ANES Bibliography 1990-1999

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1999. “It’s Monica, Stupid: Voting Behavior in the 1998 Midterm Election.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Abramson, Paul A., John H. Aldrich, and David W. Rohde. 1999. Change and Continuity in the 1996 and 1998 Elections. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Aldrich, John H. 1999. “Political Parties in a Critical Era.” American Politics Quarterly 27:9-32.

Aldrich, John H., Paul W. Gronke, and Jeffrey D. Grynaviski. 1999. “Policy, Personality, and Presidential Performance.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Aldrich, John H., Claire Kramer, Peter Lange, Renan Levine, John Rattliff, Laura Stephenson, and Elizabeth Zechmeister. 1999. “Job Insecurity and Globalization: Evidence from Europe.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Alexander, Herbert E. 1999. “Spending in the 1996 Election.” Pp. 11-36 in Financing in the 1996 Election, edited by J. C. Green. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Alvarez, R. Michael and Jonathan Nagler. 1999. “Analysis of Crossover and Strategic Voting.” in Polmeth Working Paper: The Society for Political Methodology.

Alvarez-Gonzalez, Jose Julian. 1999. “Law, Language and Statehood: The Role of English in the Great State of Puerto Rico.” Law and Inequality 17:359.

Andersen, Kristi. 1999. “The Gender Gap and Experiences with the Welfare State.” PS: Political Science and Politics 32:17-9.

Anonymous. 1999. “Is there a crisis?” in The Economist, U.S. Edition: The Economist Newspaper Ltd.

Anonymous. 1999. “Politics brief: Is there a crisis?” Pp. 49-50 in The Economist, vol. 352.

Anonymous. 1999. “Yawns Aside, Voters Do Care.” Pp. 8 in Christian Science Monitor. Boston, MA: The Christian Science Publishing Society.

Ansolabehere, Stephen D., Shanto Iyengar, and Adam Simon. 1999. “Replicating Experiments Using Aggregate and Survey Data: The Case of Negative Advertising and Turnout.” The American Political Science Review 93:901-9.

Asher, Herbert B. and Andrew R. Tomlinson. 1999. “The Media and the 1996 Presidential Campaign.” Pp. 125-42 in Reelection 1996: How Americans Voted, edited by H. F. Weisberg and J. M. Box-Steffensmeier. Chappaqua, NY: Chatham House Publishers of Seven Bridges, L.L.C.

Atkeson, Lonna Rae. 1999. “”Sure, I voted for the winner!” Overreport of the primary vote for the party nominee in the National Election Studies.” Political Behavior 21:197-215.

Barker, David Christopher. 1999. “Rushed decisions: Political talk radio and vote choice, 1994-1996.” Journal of Politics 31:527-39.

Bartels, Larry M. 1999. “Panel Effects in the American National Election Studies.” Political Analysis 8:1-20.

Baum, Matthew A. and Samuel H. Kernell. 1999. “Has cable ended the golden age of presidential television?” The American Political Science Review 93:99-114.

Beck, Nathaniel. 1999. “Political Methodology: A Welcoming Discipline.”

Belli, Robert F., Michael W. Traugott, Margaret Young, and Katherine A. McGonagle. 1999. “Reducing vote overreporting in surveys: Social Desirability, Memory Failure, and SourceMonitoring.” Public Opinion Quarterly 63:90-108.

Berinsky, Adam J. 1999. “The Two Faces of Public Opinion.” American Journal of Political Science 43:1209-30.

Blais, André, Elisabeth Gidengil, Richard Nadeau, and Neil Nevitte. 1999. “Measuring Party Identification: Canada, Britain, and the United States.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Bolce, Louis and Gerald DeMaio. 1999. “The Anti-Christian Fundamentalist Factor in Contemporary Politics.” Public Opinion Quarterly 63:508-42.

Bolce, Louis and Gerald DeMaio. 1999. “Religious Outlook, Culture War Politics, and Antipathy Toward Christian Fundamentalists.” Public Opinion Quarterly 63:29-61.

Books, John and Charles L. Prysby. 1999. “Contextual effects on retrospective economic evaluations – The impact of the state and local economy.” Political Behavior 21:1-16.

Bowler, Shaun and Todd Donovan. 1999. “Democracy, institutions and attitudes about citizen influence on government.” in American-Physical-Society Centennial Meeting. Atlanta, GA.

Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M. and David C. Kimball. 1999. “The Timing of Voting Decisions in Presidential Campaigns.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Branton, Regina P. and Bradford S. Jones. 1999. “Multiculturalism, Diversity, and Prejudice.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association. Seattle, WA.

Brehm, John. 1999. “Alternative Corrections for Sample Truncation: Applications to the 1988, 1990, and 1992 Senate Election Studies.” Political Analysis 8:183-99.

Brooks, Clem and David W. Brady. 1999. “Income, economic voting, and long-term political change in the U.S., 1952-1996.” Social Forces 77:1339-75.

Brooks, Clem and Jeff Manza. 1999. Social Cleavages and Political Change – Voter Alignments and U.S. Party Coalitions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Burden, Barry C. 1999. “Measuring Voter Turnout in the National Election Studies.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, Georga.

Bureau, U.S. Census. 1999. “Statistical Abstract of the United States 1999.”

Camara-Fuentes, Luis R. 1999. “The Madness of Every Four Years: A Comparative Study of Voting, Candidate Selection and Turnout in Puerto Rico and the United States.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, The University of Michigan.

Cannon, Carl M. 1999. “A Pox on Both Our Parties.” National Journal 31:608-11.

Canon, David T. 1999. Race, Redistricting, and Representation: The Unintended Consequences of Black Majority Districts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Carlson, Neil E. 1999. “The Rationality of Political Culture: Voter Turnout and Social Capital.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Cassel, Carol A. 1999. “Voluntary Associations, Churches, and Social Participation Theories of Turnout.” Social Science Quarterly 80:504-517.

Chanley, Virginia A. 1999. “U.S. public views of international involvement from 1964-1993.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 43:23-44.

Clydesdale, Timothy T. 1999. “Toward Understanding the Role of Bible Beliefs and Higher Education in American Attitudes Toward Eradicating Poverty, 1964-1996.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 38:103-18.

Comstock, George and Erica Scharrer. 1999. Television: What’s On, Who’s Watching, and What it Means. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Cooper, Joseph. 1999. “The Puzzle of Distrust.” Pp. 1-26 in Congress and the Decline of Public Trust, edited by J. Cooper. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Corey, Elizabeth C. and Garand James C. 1999. “Are government employees more likely to vote?: An analysis of turnout in the 1996 US National Election.” in Annual meeting of the Southern-Political-Science-Association. Savannah, GA.

Dalton, Russell J. 1999. “Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies.” Pp. 57-77 in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, edited by P. Norris. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Darmofal, David. 1999. “Socioeconomic Bias in Turnout Decline: Do the Voters Remain the Same?” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Dautrich, Kenneth and Thomas H. Hartley. 1999. How the News Media Fail American Voters: Causes, Consequences, and Remedies, Edited by R. Y. Shapiro. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Davis, Darren W. and Christian Davenport. 1999. “Assessing the Validity of the Postmaterialism Index.” American Political Science Review 93:649-664.

Davis, Darren W., Kathleen M. Dowley, and Brian D. Silver. 1999. “Postmaterialism in World Societies: Is It Really a Value Dimension?” American Journal of Political Science 43:935-62.

Denham, Bryan. 1999. “Demographics, Media Use and Voter Affect: An Analysis of the 1998 National Election Studies Data.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research.

Ellis, Charles H. and Jon A. Krosnick. 1999. “Comparing Telephone and Face-to-Face Surveys in Terms of Sample Representativeness: A Meta-Analysis of Demographic Characteristics.”

Esaiasson, Peter. 1999. “Not All Politics is Local: The Geographical Dimension of Policy Representation.” Pp. 110-136 in Policy Representation in Western Democracies, edited by W. E. Miller. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Evans, Geoffrey. 1999. The End of Class Politics? – Class Voting in Comparative Context. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Farnsworth, Stephen J. 1999. “Federal frustration, state satisfaction? Voters and decentralized governmental power.” PUBLIUS-The Journal of Federalism 29:75-88.

Fiorina, Morris P. 1999. “Extreme Voices: A Dark Side of Civic Engagement.” Pp. 395-426, edited by T. Skocpol and M. P. Fiorina. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Forgette, R. and G.J. Platt. 1999. “Voting for the Person, Not the Party: Party Defection, Issue Voting, and Process Sophistication.” Social Science Quarterly 80:409-21.

Francia, Peter L., Rachel E. Goldberg, John C. Green, Paul S. Hernson, and Clyde Wilcox. 1999. “Individual Donors in the 1996 Federal Elections.” Pp. 127-53 in Financing the 1996 Election, edited by J. C. Green. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Francia, Peter L., Rachel E. Goldberg, John C Green, Paul S. Herrnson, and Clyde Wilcox. 1999. “Individual Donors in the 1996 Federal Elections.” Pp. 127-153 in Financing the 1996 Election, edited by J. C. Green. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.

Freedman, Paul and Kenneth M. Goldstein. 1999. “Measuring Media Exposure and the Effects of Negative Campaign Ads.” American Journal of Political Science 43:1189-1208.

Funk, Carolyn L. 1999. “Bringing the Candidate into Models of Candidate Evaluation.” The Journal of Politics 61:700-20.

Gershtenson, Joseph and Dennis L. Plane. 1999. “Spatial Location of Candidates and Voter Turnout: Individual-level phenomena and aggregate-level implications.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Gilbert, Christopher P., David A. M. Peterson, Timothy R. Johnson, and Paul A. Djupe. 1999. Religious Institutions and Minor Parties in the United States. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Gilens, Martin. 1999. Why Americans Hate Welfare: Race, Media, and the Politics of Antipoverty Policy, Edited by S. Herbst and B. I. Page. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Glasgow, Garrett. 1999. “Heterogeneity in the Impact of Issues on Vote Choice.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Glasgow, Garrett. 1999. “A Random Parameters Logit Model for Estimating the Impact of Issues on Vote Choice.”

Glasgow, Garrett. 1999. “Respondent Uncertainty of Candidate Issue Positions and Its Effects on Estimates of Issue Salience.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association.

Goidel, Robert K., Donald A. Gross, and Todd G. Shields. 1999. Money Matters: Consequences of Campaign Finance Reform in U.S. House Elections. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Goren, Paul. 1999. “Framing and Political Awareness.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Gould, Jon. 1999. “The Triumph of Hate Speech Regulation: Why Gender Wins but Race Loses in America.” Michigan Journal of Gender & Law 6:153.

Greeley, Andrew and Michael Hunt. 1999. “Measuring the strength of the religious right.” The Christian Century 116:810-5.

Green, Donald P., Alan S. Gerber, and Suzanna L. De Boef. 1999. “Tracking opinion over time: A method for reducing sampling error.” Public Opinion Quarterly 63:178-92.

Grofman, Bernard N., III Merrill, Samuel, Thomas Brunell, and William Koetzle. 1999. “The potential electoral disadvantages of a catch-all party – Ideological variance among Republicans and Democrats in the 50 US states.” Party Politics 5:199-210.

Grofman, Bernard N., Guillermo Owen, and Christian Collet. 1999. “Rethinking the partisan effects of higher turnout: So what’s the question?” Public Choice 99:357-76.

Gronke, Paul W. 1999. “Policies, Prototypes, and Presidential Approval.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Gultas, Seyda. 1999. “Essays on the Political Economy of Redistribution.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, University of California, Irvine.

Haberle, Stephen H. 1999. “Gay and Lesbian Rights: Emerging Trends in Public Opinion and Voting Behavior.” Pp. 146-149 in Gays and Lesbians in the Democratic Process: Public Policy, Public Opinion, and Political Representation, edited by E. D. B. Riggle and B. L. Tadlock. New York: Columbia University Press.

Haider-Markel, Donald P. 1999. “Morality policy and individual-level political behavior: The case of legislative voting on lesbian and gay issues.” Policy Studies Journal 27:735-49.

Haider-Markel, Donald P. 1999. “Redistributing Values in Congress: Interest Group Influence Under Sub-Optimal Conditions.” Political Research Quarterly 52:113-44.

Hart, Roderick P. and Mary C. Johnson. 1999. “Constructing the electorate during presidential campaigns.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 29:830.

Henderson-King, Donna and Abigail J. Stewart. 1999. “Educational experiences and shifts in group consciousness: Studying women.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 25:390-99.

Hepburn, Mary A. and III Bullock, Charles S. 1999. “Congress, Public Trust, and Education.” Pp. 101-30 in Congress and the Decline of Public Trust, edited by J. Cooper. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Herek, Gregory M. and John P. Capitanio. 1999. “Sex differences in how heterosexuals think about lesbians and gay men: Evidence from survey context effects.” The Journal of Sex Research 36:348-60.

Herrera, Richard. 1999. “The Language of Politics: A Study of Elite and Mass Understandings of Ideological Terminoloty in the United States and the Netherlands.” Pp. 59-86 in Policy Representation in Western Democracies, edited by W. E. Miller. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Herrera, Richard and Michael Yawn. 1999. “The Emergence of the Personal Vote.” The Journal of Politics 61:136-50.

Hetherington, Marc J. 1999. “The Effect of Political Trust on the Presidential Vote, 1968-96.” The American Political Science Review 93:311-26.

High-Pippert, Angela. 1999. “The Situational Explanation Revisited: Gender, Work, Family, and Political Participation.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, The University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

Highton, Benjamin and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1999. “What If They Gave an Election and Everyone Came?” in IGS/Universitywide conference on Research Initiatives in American Government, Politics, and Public Policy. University of California, Berkeley.

Hill, Kim Quaile and Patricia A. Hurley. 1999. “Dyadic Representation Reappraised.” American Journal of Political Science 43:109-37.

Hoffman, Donna R. 1999. “A Theory for All Elections? Realignment Theory and a Changing Electorate.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Hofstetter, C. Richard, David C. Barker, James T. Smith, Gina M. Zari, and Thomas A. Ingrassia. 1999. “Information, Misinformation, and Political Talk Radio.” Political Research Quarterly 52:353-69.

Holbrook, Allyson L., Jon A. Krosnick, Penny S. Visser, Wendi L. Gardner, and John T. Cacioppo. 1999. “The Formation of Attitudes toward Presidential Candidates and Political Parties: An Asymmetric Nonlinear Process.”

Holmberg, Soren. 1999. “Collective Policy Congruence Compared.” Pp. 87-109 in Policy Representation in Western Democracies, edited by W. E. Miller. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Hrebenar, Ronald J., Robert C. Benedict, and Matthew J. Burbank. 1999. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Political Campaigns. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Huffington, Arianna. 1999. “THE THIRD-WHEEL PARTIES OF A TWO-PARTY SYSTEM.” Pp. 017 in The New York Post. New York, NY: The New York Post.

Jackman, Simon. 1999. “Non-compulsory voting in Australia? what surveys can (and can’t) tell us.” Electoral Studies 18:29-48.

Jackson, Robert A. and Thomas M. Carsey. 1999. “Group Components of U.S. Presidential Voting Across the States.” Political Behavior 21:123-51.

Jackson, Robert A. and Thomas M. Carsey. 1999. “Misreport of Vote Choice.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Jackson, Robert A. and Thomas M. Carsey. 1999. “Presidential Voting Across the American States.” American Politics Quarterly 27:379-402.

Jacoby, William G. 1999. “Levels of Measurement and Political Research: An Optimistic View.” American Journal of Political Science 43:271-301.

Jacoby, William G. 1999. “The Structure of Issue Conflict in American Public Opinion.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Javeline, Debra. 1999. “Response effects in polite cultures.” Public Opinion Quarterly 63:1-28.

Joslyn, Mark R. and Allan Cigler. 1999. “Group involvement and democratic orientations: Social capital in the postelection context.” in Annual meeting of the Southwestern-Political-Science-Association. San Antonio, TX.

Judis, John B. 1999. “Reform Party Follies.” The American Prospect 11:18-20.

Junn, Jane. 1999. “Participation in liberal democracy: The political assimilation of immigrants and ethnic minorities in the United States.” The American Behavioral Scientist 42:1417-38.

Kahn, Kim Fridkin and Patrick J. Kenney. 1999. “Do negative campaigns mobilize or suppress turnout? Clarifying the relationship between negativity and participation.” American Political Science Review 93:877-89.

Kahn, Kim Fridkin and Patrick J. Kenney. 1999. The Spectacle or U.S. Senate Campaigns. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Kam, Cindy D. and Donald R. Kinder. 1999. “Ethnocentrism Revisited: American Public Opinion and the Social Welfare State.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Karp, Jeffrey A. and Susan A. Banducci. 1999. “Absentee voting, mobilization, and participation.” in Meeting of the Southwestern-Social-Science-Association. San Antonio, TX.

Kaufmann, Karen M. and John R. Petrocik. 1999. “The Changing Politics of American Men: Understanding the Sources of the Gender Gap.” American Journal of Political Science 43:864-87.

Kazee, Thomas A. 1999. in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Kull, Steven and I.M. Destler. 1999. Misreading the Public: The Myth of a New Isolationism. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Lacy, Dean and Barry C. Burden. 1999. “The Vote-Stealing and Turnout Effects of Ross Perot in the 1992 U.S. Presidential Election.” American Journal of Political Science 43:233-255.

Lacy, Dean and J. Tobin Grant. 1999. “The Impact of the Economy on the 1996 Election: The Invisible Foot.” Pp. 99-110 in Reelection 1996: How Americans Voted, edited by H. F. Weisberg and J. M. Box-Steffensmeier. Chappaqua, NY: Chatham House Publishers of Seven Brideges, L.L.C.

Ladd, Jr., Everett C. and Karlyn H. Bowman. 1999. “The nation says no to class warfare.” Pp. 24-6 in USA Today. New York, NY: USA Today.

Layman, Geoffrey C. and Thomas M. Carsey. 1999. “Ideological Realignment in Contemporary American Politics: General Ideological Polarization Rather than Conflict Displacement.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

le Beau, Bryan F. 1999. “The Political Mobilization of the New Christian Right, Part III.” The American Religious Experience, http://are.as.wvu.edu/index.html.

Leal, David L. and Frederick Hess. 1999. “Survey bias on the front porch: Are all subjects interviewed equally?” American Politics Quarterly 27:468-87.

Lefkowitz, Joel K. 1999. “Winning the House: Re-Election Strategies, Challenger Campaigns, and Mobilization Against Incumbents.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, City University of New York.

Levine, Renan. 1999. “Betting on the Horses: Expectations of the National Economy and Presidential Election Predictions.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Lewis, Carolyn V. 1999. “Are Women for Women? Feminist and Traditional Values in the Female Electorate.” Women and Politics 20:1-28.

Lewis, Jeffrey B. and Gary King. 1999. “No Evidence on Directional vs. Proximity Voting.” Political Analysis 8:21-33.

Lewis-Beck, Michael S. and Charles Tien. 1999. “Voters as forecasters: a micromodel of election prediction.” International Journal of Forecasting 15:175-84.

Lockerbie, Brad. 1999. “The Partisan Component to the Incumbency Advantage: 1956-1996.” Political Research Quarterly 52:631-46.

Maier, Mark and Todd Easton. 1999. The Data Game : Controversies in Social Science Statistics. Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe Inc.

Manza, Jeff and Clem Brooks. 1999. Social Cleavages and Political Change: Voter Alignments and U.S. Party Coalitions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Marler, Penny L. and C. Kirk Hadaway. 1999. “Testing the attendance gap in a conservative church.” Sociology of Religion 60:175-186.

Mayer, Kenneth R. and David T. Canon. 1999. The Dysfunctional Congress: The Individual Roots of an Institutional Dilemma. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

McCann, James A., Ronald B. Rapoport, and Walter J. Stone. 1999. “Heeding the Call: An Assessment of Mobilization into H. Ross Perot’s 1992 Presidential Campaign.” American Journal of Political Science 43:1-28.

McDermott, Monika L. 1999. “Shortcut Voting: Candidate Characteristics and Voter Inference.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles.

McIntyre, Chris. 1999. “Immigration beliefs and attitudes: A test of the group conflict model in the United States and Canada.” University of North Texas.

McKay, David H. 1999. Essentials of American Government. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Mebane, Jr., Walter R. and Jasjeet S. Sekhon. 1999. “Coordination and policy moderation at midterm.” in American-Physical-Society Centennial Meeting. Atlanta, GA.

Mebane, Jr., Walter R. and Jasjeet S. Sekhon. 1999. “Coordination, Moderation, and Institutional Balancing in American House Elections at Midterm.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Mebane, Jr., Walter R. and Jonathan Wand. 1999. “The Dynamics of Campaign Contributions in the U.S. House Elections.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Mebane, Jr., Walter R. and Jonathan Wand. 1999. “Poisson-Normal Dynamic Generalized Linear Mixed Models.” in Paper presented at the Summer Political Methodology Meetings. Texas A&M University.

Merrill, III, Samuel. 1999. A Unified Theory of Voting: Directional and Proximity Spatial Models. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Merrill, III, Samuel and Bernard N. Grofman. 1999. A Unified Theory of Voting: Directional and Proximity Spatial Models. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Miller, Arthur H. and Ola Listhaug. 1999. “Political Performance and Institutional Trust.” Pp. 204-16 in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Governement, edited by P. Norris. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Miller, III, James C. 1999. Monopoly Politics. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press.

Miller, Warren E. 1999. “Temporal Order and Causal Inference.” Political Analysis 8:119-46.

Miller, Warren E., Roy Pierce, Richard Herrera, Soren Holmberg, Andrea West, and Bernhard Wessels. 1999. Policy Representation in Western Democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mode, The National Election Study Ad Hoc Committee on Survey. 1999. “The State of Scientific Knowledge on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Telephone vs. Face-to-face Interviewing.”

Mondak, Jeffrey J. 1999. “Reconsidering the Measurement of Political Knowledge.” Political Analysis 8:57-82.

Mondak, Jeffrey J., Carl McCurley, and Steven R.L. Millman. 1999. “The Impact of Incumbents’ Levels of Competence and Integrity in the 1994 and 1996 U.S. House Elections.” Pp. 213-35 in Reelecting the Republican Congress: Two More Years, edited by H. F. Weisberg and J. M. Box-Steffensmeier. Chappaqua, NY: Chatham House Publishers of Seven Bridges, L.L.C.

Morales, Dana Ables. 1999. “Racial Attitudes and Partisan Identification in the United States, 1980-1992.” Party Politics 5:191-98.

Morin, Richard. 1999. “Unconventional Wisdom: New facts and hot stats from the social sciences.” in The Washington Post.

Moy, Patricia, Michael Pfau, and LeeAnn Kahlor. 1999. “Media use and public confidence in democratic institutions.” Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 43:137-58.

Mughan, Anthony and Barry C. Burden. 1999. “Hillary Clinton and the President’s Reelection.” Pp. 111-124 in Reelection 1996: How Americans Voted, edited by H. F. Weisberg and J. M. Box-Steffensmeier. Chappaqua, NY: Chatham House Publishers of Seven Bridges, L.L.C.

Mutz, Diana C. and Gregory N. Flemming. 1999. “How Good People Make Bad Collectives: A Social-Psychological Perspective on Public Attitudes Toward Congress.” Pp. 79-100 in Congress and the Decline of Public Trust, edited by J. Cooper. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Neuman, W. Russell. 1999. “New Media, Public Knowledge and Political Behavior.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Newton, Kenneth. 1999. “Social and Political Trust in Established Democracies.” Pp. 169-187 in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Governement, edited by P. Norris. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Nichols, Stephen M., David C. Kimball, and Paul Allen Beck. 1999. “Voter Turnout in the 1996 Election: Resuming the Downward Spiral?” Pp. 23-44 in Reelection 1996: How Americans Voted, edited by H. F. Weisberg and J. M. Box-Steffensmeier. Chappaqua, NY: Chatham House Publishers of Seven Bridges, L.L.C.

Nicholson, Stephen P. and Gary M. Segura. 1999. “Midterm Elections and Divided Government: An Information-Driven Theory of Electoral Volatility.” Political Research Quarterly 52:609-29.

Niebuhr, Gustav. 1999. “Religion Journal: Among a Religous Electorate, Overlooked Corners.” Pp. 13 in The New York Times.

Nieman, Tom. 1999. American Government: Great Source Education Group (Division of Houghton Mifflin).

Norrander, Barbara. 1999. “The Evolution of the Gender Gap.” Public Opinion Quarterly 63:566-576.

Norrander, Barbara. 1999. “Is the Gender Gap Growing?” Pp. 145-61 in Reelection 1996: How Americans Voted, edited by H. F. Weisberg and J. M. Box-Steffensmeier. Chappaqua, NY: Chatham House Publishers of Seven Bridges, L.L.C.

Norrander, Barbara and Clyde Wilcox. 1999. “Public opinion and policymaking in the states: The case of post-Roe abortion policy.” Policy Studies Journal 27:707-22.

Oliver, Eric J. and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1999. “Jury Aversion and Voter Registration.” The American Political Science Review 93:147-52.

Palmer, Harvey D. 1999. “Issues, Voter Sophistication, and Political Behavior: Four Essays on Public Opinion and Voting.” Ph.D. Dissertation Thesis, University of Rochester.

Paolino, Philip. 1999. “Candidate Performance and Voter Learning in Presidential Nomination Campaigns.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Parker, Myoung-Ho. 1999. “Sensitivity of Political Attitudes: the Influence of Election Proximity on Political Attitudes.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Patterson, Samuel C. and Joseph Quin Monson. 1999. “Reelecting the Republican Congress: Two More Years.” Pp. 183-212 in Reelection 1996: How Americans Voted, edited by H. F. Weisberg and J. M. Box-Steffensmeier. Chappaqua, NY: Chatham House Publishers of Seven Bridges, L.L.C.

Peters, Thomas. 1999. “False Images.” Pp. 06a in The Courier-Journal. Louisville, KY: The Courier-Journal.

Peterson, David A. M. 1999. “Campaign Timing and Vote Determinants.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Rabinowitz, Joshua Louis. 1999. “Interpreting the Politics of Race: The Importance of Equality Beliefs and their Implications for White Americans’ Attitudes toward Racial Policy.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles.

Radio, National Public. 1999. “Hour 1; President Clinton’s Impeachment Trail Brings to Light How Facts Can Be Shown in a Difference Light by Various People.”

Rahn, Wendy, John Brehm, and Neil E. Carlson. 1999. “National Elections as Institutions for Generating Social Capital.” Pp. 111-160 in Civic Engagement in American Democracy, edited by T. Skocpol and M. P. Fiorina. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Regenwetter, Michel, Jean-Claude Falmagne, and Bernard N. Grofman. 1999. “A Stochastic Model of Preference Change and its Application to 1992 Presidential Election Panel Data.” Psychological Review 106:362-84.

Reith, Margaret. 1999. “Viewing of crime drama and authoritarian aggression: An investigation of the relationship between crime viewing, fear, and aggression.” Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 43:211-21.

Richardson, Jr., Lilliard E. and Patricia K. Freeman. 1999. “The Gender Gap in Congressional Elections, 1994-1998.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

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Hochschild, Jennifer L. 1998. “The Future of Affirmative Action: The Strange Career of Affirmative Action.” Ohio State Law Journal 59:997.

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Karp, Jeffrey A. 1995. “The Sources and Dynamics of Public Support for Legislative Term Limits.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Santa Barbara.

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Parker, Suzanne L. 1995. “Toward an Understanding of ‘Rally’ Effects: Public Opinion in the Persian Gulf War.” Public Opinion Quarterly 59:526-46.

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Peterson, David A. M., Timothy R. Johnson, and Christopher P. Gilbert. 1995. “Voter Preference Conversions in American Presidential Elections: A Comparison of Two-Candidate and Three-Candidate Races.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

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Polsby, Nelson W. and Aaron Wildavsky. 1995. Presidential Elections: Strategies and Structures of American Politics, Ninth Edition. New Jersey: Chatham House Publishers.

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Sheng, Shing-Yuan. 1995. “NES Measurements of Values and Pre-Dispositions, 1984-1992.”

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Smith, Andrew E., Alfred J. Tuchfarber, Eric W. Rademacher, and Stephen Earl Bennett. 1995. “Politics: Partisan Leaners are NOT Independents.” The Public Perspective 6:9.

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Southwell, Priscilla L. 1995. “Throwing the Rascals Out vs. Throwing in the Towel: Alienation, Support for Term Limits, and Congressional Voting Behavior.” Social Science Quarterly 76:741-48.

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Stoker, Laura and M. Kent Jennings. 1995. “Life-cycle transitions and political participation: The case of marriage.” The American Political Science Review 89:421-33.

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Traugott, Santa M. and Margaret Petrella. 1995. “NES Question Batteries: Measuring Values and Predispositions, 1983-1994.”

Tuchfarber, Alfred J., Stephen Earl Bennett, Andrew E. Smith, and Eric W. Rademacher. 1995. “The Republican Tidal Wave of 1994: Testing Hypotheses About Realignment, Restructuring and Rebellion.” PS: Political Science and Politics 28:689-96.

Valentine, John P. 1995. “The Influence of Ideological Thinking on Mass Perceptions of Political Issues.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Tampa, FL.

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Wasserman, Donna Pritchard. 1995. “Super Tuesday and the “Primary” Education of the Electorate Political Learning and the News MediaUPER.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, The University of Michigan.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1995. “The Role of Vice Presidential Candidate Ratings in Presidential Voting Behavior.” American Politics Quarterly 23:504-514.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1995. “Why Clinton Won and Dukakis Lost: An Analysis of the Candidate-centered Nature of American Party Politics.” Party Politics 1:245-260.

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Wielhouwer, Peter W. 1995. “Intra-Party Factionalism in the Southern States.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Wielhouwer, Peter W. 1995. “Strategic Canvassing by Political Parties, 1952-90.” American Review of Politics 16:213-28.

Wilcox, Clyde. 1995. “The Sources and Consequences of Public Attitudes toward Abortion.” in Perspectives on the Politics of Abortion, edited by T. G. Jelen. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Williams, Felita T. 1995. “Political Participation: The Resources, Civic Orientations, and Mobilization of Black Americans, 1952-1992.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, University of Alabama.

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Abramowitz, Alan I. 1994. “Issue Evolution Reconsidered: Racial Attitudes and Partisanship in the U.S. Electorate.” American Journal of Political Science 38:1-24.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1994. “Value Conflict and Policy-Based Voting in the 1992 Presidential Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association. Albuquerque, NM.

Abramson, Paul R., John H. Aldrich, Philip Paolino, and David W. Rohde. 1994. “The Problem of Third-Party and Independent Candidates in the American Political System: Wallace, Anderson, and Perot in Comparative Perspective.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Abramson, Paul R., John H. Aldrich, and David W. Rohde. 1994. Change and Continuity in the 1992 Elections. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Abramson, Paul R. and Jr. Ostrom, Charles W. 1994. “Question Wording and Partisanship: Change and Continuity in Party Loyalties During the 1992 Election Campaign.” Public Opinion Quarterly58:21-48.

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Ahuja, Sunil. 1994. “Electoral Status and Representation in the United States Senate: Does Temporal Proximity to Election Matter?” American Politics Quarterly 22:104-18.

Aldrich, John H. and R. Michael Alvarez. 1994. “Issues and the Presidential Primary Voter.” Political Behavior 16:289-318.

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Alvarez, R. Michael and Jonathan Nagler. 1994. “Voter Choice in 1992: Economics, Issues, and Anger.” in Social Science Working Paper 902.

Alwin, Duane F. 1994. “Aging, Personality, and Social Change: The Stability of Individual Differences Over the Adult Life Span.” Pp. 135-85 in Life-Span Development and Behavior, vol. 12, edited by D. L. Featherman, R. M. Lerner, and M. Perlmutter. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Arnold, Laura W. and Herbert F. Weisberg. 1994. “Murphy Brown Meets Al Bundy: Parenthood, Family Values and the 1992 Presidential Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Arsneault, Shelly. 1994. “Workfare or Welfare: Economic Influence on Public Support for Social Spending.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Atkeson, Lonna Rae. 1994. “Presidential Nomination Campaigns and General Elections: The Divisive Primary Hypothesis Revisited.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Babbitt, Paul R. and Richard R. Lau. 1994. “The Impact of Negative Political Campaigns on Political Knowledge.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Bartels, Larry M. 1994. “The American Public’s Defense Spending Preferences in the Post-Cold War Era.” Public Opinion Quarterly 58:479-508.

Belli, Robert F., Santa M. Traugott, and Steven J. Rosenstone. 1994. “Reducing Over-Reporting of Voter Turnout: An Experiment using a ‘Source Monitoring’ Framework.”

Bendyna, Mary E. and Celinda C. Lake. 1994. “Gender and Voting in the 1992 Presidential Election.” in The Year of the Woman: Myths and Realities, edited by E. A. Cook, S. Thomas, and C. Wilcox. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1994. “Changing Levels of Political Information in 1988 and 1990.” Political Behavior 16:1-20.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1994. “The Persian Gulf War’s Impact on American Political Information.” Political Behavior 16:179-202.

Berard, Stanley P. 1994. Constituent Attitudes and Congressional Parties: Southern Democrats in the U.S. House, 1973-1992: University of Pittsburgh.

Black, Gordon S. and Benjamin D. Black. 1994. The Politics of American Discontent: How A New Party Can Make Democracy Work Again. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Born, Richard. 1994. “Split Ticket Voters, Divided Government, and Fiorina’s Policy-Balancing Model.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 19:95-115.

Brams, Steven J. and III Merrill, Samuel. 1994. “Would Ross Perot Have Won the 1992 Presidential Election Under Approval Voting?” PS: Political Science and Politics 27:39-44.

Brandes, Lisa Catherine Olga. 1994. “Public Opinion, International Security Policy, and Gender: The United States and Great Britain Since 1945.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Yale University.

Brehm, John. 1994. “Stubbing Our Toes for a Foot in the Door? Prior Contact, Incentives and Survey Response.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research 6:45-63.

Brians, Craig Leonard and Martin P. Wattenberg. 1994. “Learning About Issues from the Media: A Comparison of TV Commercials, TV News, and Newspapers.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association. Albuquerque, NM.

Bruce, John M. 1994. “The Question of Emotional Response.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Carmines, Edward G. and Michael Beckman. 1994. “Ethics, Ideology and Partisanship: Exploring the Paradox of Conservative Democrats.” Political Behavior 16:203-18.

Cassel, Carol A. 1994. “Social Participation Theories and Turnout.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Clark, Cal and Janet Clark. 1994. “Women as Outsiders: A Growing Diversity in Public Opinion.” Journal of Political Science 22:1-25.

Clarke, Harold D. and Motoshi Suzuki. 1994. “Partisan Dealignment and the Dynamics of Independence in the American Electorate, 1953-88.” British Journal of Political Science 24:57-77.

Clydesdale, Timothy T. 1994. “Money and Faith in America: Exploring the Effects of Religious Restructuring and Income Inequality on Social Attitudes and Family Behavior.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Princeton University.

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Mason, Donald E. 1994. “A Search for Regional Political Activity 1960-1988.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA.

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Wertheimer, Fred and Susan Weiss Manes. 1994. “Campaign Finance Reform: A Key to Restoring the Health of Our Democracy.” Columbia Law Review 94:1126.

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Clement, Audrey Rose. 1993. “The Congressional Black Caucus: Its Representational Role.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Temple University.

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Day, Christine L. 1993. “Public Opinion Toward Costs and Benefits of Social Security and Medicare.” Research on Aging 15:279-98.

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Filer, John E., Laurence W. Kenny, and Rebecca B. Morton. 1993. “Redistribution, Income, and Voting.” American Journal of Political Science 37:63-87.

Finkel, Steven E. 1993. “Reexamining the ‘Minimal Effects’ Model in Recent Presidential Campaigns.” The Journal of Politics 55:1-21.

Franklin, Charles H. 1993. “Senate Incumbent Visibility over the Election Cycle.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 18:271-290.

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Leege, David C., Kenneth D. Wald, and Lyman A. Kellstedt. 1993. “The Public Dimension of Private Devotionalism.” in Rediscovering the Religion Factor in American Politics, edited by D. C. Leege and L. A. Kellstedt. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.

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Mattei, Laura R. Winsky. 1993. “From the White House to the State House: The Effects of National, State and District Factors on State Legislative Election Outcomes.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Rochester, Rochester.

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McCurley, Carl. 1993. “Racial Context Effects on White Voters in Contemporary Presidential Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, D.C.

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Moh, Chi-Yung. 1993. “Ambivalent Public: Individualistic and Collectivistic Thinking in Opinionation about Public Issues.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, WI.

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Munro, Douglas Patrick. 1993. “The Nationalization of Southern Politics: Southern Democratic Senators, From Eisenhower to Bush.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Johns Hopkins University.

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Norrander, Barbara and Clyde Wilcox. 1993. “State Differences in Attitudes toward Abortion.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, D.C.

Paolino, Philip. 1993. “Sister Can You Spare a Vote?: The Effect of Women Senate Candidates and Group Consciousness in the 1992 Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, D.C.

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Shaw, Daron R. 1993. “Strong Persuasion: The Effects of Campaigns in U.S. Presidential Elections.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

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Sniderman, Paul M. and Thomas Piazza. 1993. The Scar of Race. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Sniderman, Paul M., Philip E. Tetlock, Edward G. Carmines, and Randall S. Peterson. 1993. “The Politics of the American Dilemma: Issue Pluralism.” in Prejudice, Politics and the American Dilemma, edited by P. M. Sniderman, P. E. Tetlock, and E. G. Carmines. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

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Somma, Mark and Sue Tolleson-Rinehart. 1993. “Tracking the Elusive Green Women: Environmentalism and Feminism as Schematically Connected Attitudnal Structures in the United States and Europe.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Savannah, GA.

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Stoker, Laura. 1993. “Judging Presidential Character: The Demise of Gary Hart.” Political Behavior 15:193-223.

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Tate, Katherine. 1993. From Protest to Politics: The New Black Voters in American Elections. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Tolleson-Rinehart, Sue and Kenneth N. Hansen. 1993. “Gendered Parties, Partisan Gender Roles: The Four Groups Who Cause the Gender Gap, 1980-1988.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Uslaner, Eric M. 1993. The Decline of Comity in Congress. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

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Wetstein, Matthew E. 1993. “Abortion Rates in the American States: The Impacts of Opinion and Policy on Abortion Utilization.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Northern Illinois University.

Wetstein, Matthew E. 1993. “A LISREL Model of Public Opinion on Abortion.” in Understanding the New Politics of Abortion, edited by M. L. Goggin. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

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Wilcox, Clyde, Ted G. Jelen, and David C. Leege. 1993. “Religious Group Identifications: Toward a Cognitive Theory of Religious Mobilization.” Pp. 72-99 in Rediscovering the Religion Factor in American Politics, edited by D. C. Leege and L. A. Kellstedt. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Wright, Gerald C. 1993. “Errors in Measuring Vote Choice in the National Election Studies, 1952-1988.” American Journal of Political Science 37:291-316.

Zaller, John. 1993. “The Converse-McGuire Model of Attitude Change and the Gulf War Opinion Rally.” Political Communication 10:369-88.

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Abramson, Paul R., John H. Aldrich, Philip Paolino, and David W. Rohde. 1992. “‘Sophisticated’ Voting in the 1988 Presidential Primaries.” American Political Science Review 86:55-69.

Abramson, Paul R. and William Claggett. 1992. “The Quality of Record Keeping and Racial Differences in Validated Turnout.” Journal of Politics 54:871-880.

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Bailey, Martha. 1992. “The Role of Political Attitudes in Labor Union Decline.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, MD.

Bailey, Martha. 1992. “Working Class Identification and Political Attitudes, 1964-1986.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Bardes, Barbara A. 1992. “Women and the Persian Gulf War: Patriotism and Emotion.” in Presented at the Conference on Political Consequences of War. Washington.

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Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1992. “The Persian Gulf War’s Impact on Americans’ Political Information.” in Presented at the Conference on the Political Consequences of War. Washington.

Bennett, Stephen Earl and Linda L. M. Bennett. 1992. “From Traditional to Modern Concepts of Gender Equality in Politics: Gradual Change and Lingering Doubts.” The Western Political Quarterly45:93-111.

Bernstein, Robert A. 1992. “Determinants of Differences in Feelings Toward Senators Representing the Same State.” The Western Political Quarterly 45:701-725.

Bernstein, Robert A. 1992. “Limited Ideological Accountability in House Races: The Conditioning Effect of Party.” American Politics Quarterly 20:192-204.

Black, Earl and Merle Black. 1992. The Vital South: How Presidents Are Elected. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Boyd, Richard W. and Adam J. Berinsky. 1992. “The Influence of Foreign Policy Issues in the American Elections of 1948 and 1952.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Brady, Henry E. 1992. “Report on Feeling Thermometer for ‘Moderates’.”

Brady, Henry E. and Gary R. Orren. 1992. “Polling Pitfalls: Sources of Error in Public Opinion Surveys.” in Media Polls in American Politics, edited by T. E. Mann and G. R. Orren. Washington, DC: Brookings.

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Brody, Richard A. and R. Douglas Rivers. 1992. “Sources and Political Consequences of Public Opinion Responses to Crisis and War in the Persian Gulf.” in Presented at the Conference on the Political Consequences of War. Washington.

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Carmines, Edward G. and Harold W. Stanley. 1992. “The Transformation of the New Deal Party System: Social Groups, Political Ideology, and Changing Partisanship Among Northern White, 1972-1988.” Political Behavior 12:213-237.

Carpini, Michael X. Delli and Scott Keeter. 1992. “An Analysis of Information Items on the 1990 and 1991 NES Surveys: A Report to the Board of Overseers for the National Election Studies.”

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Cirksena, M. Kathryn. 1992. “Access, Competence and Gender in Political Persuading: 1964-1984.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

Citrin, Jack, Donald P. Green, Beth Reingold, and David O. Sears. 1992. “A Report on Measures of American Identity and New ‘Ethnic’ Issues in the 1991 NES Pilot Study.”

Clymer, Adam. 1992. “Watergate’s Shadow Lies Across the Land.” Pp. 126 in The New York Times. New York: The New York Times.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Virginia Sapiro. 1992. “Gender Consciousness and Gender Politics in the 1991 Pilot Study: A Report to the ANES Board of Overseers.”

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Virginia Sapiro. 1992. “Gender Equality in the Public Mind.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

Constantino, Joseph Alfred Lawrence. 1992. “The Negativity Bias and Congressional Voting.” Ph.D. Dissertation Thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Cook, Elizabeth Adell, Ted G. Jelen, and Clyde Wilcox. 1992. Between Two Absolutes: Public Opinion and the Politics of Abortion. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Cook, Elizabeth Adell and Clyde Wilcox. 1992. “A Rose by Any Other Name: Measuring Support for Organized Feminism Using ANES Feeling Thermometers.” Women and Politics 12:35-52.

Cooke, Carolyn L. 1992. “Holding the Line: A View of Evolving Abortion Policy.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Indiana University.

Costantino, Joseph Alfred Lawrence. 1992. “The Negativity Bias and Congressional Voting.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Daniels, R. Steven. 1992. “Aging, Ideological Identification, and Issue Consistency.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Daynes, Byron W. and Raymond Tatalovich. 1992. “Presidential Politics and Abortion, 1972-1988.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 3:545-561.

Denk, Charles E. and Steven E. Finkel. 1992. “The Aggregate Impact of Explanatory Variables in Logit and Linear Probability Models.” American Journal of Political Science 36:785-804.

Dennis, Jack. 1992. “Political Independence in America, Part III: Search of Closest Partisans.” Political Behavior 12:261-296.

Durr, Robert Harlan. 1992. “What Moves Public Opinion? An Analysis of Changes in United States Domestic Policy Sentiment.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Iowa.

Endersby, James W. and Melvin J. Hinich. 1992. “The Stability of Voter Perceptions: A Comparison of Candidate Positions Across Time Using the Spatial Theory of Voting.” Mathl. Comput. Modeling8:67-83.

Feldman, Stanley and John Zaller. 1992. “The Political Culture of Ambivalence: Ideological Responses to the Welfare State.” American Journal of Political Science 36:268-307.

Ferrante, Karlene Marie. 1992. “Moving into the ‘Circle of Politics’: The Process of Personal Enfranchisement.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin.

Fine, Terri Susan. 1992. “The Impact of Issue Framing on Public Opinion: Toward Affirmative Action Programs.” The Social Science Journal 29:323-334.

Fiorina, Morris P. 1992. “An Era of Divided Government.” Political Science Quarterly 07:387-410.

Franklin, Charles H. 1992. “Learning the Consequences of Actions: Public Opinion and the Gulf War.” in Presented at the Conference on the Political Consequences of War. Washington.

Franklin, Charles H. 1992. “Measurement and the Dynamics of Party Identification.” Political Behavior 14:297-309.

Geer, John G. 1992. “New Deal Issues and the American Electorate, 1952-1988.” Political Behavior 14:45-65.

Glaser, James M. 1992. “What People Think Other People Think: Racial Differences in the Attribution of Issue Position.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

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Bennett, Stephen Earl and David Resnick. 1990. “The Implications of Non-voting for Democracy in the United States.” American Journal of Political Science 34:771-802.

Blais, André, Donald E. Blake, and Stéphane Dion. 1990. “The Public/Private Sector Cleavage in North America: The Political Behavior and Attitudes of Public Sector Employees.” Comparative Political Studies 23:381-403.

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Feig, Douglas G. 1990. “Dimensions of Southern Public Opinion On Prayer in Schools.” in The Disappearing South: Studies in Regional Change and Continuity, edited by R. P. Steed, L. W. Moreland, and T. A. Baker. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

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Giles, Michael W. and Jr. Evans, Arthur S. 1990. “Social Distance: Ingroup Integration and Perceived External Threat.” The Western Journal of Black Studies 14:30-1.

Ginsberg, Benjamin and Martin Shefter. 1990. Politics by Other Means: The Declining Importance of Elections in America. New York, NY: Basic Books, Inc.

Gonzalez, II, Hernandoo Villacorte. 1990. “Education and Orientations Toward Legitimacy: The American National Elections Studies, 1964-1980.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

Granberg, Donald and Soren Holmberg. 1990. “The Berelson Paradox Reconsidered Intention-Behavior Changers in U.S. and Swedish Election Campaigns.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 54:530-550.

Granberg, Donald and Soren Holmberg. 1990. “The Intention-Behavior Relationship Among U.S. and Swedish Voters.” Social Psychology Review 53:44-54.

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Halton, William. 1990. “Liberal-Conservative C… : A Comparison of Measures.” Western Political Quarterly 43:387-402.

Hertzke, Allen D. 1990. “Interpreting the Jesse Jackson and Pat Roberston Crusades: Populist Discontent in American Society.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Franscisco.

Hibbing, John R. and John R. Alford. 1990. “Constituency Population and Representation in the U.S. Senate.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 15:581-598.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1990. “Meager Patrimony: The Reagan Era and Republican Representation in Congress.” in Looking Back on the Reagan Presidency, edited by L. Berman. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

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Kinder, Donald R. and Lynn M. Sanders. 1990. “Mimicking Political Debate with Survey Questions: The Case of White Opinion on Affirmative Action for Blacks.” Social Cognition 8:73-103.

Klein, Jill Gabrielle. 1990. “Negativity Effects in Impression Formation: A Test in the Political Arena.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Kluegel, James R. 1990. “Trends in Whites’ Explanations of the Black-White Gap in Socioeconomic Status, 1977-1989.” American Sociological Review 55:512-25.

Knight, Kathleen. 1990. “Comparisons of Liberal-Conservative Items in the ANES 1989 Pilot Study.”

Krassa, Michael A. 1990. “Political Information, Social Environments, and Deviants.” Political Behavior 12:315-330.

Krosnick, Jon A. 1990. “Americans’ Perceptions of Presidential Candidates: A Test of the Projection Hypothesis.” Journal of Social Issues 46:159-182.

Krosnick, Jon A. 1990. “Government Policy and Citizen Passion: A Study of Issue Publics in Contemporary America.” Political Behavior 12:59-92.

Krosnick, Jon A. and Matthew K. Berent. 1990. “Impact of Verbal Labeling of Response Alternatives and Branching on Attitude Measurement Reliability.”

Krosnick, Jon A. and Donald R. Kinder. 1990. “Altering the Foundations of Support for the President Through Priming.” The American Political Science Review 84:497-512.

Krosnick, Jon A. and Michael A. Milburn. 1990. “Psychological Determinants of Political Opinionation.” Social Cognition 8:49-72.

Lau, Richard R., David O. Sears, and Tom Jessor. 1990. “Fact or Artifact Revisited: Survey Instrument Effects and Pocketbook Politics.” Political Behavior 12:217-42.

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Leighley, Jan E. 1990. “Social Interaction and Contextual Influences on Political Participation.” American Politics Quarterly 18 October:459-75.

Luskin, Robert C. 1990. “Explaining Political Sophistication.” Political Behavior 12:331-361.

Mansbridge, Jane J. 1990. Beyond Self-Interest. Chigago, Il: University of Chicago Press.

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Martinez, Michael D. 1990. “Partisan Reinforcement in Context and Cognition: Canadian Federal Partisanships, 1974-79.” American Journal of Political Science 34:822-45.

Martinez, Michael D. and Michael M. Gant. 1990. “Partisan Issue Preferences and Partisan Change.” Political Behavior 12:243-264.

Martinez, Valerie Jane. 1990. “Senior Citizens as an Emerging Force in American Politics.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

McBride, Ann. 1990. “Symposium Ethics in Government: Ethics in Congress: Agenda and Action.” George Washington Law Review 58:451.

McCann, James A. 1990. “Changing Electoral Contexts and Changing Candidate Images During the 1984 Presidential Campaign.” American Politics Quarterly 18:123-40.

Miller, Arthur H. 1990. “Public Judgments of Senate and House Candidates.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 15:525-42.

Miller, Arthur H. and Ola Listhaug. 1990. “Political Parties and Confidence in Government: A Comparison of Norway, Sweden and the United States.” British Journal of Political Science 20:357-86.

Miller, Warren E. 1990. “The Electorate’s View of the Parties.” in The Parties Respond: Changes in the American Party System, edited by L. S. Maisel. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Moon, David C. 1990. “What You Use Depends on What You Have: Information Effects on the Determinants of Electoral Choice.” American Politics Quarterly 18:3-24.

Morin, Richard. 1990. “The Gloom Boom; Are Voters Really More Cynical Now?” Pp. D1 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Presser, Stanley. 1990. “Can Changes in Context Reduce Vote Overreporting in Surveys?” Public Opinion Quarterly 54:586-93.

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Price, Vincent and John Zaller. 1990. “Evaluation of Media Exposure Items in 1989.”

Price, Vincent and John Zaller. 1990. “Measuring Individual Differences in Likelihood of News Reception.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

Rosenstone, Steven J. and Gregory Andrade Diamond. 1990. “Measuring Public Opinion on Political Issues.”

Sadow, Jeffrey Dennis. 1990. “Structure and Clarity in Ideological Identification.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA.

Sanders, Arthur B. 1990. Making Sense of Politics. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.

Sasaki, Masamichi and Tatsuzo Suzuki. 1990. “Trend and Cross-National Study of General Social Attitudes.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology 31:193-205.

Sears, David O. and Carolyn L. Funk. 1990. “Self-Interest in Americans’ Political Opinions.” Pp. 147-70 in Beyond Self-Interest, edited by J. J. Mansbridge. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Sears, David O. and Leonie Huddy. 1990. “On the Origins of Political Disunity Among Women.” in Women, Politics and Change, edited by L. A. Tilly and P. Gurin. New York, NY: Russell Sage.

Shanks, J. Merrill and Warren E. Miller. 1990. “Policy Direction and Performance Evaluation: Complementary Explanations of the Reagan Elections.” British Journal of Political Science 20:143-235.

Shapiro, Catherine R., David W. Brady, Richard A. Brody, and John A. Ferejohn. 1990. “Linking Constituency Opinion and Senate Voting Scores: A Hybrid Explanation.” Legislative Studies QuarterlyX:599-621.

Sinclair, Barbara. 1990. The Transformation of the U.S. Senate. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Sinclair, Barbara. 1990. “Washington Behavior and Home-State Reputation: The Impact of National Prominence on Senators’ Images.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 15:475-94.

Sirgo, Henry B. 1990. “Racial Attitudes and Realignment in the U.S. Party System: An Examination of U.S. House, U.S. Senate, Gubernatorial and Presidential Contests.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Smith, Tom W. 1990. “Classifying Protestant Denominations.” Review of Religious Research 31:225-45.

Smith, Tom W. 1990. “Liberal and Conservative Trends in the United States Since World War II.” Public Opinion Quarterly 54:479-507.

Smith, Tom W. 1990. “Trends in Voluntary Group Membership: Comments on Baumgartner and Walker.” American Journal of Political Science 34:646-61.

Smith, Tom W. and Frederick D. Weil. 1990. “A Report: Finding Public Opinion Data: A Guide to Success.” Public Opinion Quarterly 54:609-26.

Stewart, III, Charles and Mark Reynolds. 1990. “Television Markets and U.S. Senate Elections.” Legislative Studies Quarterly XV:495-523.

Stoker, Laura. 1990. “Morality and the Study of Political Behavior.” Ph.D. Dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Strate, John M. 1990. “Life Span Civic Development and Campaign Participation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

Traugott, Michael W. 1990. “Memo to Pilot Study Committee: Understanding Campaign Effects on Candidate Recall and Recognition.”

Traugott, Santa M. and Giovanna Morchio. 1990. “Assessment of Bias Due to Attrition and Sample Selection in the NES 1989 Pilot Study.”

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1990. “A Candidate-Centered Electorate.” in The New American Political System, edited by A. King. Washington: AEI Press.

Wolfinger, Raymond E. and Richard A. Brody. 1990. “Congress Can’t Lose On the Budget Crisis.” Pp. A15 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Wright, Gerald C. 1990. “Misreports of Vote Choice in the 1988: NES Senate Election Study.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 15:545-63.

Wuthnow, Robert and William Lehrman. 1990. “Religion: Inhibitor or Facilitator of Political Involvement Among Women?” Pp. 300-22 in Women, Politics, and Change, edited by L. A. Tilly and P. Gurin. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Zaller, John. 1990. “Experimental Tests of the Question Answering Model of the Mass Survey Response.”

Zaller, John. 1990. “Political Awareness, Elite Opinion Leadership, and the Mass Survey Response.” Social Cognition 8:125-153.

Zaller, John and Vincent Price. 1990. “A Study in Everyday Memory: Learning and Forgetting the News.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.