most recent
                                        governmental services or party
                                        offices



1978:     5. [con't]
                           Committees:  4 mentions each: 
                                        Congressional committee
                                        assignments,  seniority rank
                                        within party for each
                                        committee,  subcommittee
                                        assignments (up to 4) within
                                        each committee,  leadership
                                        role within subcommittee(s)
                           Ratings:     1977 and 1978 ratings from:
                                      . Americans for Democratic
                                   Action
                                      . AFL-CIO Committee on Political
                                   Education
                                      . Public Citizen
                                      . Ripon Society
                                      . National Farmers Union
                                      . League of Conservation
                                      . Consumer Federation
                                      . National Associated
                                   Businessmen (95th Congress)
                                      . National Security Index (95th
                                   congress)
                                      . Americans for Constitutional
                                   Action
                                      . National Taxpayers Union
                         SOURCES:  1978, 1979 U.S. CONGRESS
                         CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTORY;  1978, 1978-1979
                         WASHINGTON INFORMATION DIRECTORY,
                         CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY, INC;  CONGRESSIONAL
                         STAFF DIRECTORY, CHARLES B. BRONSON;  1977,
                         1978 ALMANAC OF AMERICAN POLITICS, MICHAEL
                         BARONE ET AL.;  "ELECTING CONGRESS 1978,"
                         CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY, INC.

          6.   Candidate Characteristics data.   The following
               information about the U.S. House democratic and
               republican candidates is provided.   [V1263-1398].

                           Personal:    Age,  sex,  marital status, 
                                        how long married,  number of
                                        children, religion,  military
                                        service
                           Education:   Bachelor's,  master's, 
                                        professional
                           Occupation:  U.S. Census Occupation Code, 
                                        Duncan S.E.I. score,  NORC
                                        prestige score (vars for 2
                                        occupations)
                           Experience:  4 mentions each:  Most recent
                                        previous elective offices:
                                        title of office, year started,
                                        year ended;  most recent
                                        previous unsuccessful
                                        campaign:  title of office
                                        sought, type of election, year
                                        of campaign;  most recent
                                        previous non-elective
                                        government office:  title of
                                        office,  year started,  year
                                        ended; most recent other party
                                        post.
                         SOURCE:  1978 CANDIDATE QUESTIONNAIRE
                         ADMINISTERED BY CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY, INC.
                         AND SENT TO ALL CANDIDATES.  IF NOT RETURNED
                         OR RETURNED INCOMPLETE, OTHER SOURCES USED TO
                         RETRIEVE BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WERE: 
                         CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY CANDIDATE
                         QUESTIONNAIRES FROM PREVIOUS YEARS; 
                         INFORMATION SUPPLIED BY THE CANDIDATE'S
                         CAMPAIGN HEADQUARTERS;  INFORMATION WHICH
                         APPEARED IN THE CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY
                         "WEEKLY REPORT;"  CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY'S
                         SPECIAL ELECTION ISSUE OF THE "WEEKLY REPORT"
                         (OCT. 14, 1978); THE INCUMBENCY
                         CHARACTERISTICS DATA, IF CANDIDATE AN
                         INCUMBENT (SEE 5 ABOVE).

          7.   Campaign finance data.  Information on 1976 and 1978
               campaign expenditures and contributions, U.S. House and
               Senate.  (V1500-1541).

                           Each year for Democratic, republican, minor
                         party candidates:
                              - was candidate incumbent or challenger
                              - was candidate winner or loser
                              - total campaign money received
                              - total campaign disbursements 
                    SOURCES:  1976:   1976 SENATORIAL CAMPAIGNS
                    RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES, NO. 6 (APRIL, 1977) AND
                    1976 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES CAMPAIGNS RECEIPTS
                    AND EXPENDITURES, NO. 9 (SEPTEMBER, 1977), OF THE
                    FEDERAL ELECTIONS COMMISSION DISCLOSURE SERIES.  
                    1978:   REPORTS ON FINANCIAL ACTIVITY 1977-1978
                    AND INTERIM REPORT NO.5, "U.S. SENATE AND HOUSE
                    CAMPAIGNS" (JUNE, 1979), OF THE FEDERAL ELECTIONS
                    COMMISSION.









          1.   U.S Census Bureau Congressional District Data Book
               (93rd Congress) data.     4 datasets containing
               economic, social, and demographic information for the
               108 congressional districts represented in the 1978
               election study, plus ICPSR electoral returns at
               congressional district level for president, U.S.
               senator and U.S. representative 1966-1970.  2304
               records sorted by 1978 case ID.  [class II].

          2.   U.S. Census Bureau County and City Data Book, 1972
               data.   Contains all available census data about the
               123 counties represented in the 1978 election study. 
               One record for each of the 2304 survey respondents.
               [class II].

          3.   Supplementary file of campaign materials.   A dataset
               containing a summary of the campaign materials
               collected from campaign offices of major party
               candidates in congressional races held in the districts
               sampled.  Utilizes a "thematic" coding scheme,
               focussing on the relative emphasis placed by the
               campaign on a number of different topics.  The file has
               been expanded so that there is one record for each of
               the 2304 respondents.  The user can perform a
               case-by-case merge with the survey dataset.  [class
               II].






          Contextual data are appended to each respondent's record in
          the 1980 pre-post data file and in the 1980 major panel data
          file.  Complete documentation of variables appears in
          Appendix A of the 1980 codebook.  Included are:

          1.   Historical election returns at the state, congressional
               district, and county levels for president, governor,
               U.S. senator and U.S. representative, 1972-1978. 
               [V5001-5124].

                    VARIABLES:  For each level/office:
                                   votes democratic candidate
                                   votes republican candidate
                                   votes all other candidates
                                   votes all candidates      
                                   ==
                                  Levels/offices are:
                                   State  -  President   (1972,1976)
                                   State  -  Senator  
                                   (1972,1974,1976,1978)
                                   State  -  Governor  
                                   (1972,1974,1976,1978)
                                   District  -  President   (1976)
                                   District  -  Senator   (1976)
                                   District  -  Governor   (1976)
                                   District  -  Representative  
                                   (1972,1974,1976,1978)
                                   County  -  President   (1972,1976)
                                   County  -  Senator  
                                   (1972,1974,1976,1978)
                                   County  -  Governor  
                                   (1972,1974,1976,1978)
                                   County  -  Representative  
                                   (1972,1974,1976,1978)
                         SOURCE:  ICPSR U.S. HISTORICAL ELECTION
                         RETURNS, 1788-1980 (ICPSR STUDY NO.001),
                         EXCEPT FOR 1976 RETURNS AT THE CONGRESSIONAL
                         DISTRICT LEVEL FOR THE OFFICES OF PRESIDENT,
                         SENATOR AND GOVERNOR (PROVIDED BY
                         CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY, INC.). 

          2.   1980 primary election returns at the state level and
               general election returns at the state, district and
               county levels for president, U.S. Senator, and U.S.
               Representative.  [V5125-5188].

                    VARIABLES:  Presidential primary vars are (all
                    state level):
                                   votes carter
                                   votes kennedy
                                   votes other democratic candidates
                                   votes all democratic candidates
                                   votes anderson
                                   votes bush
                                   votes reagan
                                   votes other republican candidates
                                   votes all republican candidates
                                  =====================
                                  Nonpresidential primary vars are:
                                   votes democratic winner
                                   votes democratic runner-up
                                   votes all democratic candidates
                                   votes republican winner                      
                                   votes republican runner-up
                                   votes all republican candidates



1980:     2. [con't]

                                        ==
                                  Nonpresidential primary
                         levels/offices are:
                                   State  -  Senator
                                        State  -  Representative
                                  =====================
                                  Election variables are:   
                                   votes democratic candidate
                                   votes republican candidate
                                   votes anderson
                                   votes all other candidates
                                   votes all candidates
                                        ==
                                  Levels/offices for elections are:
                              
                                   State  -  President
                                   State  -  Senator
                                   State  -  Governor
                                   District  -  President
                                   District  -  Representative
                                   County  -  President
                                   County  -  Representative
                                   County  -  Senator
                                   County  -  Governor
                         SOURCES:  ICPSR U.S. HISTORICAL ELECTION
                         RETURNS, 1788-1980 (ICPSR STUDY NO.001).

          3.   1980 Federal Elections Commission financial data on
               candidates for the House.  [V5189-5204].

                    Variables for Democratic, republican, minor party
                    candidates are:
                           - outcome of election for candidate
                           - candidate net receipts
                           - candidate net expenditures
                           - party contributions to candidate (not
                         minor party cand.)
                           - Party expenditures on behalf of candidate
                         (not minor pty cand.)
                           - Incumbent, challenger or candidate in
                         open race
                         SOURCE:  REPORTS OF THE FEDERAL ELECTIONS
                         COMMISSION.

          4.   Interest group ratings of incumbent congressmen. 
               [V5205-5225].

                    Variables are 1979 and 1980 ratings from:
                           . Americans for Democratic Action
                           . AFL-CIO Committee on Political Education
                           . Public Citizen
                           . League of Conservation Voters
                           . Consumer Federation of America
                           . National Security Index (1980 only)
                           . National Taxpayers Union
                           . Americans for Constitutional Action
                           . American Conservative Union
                           . U.S. Chamber of Commerce
                           . National Farmers Union
                         SOURCES:  REPORTS OF THE NAMED ORGANIZATIONS,
                         EXCEPT FOR THE  U.S. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE,
                         WHOSE RATINGS WERE OBTAINED FROM
                         CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY, INC.











          Limited contextual data are appended to each respondent's
          record.  Included are county-level Census data on race, as
          follow:

               - 1980 county population
               - % of county population white
               - % of county population black
               - % of county population native North American
               - % of county population Asian/Pacific Islander
               - % of county population Spanish/not Spanish
               - % of county population not of Spanish origin
               - % of county population Mexican
               - % of county population Puerto Rican
               - % of county population Cuban
               - % of county population other Spanish
               - % of county population 'other' race
               - % of Spanish origin white
               - % of Spanish origin black
               - % of Spanish origin American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut,
               Asian and Pacific Islander
               - % of Spanish origin 'other' race
               - % of county population age 5-17 speaking only English
               at home
               - % of county population age 5-17 speaking Spanish at
               home, English very well
               - % of county population age 5-17 speaking Spanish at
               home, English not very well
               - % of county population age 5-17 speaking other at
               home, English very well
               - % of county population age 5-17 speaking other at
               home, English not very well
               - % of county population over 18 speaking only English
               at home
               - % of county population over 18 speaking Spanish at
               home, English very well
               - % of county population over 18 speaking Spanish at
               home, English not wvery ell
               - % of county population over 18 speaking other at
               home, English very well
               - % of county population over 18 speaking other at
               home, English not very well
               - total county population age 5 and over


          Contextual data are appended to each respondent's record in
          the 1988-1990-1992 Pooled Senate data file.  Included are:

          1.   General elections and primary elections data on U.S.
               Senate races.  
               [V893-914].

                    General election variables are:
                         - democratic votes
                         - republican votes
                         - other votes
                         - democratic % of 2-party vote
                    ==============================
                    Primary variables (democratic and republican,
                    each) are:
                         - date of primary
                         - % of vote  (candidate who later appeared in
                         general election)
                         - % margin over closest competitor
                         - % of vote in runoff   (dem: Florida only; 
                         rep: Texas only)
                         - % margin over closest competitor in runoff
                        SOURCES:  GENERAL ELECTIONS:  REPORTS OF THE
                    FEDERAL ELECTION
                         COMMISSION.  PRIMARY ELECTIONS:  UNPUBLISHED
                    BRIEFING BOOK ON
                         SENATE ELECTIONS PREPARED BY CBS.

          2.   Background information about Seat #1, Seat #2 senators. 
               [V915-1387].

                    Personal: Age,  party,  education,  2 most recent
                              occupations and employers, religion, 
                              marital status,  no. of children, 
                              military (branch, year entered, year
                              discharged, rank at discharge)
                    Political:     Did senator ever serve in house and
                                   when,  has senator run for
                                   president and when,  route to
                                   senate and (if by special election)
                                   year of special election (incl. %
                                   of 2-pty vote in special election), 
                                   year of most recent general
                                   election,  % 2-party vote in last
                                   10 general elections 
                    Activity: Is senator a full committee chairman, 
                              ranking within party,  no. of mass mail
                              pieces franked in 3rd & 4th quarters of
                              1985,  no. of mass mail pieces franked
                              in 1st-4th quarters of 1986,1987,1988,
                              1989,1990,1991, no. of mass mail pieces
                              franked in 1st-3rd quarters of 1992, CQ
                              voting participation score 1983-1992.
                    Ratings:  For every year 1983-1992:
                                 . Americans for Democratic Action 
                                 . American Conservative Union 
                                 . AFL-CIO 
                                 . U.S. Chamber of Commerce 
                                 . National Journal economic policy
                              liberal score 
                                 . National Journal economic policy
                              conservative score 
                                 . National Journal social policy
                              liberal score 
                                 . National Journal social policy
                              conservative score 
                                 . National Journal foreign policy
                              liberal score 
                                 . National Journal foreign policy
                              conservative score 
                                 . CQ presidential support score 
                                 . CQ presidential opposition score 
                                 . CQ party unity support score 
                                 . CQ party unity opposition score 
                                 . CQ conservative coalition support
                              score 
                                 . CQ conservative coalition
                              opposition score 


Pooled Senate:

          2. [con't]
                         SOURCES:   POLITICS IN AMERICA, THE NTH
                         CONGRESS, ALAN EHRENHALT ED.;   ALMANAC OF
                         AMERICAN POLITICS, MICHAEL BARONE ET AL.; 
                         UNPUBLISHED CBS BRIEFING BOOKS ON SENATE
                         ELECTIONS;  RESPONSES TO CQ CANDIDATE
                         QUESTIONNAIRE MADE AVAILABLE BY PHIL DUNCAN
                         (POLITICAL EDITOR OF CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY
                         WEEKLY REPORT);  AMERICA VOTES, RICHARD
                         SCAMMON ET AL.;  REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF
                         THE SENATE (MASS MAILING FIGURES); 
                         CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY ALMANAC;  VARIOUS
                         ISSUES OF NATIONAL JOURNAL

          3.   Senate elections predictions and Senate candidates'
               campaign managers, pollsters, and media consultants. 
               [V1388-1397].

                    VARIABLES:     CQ election roundup projection
                              Early Cook Report projection of election
                              outcome
                              Late Cook Report projection of election
                              outcome
                              Roll Call projection of election outcome
                              democratic candidate's campaign manager
                              democratic candidate's pollster
                              democratic candidate's media consultant
                              republican candidate's campaign manager
                              republican candidate's pollster
                              republican candidate's media consultant
                         SOURCES:   CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY SPECIAL
                         REPORTS;  GRC COOK POLITICAL REPORT
                         (GOVERNMENT RESEARCH CORPORATION);  ROLL
                         CALL;  NATIONAL JOURNAL;  CAMPAIGN INDUSTRY
                         NEWS; INFORMATION PROVIDED OVER TELEPHONE BY
                         STAFF AT THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN SENATE
                         COMMITTEE.

          4.   Campaign spending by senate campaign candidates. 
               [V1398-1414].

                              Variables for democratic and republican
                              candidate each are:
                              - total campaign spending
                              - total campaign receipts
                              - % of total major party spending  (by
                              dem; rep can be calculated)
                              - cash on hand
                              - non-individual, non-party receipts 
                              (inc. PACs & committees)
                              - contributions from candidate
                              - party spending on behalf of candidate
                              - independent expenditures on behalf of
                              candidate
                              - independent expenditures in opposition
                              to candidate
                         SOURCE:  FEDERAL ELECTIONS COMMISSION.

          5.   State political, demographic, geographic and economic
               data.  [V1415-1470]

                    VARIABLES:     No. congressional districts
                              No. democratic U.S. representatives
                              before election
                              No. democratic U.S. representatives
                              after election
                              State partisanship
                              State ideology
                              State democratic party organization
                              strength
                              State republican party organization
                              strength
                              Party ideology:  weighted democratic
                              score
                              Party ideology:  weighted republican
                              score
                              Clinton % of 2-party vote in 1992
                              Dukakis % of 2-party vote in 1988
                              Mondale % of 2-party vote in 1984


Pooled Senate:

          5. [con't]
                              Carter % of 2-party vote in 1980
                              Carter % of 2-party vote in 1976
                              No. democrats, upper & lower state house
                              before & after election
                              No. republicans, upper & lower state
                              house before & after election
                              1988/1990/1992 Census voting age
                              population estimate
                              1987/1988/1990 population in thousands
                              % population increase 1980-1987/1980-
                              1988/1980-1992
                              1992 Census population in thousands
                              % Census population increase 1980-1992
                              % black 1980/1990
                              % asian and pacific islander 1980/1990
                              % spanish origin 1980/1990
                              % in metropolitan areas 1986/1988/1990
                              % born in state 1980/1990
                              % white collar occupations 1980/1990
                              % blue collar occupations 1980/1990
                              Square miles in state
                              % area farmed 1982/1990
                              Net total migration to state 1980-1986
                              % residents at current address 2 yrs. or
                              less 1980
                              State unemployment rate March,
                              1988/1990/1992
                              State unemployment rate June
                              1988/1990/1992
                              State unemployment rate September
                              1988/1990/1992
                              State unemployment rate December
                              1988/1990/1992
                              State unemployment rate December
                              1987/1989/1991
                              Total personal income - 1st quarter
                              1988/1990/1992
                              Total personal income - 2nd quarter
                              1988/1990/1992
                              Total personal income - 3rd quarter
                              1988/1990/1992
                              Total personal income - 4th quarter
                              1988/1990/1992
                              Total personal income - 4th quarter
                              1987/1989/1991
                              Tax burden per capita 1985
                              Violent crime rate 1987/1989/1991
                              % population with 1-3 yrs. college 1980
                              % population with 4+ yrs. college 1980
                              % population below poverty line 1980 
                              % housing units rented 1980
                              Median family income 
                              % population over age 64 1986/1988/1990
                         SOURCES:   CBS/NEW YORK TIMES POLLS;  PARTY
                         ORGANIZATIONS IN AMERICAN POLITICS, CORNELIUS
                         COTTER ET AL.;  PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES AND
                         THE DYNAMICS OF PUBLIC CHOICE, LARRY M.
                         BARTELS;  FEDERAL ELECTIONS COMMISSION; 
                         CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY WEEKLY REPORT; 
                         STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF THE U.S., U.S. DEPT.
                         OF COMMERCE;  THE ALMANAC OF AMERICAN
                         POLITICS;  POLITICS IN AMERICA, THE NTH
                         CONGRESS;  MICHAEL HAGEN'S VOTER SUPPLEMENT
                         FILE, 1980 CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY, STATE
                         DATA PROGRAM OF UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
                         BERKELEY;  BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS; 
                         "REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN PER CAPITA PERSON
                         INCOME CONTINUED TO WIDEN IN 1988,"
                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE;  CRIME IN THE U.S.
                         1988, FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION.

          6.   Background information about Democratic and Republican
               candidates for the U.S. Senate.  [V1471-1870].  

                              SEE:  2., BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT
                              SENATORS



Pooled Senate:

          7.   Campaign content data.   [V1871-1899]

                    Variables providing 7 topical mentions of
                    "positive" and "negative" campaign themes of the
                    democratic and republican Senate candidates.

                         SOURCE:  MEASURES DERIVED BY RICHARD FENNO,
                         GARY JACOBSON, JONATHAN KRASNO, THOMAS MANN,
                         RAYMOND WOLFINGER, CULLED FROM:  ACCOUNTS OF
                         SENATE ELECTIONS IN CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY'S
                         "SPECIAL REPORT," GRC COOK POLITICAL REPORT,
                         THE PRESIDENTIAL HOTLINE (DAILY), POLITICAL
                         REPORT.