ABOUT THE DATASET:
Type of study: Time Series Study
Sample universe: U.S. eligible voters (cross-section)
Sample composition: fresh cross-section cases; cross-section panel component
Number of waves: 1 (post-election)
Modes used: face-to-face
Instrument format: CAPI
Number of dataset respondents: 1,795
Weights: V940004, V940005, V940006
Additional files: 1994 Behavior Recording Experiment File
Associated studies or derivative files: ANES 1992-1997 Merged File
STUDY CONTENT HIGHLIGHTS:
STUDY DESIGN HIGHLIGHTS:
Interviewing began immediately after the November 8 elections and continued until January 9, 1995. The interviews, which averaged 72 minutes, were conducted face-to-face except in 36 cases where administration was possible only by telephone, primarily for panel component respondents who had moved "out of range". A ballot-card experiment resulted in two randomly-assigned versions or "forms" of the questionnaire, which corresponded to alternative designs (though identical content) of the ballot card. Questionnaires were otherwise undifferentiated. Special features of the study design included use of "certainty" follow-ups on liberal-conservative scale placements, and the coding of specific probes used by interviewers for many individual questions.
The 1994 sample consisted of two components. The 1994 panel component included all fresh cross-section respondents from the 1992 Time Series study (respondents first interviewed in 1992) who had provided both pre-election and post-election interviews in 1992, for a total of 1,005 panel eligible cases. The 1994 fresh cross-section component provided an additional 1,436 eligible cases. The 1994 eligible total of 2,441 cases yielded 1,795 completions (759 panel, 1,036 fresh cross-section).
In 1997, V940006a was constructed as an additional full sample weight to correct for an underrepresentation of younger and less educated respondents, and the resulting contribution to voting overestimation, which were discovered as a consequence of the long-term empanelment across the Time Series studies 1992-1994-1996 (similar weighting was also constructed for the 1996 Time Series study). V940006a adjusts for household nonresponse, weights for within-household selection, and is post-stratified by age and education. NOTE: it is not intended that analysis be undertaken using the 1994 fresh cross component alone.
ASSOCIATED STUDIES OR DERIVATIVE FILES:
The ANES 1992-1997 Merged File is an ANES derivative file that comprises merged data from 7 ANES Time Series and Pilot studies. Over years 1992-1997, ANES conducted a process of empanelment over the ANES 1992 Time Series Study, the ANES 1993 Pilot Study, the ANES 1994 Time Series Study, the ANES 1995 Pilot Study, the ANES 1996 Time Series Study, and the ANES 1997 Pilot Study. The 1994 Time Series study re-interviewed cases from the 'fresh' component of the 1992 Time Series study sample as part of its overall cross-section, which also included 'fresh' 1994 cases. The 1996 Time Series study similarly combined in its cross-section re-interviews of respondents from the preceding two Time Series studies together with 'fresh' cases. The 1993, 1995, and 1997 pilot studies each re-interviewed a set of cases from the preceding Time Series Study, although the 1995 pilot study only included cases from the 'fresh' component of the 1994 Time Series sample. The ANES 1992-1997 Merged File is downloadable from the Data Center.