Here is the CMT Uptime check phrase

75 Years of the ANES


 “In 1948, under the direction of Angus Campbell and Robert Kahn, the Survey Research Center (SRC) at the University of Michigan, with financial support from the Social Science Research Council (SSRC), carried out what it viewed as a pilot study of the national electorate. As Campbell and Kahn noted in their 1952 summary of that study, Lazarsfeld, Berelson, and Gaudet (1944) showed the power of the systematic survey for understanding political behavior with their study of Erie County, Ohio, carried out around the 1940 election. The 1948 study was the national, scientific application of the method. This study interviewed 577 respondents twice, once before and then, again, after the election. The respondents were drawn using probability sampling…” Read more from “The Michigan, then National, then American National Election Studies,” by Nancy Burns (2006).

Photo of Converse, Miller and Campbell looking at a map.

Videos about ANES

NSF and the American National Election Studies, D. Sunshine Hillygus, Duke University, November 2022.

The American National Election Studies: Measuring Public Opinion Since 1948 Nick Valentino, University of Michigan, August 2022.

ISR Insights Speaker Series – The ANES: History and Insights from Recent Surveys, Vincent L. Hutchings, University of Michigan, August 2020.

The American National Election Study and Archived Data at ICPSR, Introduction by Michael W. Traugott and Presentation by Vincent L. Hutchings, University of Michigan, July 2020.

Articles about ANES History

Aldrich, John. (2017) “The American National Elections Study as ‘Gold Standard’ for Survey Research in the Twenty-First Century,” ANES Board Report.

Weisberg, H. F. (2016). Reflections: The Michigan Four and Their Study of American Voters: A Biography of a Collaboration. PS: Political Science & Politics, 49(4), 845–858.

Burns, Nancy (2006). The Michigan, then National, then American National Election Studies .

Sapiro, Virginia. (1999) Fifty Years of the National Election Studies: A Case Study in the History of “Big Social Science.” Paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Atlanta.

Miller, Warren E. (1994) An organizational history of the intellectual origins of the American National Election Studies, European Journal of Political Research, 25: 247-265.