ABOUT THE DATASET:
Time Series Study
Includes: 1992 panel variables
Completions: 1,795 post-election
Sample: fresh cross-section and panel
Special Cases: 1992 panel cases
Modes used: face-to-face, telephone
Weights: V940004-V940006, V940006a
STUDY CONTENT HIGHLIGHTS:
In addition to content on electoral participation, voting behavior, and public opinion, the 1994 ANES contains questions in other areas such as political knowledge, evaluation of parties, and values and predispositions. Special-interest and topical content includes new questions on welfare reform and the Clinton crime bill, as well as new questions in the battery on respondent health care and health care concerns. In addition, with particular benefit to the panel aspect, some emphasis is placed on candidate, incumbent, and presidential evaluations, including performance questions and issue placements.
STUDY DESIGN HIGHLIGHTS:
Besides being a stand-alone time series data collection in which the full sample comprises a representative cross-section, for the empanelled portion of the sample the 1994 ANES is also the final wave in a three-wave study that began with the 1992 ANES and continued in the 1993 Pilot. This panel study was specifically designed to exploit the special features of elections and politics during the 1992-1994 time period, in particular through the careful inclusions of evaluations at the congressional and presidential levels.
Interviewing for the 1994 ANES began immediately after the November 8 elections and continued until January 9, 1995. The interviews, which averaged 72 minutes, were conducted face-to-face except in 36 cases where administration was possible only by telephone, primarily for panel respondents who had moved "out of range". A ballot-card experiment resulted in two randomly-assigned versions or "forms" of the questionnaire, which corresponded to alternative designs (though identical content) of the ballot card. Questionnaires were otherwise undifferentiated. Special features of the study design included use of "certainty" follow-ups on liberal-conservative scale placements, and the coding of specific probes used by interviewers for many individual questions. The 1994 sample consisted of two components. The 1994 panel component included all fresh cross-section respondents from the 1992 ANES (respondents first interviewed in 1992) who had provided both pre-election and post-election interviews in 1992, for a total of 1,005 panel eligible cases. A new 1994 fresh cross-section component provided an additional 1,436 eligible cases. The 1994 eligible total of 2,441 cases yielded 1,795 completions (759 panel, 1,036 fresh cross-section).
V940004 is a full-sample weight that incorporates a household nonresponse adjustment factor, the within-household selection weight, and a post-stratification factor by age, sex, and region. The panel weight V940005 is constructed for longitudinal analysis. V940006, the "time series" weight, adjusts only for panel aging and attrition, and should be used when comparing the panel cases or the total sample to previous unweighted studies. V940006a was constructed to correct for the underrepresentation of younger and less educated respondents and for the resulting contribution to voting overestimation. V940006a adjusts for household nonresponse, weights for within-household selection, and is post-stratified by age and education. It is not intended that analysis be undertaken using the fresh cross component alone.