ANES Bibliography 1980-1989

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Kenneth J. Cribbs. 1989. “Don’t Worry, Be Happy: Evaluations of Senate and House Incumbents in 1988.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Jeffrey A. Segal. 1989. “Beyond Willie Horton and the Pledge of Allegiance: National Issues in the 1988 Senate, House and Presidential Elections.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Abramson, Paul R. 1989. “Generations and Political Change in the United States.” in Research in Political Sociology, edited by R. G. Braugart and M. M. Braungart.

Aldrich, John H., John L. Sullivan, and Eugene Borgida. 1989. “Foreign Affairs and Issue Voting: Do Presidential Candidates ‘Waltz Before a Blind Audience’?” American Political Science Review83:123-41.

Alford, John R. and John R. Hibbing. 1989. “The Disparate Electoral Security of House and Senate Incumbents.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Alford, Robert R. and Edgar L. Feige. 1989. “Information Distortions in Social Systems: The Underground Economy and Other Observer-Subject-Policymaker Feedbacks.” Pp. 57-80 in The Underground Economies: Tax Evasion and Information Distortion, edited by E. L. Feige. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Barker, Lucius J. 1989. “Jackson’s Candidacy in Political-Social Perspective.” in Jesse Jackson’s 1984 Presidential Campaign: Challenge and Change in American Politics, edited by L. J. Barker and R. W. Walters. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1989. “Left Behind: Economic Adversity and Declining Turnout among Noncollege Young Whites, 1964-1988.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Memphis.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1989. “Trends in Americans’ Political Information, 1967-1987.” American Politics Quarterly 17:422-35.

Bennett, Stephen Earl and Linda L. M. Bennett. 1989. “Enduring Gender Differences in Political Interest: The Impact of Socialization and Political Dispositions.” American Politics Quarterly 17:105-22.

Bennett, Stephen Earl and Linda L. M. Bennett. 1989. “Interest in American Presidential Election Campaigns.” Polity 22:341-54.

Bernstein, Robert A. 1989. Elections, Representation, and Congressional Voting Behavior: The Myth of Constituency Control. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.

Boyd, Richard W. 1989. “The Effects of Primaries and Statewide Races on Voter Turnout.” Journal of Politics 51:730-9.

Brady, David W., Richard A. Brody, and John A. Ferejohn. 1989. “Constituency Preferences and Senatorial Actions: Modeling the Representation of Constituency Interests.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston.

Brehm, John. 1989. “How Survey Nonresponse Damages Political Analysis.” in Paper presented at the American Political Science Association Meeting. Atlanta, GA.

Brody, Richard A. and Catherine R. Shapiro. 1989. “Policy Failure and Public Support: The Iran-Contra Affair and Public Assessment of President Reagan.” Political Behavior 11:353-369.

Campbell, James E. 1989. “The Cross-Pressured Partisan.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Carmines, Edward G. and James A. Stimson. 1989. Issue Evolution: Race and the Transformation of American Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Carroll, Susan J. 1989. “Gender Politics and the Socializing Impact of the Women’s Movement.” in Political Learning in Adulthood: A Sourcebook of Theory and Research, edited by R. S. Sigel. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Chuang, Yao Chia. 1989. “Policy Voting and Persuasion in American Presidential Elections: The Role of Attitude Importance.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Claggett, William. 1989. “Partisan Acquisition Policy Relevant Parties and Realignments.” The Western Political Quarterly 42:225-244.

Clarke, Harold D. and Alan C. Acock. 1989. “National Elections and Political Attitudes: The Case of Political Efficacy.” British Journal of Political Science 19:551-62.

Cook, Elizabeth Adell. 1989. “Measuring Feminist Consciousness.” Women and Politics 93:71-88.

Craig, Stephen C. and Michael D. Martinez. 1989. “Perceived Choice and Institutional Support: Limits to Rational Partisanship.” Polity 21:606-18.

Dubin, Jeffrey A. and Douglas Rivers. 1989. “Selection Bias in Linear Regression, Logit and Probit Models.” Sociological Methods and Research 18:360-90.

Edsall, Thomas B. 1989. “The 1980s: Political Earthquake or a Blip?; Scholars Debate Magnitude and Significance of Voters’ Trend Toward GOP.” Pp. 4 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Edsall, Thomas B. 1989. “Black, Jewish Leaders Fail to Close Political Rifts;

Divisive Chicago Mayoral Election Is Focus of Tension at New Orleans Conference.” Pp. A6 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Edsall, Thomas B. 1989. “Bush Ascends Minus Solid Base; Unlike Reagan, the new president assumes office without the security of a Republican Party on the rise.” Pp. F10 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Eliott, Euel and Marianne C. Stewart. 1989. “Models of Economic Evaluations and Presidential Voting in the 1988 American National Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Memphis, TN.

Elliott, Euel Wilson. 1989. Issues and Elections: Presidential Voting in Contemporary America – A Revisionist View. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Ellison, Christopher G. and David A. Gay. 1989. “Black Political Participation Revisited: A Test of Compensatory, Ethnic Community, and Public Arena Models.” Social Science Quarterly 70:101-119.

Entman, Robert M. 1989. Democracy without Citizens: Media and the Decay of American Politics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Erikson, Robert S. 1989. “Economic Conditions and the Presidential Vote.” American Political Science Review 83:567-73.

Erikson, Robert S. 1989. “Roll Calls, Reputations, and Representation in the U.S. Senate.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Erikson, Robert S. 1989. “Ronald Reagan and the ‘Michigan’ Model of the Vote.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Erikson, Robert S., Thomas D. Lancaster, and David W. Romero. 1989. “Group Components of the Presidential Vote, 1952-1984.” Journal of Politics 51:337-46.

Finifter, Ada W. and Bernard M. Finifter. 1989. “Party Identification and Political Adaptation of American Migrants in Australia.” Journal of Politics 51:599-630.

Finkel, Steven E. 1989. “The Effects of the 1980 and 1984 Campaigns on Mass Ideological Orientations: Testing the Salience Hypothesis.” The Western Political Quarterly 42:325-346.

Fiorina, Morris P. and Kenneth A. Shepsle. 1989. “Is Negative Voting an Artifact?” American Journal of Political Science 33:423-39.

Fisher, III, Samuel H. 1989. “Ideological Sophistication and Choice of Presidential and Congressional Candidates.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Fossett, Mark A. and K. Jill Kiecolt. 1989. “The Relative Size of Minority Populations and White Racial Attitudes.” Social Science Quarterly 70:820-835.

Franklin, Charles H. 1989. “Eschewing Obfuscation? Campaigns and the Perception of Senate Incumbents.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Friedman, Sally. 1989. “Is Anybody Listening? The Relationship Between Incumbent Positions and Constituent Perceptions.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Geer, John G. 1989. “Assessing Changes in the Public’s Evaluation of the New Deal Party System, 1952-1988.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Geer, John G. 1989. Nominating Presidents: An Evaluation of Voters and Primaries. New York, NY: Greenwood Press.

Glaser, James M. 1989. “The Limited Impact of Racial Issues on Partisan Change in the South.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Gold, Howard J. 1989. “Hollow Mandates: American Public Opinion and the Conservative Shift.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Graham, Thomas W. 1989. American Public Opinion on NATO, Extended Deterrence, and Use of Nuclear Weapons. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, Inc.

Granberg, Donald and Thad A. Brown. 1989. “On Affect and Cognition in Politics.” Social Psychology Quarterly 52:171-182.

Groves, Robert M. 1989. Survey Errors and Survey Costs. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Interscience.

Gurin, Patricia, Shirley Hatchett, and James S. Jackson. 1989. Hope and Independence: Blacks’ Response to Electoral and Party Politics. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Herring, Cedric. 1989. “Acquiescence or Activism? Political Behavior Among the Politically Alienated.” Political Psychology 10:135-53.

Herring, Cedric. 1989. “Convergence, Polarization, or What? Racially Based Changes in Attitudes and Outlooks, 1964-1984.” Sociological Quarterly 30:267-81.

Herring, Cedric. 1989. Splitting the Middle: Political Alienation, Acquiescence, and Activism Among America’s Middle Layers. New York, NY: Praeger.

Hibbing, John R. and John R. Alford. 1989. “Constituency Population and Representation in the United States Senate.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Holman, C. B. 1989. “Go West, Young Democrat.” Polity 22:323-39.

Huckfeldt, R. Robert and Carol Weitzel Kohfeld. 1989. Race and the Decline of Class in American Politics. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Huddy, Leonie. 1989. “Generational Agreement on Old-Age Policies: Explanations Based on Realistic Interests, Symbolic Political Attitudes, and Age Identities.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

Hurley, Patricia A. 1989. “Partisan Representation and the Failure of Realignment in the 1980s.” American Journal of Political Science 33:240-61.

Hurley, Patricia A. 1989. “The Senate, Representation and Recruitment to the Presidency.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Hurwitz, Jon, Mark Peffley, and Paul Raymond. 1989. “Presidential Support During the Iran-Contra Affair: An Individual Level Analysis of Presidential Reappraisal.” American Politics Quarterly17:359-385.

Inglehart, Ronald. 1989. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Iyengar, Shanto. 1989. “How Citizens Think About National Issues: A Matter of Responsibility.” American Journal of Political Science 33:878-900.

Jacobson, Gary C. and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1989. “Information and Voting in California Senate Elections.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 14:509-529.

Jacoby, William G. 1989. “Ideological Identification and Issue Attitudes.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Jaynes, Gerald David and Robin Murphy Williams. 1989. A Common Destiny : Blacks and American Society. Washington D.C.: National Academies Press.

Kane, Emily Wright. 1989. “Ideological Consensus in Gender Relations.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Kellstedt, Lyman A. 1989. “The Meaning and Measurement of Evangelicalism: Problems and Prospects.” in Religion and Political Behavior in the United States, edited by T. G. Jelen. New York: Praeger.

Kenski, Henry C. and William Lockwood. 1989. “The Catholic Vote from 1980 to 1986: Continuity or Change?” in Religion and Political Behavior in the United States, edited by T. G. Jelen. New York: Praeger.

Kenski, Henry C. and Lee Sigelman. 1989. “Where the Votes Come From in Senate Elections: Group Components of the 1988 Senate Vote.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Kinder, Donald R., Gordon S. Adams, and Paul W. Gronke. 1989. “Economics and Politics in the 1984 American Presidential Election.” American Journal of Political Science 33:491-515.

Kinder, Donald R., Tali Mendelberg, Michael Dawson, Sanders Lynn M., Steven J. Rosenstone, Jocelyn Sargent, and Cathy Cohen. 1989. “Race and the 1988 American Presidential Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Knight, Kathleen and Carolyn V. Lewis. 1989. “Liberalism and Conservativism in Presidential Election Politics.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Krasno, Jonathan S. 1989. “Campaign Effects on the Public’s View of Senators.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Krasno, Jonathan S. 1989. “Senate Campaign Themes in 1989.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Krassa, Michael A. 1989. “Compositional Voting and the Rational Preference for Polarized Representation.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Krosnick, Jon A. and Duane F. Alwin. 1989. “Aging and Suspectibility to Attitude Change.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57:416-425.

Lau, Richard R. 1989. “Construct Accessibility and Electoral Choice.” Political Behavior 11:5-32.

Lau, Richard R. 1989. “Individual and Contextual Influences on Group Identification.” Social Psychology Quarterly 52:220-231.

Leighley, Jan E. 1989. “Political Attitudes and Participation: Does Intensity Breed Activity?” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Leighley, Jan E. 1989. “Social Interaction as a Stimulus of Political Participation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Lewis-Beck, Michael S. and Andrew Skalaban. 1989. “Citizen Forecasting: Can Voters See into the Future?” British Journal of Politics 19:145-53.

Little, Thomas H. 1989. “Southern and Non-Southern Political Behavior: The Nature of Convergence, 1964-1988.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Memphis, TN.

Lockerbie, Brad. 1989. “Change in Party Identification: The Role of Prospective Economic Evaluations.” American Politics Quarterly 17:291-311.

Luskin, Robert C., John P. McIver, and Edward G. Carmines. 1989. “Issues and the Transmission of Partisanship.” American Journal of Political Science 33:440-58.

Marshall, Thomas R. 1989. Public Opinion and the Supreme Court. Boston, MA: Unwin Hyman.

Marston, Linda L. 1989. “Race, Class and Presidential Politics: Social Group Support for Jesse Jackson in 1984.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA.

Martinez, Michael D. 1989. “Prospecting for Prospective Voters.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Memphis.

Miller, Arthur H. 1989. “Public Judgments of Senatorial Candidates.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston.

Miller, Arthur H. and Christopher Wlezien. 1989. “The Social Group Dynamics of Political Evaluations.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Miller, Warren E. and Santa M. Traugott. 1989. American National Election Studies Data Sourcebook, 1952-1986. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Niemi, Richard G., John Mueller, and Tom W. Smith. 1989. Trends in Public Opinion: A Compedium of Survey Data. New York, NY: Greenwood Press.

Niemi, Richard G., David R. Reed, and Herbert F. Weisberg. 1989. “Measuring Partisanship and Independence: Constituency and Commitment.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Norrander, Barbara. 1989. “Ideological Representativeness of Presidential Primary Voters.” American Journal of Political Science 33:570-87.

Norrander, Barbara. 1989. “Turnout in the 1988 Presidential Primaries: Testing Alternative Models.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Parker, Glenn R. 1989. “Looking Beyond Reelection: Revising Assumptions about the Factors Motivating Congressional Behavior.” Public Choice 63:237-52.

Parker, Glenn R. 1989. “Members of Congress and their Constituents: The Home Style Connection.” in Congress Reconsidered, edited by L. C. Dodd and B. I. Oppenheimer. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Dodd and B. I. Oppenheimer. 1989. “The Role of Constituent Trust in Congressional Elections.” Public Opinion Quarterly 53:175-96.

Patterson, Kelly D. 1989. “Candidates, Platforms, and Party Leaders: Governability in an Age of Party Decline.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Columbia University, New York, NY.

Perkins, Jerry. 1989. “The Moral Majority as a Political Reference in the 1980 and 1984 Elections.” in Religion and Political Behavior in the United States, edited by T. G. Jelen. New York: Praeger.

Peterson, Steven A. and Thomas Conlon. 1989. “Incumbents’ Contacts with Constituents: Effects on Citizens’ Political Orientations.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Petrocik, John R. 1989. “An Expected Party Vote: New Data for an Old Concept.” American Journal of Political Science 33:44-66.

Petrocik, John R. 1989. “Issues and Agendas: Electoral Coalitions in the 1988 Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Petterson, Per Arnt. 1989. “Comparing Non-Voters in the USA and Norway.” European Journal of Political Research 17:351-359.

Pierce, Patrick A. 1989. “Political Sophistication and the Use of Candidate Traits in Candidate Evaluations.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Pomper, Gerald M. and Loretta Sernekos. 1989. “The ‘Bake Sale’ Theory of Voting Participation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Powell, Lynda W. 1989. “Analyzing Misinformation: Perceptions of Congressional Candidates’ Ideologies.” American Journal of Political Science 33:272-93.

Rabinowitz, George B. and Stuart Elaine MacDonald. 1989. “A Directional Theory of Issue Voting.” American Political Science Review 83:93-121.

Romero, David W. 1989. “The Changing American Voter Revisited: Candidate Evaluations, 1952 to 1984.” American Politics Quarterly 17:409-21.

Rothenberg, Lawrence S. 1989. “Putting the Puzzle Together: Why People Join Public Interest Groups.” Public Choice 60:241-57.

Sadow, Jeffrey M. 1989. “What is Ideological Identification: Thought Process or Belief System.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Sanders, Arthur B. 1989. “Ideological Symbols.” American Politics Quarterly 17:227-255.

Secret, Philip E. and Susan Welch. 1989. “Sex, Race, and Participation: An Analysis of the 1980 and 1984 Elections.” Women and Politics 94:57-67.

Semiatin, Richard Jeffrey. 1989. “A Psychological and Economic Model of Straight Ticket, Split Ticket, Single Ticket, and Nonvoting: Party Identification and Spatial Voter Choice in the American National Election of 1984.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, The American University, Washington, D.C.

Shanks, J. Merrill and Warren E. Miller. 1989. “Alternative Interpretations of the 1988 Election: Policy Direction, Current Conditions, Presidential Performance, and Candidate Traits.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Shelley, III, Mack C. and Steven G. Koven. 1989. “Dealignment, Realignment and the 1988 Vote: Evidence from Senate Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Shingles, Richard D. 1989. “Class Status, and Support for Government Aid to Disadvantaged Groups.” Journal of Politics November:933-962.

Sidanius, James and Richard R. Lau. 1989. “Political Sophistication and Political Deviance: A Matter of Context.” Political Psychology 10:85-109.

Simon, Dennis M. 1989. “Presidents, Governors, and Electoral Accountability.” Journal of Politics 51:286-304.

Sinclair, Barbara. 1989. “Washington Behavior and Home-State Reputation: The Impact of National Prominence on Senators’ Visibility and Likability.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Sirgo, Henry B. 1989. “Realignment in Black and White.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Smidt, Corwin E. 1989. “Change and Stability Among Southern Evangelicals.” in Religion in American Politics, edited by C. W. Dunn. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Smidt, Corwin E. 1989. “Identifying Evangelical Respondents: An Analysis of Born-Again and Bible Questions Used Across Different Surveys.” in Religion and Political Behavior in the United States, edited by T. G. Jelen. New York, NY: Praeger.

Smith, Eric R.A.N. 1989. The Unchanging American Voter. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Squire, Peverill. 1989. “Challenger Quality and Voting Behavior in Senate Elections.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Stanley, Harold W. and Charles D. Hadley. 1989. “Super-Tuesday Surveys: Insights and Hindsights.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Stewart, III, Charles. 1989. “What Do They Get for Their Money? The Puzzle of Spending in Senate Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Stewart, III, Charles and Mark Reynolds. 1989. “Television Markets and Senate Elections.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Stoper, Emily. 1989. “The Gender Gap Concealed and Revealed: 1936-1984.” Journal of Political Science 17:50-62.

Strate, John M., Charles J. Parrish, Charles D. Elder, and Coit Cook Ford III. 1989. “Life Span Civic Development and Voter Participation.” American Political Science Review 83:443-63.

Tolleson-Rinehart, Sue and Jerry Perkins. 1989. “The Intersection of Gender Politics and Religious Beliefs.” Political Behavior 11:33-56.

Traugott, Michael W. 1989. “Understanding Campaign Effects on Candidate Recall and Recognition.” in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Traugott, Santa M. 1989. “Validating Self-Reported Vote: 1964-1988.”

Traugott, Santa M. 1989. “Validating Self-Reported Vote: 1964-1988.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Statistical Association. Washington.

Uhlaner, Carole Jean. 1989. “Rational Turnout: The Neglected Role of Groups.” American Journal of Political Science 33:390-422.

Uhlaner, Carole Jean. 1989. “Turnout in the 1988 Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Wasserman, Donna Pritchard and Edie N. Goldenberg. 1989. “The Flow of Political Information in the News Media’s Coverage of Super Tuesday 1988.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1989. “The Hollow Realignment Continues.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Wattier, Mark J. 1989. “Simple Models of Candidate Choice in 1988: A Comparison of Voting in the General Election and in Super Tuesday Presidential Primaries.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Weisberg, Herbert F. 1989. “Some Perspectives on the 1988 Presidential Elections: The Roles of Turnout and Ronald Reagan.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Welch, Susan and John R. Hibbing. 1989. “Financial Conditions, Gender, and Voting in American National Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Wilcox, Clyde. 1989. “The New Christian Right and the Mobilization of the Evangelicals.” in Religion and Political Behavior in the United States, edited by T. G. Jelen. New York, NY: Praeger.

Wilcox, Clyde. 1989. “Popular Support for the New Christian Right.” Social Science Journal 26:55-63.

Wilcox, Clyde and Elizabeth Adell Cook. 1989. “Evangelical Women and Feminism: Some Additional Evidence.” Women and Politics 9:27-46.

Wilcox, Clyde, Lee Sigelman, and Elizabeth Adell Cook. 1989. “Some Like It Hot: Individual Differences in Responses to Group Feeling Thermometers.” Public Opinion Quarterly 53:246-57.

Withers, Edward John. 1989. “The Political Impact of the Mass Media: Theory and Research in Media Sociology.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Wright, Gerald C. 1989. “Misreports of Vote Choice in the 1988 NES Senate Election Study.” in Presented at the Electing the Senate Conference, University of Houston and Rice University. Houston, TX.

Zaller, John. 1989. “Bringing Converse Back In: Information Flow in Political Campaigns.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Zipp, John F. 1989. “Did Jesse Jackson Cause a White Backlash Against the Democrats? A Look at the 1984 Presidential Election.” in Jesse Jackson’s 1984 Presidential Campaign: Challenge and Change in American Politics, edited by L. J. Barker and R. W. Walters. Urbana, IL: Unversity of Illinois Press.

Abramowitz, Alan I., David J. Lanoue, and Subha Ramesh. 1988. “Economic Conditions, Causal Attributions and Political Evaluations in the 1984 Presidential Election.” Journal of Politics 50:848-63.

Allsop, Dee and Herbert F. Weisberg. 1988. “Measuring Change in Party Identification in an Election Campaign.” American Journal of Political Science 32:996-1017.

Anderson, Barbara A., Brian D. Silver, and Paul R. Abramson. 1988. “The Effects of Race of the Interviewer on Measures of Electoral Participation by Blacks in SRC National Election Studies.” Public Opinion Quarterly 52:53-83.

Anderson, Barbara A., Brian D. Silver, and Paul R. Abramson. 1988. “The Effects of the Race of the Interviewer on Race-Related Attitudes of Black Respondents in SRC/CPS National Election Studies.” Public Opinion Quarterly 52:289-324.

Asher, Herbert B. 1988. Presidential Elections and American Politics: Voters, Candidates and Campaigns since 1952. 4th ed. Chicago: Dorsey Press.

Baer, Denise L. and David A. Bositis. 1988. Elite Cadres and Party Coalitions: Representing the Public in Party Politics. New York: Greenwood Press.

Barker, Lucius J. 1988. Our Time has Come: A Delegate’s Diary of Jesse Jackson’s 1984 Presidential Campaign. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Barnes, Samuel H., M. Kent Jennings, Ronald Inglehart, and Barbara G. Farah. 1988. “Party Identification and Party Closeness in Comparative Perspective.” Political Behavior 10:215-231.

Bartels, Larry M. 1988. Presidential Primaries and the Dynamics of Public Choice. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Baumgartner, Frank R. and Jack L. Walker. 1988. “Survey Research and Membership in Voluntary Organizations.” American Journal of Political Science 32:908-28.

Beck, Paul Allen. 1988. “Incomplete Realignment: The Reagan Legacy for Parties and Elections.” in The Reagan Legacy: Promise and Performance, edited by C. O. Jones. Chatham: Chatham House Publishers.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1988. “Know-Nothings Revisited: the Meaning of Political Ignorance Today.” Social Science Quarterly 69:476-90.

Bolce, Louis. 1988. “Abortion and Presidential Elections: The Impact of Public Perceptions of Party and Candidate Positions.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 84:815-829.

Boyd, Richard W., Paul R. Mencher, Philip J. Paseltiner, Paul Ezra, and Alexer S. Vajda. 1988. “The 1984 Election as Anthony Downs and Stanley Kelley Might Interpret It.” Political Behavior 10:197-213.

Brady, Henry E. and Richard Johnston. 1988. “Conventions versus Primaries: A Canada-America Comparison.” in Party Democracy in Canada: The Politics of National Party Conventions, edited by G. Perlin. New York, NY: Prentice Hall.

Brody, Richard A and Lawrence S. Rothenberg. 1988. “The Instability of Partisanship: An Analysis of the 1980 Presidential Election.” British Journal of Political Science 18:445-65.

Brown, Thad A. 1988. Migration and Politics: The Impact of Population Mobility on American Voting Behavior. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Bruce, Steve. 1988. The Rise and Fall of the New Christian Right: Conservative Protestant Politics in America 1978-1988. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cassel, Carol A. and Robert C. Luskin. 1988. “Simple Explanations of Turnout Decline.” American Political Science Review 82:1321-30.

Conover, Pamela Johnston. 1988. “Feminists and the Gender Gap.” Journal of Politics 50:985-1010.

Conover, Pamela Johnston. 1988. “The Role of Social Groups in Political Thinking.” British Journal of Political Science 18:51-76.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and David Lowery. 1988. “Pilot Study Questions on Welfare/Poverty.”

Conway, M. Margaret and Eric M. Uslaner. 1988. “Retrospective Evaluations and Party Identification Change in 1980.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Craig, Stephen C. 1988. “The Decay of Mass Partisanship.” Polity 20:705-713.

Craig, Stephen C. and Richard G. Niemi. 1988. “Political Efficacy and Trust: Results from the 1987 NES Pilot Study.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Dalton, Russell J. 1988. Citizen Politics in Western Democracies: Public Opinion and Political Parties in the United States, Great Britain, West Germany, and France. Chatham: Chatham House Publishers.

Dennis, Jack. 1988. “Political Independence in America, Part I: On Being an Independent Partisan Supporter.” British Journal of Political Science 18:77-109.

Dennis, Jack. 1988. “Political Independence in America, Part II: Towards a Theory.” British Journal of Political Science 18:197-219.

Duncan, Otis Dudley and Magnus Stenbeck. 1988. “No Opinion or Not Sure?” The Public Opinion Quarterly 52:513-25.

Enelow, James M., Nancy R. Mendell, and Subha Ramesh. 1988. “A Comparison of Two Distance Metrics through Regression Diagnostics of a Model of Relative Candidate Evaluation.” Journal of Politics 50:1057-71.

Feld, Scott L. and Bernard N. Grofman. 1988. “Ideological Consistency as a Collective Phenomenon.” American Political Science Review 82:773-88.

Feldman, Stanley. 1988. “Structure and Consistency in Public Opinion: the Role of Core Beliefs and Values.” American Journal of Political Science 32:416-40.

Gant, Michael M. 1988. “The Determinants of Negative Voter Support in the 1984 Presidential Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Geer, John G. 1988. “What Do Open-Ended Questions Measure?” Public Opinion Quarterly 52:365-71.

Gierzynski, Anthony. 1988. “Psychological Bases of Public Policy Attitudes: An Analysis of Attribution Theory and Attitudes Toward Welfare Policy.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Gilens, Martin. 1988. “Gender and Support for Reagan: A Comprehensive Model of Presidential Approval.” American Journal of Political Science 32:19-49.

Goel, M. Lal. 1988. Political Science Research: A Methods Handbook. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.

Gopoian, J. David and Thomas A. Yantek. 1988. “Cross-Pressured Economic Voting in America: The 1984 Election.” Political Behavior 10:37-51.

Granberg, Donald and Soren Holmberg. 1988. The Political System Matters: Social Psychology and Voting Behavior in Sweden and the United States. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Granberg, Donald, Jeff Kasmer, and Tim Nanneman. 1988. “An Empirical Examination of Two Theories of Political Perception.” The Western Political Quarterly 41:29-46.

Green, Donald P. 1988. “On the Dimensionality of Public Sentiment Toward Partisan and Ideological Groups.” American Journal of Political Science 32:758-80.

Green, Donald P. and Bradley L. Palmquist. 1988. “Of Artifacts and Partisan Instability.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.

Guagenti-Tax, Elena Marie. 1988. “The Potential Participation of Older Americans.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Columbia University, New York, NY.

Hawkey, Earl W. 1988. “Public Opinion in the South Today.” in Contemporary Southern Politics, edited by J. F. Lea. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Herring, Cedric. 1988. “Do Blacks Still Support Civil Rights Leaders?” Sociology and Social Research 72:87-90.

Himmelstein, Jerome L. and Jr. MacRae, James A. 1988. “Social Issues and Socioeconomic Status.” Public Opinion Quarterly 52:492-512.

Howell, Susan E. 1988. “Candidates and Issues in Local Elections.” American Politics Quarterly 16:25-42.

Howell, Susan E. and Deborah Fagan. 1988. “Race and Trust in Government: Testing the Political Reality Model.” Public Opinion Quarterly 52:343-350.

Hurley, Patricia A. 1988. “Partisan Representation, Realignment, and the Senate in the 1980’s.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Jacoby, William G. 1988. “The Impact of Party Identification on Issue Attitudes.” American Journal of Political Science 32:643-61.

Jacoby, William G. 1988. “The Sources of Liberal-Conservative Thinking: Education and Conceptualization.” Political Behavior 10:316-332.

Jennings, M. Kent and Gregory B. Markus. 1988. “Political Involvement in the Later Years: A Longitudinal Survey.” American Journal of Political Science 32:302-16.

Jessor, Tom. 1988. “Personal Interest, Group Conflict, and Symbolic Group Affect: Explanations for Whites’ Opposition to Racial Equality.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

Jucewicz, Joseph. 1988. “Winning Isn’t Everything: Long-odds Gambling and Voting in Presidential Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Kamieniecki, Sheldon. 1988. “The Dimensionality of Partisan Strength and Political Independence.” Political Behavior 10:364-376.

Kenney, Patrick J. and Tom W. Rice. 1988. “The Evaporating Independents: Removing the ‘Independent’ Option from the NES Party Identification Question.” Public Opinion Quarterly 52:231-39.

Kenney, Patrick J. and Tom W. Rice. 1988. “Presidential Prenomination Preferences and Candidate Evaluations.” American Political Science Review 82:1309-19.

Kenski, Henry C. 1988. “The Gender Factor in a Changing Electorate.” in The Politics of the Gender Gap: The Social Construction of Political Influence, edited by C. M. Mueller. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.

Kessel, John H. 1988. Presidential Campaign Politics: Coalition Strategies and Citizen Response, 3rd ed. Chicago, IL: Dorsey Press.

Krassa, Michael A. 1988. “Context and the Canvass: The Mechanisms of Interaction.” Political Behavior 10:233-246.

Krosnick, Jon A. 1988. “Attitude Importance and Attitude Change.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 24:240-55.

Krosnick, Jon A. 1988. “The Role of Attitude Importance in Social Evaluation: A Study of Policy Preferences, Presidential Candidate Evaluations, and Voting Behavior.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 55:196-210.

Krosnick, Jon A. and Duane F. Alwin. 1988. “Symbolic and Non-Symbolic Attitudes: Is There a Distinction?” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research. Toronto.

Lake, Celinda C. and Kevin Kramer. 1988. “The Southerners’ Minds.” Public Opinion 10:48-50.

Leighley, Jan E. 1988. “Political Attitudes and Participation: The Role of Cognition and Affect.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Leighley, Jan E. 1988. “The Structure and Consequences of Individual Political Involvement.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis.

Light, Paul. 1988. Baby Boomers. New York, NY: W.W. Norton and Company.

Lockerbie, Brad. 1988. “The Voters’ Decision: The Role of Retrospective and Prospective Economic Evaluations.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.

Lusk, Cynthia M. and Charles M. Judd. 1988. “Political Expertise and the Structural Mediators of Candidate Evaluations.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 24:105-26.

MacDonald, Stuart Elaine, James W. Prothro, George B. Rabinowitz, and Keith J. Brown. 1988. “Political Evocation and Styles of Candidate Evaluation.” Political Behavior 10:117-35.

Maggiotto, Michael A. 1988. “Serial Presidential Primaries in Democratic Theory and Practice.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Marcus, George E. 1988. “The Structures of Emotional Response: 1984 Presidential Candidates.” American Political Science Review 82:737-61.

Markus, Gregory B. 1988. “The Impact of Personal and National Economic Conditions on the Presidential Vote: A Pooled Cross-Sectional Analysis.” American Journal of Political Science 32:137-54.

Marquette, Jesse F. and Katherine A. Hinckley. 1988. “Voter Turnout and Candidate Choice: A Merged Theory.” Political Behavior 10:52-76.

Martin, William C. 1988. “From Class Challenge to Comfortable Collaboration? Understanding Recent Fluctuations in the Politics of the Educated Middle Class.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, University of Wisconsin.

Martinez, Michael D. 1988. “Political Involvement and the Projection Process.” Political Behavior 10:151-167.

McAdams, John C. and John R. Johannes. 1988. “Congressmen, Prerequisites, and Elections.” Journal of Politics 50:412-439.

Mericle, Margaret Elizabeth. 1988. “The Effects of Repetition, Experience and Knowledge on Political Beliefs.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY.

Miller, Arthur H. 1988. “Gender and the Vote: 1984.” in The Politics of the Gender Gap: The Social Construction of Political Influence, edited by C. M. Mueller. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.

Miller, Arthur H., Anne Hildreth, Kevin M. Leyden, and Christopher Wlezien. 1988. “Judging by the Company Candidates Keep: What’s a Democrat Do?” Public Opinion 11:14-6.

Miller, Warren E. 1988. Without Consent: Mass-Elite Linkages in Presidential Politics. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press.

Mitofsky, Warren J. and Martin Plissner. 1988. “Low Voter Turnout? Don’t Believe It.” Pp. A31 in New York Times. New York, NY: New York Times.

Nesmith, Bruce. 1988. “Ronald Reagan, The Presidency, and White Evangelicals.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Norrander, Barbara. 1988. “The Role of Ideology in Presidential Nomination.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Norrander, Barbara and Bernard N. Grofman. 1988. “A Rational Choice Model of Citizen Participation in High and Low Commitment Electoral Activities.” Public Choice 57:187-92.

Peffley, Mark and Jon Hurwitz. 1988. “Supplement to Report on Foreign Policy Items.”

Penning, James M. 1988. “The Political Behavior of American Catholics: An Assessment of the Impact of Group Integration vs. Group Identification.” The Western Political Quarterly 41:289-308.

Piven, Francis Fox and Richard A. Cloward. 1988. Why Americans Don’t Vote. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.

Pomper, Gerald M. 1988. Voters, Elections, and Parties: The Practice of Democratic Theory. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

Rhodebeck, Laurie A. and Roy Fitzgerald. 1988. “Rosie’s Children Come of Age: Trends in the Political Orientation of Baby Boomers.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Rivers, Douglas. 1988. “Heterogeneity in Models of Electoral Choice.” American Journal of Political Science 32:737-57.

Robinson, John P. and John A. Fleishman. 1988. “Ideological Identification: Trends and Interpretations of the Liberal-Conservative Balance.” Public Opinion Quarterly 52:134-45.

Rochon, Thomas R. and Ikuo Kabashima. 1988. “Electoral Mobilization and Political Knowledge Among Blacks, 1952-1984.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Roundup, Opinion. 1988. “The 1988 Election Results.” Public Opinion 5:21-40.

Rochon, Thomas R. and Ikuo Kabashima. 1988. “An Ambivalent Public.” Public Opinion 13:21-40.

Rochon, Thomas R. and Ikuo Kabashima. 1988. “Election Preview: Setting the Stage.” Public Opinion 2:21-40.

Sadow, Jeffrey M. 1988. “Personality and Symbol in Ideological Identification.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Sanders, Arthur B. 1988. “The Meaning of Party Images.” The Western Political Quarterly 41:583-99.

Sanders, Arthur B. 1988. “Rationality, Self Interest, and Public Attitudes on Public Spending.” Social Science Quarterly 69:311-24.

Schneider, William. 1988. “Baby Boomer ‘Elite’ Remains Liberal.” The National Journal:1232.

Schuman, Howard and Lawrence Bobo. 1988. “Survey-Based Experiments on White Racial Attitudes Toward Residential Integration.” American Journal of Sociology 94:273-99.

Shafer, Byron E. 1988. Bifurcated Politics: Evolution and Reform in the National Party Convention. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Shingles, Richard D. 1988. “Dimensions of Subjective Political Efficacy and Political Trust: Their Meaning, Measurment and Significance. A Report on the 1987 NES Pilot Study.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Sigelman, Lee and Thomas M. Konda. 1988. “Stability and Change in Public Evaluations of the American Parties, 1952-1984: Nationwide and Regional Trends.” in The South’s New Politics: Realignment and Dealignment, edited by R. H. Swansbrough and D. M. Brodsky. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press.

Sorauf, Frank J. 1988. Money on American Elections. Glenview: Scott, Foresm/ Little Brown College Division.

Southwell, Priscilla L. 1988. “The Mobilization Hypothesis and Voter Turnout in Congressional Elections, 1974-1982.” The Western Political Quarterly 41:273-287.

Southwell, Priscilla L. 1988. “Open versus Closed Primaries and Candidate Fortunes, 1972-1984.” American Politics Quarterly 16:280-295.

Squires, Sally. 1988. “How People Decide.” Pp. 13-14 in The Washington Post.

Stanley, Harold W. 1988. “Southern Partisan Changes: Dealignment, Realignment or Both?” Journal of Politics 50:64-88.

Stanley, Harold W. and David S. Castle. 1988. “Partisan Changes in the South: Making Sense of Scholarly Dissonance.” in The South’s New Politics: Realignment and Dealignment, edited by R. H. Swansbrough and D. M. Brodsky. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.

Steuernagel, Gertrude A. and Thomas A. Yantek. 1988. “Keeping them Barefoot and in the Dark: Gender, Occupational Stratification and Political Attitudes.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Sussman, Barry. 1988. What Americans Really Think: And Why our Politicians Pay No Attention. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.

Teixeira, Ruy A. 1988. “Will the Real Nonvoter Please Stand Up?” Public Opinion 2:41-44, 59.

Tolleson-Rinehart, Sue. 1988. “The Consequences of Gender Consciousness for Public Policy and Participation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Tropman, John E. 1988. Public Policy Opinion and the Elderly: A Kaleidoscope of Culture.

Uslaner, Eric M. 1988. “Social Capital, Television, and the ‘Mean World’: Trust, Optimism, and Civic Participation.” Political Psychology 19:441-67.

Van Wingen, John R. and David C. Valentine. 1988. “Partisan Politics: A One-and-a-Half, No-Party System.” in Contemporary Southern Politics, edited by J. F. Lea.

Vedlitz, Arnold. 1988. Conservative Mythology and Public Policy in America. New York, NY: Praeger.

Walker, Jack L. 1988. “The Presidency and the Nominating System.” in The Presidency and the Political System, edited by M. Nelson. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1988. “Are the Traditional Measures of Political Trust Really as Bad as They Look?” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago. IL.

Welch, Susan and Timothy Bledsoe. 1988. Urban Reform and Its Consequences : A Study in Representation. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

West, Darrell M. 1988. “Activists and Economic Policymaking in Congress.” American Journal of Political Science 32:662-80.

Whiteley, Paul F. 1988. “The Causal Relationship Between Issues, Candidate Evaluations, Party Identification and Vote Choice – the View From ‘Rolling Thunder’.” Journal of Politics 50:961-84.

Wilcox, Clyde. 1988. “Popular Support for the New Christian Right: A Test of Alternative Explanations.” in Presented at the Anual Meting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Wolinetz, Steven B. 1988. Parties and Party Systems in Liberal Democracies. London: Routledge.

Zaller, John. 1988. “Vague Questions Get Vague Answers: An Experimental Attempt to Reduce Response Instability.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1987. “Candidate Choice Before the Convention: The Democrats in 1984.” Political Behavior 9:49-61.

Abramson, Paul R. 1987. “Measuring the Southern Contribution to the Democratic Coalition.” The American Political Science Review 81:567-70.

Abramson, Paul R., Brian D. Silver, and Barbara A. Anderson. 1987. “The Effects of Question Order in Attitude Surveys: The Case of the SRC/CPS Citizen Duty Items.” American Journal of Political Science 31:900-8.

Anderson, Barbara A., Brian D. Silver, and Paul R. Abramson. 1987. “The Effects of the Race of the Interviewer on Race-Related Attitudes of Black Respondents in SRC National Election Studies.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Aspin, Larry T. 1987. “Political Trust and Judicial Retention Elections.” Law and Policy 9:451-470.

Banaszak, Lee Ann and Jan E. Leighley. 1987. “Education, Employment and Social Context in the Development of Gender Consciousness.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Bartels, Larry M. 1987. “Candidate Choice and the Dynamics of the Presidential Nominating Process.” American Journal of Political Science 31:1-31.

Baumgartner, Frank R. and Jack L. Walker. 1987. “Survey Research and Membership in Voluntary Organizations.” in Presented at the NES Conference on Groups and American Politics. Stanford.

Bibby, John F. 1987. Politics, Parties, and Elections in America. Chicago: Nelson-Hall.

Black, Earl and Merle Black. 1987. Politics and Society in the South. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Borrelli, Stephen A. and Richard G. Niemi. 1987. “Why the Democrat-Republican Partisanship Gap Varies From Poll to Poll.”

Boyd, Richard W. 1987. “The Effect of Election Calendars on Voter Turnout.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Brady, Henry E. and Richard Johnston. 1987. “What’s the Primary Message: Horse Race or Issue Journalism.” in Media and Momentum: The New Hampshire Primary and Nomination Politics, edited by G. R. Orren and N. W. Polsby. Chatham: Chatham House Publishers.

Brehm, John. 1987. “How Representative is the 1986 Post-Election Survey?”.

Brehm, John. 1987. “Sample Mode Bias in the National Election Studies: A Report on the 1982 Method Comparison Project.” in Presented at the International Conference on Telephone Survey Methodology. Charlotte.

Brehm, John. 1987. “Who’s Missing? An Analysis of Non-response and Undercoverage in the 1986 National Election Studies Post-Election Survey.”

Buell, Jr., Emmett H. and Lee Sigelman. 1987. “A Second Look at ‘Popular Support for the Moral Majority in 1980: A Second Look.” Social Science Quarterly 68:167-69.

Cain, Bruce E., John A. Ferejohn, and Morris P. Fiorina. 1987. The Personal Vote: Constituency Service and Electoral Independence. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Campbell, James A. 1987. “The Revised Theory of Surge and Decline.” American Journal of Political Science 31:965-79.

Carmines, Edward G., John P. McIver, and James A. Stimson. 1987. “Unrealized Partisanship: A Theory of Dealignment.” The Journal of Politics 49:376-400.

Citrin, Jack, Donald P. Green, and Beth Reingold. 1987. “The Soundness of Our Structure: Confidence in the Reagan Years.” Public Opinion 10:18-20.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1987. “Measuring Patriotism and Nationalism.”

Cook, Elizabeth Adell. 1987. “Feminism and Group Consciousness in America, 1972 to 1984.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Craig, Stephen C. 1987. “Neutrality, Negativity, or Both? A Reply to Wattenberg.” Political Behavior 9:126-38.

Craig, Stephen C. and Richard G. Niemi. 1987. “Political Efficacy and Trust.”

Darcy, Robert E., Susan Welch, and Janet Clark. 1987. Women, Elections, and Representation. New York: Longman.

Davis, Sandra Kay. 1987. “A Test of Candidate Equilibrium.” Political Behavior 9:29-48.

Day, Christine L. 1987. “Older Americans, Interest Groups, and Aging Policy.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.

Dennis, Jack. 1987. “Groups and Political Behavior: Legitimation, Deprivation and Competing Values.” Political Behavior 9:323-69.

Elder, Charles D. and Roger W. Cobb. 1987. The Political Uses of Symbols. New York, NY: Longman.

Elliott, Euel Wilson. 1987. “Issue Influences Upon Presidential Election Outcomes, 1972-1984.” Ph.D. Dissertation Thesis, Duke University.

England, David E. 1987. “Reconceptualization of the Nature of Mass Belief Systems.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, University of Georgia.

Feldman, Stanley. 1987. “Evaluation of New Equality Items.”

Fenster, Mark Joel. 1987. “The Vote Choice: A Longitudinal Explanation of Decision Making.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.

Gant, Michael M. and Norman R. Luttbeg. 1987. “The Cognitive Utility of Partisanship.” The Western Political Quarterly 40:499-517.

Geer, John G. 1987. “Assessing the Effects of Presidential Campaigns on Voters’ Decisions: Some Facts and Issues.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Glenn, Norval D. 1987. “Social Trends in the United States: Evidence from Sample Surveys.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 51:S109-S126.

Granberg, Donald. 1987. “Candidate Preference, Membership Group, and Estimates of Voting Behavior.” Social Cognition 5:323-335.

Gronke, Paul W. 1987. “Context Effects for Economic Assessment Items: An Exercise in Hypothesis Disconfirmation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Hibbs, Jr., Douglas A. 1987. The Political Economy of Industrial Democracies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Huckfeldt, R. Robert and John Sprague. 1987. “Social Order and Political Chaos: The Structural Setting of Political Information.” in Information and Democratic Processes, edited by J. A. Ferejohn and J. H. Kuklinski. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Hurwitz, Jon and Mark Peffley. 1987. “The Means and Ends of Foreign Policy as Determinants of Presidential Support.” American Journal of Political Science 31:236-58.

Hurwitz, Jon, Mark Peffley, and Paul Raymond. 1987. “Presidential Support During the Iran-Contra Affair: An Individual-Level Analysis of Presidential Reappraisal.” American Politics Quarterly17:359-385.

Iyengar, Shanto. 1987. “Shortcuts to Political Knowledge: The Role of Selective Attention and Accessibility.” in Information and Democratic Processes, edited by J. A. Ferejohn and J. H. Kuklinski. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Iyengar, Shanto and Donald R. Kinder. 1987. News that Matters: Television and American Opinion. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1987. “The Marginals Never Vanished: Incumbency and Competition in Elections to the U.S. House of Representatives, 1952-82.” American Journal of Political Science 31:126-41.

Jacobson, Gary C. and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1987. “Context and Choice in Two Senate Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Jacoby, William G. 1987. “The Sources of Liberal-Conservative Thinking: Education and Conceptualization.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Kahn, Joan R. and William M. Mason. 1987. “Political Alienation, Cohort Size, and the Easterlin Hypothesis.” American Sociological Review 52:155-69.

Keeter, Scott. 1987. “The Illusion of Intimacy: Television and the Role of Candidate Personal Qualities in Voter Choice.” Public Opinion Quarterly 51:344-58.

Kiecolt, K. Jill. 1987. “Group Consciousness and the Attribution of Blame for National Economic Problems.” American Politics Quarterly April:203-22.

Kingston, Paul W. and Steven E. Finkel. 1987. “Is There a Marriage Gap in Politics?” Journal of Marriage and the Family 49:57-64.

Knight, Kathleen. 1987. “Measurement of Liberal/Conservative Identification.”

Knight, Kathleen. 1987. “Partisan and Ideological Influences in the Perceptions of Party Differences.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Knight, Kathleen. 1987. “Partisan Differences in the Understanding of Partisan Differences.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Koch, Jeffrey W. 1987. “Electoral Context and Political Preference: A Perspective from Reference Group Theory.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Koch, Jeffrey W. 1987. “Electoral Context and Political Preference: A Perspective from Reference Group Theory.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Konda, Thomas M. and Lee Sigelman. 1987. “Public Evaluations of the American Parties, 1952-1984.” The Journal of Politics 49:814-29.

Kosicki, Gerald M. 1987. “Media Use and Electoral Decisionmaking in the 1980 National Presidential Campaign.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, WI.

Krosnick, Jon A. and Michael A. Milburn. 1987. “Psychological Determinants of Political Opinionation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Levin, Murray B. 1987. Talk Radio and the American Dream. Lexington, KY: D.C. Heath and Company.

Lewis, Carolyn V. 1987. “The Process of Political Polarization during the 1984 Election Campaign.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Lipset, Seymour Martin and William Schneider. 1987. The Confidence Gap: Business, Labor, and Government in the Public Mind. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lockerbie, Brad. 1987. “Party Identification: Retrospective or Prospective.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Luskin, Robert C. 1987. “Measuring Political Sophistication.” American Journal of Political Science 31:856-99.

MacDonald, Stuart Elaine and George B. Rabinowitz. 1987. “The Dynamics of Structural Realignment.” American Political Science Review 81:775-96.

MacKuen, Michael B. and Courtney Brown. 1987. “Political Context and Attitude Change.” American Political Science Review 81:471-90.

Mason, John Drew. 1987. “The Political Effect of Casework on Congress: The Congressmen in the American Political System.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK.

McCutcheon, Allan L. 1987. Latent Class Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Miller, Arthur H. 1987. “Public Opinion and Regional Political Realignment.” Pp. 79-100 in The Politics of Realignment: Party Change in the Mountain West, edited by P. F. Galderisi, M. S. Lyons, R. T. Simmons, and J. G. Franies. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Miller, Arthur H. and Stephen H. Borrelli. 1987. “Policy and Performance Orientation on the Electorate.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Miller, Arthur H. and Grace L. Simmons. 1987. “The Invisible Leaders: Public Cognition of Vice-Presidential Candidates.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Miller, Warren E. 1987. “The Election of 1984 and the Future of American Politics.” in Elections in America, edited by K. L. Schlozman. Boston, MA: Allen and Unwin.

Miller, Warren E. 1987. “A New Context for Presidential Politics: The Reagan Legacy.” Political Behavior 9:91-ll3.

Miller, Warren E. 1987. “Party Identification Re-Examined: The Reagan Era.” in Where’s the Party? An Assessment of Changes in Party Loyalty and Party Coalitions in the 1980s, edited by W. E. Miller and J. R. Petrocik. Washington, D.C.: Center for National Policy.

Morchio, Giovanna. 1987. “Trends in NES Response Rates.”

Niemi, Richard G. 1987. “Multiple Party Identifiers and the Measurement of Party Identification.” The Journal of Politics 49:1093-1103.

Niemi, Richard G., Charles D. Hadley, and Harold W. Stanley. 1987. “National and State Party Identification.”

Niemi, Richard G. and Herbert F. Weisberg. 1987. “1987 Pilot Study ‘Force Choice’ Party Identification Question Experiment.”

Norpoth, Helmut. 1987. “Under Way and Here to Stay: Party Realignment in the 1980s?” Public Opinion Quarterly 51:376-91.

Norris, Pippa. 1987. “Retrospective Voting in the 1984 Presidential Election: Peace, Prosperity, and Patriotism.” Political Studies 35:289-300.

Orren, Gary R. 1987. “The Linkage of Policy to Participation.” in Presidential Selection, edited by A. Heard and M. Nelson. Durham: Duke University Press.

Palfrey, Norman R. and Keith T. Poole. 1987. “The Relationship Between Information, Ideology, and Voting Behavior.” American Political Science Review 31:511-30.

Peffley, Mark and Jon Hurwitz. 1987. “Report on Foreign Policy Items, 1987 Pilot Study.”

Petrocik, John R. 1987. “Realignment: New Party Coalitions and the Nationalization of the South.” The Journal of Politics 49:347-75.

Petrocik, John R. 1987. “Voter Turnout and Electoral Preference: The Anomalous Reagan Elections.” in Elections in America, edited by K. L. Schlozman. Boston, MA: Allen and Unwin.

Pierce, Robert Charles. 1987. “The Baby Boom and the Demographic Bases of Politics.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Powell, Falvey Charles. 1987. “Age and Political Behavior: A Comparison of Attitudes and Behavior on 1972 and 1984.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE.

Rogers, David. 1987. “Similarities Exist in 1988 and 1960 Elections, But Big Contrasts Lie in Voters, Political Process.” Pp. 46 in The Wall Street Journal. New York, NY: The Wall Street Journal.

Sasaki, Masamichi and Tatsuzo Suzuki. 1987. “Changes in Religious Commitments in the United States, Holland, and Japan.” American Journal of Sociology 92:1055-76.

Sears, David O., Jack Citrin, and Rick Ketterman. 1987. “Jesse Jackson and the Southern White Electorate in 1984.” in Blacks in Southern Politics, edited by T. A. Baker, R. P. Steed, and L. W. Moreland. New York, NY: Praeger.

Shapiro, Robert Y., Kelly D. Patterson, Judith Russell, and John T. Young. 1987. “The Polls: Employment and Social Welfare.” Public Opinion Quarterly 51:268-81.

Shapiro, Robert Y., Kelly D. Patterson, Judith Russell, and John T. Young. 1987. “The Polls: Public Assistance.” Public Opinion Quarterly 51:120-30.

Sharr, George Patrick. 1987. “The Motivation of Non-Voters in American Presidential Elections.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, New York University, New York, NY.

Sharrard, George P. 1987. “The Motivation of Non-Voters in American Presidential Elections.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, New York University.

Shingles, Richard D. 1987. “New Measures of Subjective Political Efficacy and Political Trust.”

Shribman, David M. 1987. “As ’88 Candidates Target Baby Boom Voters, Pundits Can’t Tell Them Apart From Elders.” Pp. 66 in The Wall Street Journal. New York, NY: The Wall Street Journal.

Simmons, Jr., Robert Orrin. 1987. “A Little Learning is the Safest Thing: Causes and Electoral Effects of House Incumbents Holding Well Known Issue Positions.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Sirgo, Henry B. 1987. “A Comparative Analysis of the Reagan Midterm Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Smith, Eric R.A.N. 1987. “Separating Reliability and Stability in Three Wave Multi-Variable Panel Studies.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Smith, Tom W. 1987. “That Which We Call Welfare by Any Other Name Would Smell Sweeter: An Analysis of the Impact of Question Wording on Response Patterns.” Public Opinion Quarterly 51:75-83.

Sniderman, Paul M., Robert Griffin, and James M. Glaser. 1987. “Information and Electoral Choice.” in Information and Democratic Processes, edited by J. A. Ferejohn and J. H. Kuklinski. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Squire, Peverill, Raymond E. Wolfinger, and David P. Glass. 1987. “Residential Mobility and Voter Turnout.” The American Political Science Review 81:45-66.

Stanga, John E. and James F. Sheffield. 1987. “The Myth of Zero Partisanship: Attitudes toward American Political Parties, 1964-1984.” American Journal of Political Science 31:829-55.

Stanley, Harold W. 1987. Voter Mobilization and the Politics of Race: The South and Universal Suffrage, 1952-1984. New York, NY: Praeger.

Stimson, James A. 1987. “A Macro Theory of Information Flow.” in Information and Democratic Processes, edited by J. A. Ferejohn and J. H. Kuklinski. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Stoker, Laura. 1987. “Morality and Politics: Conduct and Control. A Report on New Items in the 1987 National Election Pilot Study.”

Stone, Walter J. 1987. “Regional Variation in Partisan Change: Realignment in the Mountain West.” in The Politics of Realignment: Party Change in the Mountain West, edited by P. F. Galderisi, M. S. Lyons, R. T. Simmons, and J. G. Franies. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Strate, John M., Charles J. Parrish, Charles D. Elder, and Coit Cook Ford III. 1987. “Life Span Civic Development and Voting Participation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Swain, Carol and William Keech. 1987. “Race and Decision Rules in Economic Voting: The 1980 Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Talhami, Abdul Razzaq A. 1987. “Political Efficacy: Conceptual and Methodological Problems.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati.

Tate, Katherine. 1987. “Whites’ Perceptions of Group Economic Differences.”

Teixeira, Ruy A. 1987. Why Americans Don’t Vote: Turnout Decline in the United States, 1960-1984. New York, NY: Greenwood Press.

Vanneman, Reeve D. and Lynn Weber Cannon. 1987. The American Perception of Class. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Wald, Kenneth D. 1987. Religion and Politics in the United States. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.

Wassenberg, Pinky S. and Paul R. Hagner. 1987. “Gender-based Differences in Response to Survey Stimuli.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1987. “Do Voters Really Care About Political Parties Anymore? A Response to Craig.” Political Behavior 9:114-25.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1987. “The Hollow Realignment: Partisan Change in a Candidate-Centered Era.” Public Opinion Quarterly 51:58-74.

Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1987. “How Does Government Performance Influence Political Support?” Political Behavior 9:5-28.

Weisberg, Herbert F. 1987. “The Demographics of a New Voting Gap: Marital Differences in American Voting.” Public Opinion Quarterly 51:335-43.

Wilcox, Clyde. 1987. “Popular Support for the Moral Majority in 1980: A Second Look.” Social Science Quarterly 68:157-66.

Wiley, Susan Louise. 1987. “Dimensions of Candidate Evaluation: U S Presidential Elections.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

Wolfinger, Raymond E. 1987. “Looking for Mr. Politicus.” in Presented at the Conference on Process and Outcome in Democratic Theory and Politics, in honor of Robert A. Dahl. Yale University.

Wolsborn, Kay Gausman. 1987. “Political Participation in the U S : More than an Electorate Responsive.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Washington State University, Pullman.

Wyckoff, Mikel L. 1987. “Measures of Attitudinal Consistency as Indicators of Ideological Sophistication: A Reliability and Validity Assessment.” The Journal of Politics 49:148-68.

Zaller, John. 1987. “The Diffusion of Political Attitudes.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53:821-33.

Zaller, John and Stanley Feldman. 1987. “Frame of Reference and the Survey Response.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Zaller, John and Stanley Feldman. 1987. “Frame of Reference and the Survey Response.”

Abramowitz, Alan I., Albert D. Cover, and Helmut Norpoth. 1986. “The President’s Party in Midterm Elections: Going From Bad to Worse.” American Journal of Political Science 30:562-76.

Abramson, Paul R., John H. Aldrich, and David W. Rohde. 1986. Change and Continuity in the 1984 Elections. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Allsop, Dee and Herbert F. Weisberg. 1986. “Measuring Change in Party Identification in an Election Campaign.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Anderson, Barbara A. and Brian D. Silver. 1986. “Measurement and Mismeasurement of the Validity of the Self-Reported Vote.” American Journal of Political Science 30:771-85.

Anderson, Barbara A., Brian D. Silver, and Paul R. Abramson. 1986. “The Effects of Race of Interviewer in SRC National Election Studies.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Anonymous. 1986. “Face Up to Angry Dog.” Pp. 2 in Chicago Tribune. Chicago, IL: Chicago Tribune.

Axelrod, Robert. 1986. “Presidential Election Coalitions in 1984.” American Political Science Review 80:281-84.

Bartels, Larry M. 1986. “Issue Voting Under Uncertainty: An Empirical Test.” American Journal of Political Science 30:709-28.

Beckwith, Karen L. 1986. American Women and Political Participation: The Impacts of Work, Generation and Feminism. Westport: Greenwood.

Bennett, Linda L. M. 1986. “The Gender Gap: When an Opinion Gap is Not a Voting Block.” Social Science Quarterly 67:613-25.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1986. Apathy in America: Causes and Consequences of Citizen Political Indifference, 1960-1984. Dobbs Ferry: Transnational Publishers.

Bennett, Stephen Earl and Linda L.M. Bennett. 1986. “The Long Season: Causes of the Stability of Interest in American Presidential Campaign.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology. Amsterdam.

Bloomquist, Leonard E. 1986. “Erosion of Working Class Consciousness in Postwar American: The Case of White Men.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Wisconsin.

Bolce, Louis, Gerald DeMaio, and Douglas Muzzio. 1986. “ERA and the Abortion Controversy: A Case of Dissonance Reduction.” Social Science Quarterly 67:299-313.

Born, Richard. 1986. “Strategic Politicians and Unresponsive Voters.” American Political Science Review 80:599-612.

Boyd, Richard W. 1986. “Election Calendars and Voter Turnout.” American Politics Quarterly 14:89-104.

Brady, Henry E. and Michael G. Hagen. 1986. “The ‘Horse-Race’ or the Issues? What Do Voters Learn From Presidential Primaries?” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Brehm, John and Santa M. Traugott. 1986. “Similarity and Representativeness of the 1985 Pilot Half-Samples.”

Broder, David S. and Thomas B. Edsall. 1986. “Young Voters Sharply Polarized.” Pp. A10 in The Washington Post.

Brody, Charles J. 1986. “Things are Rarely Black and White: Admitting Gray into the Converse Model of Attitude Stability.” American Journal of Sociology 92:657-77.

Carmines, Edward G. and James A. Stimson. 1986. “On the Structure and Sequence of Issue Evolution.” American Political Science Review 80:901-20.

Carpini, Michael X. Delli. 1986. Stability and Change in American Politics: The Coming of Age of the Generation of the 1960’s. New York: New York University Press.

Citrin, Jack and Donald P. Green. 1986. “Presidential Leadership and the Resurgence of Trust in Government.” British Journal of Political Science 16:431-53.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1986. “1985 Pilot Study Measures on Civic Obligation.”

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1986. “Morality Items on the 1985 Pilot Study.”

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1986. “Religion, Morality and Politics: Moral Traditionalism in the 1980s.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Cover, Albert D. 1986. “Party Competence Evaluations and Voting for Congress.” The Western Political Quarterly 39:304-12.

Cover, Albert D. 1986. “Presidential Evaluations and Voting For Congress.” American Journal of Political Science 30:786-801.

Craig, Stephen C. and Michael D. Martinez. 1986. “Not a Dime’s Worth of Difference: Perceived Choice and Partisanship in the U.S. 1964-1984.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Cuerdon, Timothy T. 1986. “Longitudinal Models of Marginal Voters’ Electoral Participation.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO.

Dawson, Michael. 1986. “Race and Class in the Formation of Afro-American Political Attitudes: 1972-1983.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Dennis, Jack. 1986. “Public Support for the Party System, 1964-1984.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Dye, Thomas R. and L. Harmon Zeigler. 1986. American Politics in the Media Age. 2nd ed. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Edsall, Thomas B. 1986. “Money Paves Way for GOP; Fund-Raising Woes Shifting to Democrats GOP Rakes In Campaign Money, While Democrats Scramble for It.” Pp. A1 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Enelow, James M. 1986. “The Linkage Between Predictive Dimensions and Candidate Issue Positions in American Presidential Campaigns: An Examination of Group Differences.” Political Behavior8:245-61.

Enelow, James M., Melvin J. Hinich, and Nancy R. Mendell. 1986. “An Empirical Evaluation of Alternative Spatial Models of Elections.” The Journal of Politics 48:675-93.

Epstein, Leon. 1986. Political Parties in the American Mold. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Erber, Ralph and Richard R. Lau. 1986. “Political Cynicism Revisited: The Role of Political Schemata in the Decline of Trust in Government.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Eulau, Heinz and Lawrence S. Rothenberg. 1986. “Life Space and Social Networks as Political Contexts.” Political Behavior 8:130-57.

Finkel, Steven E. and Gregory Trevor. 1986. “Reassessing Ideological Bias in Campaign Participation.” Political Behavior 8:374-90.

Fleishman, John A. 1986. “Trends in Self-Identified Ideology from 1972 to1982: No Support for the Salience Hypothesis.” American Journal of Political Science 30:517-41.

Fleishman, John A. 1986. “Types of Political Attitude Structure: Results of a Cluster Analysis.” Public Opinion Quarterly 50:371-86.

Franklin, Charles H. 1986. “Party Identification and Party Realignment.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Frutig, Jennifer Weeks. 1986. “The Gender Gap in Presidential Elections.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Geer, John G. 1986. “Assessing Presidential Primaries.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.

Gillroy, John M. and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1986. “The Polls: Environmental Protection.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 50:270-79.

Ginsberg, Benjamin. 1986. The Captive Public: How Mass Opinion Promotes State Power. New York, NY: Basic Books, Inc.

Granberg, Donald and Soren Holmberg. 1986. “Political Perception Among Voters in Sweden and the U.S.: Analysis of Issues with Explicit Alternatives.” The Western Political Quarterly 39:7-28.

Gronke, Paul W. 1986. “1984 NES Question C.2: R’s Party Registration.”

Grove, Sara A. 1986. “What Determines the Political Attributes of Women?: An Analysis of the 1972 and 1984 National Election Studies.” Masters Thesis Thesis, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

Groves, Robert M. and Lou J. Magilavy. 1986. “Measuring and Explaining Interviewer Effects in Centralized Telephone Surveys.” Public Opinion Quarterly 50:251-67.

Hamilton, Richard F. and James D. Wright. 1986. The State of the Masses. New York, NY: Aldine Publishing Company.

Hartlieb, Gary G. 1986. “Voter Attitudes Toward Prayer in the Public Schools.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, Southern Illinois University.

Holm, John D. 1986. “Party and Policy in Voter Choice: A Study of Reinforcement.” Electoral Studies 5:47-60.

Hughes, D. L. and Charles W. Peek. 1986. “Ladies Against Women: Explaining the Political Participation of Traditional and Modern-Role Females.” Political Behavior 8:158-74.

Hurley, Patricia A. 1986. “Partisan Representation in the First Reagan Term.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Iyengar, Shanto. 1986. “Whither Political Information.”

Jacobson, Gary C. 1986. “National Forces in Congressional Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1986. “New Congressional Questions from 1985 Pilot Study.”

Jessor, Tom and David O. Sears. 1986. “Racial Conflict in the 1985 NES Pilot Study.”

Joslyn, Richard H. and Marc Howard Ross. 1986. “Television News and Public Opinion in the 1984 Primaries.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, D.C.

Keith, Bruce E., David B. Magleby, Cice J. Nelson, Elizabeth Orr, Mark C. Westlye, and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1986. “The Partisan Affinities of Independent ‘Leaners’.” British Journal of Political Science 16:155-85.

Kinder, Donald R. 1986. “Presidential Character Revisited.” Pp. 233-56 in Political Cognition, edited by R. R. Lau and D. O. Sears. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Kinder, Donald R. and Lynn M. Sanders. 1986. “Revitalizing the Measurement of White American’s Racial Attitudes: A Report to the NES 1985 Pilot Study Committee and NES Board.”

Kinder, Donald R. and Lynn M. Sanders. 1986. “Survey Questions and Political Culture: The Case of Whites’ Response to Affirmative Action for Blacks.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Kluegel, James R. and Eliot R. Smith. 1986. Beliefs About Inequality: Americans’ Views About What is and What Ought to Be. New York, NY: Aldine DeGruyter.

Knight, Kathleen. 1986. “The Growth of Conservatism in the American Mass Public; Measurement and Meaning.” in Presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwest Social Science Association. San Antonio.

Kobayashi, Yoshiaki. 1986. “An Analysis of Presidential Election Based on ANES Data.” Doshisya University American Studies.

Krosnick, Jon A. 1986. “Policy Voting in American Presidential Elections: An Application of Psychological Theory to American Politics.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Lake, Celinda C. 1986. “Power, Equality, and Policy Dimensions of the Women’s Vote in 1984.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Lau, Richard R. 1986. “Political Schemata, Candidate Evaluations and Voting Behavior.” Pp. 95-126 in Political Cognition, edited by R. R. Lau and D. O. Sears. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

McAdams, John C. 1986. “Status Polarization of Social Welfare Attitudes.” Political Behavior 8:313-34.

McDonough, Peter, Samuel H. Barnes, and Antonio Lopez Pina. 1986. “The Growth of Democratic Legitimacy In Spain.” The American Political Science Review 80:735-760.

Merriman, Jr., W. Richard. 1986. “The Changing American Dilemma: Liberalism and Race, Public Opinion and Public Policy.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

Miller, Arthur H. 1986. “Partisan Cognitions in Transition.” Pp. 203-32 in Political Cognition, edited by R. R. Lau and D. O. Sears. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Miller, Arthur H. 1986. “Realigning Forces in the United States Elections of 1984.” Electoral Studies 5:3-18.

Miller, Arthur H., Anne M. Hindreth, and Grace L. Simmons. 1986. “The Political Implications of Gender Group Consciousness.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Miller, Arthur H., Grace L. Simmons, and Jane Hildreth. 1986. “Group Influence, Solidarity, and Electoral Outcome.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Miller, Arthur H., Martin P. Wattenberg, and Oksana Malanchuk. 1986. “Schematic Assessments of Presidential Candidates.” American Political Science Review 80:522-40.

Miller, Warren E. 1986. “A New Context for Presidential Politics: The Reagan Legacy.” in Presented at the Eulau Conference on Political Research. Stanford.

Miller, Warren E. 1986. “Party Identification and Political Belief Systems: Changes in Partisanship in the United States, 1980- 1984.” Electoral Studies 5:101-21.

Miller, Warren E. and M. Kent Jennings. 1986. Parties in Transition: A Longitudinal Study of Party Elites and Party Supporters. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Moon, David C. 1986. “The Effect of Information Differences on the Determinants of Electoral Choice.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, The University of Texas, Austin, Austin, TX.

Morchio, Giovanna and Santa M. Traugott. 1986. “Congressional District Assignment in an RDD Sample: Results of 1982 CATI Experiment.”

Neshatian, Mahmoud. 1986. “The Impact of Social and Ideological Factors on Voting Behavior in the 1984 Presidential Election.” Ph.D dissertation Thesis, University of Northern Colorado.

Neuhaus, Richard John. 1986. Unsecular America. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.

Neuman, W. Russell. 1986. The Paradox of Mass Politics: Knowledge and Opinion in the American Electorate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Niemi, Richard G. 1986. “Dynamics of Public Opinion.” in Political Science: the Science of Politics, edited by H. F. Weisberg. New York, NY: Agathon Press.

Norrander, Barbara. 1986. “Selective Participation: Presidential Primary Voters as a Subset of General Election Voters.” American Politics Quarterly 14:35-53.

Parker, Glenn R. 1986. Homeward Bound: Explaining Changes in Congressional Behavior. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Parker, Suzanne L. 1986. “The Dynamics of Changing System Support in the United States 1964-1980.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.

Plumb, Elizabeth W. 1986. “Validation of Voter Recall: Time of Electoral Decision Making.” Political Behavior 8:302-12.

Powell, Jr., G. Bingham. 1986. “American Voter Turnout in Comparative Perspective.” American Political Science Review 80:17-43.

Powell, Lynda W. 1986. “Citizens and Financial Contributor’s Knowledge of Congressional Candidates’ National Issue Positions.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Rabinowitz, George B. and Stuart Elaine MacDonald. 1986. “The Power of the States in U.S. Presidential Elections.” American Political Science Review 80:44-87.

Raymond, Paul Bradford. 1986. “Congressional Candidate Advertising Strategies in the 1978 Election.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Wisconsin , Madison, Madison, WI.

Reichley, A. James. 1986. “Religion and the Future of American Politics.” Political Science Quarterly 01:23-47.

Relations, U.S. Advisory Committee on Intergovernmental. 1986. The Transformation in American Politics Implications for Federalism. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

Rhodebeck, Laurie A. 1986. “The Influence of Group Identification on Political Preferences.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Rosenstone, Steven J., John Mark Hansen, and Donald R. Kinder. 1986. “Measuring Change in Personal Economic Well-Being.” Public Opinion Quarterly 50:176-92.

Sanders, Arthur B. 1986. “The Meaning of Liberalism and Conservatism.” Polity 19:123-35.

Schuman, Howard, Jacob Ludwig, and Jon A. Krosnick. 1986. “The Perceived Threat of Nuclear War, Salience, and Open Questions.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 50:519-536.

Sears, David O. 1986. “A Schematic Variant of Symbolic Politics Theory, as Applied to Racial and Gender Equality.” in Political Cognition, edited by R. R. Lau and D. O. Sears. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Sears, David O. 1986. “Symbolic Racism.” in Towards the Elimination of Racism: Profiles in Controversy, edited by P. A. Katz and D. Taylor. New York, NY: Plenum Publishers.

Sears, David O. and Leonie Huddy. 1986. “Interest Group Behavior Among Older People.”

Sears, David O. and Leonie Huddy. 1986. “Social Identities and Political Disunity Among Women.”

Shapiro, Robert Y. and Harpreet Mahajan. 1986. “Gender Differences in Policy Preferences: A Summary of Trends From the 1960s to the 1980s.” Public Opinion Quarterly 50:42-62.

Shapiro, Robert Y. and John T. Young. 1986. “The Polls: Medical Care in the United States.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 50:418-428.

Shapiro, Saul B. 1986. “Citizen Trust and Government Cover-up: Refining the Doctrine of Fraudulent Concealment.” Yale Law Journal 95:1477.

Silver, Brian D., Paul R. Abramson, and Barbara A. Anderson. 1986. “The Presence of Others and Overreporting of Voting in American National Elections.” Public Opinion Quarterly 50:228-39.

Silver, Brian D., Barbara A. Anderson, and Paul R. Abramson. 1986. “Who Overreports Voting?” American Political Science Review 80:613-24.

Southwell, Priscilla L. 1986. “The Politics of Disgruntlement: Nonvoting and Defection Among Supporters of Nomination Losers, 1968-1984.” Political Behavior 8:81-95.

Stanga, John E. and James F. Sheffield. 1986. “Black and White Attitudes Toward the Parties: The Myth of Zero Partisanship.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Stanley, Harold W. 1986. “The 1984 Presidential Election in the South: Race and Realignment.” in The 1984 Presidential Election in the South: Patterns of Southern Party Politics, edited by T. A. Baker, R. P. Steed, and L. W. Moreland. New York: Praeger.

Stanley, Harold W., William T. Bianco, and Richard G. Niemi. 1986. “Partisanship and Group Support Over Time: A Multivariate Analysis.” American Political Science Review 80:969-76.

Steed, Robert P., Laurence W. Moreland, and Tod A. Baker. 1986. The 1984 Presidential Election in the South: Patterns of Southern Party Politics. New York, NY: Praeger.

Stone, Walter J. 1986. “The Carryover Effect in Presidential Elections.” American Political Science Review 80:271-79.

Uhlaner, Carole Jean and Bernard N. Grofman. 1986. “The Race May Be Close But My Horse is Going to Win: Wish Fulfillment in the 1980 Presidential Election.” Political Behavior 8:101-29.

Walker, Jack L. 1986. “Subjective Measures of Group Affiliation.”

Walker, Jack L. and Frank K. Baumgartner. 1986. “A New Question on Group Affiliations in the 1986 NES Pilot Study.”

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1986. “The Reagan Polarization Phenomenon and the Continuing Downward Slide in Presidential Candidate Popularity.” American Politics Quarterly 14:219-45.

Weissberg, Robert. 1986. “The Democratic Party and the Conflict Over Racial Policy.” in Do Elections Matter, edited by B. Ginsberg and A. Stone. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.

Wilcox, Clyde. 1986. “Fundamentalists and Politics: An Analysis of the Effects of Differing Operational Definitions.” The Journal of Politics 48:1041-51.

Wirls, Daniel. 1986. “Reinterpreting the Gender Gap.” Public Opinion Quarterly 50:316-30.

Wolfinger, Raymond E. 1986. “Registration Creates An Obstacle.” Pp. A31 in New York Times. New York, NY: New York Times.

Zaller, John. 1986. “Analysis of Information Items in the 1985 NES Pilot Study.”

Zaller, John. 1986. “The Effects of Political Involvement on Public Attitudes and Voting Behavior.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1985. “Economic Conditions, Presidential Popularity, and Voting Behavior in Midterm Congressional Elections.” Journal of Politics 47:31-43.

Acock, Alan C., Harold D. Clarke, and Marianne C. Stewart. 1985. “A New Model for Old Measures: A Covariance Structure Analysis of Political Efficacy.” The Journal of Politics 47:1062-84.

Andersen, Kristi and Elizabeth Adell Cook. 1985. “Women, Work and Political Attitudes.” American Journal of Political Science 29:606-25.

Arseneau, Robert B. 1985. “The Relationship between the Vote in Presidential and Congressional Elections, 1952-1980.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.

Barnum, David G. 1985. “The Supreme Court and Public Opinion: Judicial Decision Making in the Post- New Deal Period.” The Journal of Politics 47:652-66.

Bartels, Larry M. 1985. “Alternate Misspecifications in Simultaneous-Equation Models.” Political Methodology 11:181-99.

Bartels, Larry M. 1985. “Expectations and Preferences in Presidential Nominating Campaigns.” American Political Science Review 79:804-15.

Bolce, Louis. 1985. “The Role of Gender in Recent Presidential Elections: Reagan and the Reverse Gender Gap.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 15:372-85.

Boyd, Richard W. 1985. “Electoral Change in the United States and Great Britain.” British Journal of Political Science 15:517-28.

Brady, Henry E. 1985. “Media and Momentum.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Brady, Henry E. 1985. “Some Tricks for those Intrepid Souls: Analyzing the 1984 Rolling Cross-Section.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans.

Brady, Henry E. and Paul M. Sniderman. 1985. “Attitude Attribution: A Group Basis for Political Reasoning.” American Political Science Review 79:1061-78.

Brehm, John. 1985. “Analysis of Result Code Disposition by Time in Field.”

Brehm, John. 1985. “Coping with Bias: The Shift from Personal to Telephone Samples.”

Brehm, John. 1985. “Question Ordering Effects on reported Vote Choice.”

Brehm, John. 1985. “Report on Coding of Economic Condition Series in the 1984 Pre-Post Election Study.”

Brown, Barbara Leavitt. 1985. “A Multi-level Analysis of Democratic and Republican Party Elites in 1980.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL.

Buell, Jr., Emmett H. and Lee Sigelman. 1985. “An Army That Meets Every Sunday? Popular Support for the Moral Majority in 1980.” Social Science Quarterly 66:426-34.

Caldeira, Gregory A., Samuel C. Patterson, and Gregory A. Markko. 1985. “The Mobilization of Voters in Congressional Elections.” Journal of Politics 47:492-509.

Carmines, Edward G. and Michael Beckman. 1985. “Party Ethos and Political Ideology: Understanding the Partisanship of Conservative Democrats.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Carpini, Michael X. Delli. 1985. “Generations and Politics: The Political Involvement of the Sixties Generation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Carroll, Susan J. 1985. “Gender Schema and Mass Politics.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Cherry, Dianne L. 1985. “A Longitudinal Analysis of the Agenda-Setting Power of the Black Periodical Press.” The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Christy, Carol A. 1985. “American and German Trends in Sex Differences in Political Participation.” Comparative Political Studies 18:81-103.

Christy, Rodney J. 1985. “A Dynamic Test of a Static Model of Participation.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL.

Clymer, Adam. 1985. “Perception of America’s World Role Ten Years After Vietnam: Assertiveness Caused by Reagan, Trust and Sex.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Conover, Pamela Johnston. 1985. “Studying Group Influence: What do the Measures Mean?” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Converse, Philip E. and Roy Pierce. 1985. “Measuring Partisanship.” Political Methodology 4:143-66.

Conway, M. Margaret and Eric M. Uslaner. 1985. “Party Identification: Change and Responsiveness.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Cotter, Patrick R. 1985. “The Decline in Partisanship: A Test of Four Explanations.” American Politics Quarterly 13:51-78.

Cover, Albert D. 1985. “The Electoral Impact of Franked Congressional Mail.” Polity 17:649-63.

Cover, Albert D. 1985. “Party Competence Evaluations and Voting for Congress.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Cover, Albert D. 1985. “Surge and Decline in Congressional Elections.” The Western Political Quarterly 38:606-19.

Craig, Stephen C. 1985. “Partisanship, Independence and No Preference: Another Look at the Measurement of Party Identification.” American Journal of Political Science 29:274-90.

Davis, Theodore J. 1985. “Changing Values and the Politics of the Black Middle Class.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.

de Guchteneire, Paul, Lawrence LeDuc, and Richard G. Niemi. 1985. “A Compendium of Academic Survey Studies of Elections Around the World.” Election Studies 4:159-174.

Dennis, Jack. 1985. “Public Support for American National Political Institutions: The Case of Congress.” in Presented at the International Political Science Association Congress. Moscow.

Edsall, Thomas B. 1985. “New Politics Of Rich Man, Poor Man; The New Politics of Rich Man, Poor Man.” Pp. C1 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Eichar, Douglas M. 1985. “Alienation, Occupational Self-Direction, and Class Consciousness: An Exploration of the Relationship Between Occupation and Class.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Columbia University.

Elifson, Kirk W. and C. Kirk Hadaway. 1985. “Prayer in Public Schools: When Church and State Collide.” Public Opinion Quarterly 49:317-29.

Enelow, James M. and Melvin J. Hinich. 1985. “Estimating the Parameters of a Spatial Model of Elections: An Empirical Test Based on the 1980 National Election Study.” Political Methodology 11:249-68.

Feldman, Stanley. 1985. “Economic Self-Interest and the Vote: Evidence and Meaning.” in Economic Conditions and Electoral Outcomes: The United States and Western Europe, edited by H. Eulau and M. S. Lewis-Beck. New York: Agathon Press.

Ferejohn, John A. and Morris P. Fiorina. 1985. “Incumbency and Realignment in Congressional Elections.” in The New Direction in American Politics, edited by J. E. Chubb and P. E. Peterson. Washington: The Brookings Institution.

Finkel, Steven E. 1985. “Reciprocal Effects of Participation and Political Efficacy: A Panel Analysis.” American Journal of Political Science 29:891-913.

Finkel, Steven E. and Howard A. Scarron. 1985. “Party Identification and Party Enrollment: The Difference and the Consequences.” Journal of Politics 47:620-39.

Form, William H. 1985. Divided We Stand: Working-Class Stratification in America. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Franklin, Charles H. 1985. “Parties, Issues and Value: The Adjustment of Political Preferences.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Franklin, Charles H. 1985. “Policy, Performance and the Adjustment of Issue Preferences.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Gant, Michael M. 1985. “The Irrelevance of Abstract Conceptualization for Policy-Based Voting.” Polity 18:149-60.

Gant, Michael M. and Norman R. Luttbeg. 1985. “Voting for the Democrat or for the Republican: The Cognitive Utility of Partisanship.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Geer, John G. 1985. “The Representativeness of Presidential Primary Electorates.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Glass, David P. 1985. “Evaluating Presidential Candidates: Who Focuses on Their Personal Attributes.” Public Opinion Quarterly 49:517-34.

Granberg, Donald. 1985. “An Anomaly in Political Perception.” Public Opinion Quarterly 49:504-16.

Granberg, Donald and Beth W. Granberg. 1985. “Social Bases of Support and Opposition to Legalized Abortion.” in Perspectives on Abortion, edited by P. Sachdon. Metuchen: The Scarecrow Press.

Grassmuck, George. 1985. Before Nomination: Our Primary Problems. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Gurin, Patricia. 1985. “Women’s Gender Consciousness.” Public Opinion Quarterly 49:143-63.

Hamill, Ruth, Milton Lodge, and Frederick Blake. 1985. “The Breadth, Depth, and Utility of Class, Partisan, and Ideological Schemata.” American Journal of Political Science 29:850-70.

Handley, Lisa R. 1985. “Reagan’s Economic Mandate? A Contrast of the 1980 and 1984 Presidential Votes.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Herring, Cedric. 1985. “Political Disaffection and Alienated Politics: Explaining Decline in Support for the American State.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Hess, Irene. 1985. Sampling for Social Research Surveys, 1947-1980. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research.

Hess, Stephen and Michael Nelson. 1985. “Foreign Policy: Dominance and Decisiveness in Presidential Elections.” in The Elections of 1984, edited by M. Nelson. Washington D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Howell, Susan E. 1985. “Chasing the Elusive Concept: Ideological Identifications and Candidate Choice.” Political Behavior 74:325-34.

Hunt, John P. 1985. “Political Behavior, Political Alienation and the Sociology of Generations: A Cohort Analysis of Recent Trends.” Sociological Focus 15:93-106.

Hunt, John P. 1985. “Research Note: Social Position, Political Consciousness, and Political Behavior: A Multivariate Analysis, 1968-1972-1976.” Journal of Political and Military Sociology 13:75-81.

Jackson, III, John S. 1985. “Political Party Leaders and the Mass Public: 1980-1984.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Jacoby, William G. 1985. “Candidate Evaluations During an Election Year: Attitude Change or Individual Uncertainty.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Jacoby, William G. 1985. “The Impact of Party Identification on Issue Attitudes.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Jacoby, William G. 1985. “Inconsistent Preferences and the Multi-dimensional Unfolding Model.” Political Methodology 11:201-20.

Jones, Ruth S. and Warren E. Miller. 1985. “Financing Campaigns: Macro Level Innovation and Micro Level Response.” The Western Political Quarterly 38:187-210.

Kamieniecki, Sheldon. 1985. “The Dimensions Underlying Public Attitudes Toward Blacks and Disabled People in America.” American Behavioral Scientist 28:367-85.

Kamieniecki, Sheldon. 1985. Party Identification, Political Behavior, and the American Electorate. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Kay, Susan Ann. 1985. “Feminist Ideology, Race, and Political Participation: A Second Look.” The Western Political Quarterly 38:476-84.

Kayden, Xandra and Jr. Zukin, Eddie Mahe. 1985. The Party Goes On: The Persistence of the Two Party System in the United States. New York, NY: Basic Books, Inc.

Kiecolt, K Jill and Laura E. Nathan. 1985. Secondary Analysis of Survey Data: SAGE University Paper.

Kim, Chang Su. 1985. “The Influence of the Religion Factor on Political Interest.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

Kinder, Donald R., Gordon S. Adams, and Paul W. Gronke. 1985. “Economics and Politics in 1984.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans.

Kinder, Donald R. and Paul W. Gronke. 1985. “Character and Affect during the 1984 Presidential Primary Season.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Kinder, Donald R. and David O. Sears. 1985. “Public Opinion and Political Action.” in The Handbook of Social Psychology, edited by G. Lindzey and E. Aronson.

King, Gary. 1985. “Ideological Consequences of American Presidential Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Kluegel, James R. 1985. “If There isn’t a Problem, You Don’t Need a Solution: The Bases of Contemporary Affirmative Action Attitudes.” American Behavioral Scientist 28:761-84.

Knight, Kathleen. 1985. “Ideology in the 1980 Election: Ideological Sophistication Does Matter.” Journal of Politics 47:828-53.

Koch, Jeffrey W. 1985. “Environmental Conditions and the Affects of Group Identification on Political Evaluations.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Krassa, Michael A. 1985. “Contextually Conditional Political Interactions: Party Activity and Mass Behavior Response.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis.

Lau, Richard R. 1985. “Changing Perspectives on Political Thinking.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Lau, Richard R. 1985. “Two Explanations for Negativity Effects in Political Behavior.” American Journal of Political Science 29:119-38.

Lau, Richard R. and Ralph Erber. 1985. “Political Sophistication: An Information Processing Perspective.” in Mass Media and Political Thought, edited by S. Kraus and R. M. Perloff. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Le May, Michael C. 1985. The Struggle for Influence: The Impact of Minority Groups on Politics and Public Policy in the United States. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Lewis-Beck, Michael S. 1985. “Pocketbook Voting in U.S. National Election Studies: Fact or Artifact.” American Journal of Political Science 29:348-56.

Lopatto, Paul. 1985. Religion and the Presidential Election. New York, NY: Praeger.

Luttbeg, Norman R. 1985. “Attitudinal Components of Turnout Decline: Where Have Some States’ Voters Gone?” Social Science Quarterly 66:435-43.

Luttbeg, Norman R. and Michael M. Gant. 1985. “The Failure of Liberal/Conservative Ideology as a Cognitive Structure.” Public Opinion Quarterly 49:80-93.

MacKuen, Michael B. and Courtney Brown. 1985. “Political Context as an Influence on Attitudinal Change: A Dynamic Analysis of the 1980 Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Mansbridge, Jane J. 1985. “Myth and Reality: the ERA and the Gender Gap inthe 1980 Election.” Public Opinion Quarterly 49:164-78.

Margolis, Michael. 1985. “The 1984 Presidential Campaign and the Future of Election Studies.” Congress and the Presidency 12:111-26.

Margolis, Michael. 1985. “Electoral Myth and Reality Reconsidered: A Working Paper.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Martinez, Michael D. 1985. “Issue Voting, Projection, and Persuasion: Who Does What?” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Martinez, Michael D. 1985. “Issues and Candidate Evaluations Across Different Levels of Political Involvement.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Mason, William M., James S. House, and Steven S. Martin. 1985. “On the Dimensions of Political Alienation in America.” Pp. 111-151 in Sociological Methodology, edited by N. B. Turma. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

McAdams, John C. and John R. Johannes. 1985. “Congressmen, Prerequisites, and Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans.

Miller, Arthur H. and Martin P. Wattenberg. 1985. “Throwing the Rascals Out: Policy and Performance Evaluations of Presidential Candidates, 1952-1980.” American Political Science Review 79:359-72.

Miller, Warren E. 1985. “Participants in the Nominating Process: The Voters, the Political Activists.” in Before Nomination: Our Primary Problems, edited by G. Grassmuck. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.

Miller, Warren E. and J. Merrill Shanks. 1985. “Policy Direction and Performance Evaluation: Complementary Explanations of the Reagan Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans.

Morchio, Giovanna, Maria Sanchez, and Santa M. Traugott. 1985. “Mode Differences: DK Responses in the 1984 Post-Election Study.”

Niemi, Richard G. and Larry M. Bartels. 1985. “New Measures of Issue Salience: An Evaluation.” Journal of Politics 47:1212-20.

Niemi, Richard G., Jr. Powell, G. Bingham, Harold W. Stanley, and C. Lawrence Evans. 1985. “Testing the Converse Partianship Model with New Electorates.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Niemi, Richard G., Jr. Powell, G. Bingham, Harold W. Stanley, and C. Lawrence Evans. 1985. “Testing the Converse Partisanship Model with New Electorates.” Comparative Political Studies 18:300-22.

No, Kyu Huung. 1985. “The Incumbency Effect and Congressional Voting Decisions.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY.

Norpoth, Helmut and Milton Lodge. 1985. “The Difference between Attitudes and Nonattitudes in the Mass Public: Just Measurements.” American Journal of Political Science 29:291-307.

Parent, Wayne and Paul Stekler. 1985. “The Political Implications of Economic Stratification in the Black Community.” The Western Political Quarterly 38:521-38.

Poole, Keith T. and L. Harmon Zeigler. 1985. Women, Public Opinion, and Politics: The Changing Political Attitudes of American Women. New York, NY: Longman.

Rae, Nicol C. 1985. “The U.S. Elections of 1984.” Electoral Studies 4:101-13.

Reichley, A. James. 1985. Religion in American Public Life. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Roos, John L. and Kenneth Grant. 1985. “Measuring Participation Using Public Opinion Surveys: Who Lies and Why.” Political Methodology 4:293-98.

Rose-Ackerman, Susan. 1985. “Symposium on Law and Economics: Inalienability and the Theory of Property Rights.” Columbia Law Review 85:931.

Schuman, Howard, Charlotte Steeh, and Lawrence Bobo. 1985. Racial Attitudes in America: Trends and Interpretations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1985. “The Evolution of Gender Differences in Political Preferences.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1985. “The Role of Class in Southern Politics.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Shanks, J. Merrill, Warren E. Miller, Henry E. Brady, and Bradley L. Palmquist. 1985. “Viability, Electability, and Presidential ‘Preference’: Initial Results from the 1984 NES Continuous Monitoring Design.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Sniderman, Paul M. and Michael G. Hagen. 1985. Race and Inequality: A Study in American Values. Chatham: Chatham House Publishers.

Sniderman, Paul M., Michael G. Hagen, Philip E. Tetlock, and Henry E. Brady. 1985. “Reasoning Chains: A Causal Model of Policy Reasoning in Mass Publics.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, Illinois.

Southwell, Priscilla L. 1985. “Alienation and Nonvoting in the United States: A Refined Operationalization.” The Western Political Quarterly 38:663-74.

Squire, Peverill, Raymond E. Wolfinger, and David P. Glass. 1985. “Residential Mobility and Voter Turnout.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Staff, ANES. 1985. “Newspaper Code.”

Squire, Peverill, Raymond E. Wolfinger, and David P. Glass. 1985. “Progress of the Rolling Cross Sections.”

Squire, Peverill, Raymond E. Wolfinger, and David P. Glass. 1985. “Years of Schooling.”

Stanley, Harold W., William T. Bianco, and Richard G. Niemi. 1985. “A New Perspective on Partisanship and Group Support Over Time.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans.

Swindel, Steven H. 1985. “The Use of Mass Media and Decision Making Processes in the 1980 Presidential Election: Application of the Accumulated Information Model.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Tennessee.

Traugott, Santa M. 1985. “Assessment of Media Measures in Pre-Post.”

Traugott, Santa M. 1985. “Assessment of Media Measures in RXS.”

Traugott, Santa M. 1985. “The Political Interest Variable on the 1984 Election Study.”

Traugott, Santa M. 1985. “Sample Weighting in NES Pre-Post Presidential Election Surveys, 1984: A Report to the Board of Overseers, National Election Studies.”

Traugott, Santa M. 1985. “Some Analysis of Hard-to-Reach Rolling Thunder Respondents.”

Uslaner, Eric M. and M. Margaret Conway. 1985. “The Responsible Congressional Electorate: Watergate, the Economy, and Vote Choice in 1974.” American Political Science Review 79:788-803.

Verba, Sidney and Gary R. Orren. 1985. Equality in America: The View from the Top. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Wald, Kenneth D. 1985. “The Closeness-Turnout Hypothesis: A Reconsideration.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Wattenberg, Ben J. 1985. The Good News Is the Bad News Is Wrong. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, Inc.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1985. “The Hollow Realignment: Partisan Change in a Candidate-Centered Era.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1985. “Participants in the Nominating Process: The Role of Parties.” in Before Nomination: Our Primary Problems, edited by G. Grassmuck. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.

Weisberg, Herbert F. 1985. “The Electoral Kaleidoscope: Political Change in the Polarizing Election of 1984.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Wolfinger, Raymond E. 1985. “Dealignment, Realignment, and Mandates in the 1984 Election.” in The American Elections of 1984, edited by A. Ranney. Durham: Duke University Press.

Wolfinger, Raymond E., David P. Glass, and Peverill Squire. 1985. “Predictors of Electoral Turnout: An International Comparison.” in Presented at the World Congress of the International Political Science Association. Paris.

Wolfinger, Raymond E. and Michael G. Hagen. 1985. “Republican Prospects: Southern Comfort.” Public Opinion October/November:8-13.

Wyckoff, Mikel L. 1985. “Assessing Belief System Change and Measurement Reliability Using Three Traditional Indicators of Ideological Sophistication: A LISREL Analysis of the 1972-74-76 CPS American National Election Panel.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New Orleans.

Zipp, John F. 1985. “Perceived Representativeness and Voting: An Assessment of the Impact of ‘Choices’ vs. ‘Echoes’.” American Political Science Review 79:50-61.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1984. “The Midterm Election as a Referendum: Reaganomics, Strategic Politicians, and Voting Behavior in 1982.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1984. “National Issues, Strategic Politicians, and Voting Behavior in the 1980 and 1982 Congressional Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 28:710-21.

Abramowitz, Alan I., Albert D. Cover, and Helmut Norpoth. 1984. “The President’s Party in Midterm Elections: Going from Bad to Worse.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Abramson, Paul R. 1984. “Nonvoters and the Future.” Society 21:11-14.

Abramson, Paul R. and John H. Aldrich. 1984. “Communications: Reply to Hill and Cassel.” American Political Science Review 78:792-94.

Abramson, Paul R. and William Claggett. 1984. “Race-Related Differences in Self-Reported and Validated Turnout.” Journal of Politics 46:719-38.

Arterton, F. Christopher. 1984. Media Politics. Lexington: Lexington Books.

Beck, Paul Allen. 1984. “Communications: Updating Political Periods and Political Participation.” American Political Science Review 78:198-201.

Beck, Paul Allen. 1984. “The Dealignment Era in America.” in Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Societies: Realignment or Dealignment?, edited by R. J. Dalton, S. C. Flanagan, and P. A. Beck. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1984. “Apathy in America, 1964-1982: A New Measure Applied to Old Questions.” Micropolitics 3:499-545.

Bishop, George F. , Robert W. Oldendick, and Alfred J. Tuchfarber. 1984. “Interest in Political Campaigns: The Influence of Question Order and Electoral Context.” Political Behavior 6:159-69.

Bishop, George F., Robert W. Oldendick, and Alfred J. Tuchfarber. 1984. “What Must My Interest in Politics Be If I Just Told You “I Don’t Know”?” The Public Opinion Quarterly 48:510-19.

Bishop, George F. , Alfred J. Tuchfarber, and Robert W. Oldendick. 1984. “Opinions on Fictitious Public Affairs Issues: Unwillingness To Admit Ignorance or Conformity to Situational Demands?” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.

Brudney, Jeffrey L. and Gary W. Copel. 1984. “Evangelicals as a Political Force: Reagan and the 1980 Religious Vote.” Social Science Quarterly 65:1072-79.

Cain, Bruce E., John A. Ferejohn, and Morris P. Fiorina. 1984. “The Constituency Service Basis of the Personal Vote for U.S. Representatives and British Members of Parliament.” American Political Science Review 78:110-25.

Campbell, James E. 1984. “The Intervals of Party Identification: Rescaling the Partisan Categories.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Carmines, Edward G. 1984. “The Dynamics of Issue Evolution: The United States.” in Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies: Realignment or Dealignment?, edited by R. J. Dalton, S. C. Flanagan, and P. A. Beck. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Clymer, Adam. 1984. “Americans in Poll View Government More Confidently; But Postelection Inquiry Also Finds Most Think Reagan Will Ask Rise in Taxes Increase in Confidence Found in Poll.” Pp. A1 in New York Times. New York: New York Times.

Conover, Pamela Johnston. 1984. “The Influence of Group Identifications on Political Perception and Evaluation.” Journal of Politics 46:760-85.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1984. “How People Organize the Political World: A Schematic Model.” American Journal of Political Science 28:95-126.

Cotter, Patrick R. and James Glen Stovall. 1984. “The Conservative South?” American Politics Quarterly 18:103-119.

Cover, Albert D. 1984. “An Assessment of Negative Voting In Midterm Congressional Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Savannah, GA.

Crewe, Ivor. 1984. “Party and Public in Britain and the United States.” in Parties and Democracy in Britain and America, edited by V. Bogdanor. New York: Praeger.

Edsall, Thomas B. 1984. New Politics of Inequality. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.

Enelow, James M. and Melvin J. Hinich. 1984. The Spatial Theory of Voting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Eubank, Robert B. and David John Gow. 1984. “The Pro-Incumbent Bias in the 1982 National Election Study.” American Journal of Political Science 28:224-30.

Feldman, Stanley. 1984. “Economic Self-Interest and the Vote.” Political Behavior 63:229-51.

Finkel, Steven E. 1984. “The Effect of Participation on Political Efficacy: A Test of the Participatory Theory of Democracy.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY.

Foster, Mark A. 1984. “American Pentecostal Convergence and Divergence: A Hermeneutic and Survey Analysis.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Mississippi State University.

Gais, Thomas L., Mark A. Peterson, and Jack L. Walker. 1984. “Interest Groups, Iron Triangles and Representative Institutions in American National Government.” British Journal of Political Science14:161-185.

Gant, Michael M. 1984. “The Political Content of Party Identification: Traditional vs. Revisionist Perspectives.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Savannah.

Gant, Michael M. and Dwight F. Davis. 1984. “Mental Economy and Voter Rationality: The Informed Citizen Problem in Voting Research.” Journal of Politics 46:132-53.

Gant, Michael M. and Magnus Davis. 1984. “Negative Voter Support in Presidential Elections.” Western Political Quarterly 37:272-290.

Genco, Stephen J. 1984. “The Attentive Public and American Foreign Policy, Volumes I and II.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Stanford University, Palo Alto.

Glass, David P., Peverill Squire, and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1984. “Voter Turnout: An International Comparison.” Public Opinion 6:49-55.

Goldenberg, Edie N. and Michael W. Traugott. 1984. Campaigning for Congress. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Good, Michael E. and Carl F. Pinkele. 1984. “The New Deal Democratic Party Coalition: Requiem and Resurrection.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Gow, David John and Robert B. Eubank. 1984. “The Pro-Incumbent Bias in the 1982 National Election Study.” American Journal of Political Science 28:224-30.

Hagner, Paul R. and John C. Pierce. 1984. “Political Conceptualization and the Holding of Political Information.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Hagner, Paul R. and John C. Pierce. 1984. “Racial Differences in Political Conceptualization.” Western Politics Quarterly 37:212-35.

Hansen, John Mark and Steven J. Rosenstone. 1984. “Context, Mobilization and Political Participation.” in Presented at the Weingart-Caltech Conference on the Institutional Context of Elections.

Hershey, Marjorie Randon. 1984. Running for Office: The Political Education of Campaigners. Chatham: Chatham House Publishers, Inc.

Hill, Kim Quaile and Patricia A. Hurley. 1984. “Estimating Congressional District Attributes with NES Data: A Reliability Assessment.” Political Methodology 10:447-64.

Himmelstein, Jerome L. and Jr. MacRae, James A. 1984. “Social Conservation, New Republicans, and the 1980 Election.” Public Opinion Quarterly 48:592-605.

Howell, Susan E. 1984. “Candidates And Attitudes: Revisiting the Question of Causality.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Huckfeldt, R. Robert and John Sprague. 1984. “Social Order and Political Chaos: Social Structure in Presidential Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Savannah, GA.

Hurley, Patricia A. 1984. “Electoral Change and Policy Consequences: Representation in the 97th Congress.” American Politics Quarterly 12:180-94.

Jacoby, William G. 1984. “Levels of Conceptualization and Reliance on the Liberal-Conservative Continuum: A Spatial Analysis.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Jennings, M. Kent and Gregory B. Markus. 1984. “Partisan Orientations over the Long Haul: Results from the Three-Wave Political Socialization Panel Study.” The American Political Science Review78:1000-18.

Jewell, Malcolm E. 1984. Parties and Primaries: Nominating State Governors. New York, NY: Praeger.

Johannes, John R. 1984. To Serve the People: Congress and Constituency Service. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Johannes, John R. and John C. McAdams. 1984. “The Voter in the 1982 House Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 28:778-81.

Johnson, Haynes and Thomas B. Edsall. 1984. “Will the Next President Owe His Election to Women?” Pp. 11 in The Washington Post.

Joslyn, Richard H. 1984. Mass Media and Elections. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Kaiser, Diane. 1984. “A Critque of Empirical Voting Behavior Research as a Form of Explanation.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, The University of Wisconsin.

Kinder, Donald R. 1984. “Presidential Character Revisited.” in Presented at the Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition, Cognition and Political Behavior. Pittsburgh, Carnegie-Mellon University.

King, Gary. 1984. “Do Presidents Make a Difference.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI.

Kingston, Paul W., John L.P. Thompson, and Douglas M. Eicher. 1984. “The Politics of Home-ownership.” American Politics Quarterly 12:131-50.

Klein, Ethel. 1984. Gender Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Knight, Kathleen. 1984. “The Dimensionality of Partisan and Ideological Affect: The Influence of Positivity.” American Politics Quarterly 12:305-31.

Lake, Celinda C. 1984. “Coding of Independent/Independents and Apoliticals in the Party Identification Summary Code and Apoliticals in the Rolling Cross Section.”

Lamis, Alexander P. 1984. The Two-Party South. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Lau, Richard R. 1984. “Political Schemas, Candidate Evaluations, and Voting Behavior.” in Presented at the Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition, Cognition and Political Behavior. Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh.

Lenberger, Bryce D., Robert M. Groves, and James M. Lepkowski. 1984. “A Comparison Of Listed And Randomly Dialed Telephone Numbers.” in Proceedings of the American Statistical Association Section on Survey Research Methods. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Luck, Barbara. 1984. “Reassessing the Dynamics of Public Support to the U S Supreme Court.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis.

MacKuen, Michael B. 1984. “Exposure to Information, Belief Integration and Individual Responsiveness to Agenda Change,.” American Political Science Review 78:372-91.

Maddox, William S. and Stuart A. Lilie. 1984. Beyond Liberal and Conservative: Reassessing the Political Spectrum. Washington, D.C.: CATO Institute.

Martinez, Michael D. 1984. “Projection and Persuasion: Who Does What?” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

McAllister, Ian. 1984. “Having Tenure and Party Choice in Australia, Britain and the United States.” British Journal of Political Science 14:509-22.

McClosky, Herbert. 1984. The American Ethos: Public Attitudes Towards Capitalism and Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

McKean, Kevin. 1984. “Winning hearts not minds: voting based on presidential candidates’ personalities.” Discover 5:28-30.

Miller, Arthur H. 1984. “Partisan Cognitions in Transition.” in Presented at the Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition. Pittsburgh, PA.

Miller, Arthur H. and Ola Listhaug. 1984. “Political Support in Norway and the United States.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Miller, Arthur H. and Martin P. Wattenberg. 1984. “Politics from the Pulpit: Religiosity and the 1980 Elections.” Public Opinion Quarterly 48:301-17.

Morchio, Giovanna and Maria Sanchez. 1984. “Comparison of the Michigan Method of District Assignment on the Telephone with the Personal Interview Simulated Data, 1982: A Report to the Board of Overseers, National Election Studies.”

Morchio, Giovanna and Maria Sanchez. 1984. “Creation of a Filter Variable to be Used When Analyzing Questions about Congressional Candidates in the 1982 Integrated Personal/ISR CATI/Berkeley, CATI Dataset: A Report to the Board of Overseers, National Election Studies.”

Nelson, Barbara J. 1984. “Women’s Poverty and Women’s Citizenship: Some Political Consequences of Economic Marginality.” Signs 10:209-31.

Niemi, Richard G. and Anders Westholm. 1984. “Issues, Parties and Attitudinal Stability: A Comparative Study of Sweden and the United States.” Electoral Studies 3:65-83.

Page, Benjamin I., Robert Y. Shapiro, Paul W. Gronke, and Robert M. Rosenberg. 1984. “Constituency, Party, and Representation in Congress.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 48:741-56.

Plumb, Elizabeth W. 1984. “Presidential Election Campaign Influence: Re-examination of a Thesis.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Washington State University, Pullman.

Poole, Keith T. and Howard Rosenthal. 1984. ” U.S. Presidential Elections1968-80: A Spatial Analyses.” American Journal of Political Science 28:282-312.

Price, David E. 1984. Bringing Back the Parties. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Rapoport, Ronald B. 1984. “Swing Time: Assessing Cases for Shifts in Congressional Elections.” British Journal of Political Science 14:222-9.

Robinson, John P. 1984. “The Ups and Downs and Ins and Outs of Ideology.” Public Opinion 7:12-15.

Robinson, John P. and John A. Fleishman. 1984. “Ideological Trends in American Public Opinion.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 72:50-60.

Rollenhagen, Rick Eugene. 1984. “Explaining Variation in Concern About the Outcome of Presidential Elections.” Political Behavior 6:147-57.

Rosenstone, Steven J., Roy L. Behr, and Edward H. Lazarus. 1984. Third Parties in America: Citizen Response to Major Party Failure. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sanchez, Maria. 1984. “Branching versus 7-Point Scale Measurements.”

Sanchez, Maria and Giovanna Morchio. 1984. “Probing Don’t Know Answers — Do We Always Want to Do This?”.

Schneider, William. 1984. “Antipartisanship in America.” in Parties and Democracy in Britain and America, edited by V. Bogdanor. New York: Praeger.

Sears, David O., Leonie Huddy, and Lynitta G. Shaffer. 1984. “Schemas and Symbolic Politics: The Cases of Racial and Gender Equality.” in Presented at the Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition. Carnegie-Mellon University.

Sharp, Elaine B. 1984. “Citizen-Demand Making in the Urban Context.” American Journal of Political Science 28:654-70.

Shienbaum, Kim Eyra. 1984. Beyond the Electoral Connection: A Reassessment of the Role of Voting in Contemporary American Politics. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Simmons, Jr., Robert Orrin. 1984. “A Little Learning is the Safest Thing: The Causes and Electoral Effects of House Incumbents Holding Well Known Issue Positions.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Smeal, Eleanor. 1984. Why and How Women Will Elect the Next President. New York, NY: Harper and Row Publishers.

Smidt, Corwin E. 1984. “Partisan Affections and Change in Partisan Self-Images.” American Politics Quarterly 12:267-83.

Sniderman, Paul M. 1984. ” Policy Reasoning and Political Values: The Problem of Racial Equality.” American Journal of Political Science 28:75-93.

Sniderman, Paul M., Richard A. Brody, and James H. Kuklinski. 1984. “Policy Reasoning and Political Values: The Problem of Racial Equality.” American Journal of Political Science 28:75-94.

Southwell, Priscilla L. 1984. “Post-Primary Alienation and Candidate Evaluation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Staff, ANES. 1984. “Questions and Versions in NES Continuous Monitoring, 1984: A Report to the Board of Overseers, National Election Studies.”

Staff, ANES. 1984. “Weekly Field Report for the National Election Studies Continuous Monitoring, Jan 11 – Aug 3, 1984: A Report to the Board of Overseers, National Election Studies.”

Sweeney, Paul D. 1984. “Selective Exposure: Voter Information Preferences and the Watergate Affair.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 46:1208-21.

Teixeira, Ruy A. 1984. “The American Non-Voter: Turnout Decline in the United States, 1960-1984.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, WI.

Traugott, Michael W. and Clyde Tucker. 1984. “Strategies for Predicting Whether a Citizen Will Vote and Estimation of Election Outcome.” Public Opinion Quarterly 48:330-43.

Traugott, Santa M. 1984. “Two Versions of the Abortion Question.”

Uhlaner, Carole Jean and A. Wuffle. 1984. “The Race May Be Close But My Horse is Going to Win: Wish Fulfillment in the 1980 Presidential Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1984. The Decline of American Political Parties. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Weko, Thomas and John H. Aldrich. 1984. “The Presidency and the Election Campaign: Framing the Choice in 1988.” in The Presidency and the Political System, edited by M. Nelson. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Press.

White, John Kenneth and Dwight L. Morris. 1984. “Shifting Coalitions in American Politics: The Changing Partisans.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Wilcox, William Clyde. 1984. “The New Christian Right and the White Fundamentalists: An Analysis of a Potential Political Movement.” The Ohio State University.

Wolfinger, Raymond E. 1984. “Dealignment, Realignment, and Mandates in the 1984 Election.” in Presented at the Public Policy Week of the American Enterprise Institute. Washington.

Zaller, John. 1984. “Toward a Theory of the Survey Response.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1983. “Candidates, Coattails and Strategic Politicians in the 1980 Congressional Elections: Explaining the Republican Victory.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Abramson, Paul R. 1983. Political Attitudes in America: Formation and Change. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

Adams, William C. 1983. “Media Power in Presidential Elections: An Exploratory Analysis, 1960-1980.” in Television Coverage of the 1980 Presidential Campaign, edited by W. C. Adamn. Norwood: Ablex Publishing.

Adkison, Danny M. 1983. “The Vice-Presidency: Retain, Reform, Abolish?” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.

Alexander, Herbert E. 1983. Financing the 1980 Election. Lexington: Lexington Books.

Asher, Herbert B. 1983. Causal Modeling, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Baer, Denise L. 1983. “Men and Women in Political Parties: A Comparison of Party Elites and Party Identifiers.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL.

Barber, Bernard. 1983. The Logic and Limits of Trust. New Brunswick: Rutgers.

Baxter, Sandra and Marjorie Lansing. 1983. Women and Politics: The Visible Majority. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Beatty, Kathleen Murphy and Oliver Walter. 1983. “The Religious Right and Electoral Change.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Beck, Paul Allen. 1983. “Context, Choice, and Consequence: Beaten and Unbeaten Paths toward a Science of Electoral Behavior.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, Illinois.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1983. “The Withered Roots: Apathy in America, 1964 to 1980.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Bishop, George F., Robert W. Oldendick, and Alfred J. Tuchfarber. 1983. “Voting, Memory, and Interest in Following Political Campaigns.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Blydenburgh, John C. and Roberta S. Sigel. 1983. “Key Factors in the 1982 Elections as Seen by Men and Women Voters: An Exploration into the Vulnerability Thesis.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Boyd, Thomas Alan. 1983. “Voter Choice in Congressional Elections: A Causal Analysis.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Boyd, William A. 1983. “Electoral Change in America: Measuring Swing with Recall Questions.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Brody, Richard A. and Lawrence S. Rothenberg. 1983. “Dynamics of Partisanship During the 1980 Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Buell Jr., Emmett H. 1983. “An Army that Meets Every Sunday? Popular Support for the Moral Majority in 1980.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, Illinois.

Burris, Val. 1983. “Who Opposed the ERA? An Analysis of the Social Bases of Antifeminism.” Social Science Quarterly 64:305-17.

Calvert, Randall L. and John A. Ferejohn. 1983. “Coattail Voting in Recent Presidential Elections.” American Political Science Review 77:407-19.

Campbell, James. 1983. “The Electoral Consequences of Issue Ambiguity: An examination of the Presidential Candidates Issue Positions from 1968 to 1980.” Political Behavior 5:277-91.

Campbell, James. 1983. “The Return of the Incumbents: The Nature of the Incumbent Advantage.” Western Political Quarterly 36:434-44.

Campbell, James E. 1983. “Ambiguity in the Issue Positions of Presidential Candidates: A Causal Analysis.” American Journal of Political Science 27:284-93.

Carretta, Thomas R. 1983. “Beliefs and Attitudes During a National Crisis: Some Limitations of the Fishbein and Ajzen Model.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

Clarke, Peter and Susan H. Evans. 1983. Covering Campaigns: Journalism in Congressional Elections. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Clymer, Adam. 1983. “Gap Between Sexes in Voting Seen as Outlasting Recession.” Pp. 24 in New York Times. New York: New York Times.

Clymer, Adam. 1983. “Influence of Political Action Groups Disputed.” Pp. 25 in New York Times.

Clymer, Adam. 1983. “Poll Shows a Married-Single Gap in Last Election.” in The New York Times.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Virginia Gray. 1983. Feminism and the New Right: Conflict Over the American Family. New York: Praeger.

Cover, Albert D. 1983. “Surge and Decline Revisited.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Danowski, James A. and John E. Ruchinskas. 1983. “Period, Cohort, and Aging Effects: A Study of Television Exposure in Presidential Election Campaigns, 1952-1980.” Communication Research10:77-96.

DeMaio, Gerald, Douglas Muzzio, and George P. Sharrard. 1983. “Approval Voting: Some Recent Empirical Evidence.” American Politics Quarterly 11:365-73.

Devine, Donald J. 1983. Reagan Electionomics: How Reagan Ambushed the Pollsters. Ottawa, IL: Green Hill Publishers.

Edwards, III, George C. 1983. The Public Presidency: The Pursuit of Popular Support. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.

Eubank, Robert B. and David John Gow. 1983. “The Pro-Incumbent Bias in the1978 and 1980 National Election Studies.” American Journal of Political Science 27:122-39.

Feldman, Stanley. 1983. “Economic Individualism and American Public Opinion.” American Politics Quarterly 11:3-29.

Feldman, Stanley. 1983. “The Measurement and Meaning of Trust in Government.” Political Methodology 9:341-54.

Feldman, Stanley. 1983. “Report on Values in the 1983 Pilot Study.”

Feldman, Stanley and Pamela Johnston Conover. 1983. “Candidates, Issues and Voters: The Role of Inference in Political Perception.” Journal of Politics 45:810-39.

Fenster, Mark Joel. 1983. “Approval Voting: Do Moderates Gain?” Political Methodology 9:355-76.

Fenster, Mark Joel. 1983. “Support Carter or Kennedy and Vote for Reagan: A Preliminary Analysis of Choice Change During the 1980 Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Fiorina, Morris P. 1983. “Who is Held Responsible? Further Evidence on the Hibbing-Alford Thesis.” American Journal of Political Science 27:158-65.

Franklin, Charles H. and John E. Jackson. 1983. “The Dynamics of Party Identification.” American Political Science Review 77:957-73.

Friedman, Sally. 1983. “Alternative Models of Issue Voting in the 1978 Congressional Elections.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Gant, Michael M. 1983. “Citizen Evaluations of 1980 Presidential Candidates: Influence of Campaign Strategies.” American Politics Quarterly 11:327-48.

Gant, Michael M. 1983. “Citizen Uncertainty and Turnout in the 1980 Presidential Campaign.” Political Behavior 5:257-75.

Gant, Michael M and Norman R. Luttbeg. 1983. “A Comparison of Ideology and Political Party as Cognitive Structures.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Glass, David P., Peverill Squire, and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1983. “What the United States Can Learn From Other Democracies About Voter Turnout.”

Goodin, Robert E. 1983. “Voting Through the Looking Glass.” American Political Science Review 77:420-34.

Granberg, Donald and Jr. Brent, Edward E. 1983. “When Prophecy Bends: The Preference-Expectation Link in U.S. Presidential Elections, 1952-1980.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology45:477-91.

Grant, Kenneth and John L. Roos. 1983. “Measuring Participation Using Public Opinion Surveys: Who Lies and Why.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Hagner, Paul R. and John C. Pierce. 1983. “Levels of Conceptualization and Political Belief Consistency.” Micropolitics 2:311-48.

Hagner, Paul R., John C. Wolfinger, and Kay Gausman Wolsborn. 1983. “Ideological Conceptualization and the Opinion Bases of Partisan Choice.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Hansen, John Mark and Steven J. Rosenstone. 1983. “Participation Outside Elections.”

Hawkey, Earl W. 1983. “Southern Political Culture: A North-South Comparison of Localism, Conservatism, Racism and Violence 1952-1976.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Missouri at Columbia, Columbia, MO.

Herzog, Jr., Albert A. 1983. “Religion and Politics: The Effects of Affiliation with a Religious Denomination on Attitudes and Behavior.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, The Ohio State University.

Herzog, Regula A., Willard L. Rodgers, and Richard A. Kulka. 1983. “Interviewing Older Adults: A Comparison of Telephone and Face-to-Face Modalities.” Public Opinion Quarterly 47:405-18.

Hill, Kim Quaile and Patricia A. Hurley. 1983. “Small Sample Estimates of Geographic District Political Attributes.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Holm, John D. 1983. “Party and Policy in Voter Choice: A Study of Conflict and Consistency.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Hopkins, Anne H. and Ruth S. Jones. 1983. “Individual Contributors to State Elections: Arizona and Tennessee.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Howell, Susan E. 1983. “Chasing an Elusive Concept: Ideological Identifications in the 1980 Presidential Campaign.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Howell, Susan E. 1983. “Projection, Persuasion or Confusion in 1980?” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Huckfeldt, R. Robert and John Sprague. 1983. “Social Contexts, Political Environments, and the Dynamics of Voter Preference.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Hughes, Bette Hill and Steven Thomas Seitz. 1983. “The Dynamic Impact of Policy on Attitudes: Race in American Politics.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Jackson, John E. 1983. “Election Night Reporting and Voter Turnout.” American Journal of Political Science 27:615-35.

annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Jackson, John E. 1983. “The Systematic Beliefs of the Mass Public: Estimating Policy Preferences with Survey Data.” Journal of Politics 45:840-66.

Jackson, John E. and Maris A. Vinovskis. 1983. “Public Opinion, Elections, and the Single-Issue Issue.” in The Abortion Dispute and the American System, edited by G. Y. Steiner. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Jacobs, David C. 1983. “The United Auto Workers and the Campaign for National Health Insurance: A Case Study of Labor in Politics.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Cornell University.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1983. The Politics of Congressional Elections, Edited by. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1983. “Reagan, Reaganomics, and Strategic Politics in 1982: A Test of Alternative Theories of Midterm Congressional Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Jacobson, Gary C. and Samuel H. Kernell. 1983. Strategy and Choice in Congressional Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Johannes, John R. 1983. “Explaining Congressional Casework Styles.” American Journal of Political Science 27:530-47.

Johnston, Richard. 1983. “The Reproduction of Party Alignment.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Judd, Charles M., David A. Kenny, and Jon A. Krosnick. 1983. “Judging the Positions of Political Candidates: Models of Assimilation and Contrast.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology44:952-63.

Kay, W. D. 1983. “Gender and Policy Disagreement: The Case of Nuclear Power.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Keeter, Scott and Cliff Zukin. 1983. Uninformed Choice: The Failure of the New Presidential Nominating System. New York, NY: Praeger Publishers.

Keith, Bruce E., David B. Magleby, Cice J. Nelson, Elizabeth Orr, Mark C. Westlye, and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1983. “Further Evidence on the Partisan Affinities of Independent ‘Leaners’.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Kelley, Stanley. 1983. Interpreting Elections. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Kiewiet, D. Roderick. 1983. Macroeconomics and Micropolitics. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Kinder, Donald R. 1983. “Presidential Traits.”

Kinder, Donald R., Steven J. Rosenstone, and John Mark Hansen. 1983. “Group Economic Well-Being and Political Choice.”

Klein, Ethel. 1983. “Monitoring Group Interest.”

Knight, Kathleen. 1983. “Ideology in the 1980 Election: Sophistication Does Matter.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Knight, Kathleen. 1983. “Polarity, Positivity and Sophistication: A Test of the Dimensionality of Partisan and Ideological Affect.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Kobayashi, Yoshiaki. 1983. “Informed Voters and Political Awareness: Secondary Analysis Based on ANES Data.” Keio Mass Communication Review.

Krehbiel, Keith and John R. Wright. 1983. “The Incumbency Effect in Congressional Elections: A Test of Two Explanations.” American Journal of Political Science 27:140-57.

Krosnick, Jon A. 1983. “NES Pilot Study of Issue Position Centrality Measures.”

Lake, Celinda C. 1983. “Comparison of 3-point, 5-point, and 7-point Scales from the CATI Experiment 1982 Election Study.”

Lake, Celinda C. 1983. “Similarity and Representativeness of 1983 Pilot Samples.”

Lang, Gladys E. and Kurt Lang. 1983. The Battle for Public Opinion: The President, the Press and the Polls During Watergate. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Latimer, Margaret K. 1983. “The Newspaper: How Significant for Black Voters in Presidential Election?” Journalism Quarterly 60:16-47.

Lau, Richard R. 1983. “Reference Group Influence on Political Attitudes and Behavior: Preliminary Report on The Importance of Social, Political, and Psychological Contexts.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Legge, Jr., Jerome S. 1983. “The Determinants of Attitudes Toward Abortion in the American Electorate.” Western Political Quarterly 36:479-90.

Lipset, Seymour Martin and William Schneider. 1983. “The Decline of Confidence in American Institutions.” Political Science Quarterly 98:379-402.

Luskin, Robert C. 1983. “The Roots of Political Sophistication.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

MacKuen, Michael B. 1983. “Broadcast and Contextual Cues for Partisan Voting.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Markus, Gregory B. 1983. “Dynamic Modeling of Cohort Change: The Case of Political Partisanship.” American Journal of Political Science 27:717-39.

Marquette, Jesse F. and Jan E. Leighley. 1983. “Vote D, Vote R, or Don’t Bother: An Alternative View of Voting Behavior.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Mayer, Lawrence C. and Roland E. Smith. 1983. “The Impact of Gender on Electoral Choice in Western Democracies.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

McAdams, John C. and John R. Johannes. 1983. “The 1980 House Elections: Re-Examining Some Theories in a Republican Year.” Journal of Politics 45:143-62.

McClure, David L. 1983. “Respecification of Factors Affecting Vote Turnout: A Test of Three Competing Models.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, North Texas State University, Denton, TX.

Merriman, Jr., W. Richard and Wayne Parent. 1983. “Sources of Citizen Attitudes Toward Government Race Policy.” Polity 16:30-47.

Miller, Arthur H. and Oksana Malanchuk. 1983. “The Gender Gap in the 1982 Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research. Buck Hill Falls, Pennsylvania.

Miller, Arthur H. and Martin P. Wattenberg. 1983. “Measuring Party Identification: Independent or No Partisan Preference?” American Journal of Political Science 27:106-21.

Norpoth, Helmut and Leo van Dorn. 1983. “Selecting the Party’s Nominee: Voter Preferences for Democratic Presidential Candidates in 1980.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Ostrom, Jr., Charles W. and Dennis M. Simon. 1983. “The Importance of Presidential Popularity in the Perpetual Election: A Reexamination and Reorientation of the Conventional Wisdom.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Page, Benjamin I. and Robert T. Shapiro. 1983. “Effects of Public Opinion on Policy.” American Political Science Review 77:175-90.

Perkins, Jerry, Donald Fairchild, and Murray Havens. 1983. “The Effects of Evangelicalism on Southern Black and White Political Attitudes and Voting Behavior.” in Religion and Politics in the South: Mass and Elite Perspectives, edited by T. A. Baker, R. P. Steed, and L. W. Moreland. New York: Praeger.

Pollock, III, Philip H. 1983. “The Participatory Consequences of Internal and External Political Efficacy: A Research Note.” The Western Political Quarterly 36:400-9.

Presser, Stanley and Michael W. Traugott. 1983. “Correlated Response Errors In A Panel Study of Voting.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research. Buck Hill Falls.

Ragsdale, Lyn. 1983. “The Many Meanings of Incumbency: Great Britain and the United States.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Rosenstone, Steven J. 1983. Forecasting Presidential Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Rosenstone, Steven J., John Mark Hansen, and Donald R. Kinder. 1983. “Measuring Personal Economic Well-Being.”

Sayles, Marnie L. 1983. “Alienation, Social Conflict, and Relative Deprivation: The Roots of Political Activism.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles.

Scicchitano, Michael J. 1983. “Economic Conditions and Individual-Level Vote for U.S. Senate Candidates.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Sears, David O., Leonie Huddy, and Lynitta Schaffer. 1983. “NES Pilot Study of Values.”

Sears, David O., Tom Jessor, and Martin Gahart. 1983. “Group Consciousness in the 1983 Center for Political Studies National Election Studies Pilot Study.”

Sears, David O. and Richard R. Lau. 1983. “Inducing Apparently Self-Interested Political Preferences.” American Journal of Political Science 27:223-52.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1983. “A Multivariate Explanation of Rising Political Disillusionment.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Shanks, J. Merrill, Maria Sanchez, and Betsy Morton. 1983. “Alternative Approaches to Survey Data Collection for the National Election Studies.”

Smidt, Corwin E. 1983. “Born-Again Politics: The Political Behavior of Evangelical Christians in the South and Non-South.” in Religion and Politics in the South: Mass and Elite Perspectives, edited by T. A. Baker, R. P. Steed, and L. W. Moreland. New York: Praeger.

Smidt, Corwin E. 1983. “Evangelicals Versus Fundamentalists: An Analysis of the Political Characteristics and Importance of Two Major Religious Movements Within American Politics.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Smith, Tom W. and Glenn R. Dempsey. 1983. “The Polls: Ethnic Social Distance and Prejudice.” Public Opinion Quarterly 47:584-600.

Southwell, Priscilla L. 1983. “Alienation and Nonvoting in America.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.

St. George, Arthur W. and Sandra Robinson-Weber. 1983. “The Mass Media, Political Attitudes, and Behavior.” Communication Research 10:487-508.

Staff, ANES. 1983. “1980 Precinct Data Returns Project.”

Steiner, Gilbert Y. 1983. “The War Over Abortion: Divisive, But Not Destructive.” Pp. A17 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Stockton, Ronald R. and Frank W. Wayman. 1983. A Time of Tumoil: Values and Voting in the 1970’s. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.

Sundquist, James L. 1983. “Whither the American Party System? — Revisited.” Political Science Quarterly 98:573-93.

Tannenbaum, Percy H. 1983. Turned-on TV, Turned-off Voters: Policy Options for Election Projections. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Taylor, Marylee C. 1983. “The Black-and-White Model of Attitude Stability — A Latent Class Examination of Opinion and Non-Opinion in the American Public.” American Journal of Sociology 89:373-401.

Wagner, Joseph. 1983. “Media Do Make a Difference: The Differential Impact of Mass Media in the 1976 Presidential Race.” American Journal of Political Science 27:406-30.

Wassenberg, Pinky S. and et al. 1983. “Gender Differences for Political Conceptualization, 1956-1980.” American Politics Quarterly 11:181-203.

Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1983. “Economic Voting and the ‘Symbolic Politics’ Argument: A Reinterpretation and Synthesis.” American Political Science Review 77:158-74.

Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1983. “Evaluating Economic Policy: A Contextual Model of the Opinion Formation Process.” Journal of Politics 45:866-88.

Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1983. “Judging Politicians’ Management of the Economy: The Role of the Media.” American Politics Quarterly 11:31-48.

Weisberg, Herbert F. 1983. “A New Scale of Partisanship.” Political Behavior 5:363-76.

Westlye, Mark C. 1983. “Competitiveness of Senate Seats and Voting Behavior in Senate Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 27:253-83.

Wilcox, Clyde. 1983. “The New Christian Right: Patterns of Political Beliefs.” in Presented at the Anual Meting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Wright, John R. and Richard G. Niemi. 1983. “Perceptions of Candidates’ Issue Positions.” Political Behavior 5:209-23.

Wyckoff, Mikel L. 1983. “Attitudinal Consistency and Policy Voting in the 1972 and 1976 Presidential Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Yeric, Jerry L. and John R. Todd. 1983. Public Opinion: The Visible Politics. Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock Publishers, Inc.

Abelson, Robert P., Donald R. Kinder, Mark D. Peters, and Susan T. Fiske. 1982. “Affective and Semantic Components in Political Person Perception.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology42:619-30.

Abramson, Paul R., John H. Aldrich, and David W. Rohde. 1982. Change and Continuity in the 1980 Elections. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Abramson, Paul R. and John H. Aldrich. 1982. “The Decline of Electoral Participation in America.” American Political Science Review 76:502-21.

Adams, William C. 1982. “Media Power in Presidential Elections: An Exploratory Analysis.” in The President and the Public, edited by D. Graber. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for the Study of Human Issues.

Aldrich, John H., Richard G. Niemi, George B. Rabinowitz, and David W. Rohde. 1982. “The Measurement of Public Opinion about Public Policy: A Report on Some New Issue Question Formats.” American Journal of Political Science 26:391-414.

Axelrod, Robert. 1982. “Letter to the Editor.” American Political Science Review June:393-96.

Beckwith, Karen L. 1982. “Patterns of Mass Political Participation Among American Women.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY.

Bishop, George F., Robert W. Oldendick, and Alfred J. Tuchfarber. 1982. “Political Information Processing: Question Order and Context Effects.” Political Behavior 4:177-200.

Bishop, George F. , Robert W. Oldendick, and Alfred J. Tuchfarber. 1982. “What Must My Interest in Politics Be If I Just Told You “I Don’t Know?”.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver, CO.

Brent, Jr., Edward E. and Donald Granberg. 1982. “Subjective Agreement with the Presidential Candidates of 1976 and 1980.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 42:393-403.

Brody, Richard A. and Bernard N. Grofman. 1982. “Stimulus Differentiation versus Stimulus Complexity as Factors Affecting Turnout in Two-Candidate and Multicandidate Races.” Political Behavior4:83-92.

Bullock, III, Charles S. and Michael J. Scicchitano. 1982. “Partisan Defections and Senate Reelections.” American Politics Quarterly 10:477-88.

Burnham, Walter Dean. 1982. “The Constitution, Capitalists, and the Need for Rationalized Regulation.” Pp. 75-105 in How Capitalistic is the Constitution, edited by R. A. Goldwin and W. A. Schambra. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.

Campbell, James E. 1982. “Ambiguity in the Issue Positions of Presidential Candidates: Causes and Consequences.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver.

Carmines, Edward G. and James A. Stimson. 1982. “Racial Issues and the Structure of Mass Belief Systems.” Journal of Politics 44:2-20.

Carroll, Terrance G. 1982. SETUPS: Cross-National and World Politics, Political Participation: The 1974 Election in Canada. Washington: American Political Science Association.

Cassel, Carol A. 1982. “Predicting Party Identification, 1956-80: Who Are the Republicans and Who are the Democrats?” Political Behavior 4:265-81.

Christy, Carol A. 1982. “American and German Trends in Sex Differences in Political Participation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1982. “Projection and the Perception of Candidates’ Issue Positions.” The Western Political Quarterly 35:228-44.

Conway, M. Margaret. 1982. “Substitution Effects in Political Participation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver, CO.

Cook, Timothy E. and Lyn Ragsdale. 1982. “Connecting the Styles from Washington to Home: Constituency Perceptions of their Representatives in Congress.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Milwaukee, WI.

Copel, Gary W. 1982. “The Effects of Campaign Expenditures on Turnout for Congressional Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Milwaukee, WI.

Corbett, Michael. 1982. Political Tolerance in America: Freedom and Equality in Public Attitudes. New York: Longman.

Craig, Stephen C. and Michael A. Maggiotto. 1982. “Measuring Political Efficacy.” Political Methodology 83:85-109.

Crane, Marie. 1982. “Perceptions of Public Opinion.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Crittenden, John A. 1982. Parties and Elections in the United States. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Daniels, Mark R., Robert E. Darcy, and Joseph W. Westphal. 1982. “The ERA Won–At Least in the Opinion Polls.” Political Science 15:578-84.

Davidson, Dorothy Karen. 1982. “Candidate Evaluation: Rational Instrument or Affective Response?” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.

Eldersveld, Samuel J. 1982. Political Parties in American Society. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Everson, David H. 1982. Public Opinion and Interest Groups in American Politics. New York, NY: Franklin Watts.

Feldman, Stanley. 1982. “Economic Self-Interest and Political Behavior.” American Journal of Political Science 26:446-66.

Flanigan, William H. and Nancy H. Zingale. 1982. “American Voting Behavior: Presidential Elections from 1952-1980.” Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.

Flanigan, William H. and Nancy H. Zingale. 1982. “Western European and Anglo-American Party Systems.” Comparative Political Studies 14:481-515.

Giles, Michael W. and Marilyn K. Dantico. 1982. “Political Participation and Neighborhood Social Context Revisited.” American Journal of Political Science 26:144-50.

Ginsberg, Benjamin. 1982. The Consequences of Consent: Elections, Citizen Control, and Popular Acquiescence. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Ginsberg, Benjamin. 1982. “Polling and the Transformation of Public Opinion.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver, CO.

Hagner, Paul R. and John C. Pierce. 1982. “Correlative Characteristics of Levels of Conceptualization in the American Public: 1956-1976.” Journal of Politics 44:779-807.

Handberg, Roger and William S. Maddox. 1982. “Public Support for the Supreme Court in the 1970’s.” American Politics Quarterly 10:333-46.

Hibbs, Jr., Douglas A. 1982. “President Reagan’s Mandate from the 1980 Elections: A Shift to the Right?” American Politics Quarterly 10:387-420.

Hibbs, Jr., Douglas A., R. Douglas Rivers, and Nicholas Vasilatos. 1982. “The Dynamics of Political Support for American Presidents Among Occupational and Partisan Groups.” American Journal of Political Science 26:312-32.

Hill, Kim Quaile. 1982. “Retest Reliability for Trust in Government and Governmental Responsiveness Measures: A Research Note.” Political Methodology 83:33-46.

Jackson, III, John S., Barbara Leavitt Brown, and David A. Bositis. 1982. “Herbert McClosky and Friends Revisited: 1980 Democratic and Republican Party Elites Compared to Mass Public.” American Politics Quarterly 10:158-80.

Jewell, Malcolm Edwin. 1982. Representation in State Legislatures. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Joslyn, Richard H. and Janet Johnson. 1982. SETUPS: Campaign ’80: The Public and the Presidential Selection Process. Washington, D.C.: American Political Science Association.

Katosh, John P. and Michael W. Traugott. 1982. “Costs and Values in the Calculus of Voting.” American Journal of Political Science 26:361-76.

Kinder, Donald R. and Jr. Mebane, Walter R. 1982. “Politics and Economics in Everyday Life.” in The Political Process and Economic Change, edited by K. Monroe. New York, NY: Agathon.

Kinder, Donald R. and Laurie A. Rhodebeck. 1982. “Continuities in Support for Racial Equality, 1972 to 1976.” Public Opinion Quarterly 46:195-215.

Kleppner, Paul. 1982. Who voted?: The dynamics of electoral turnout, 1870-1980. New York, NY: Praeger.

Ladd, Jr., Everett C. 1982. Where Have All the Voters Gone? The Fracturing of America’s Political Parties. New York, NY: W. W. Norton and Company.

Lake, Celinda C. 1982. “Guns, Butter, and Equality: The Women’s Vote in 1980.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Milwaukee.

Lau, Richard R. 1982. “Negativity in Political Perception.” Political Behavior 4:353-77.

Lee, Meng-Chee. 1982. “The Effects of Race and Education on Attitudes of Alienation: 1964-1976.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Princeton University.

Lerman, David I. 1982. “The Virtual Majority: Nonvoters in the 1980 Presidential Election.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.

Lowery, David. 1982. “The Attitudinal Consequences of the Tax Revolt.” Political Behavior 4:333-52.

Markus, Gregory B. 1982. “Political Attitudes During an Election Year: A Report on the 1980 NES Panel Study.” American Political Science Review 76:538-60.

McDonagh, Eileen L. 1982. “To Work or Not to Work: The Differential Impact of Achieved and Derived Status Upon the Political Participation of Women, 1956-1976.” American Journal of Political Science 26:280-97.

McIver, John P. 1982. “Unemployment and Partisanship: A Second Opinion.” American Politics Quarterly 10:439-51.

McLean, Ian. 1982. Dealing in Votes: Interactions Between Politicians and Voters in Britain and the USA. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.

Merriman, Jr., W. Richard. 1982. “Citizen Attitudes toward Government, Race, Policy: The Liberal Tradition and Racial Inequality.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver, CO.

Miller, Arthur H., Martin P. Wattenberg, and Oksana Malanchuk. 1982. “Cognitive Representations of Candidate Assessments.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver.

Miller, M. Mark and Stephan D. Reese. 1982. “Media Dependency as Interaction Effects of Exposure and Reliance on Political Activity and Efficacy.” Communication Research 9:227-48.

Miller, Philip L. 1982. “The Impact of Organizational Activity on Black Political Participation.” Social Science Quarterly 63:83-98.

Miller, Philip L. 1982. “Organizational Activity on Black Political Participation.” Social Science Quarterly 63:83-98.

Miller, Warren E. and J. Merrill Shanks. 1982. “Policy Directions and Presidential Leadership: Alternative Interpretations of the 1980 Presidential Elections.” British Journal of Political Science 12:299-356.

Monroe, Alan D. 1982. “Causal Models of Voting Behavior in Congressional Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver.

Muller, Edward N., Thomas O. Jukam, and Mitchell A. Seligson. 1982. “Diffuse Political Support and Antisystem Political Behavior: A Comparative Analysis.” American Journal of Political Science26:240-64.

Norpoth, Helmut and Jerrold G. Rusk. 1982. “Partisan Dealignment in the American Electorate: Itemizing the Deductions since 1964.” American Political Science Review 76:522-60.

Norrander, Barbara. 1982. “Mass Behavior in Presidential Primaries: Individual and Structural Determinants.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Page, Benjamin I. and Robert T. Shapiro. 1982. “Changes in American Policy Preferences, 1935-1979.” Public Opinion Quarterly 46:24-42.

Panigelis, Nicholas L. 1982. “Race, Class, and Political Involvement in the U.S.” Social Forces 61:532-50.

Pierce, John C. and Paul R. Hagner. 1982. “Conceptualization and Party Identification, 1956-1976.” American Journal of Political Science 26:377-87.

Pollock, III, Philip H. 1982. “Organizations as Agents of Mobilization: How Does Group Activity Affect Political Participation?” American Journal of Political Science 26:485-503.

Poole, Keith T. and L. Harmon Zeigler. 1982. “Gender and Voting in the 1980 Presidential Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver.

Powell, Lynda W. 1982. “Constituency Service and Electoral Margin in the Congress.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver.

Rapoport, Ronald B. 1982. “Sex Differences in Attitude Expression: A Generational Explanation.” Public Opinion Quarterly 46:86-96.

Robinson, John P. and Robert G. Meadow. 1982. Polls Apart: Report From the Kettering Foundation. Cabin John: Seven Cocks Press, Inc.

Robinson, Pearl T. 1982. “Whither the Future of Blacks in the Republican Party?” Political Science Quarterly 97:207-31.

Rodgers, Willard L. 1982. “Estimable Functions of Age, Period, and Cohort Effects.” American Sociological Review 47:774-87.

Rollenhagen, Rick Eugene. 1982. “Testing Disengagement Theory as an Explanation of Political Inactivity.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Sanchez, Maria. 1982. “7-Point Scales.”

Sanders, Arthur B. 1982. “Liberalism and Conservatism and the American Public.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1982. “Policy Differences Between Voters and Non-Voters in American Elections.” Western Political Quarterly 35:496-510.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1982. “Voting in Four Elective Offices: A Comparative Analysis.” American Politics Quarterly 10:5-30.

Shanks, J. Merrill, Warren E. Miller, and Bradley L. Palmquist. 1982. “Changing Determinants of Candidate Preferences: Design Issues in Studying Electoral Behavior Before and After the Major Party Conventions.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver, CO.

Shively, W. Phillips. 1982. “The Electoral Impact of Party Loyalists and the Floating Vote: A New Measure and a New Perspective.” Journal of Politics 44:679-91.

Sigelman, Lee. 1982. “The Nonvoting Voter in Voting Research.” American Journal of Political Science 26:47-56.

Smith, Eric R.A.N. 1982. “Attitude Consistency in the American Public.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.

Smith, Tom W. 1982. “House Effects and the Reproducibility of Survey Measurements: A Comparison of the 1980 GSS and the 1980 American National Election Studies.” Public Opinion Quarterly46:54-68.

Sniderman, Paul M., Richard A. Brody, Jonathan W. Seigel, and Percy H. Tannenbaum. 1982. “Evaluative Bias and Issue Proximity.” Political Behavior 4:115-31.

Stone, Walter J. 1982. “Electoral Change and Policy Representation in Congress: Domestic Welfare Issues from 1956-1972.” British Journal of Political Science 12:95-115.

Streicher, Katherine. 1982. “The Anderson Vote, Issue Proximity and Candidate Evaluation.” Michigan Journal of Political Science 2:31-41.

Traugott, Michael W. and Clyde Tucker. 1982. “Strategies for Predicting Whether a Citizen Will Vote and Estimation of Electoral Outcomes.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research. Hunt Valley.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1982. “The Decline of Political Partisanship in the United States: 1952-1980.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1982. “From Parties to Candidates: Examining the Role of the Media.” Public Opinion Quarterly 46:216-42.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1982. “Party Identification and Party Images: A Comparison of Britain, Canada, Australia, and the United States.” Comparative Politics 15:23-40.

Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1982. “Interpersonal Networks and Political Behavior.” American Journal of Political Science 26:117-43.

Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1982. “Recessions and Social Classes: Economic Impacts and Political Opinions.” Political Behavior 4:7-31.

White, Joseph. 1982. “Gender Differences in Political Efficacy, Issue Positions, and Voting Preference.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver, CO.

Wyckoff, Mikel L. 1982. “Belief System Constraint and Policy Voting: A Test of the Unidimensional Consistency Model.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Maryland, College Park.

Zipp, John F., Richard Lerman, and Paul Luebke. 1982. “Political Parties and Political Participation: A Reexamination of the Standard Socioeconomic Model.” Social Forces 60:1140-53.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1981. “Choices and Echoes in the 1978 U.S. Senate Elections: A Research Note.” American Journal of Political Science 25:112-8.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1981. “Party and Individual Accountability in the 1978 Congressional Election.” in Congressional ElectionsSage Electoral Studies Yearbook, edited by L. S. Maisel and J. Cooper. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Abramson, Paul R. and John H. Aldrich. 1981. “The Decline of Electoral Participation in America.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Abramson, Paul R. and Ada W. Finifter. 1981. “On the Meaning of Political Trust: New Evidence from Items Introduced in 1978.” American Journal of Political Science 25:297-307.

Abramson, Paul R. Norman H. Nie, Sidney Verba, John Petrocik, Eric R. A. N.Smith, M. Kent Jennings, Richard M. Merelman, John R. Alford, John R. Hibbing, RichardBorn, Richards J. Heuer, Jr., Harry Howe Ransom, Roger D. Spegele, Gary D. Allinson andMichael J. Malbin. 1981. “Communications.” American Political Science Review 75:146-65.

Baker, Stephen Charles. 1981. “Partisanship, Issues, and the Political Generation Effect, 1936-1976.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL.

Benson, John M. 1981. “The Polls: A Rebirth of Religion?” Public Opinion Quarterly 45:576-85.

Billingsley, Keith F. and Paul H. Ferber. 1981. “Patterns of Issue Orientations: Their Relationship to Electoral Behavior.” Western Politics Quarterly 34:528-42.

Blomquist, David. 1981. Elections and the Mass Media. SETUPS: American Politics. December. Washington: American Political Science Association.

Boyd, Richard W. 1981. “Decline of U.S. Voter Turnout: Structural Explanations.” American Politics Quarterly April 9:133-60.

Boyd, William A. 1981. “Voter Registration and Turnout in the United States, 1952-1976.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Broder, David S. 1981. “Election ’80 Called ‘Blip’.” Pp. A.1 in The Washington Post.

Broh, C. Anthony and Charles L. Prysby. 1981. Voting Behavior: The 1980 Election. SETUPS: American Politics. Washington: American Political Science Association.

Brookshire, Robert. 1981. “The Meaning and Measurement of Party Identification.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Brown, Courtney. 1981. “Group Membership and the Social Environment: Multiple Influences on Political Attitudes and Behaviors.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Washington University.

Brown, Thad A. 1981. “On Contextual Change and Partisan Attributes.” British Journal of Political Science 11:427-47.

Campbell, J.C. and John M. Strate. 1981. “Are Old People Conservative?” Gerontologist 21:580-591.

Carlson, Jody. 1981. George C. Wallace and the Politics of Powerlessness; The Wallace Campaigns for the Presidency. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

Carmines, Edward G. and J. David Gopoian. 1981. “Issue Coalitions, Issue Campaigns: The Paradox of Rationality in American Presidential Elections.” Journal of Politics 43:1170-89.

Carmines, Edward G. and James A. Stimson. 1981. “Issue Evolution, Population Replacement, and Normal Partisan Change.” American Political Science Review 75:107-18.

Cassel, Carol A. and David B. Hill. 1981. “The Decision to Vote.” in Public Opinion and Public Policy, edited by N. R. Luttbeg. Itasca: Peacock.

Cassel, Carol A. and David B. Hill. 1981. “Explanations of Turnout Decline: A Multivariate Test.” American Politics Quarterly 9:181-95.

Cavanagh, Thomas E. 1981. “Changes in American Voter Turnout, 1964-1976.” Political Science Quarterly 96:53-65.

Claggett, William. 1981. “Partisan Acquisition Versus Partisan Intensity: Life-Cycle, Generation, and Period Effects, 1952-1976.” American Journal of Political Science 25:193-214.

Clark, Terry Nichols and Lorna Crowley Ferguson. 1981. “The Middle Class: New Fiscal Populism and the Taxpayers’ Revolt.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1981. “The Origins and Meaning of Liberal/ Conservative Self-Identifications.” American Journal of Political Science 25:617-45.

Conway, M. Margaret. 1981. “Political Participation in Midterm Congressional Elections: Attitudinal and Social Characteristics During the 1970’s.” American Politics Quarterly 9:221-44.

Corbetta, Piergiorgia. 1981. “Identificazione Partitica, Personalita’ dei Candidati e Programma Politico Nelle Elezioni Presidenziali Americane del 1980.” in Convegno su: Le elezioni presidenziali americane del 4 novembre 1980: societa civile e sistema politico, Hotel Parco dei Principi. Roma.

Cover, Albert D. and David R. Mayhew. 1981. “Congressional Dynamics and the Decline of Competitive Congressional Elections.” in Congress Reconsidered, 2nd edition, edited by L. C. Dodd and B. I. Oppenheimer. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Press: 62-82.

Craig, Stephen C. and Thomas L. Hurley. 1981. “Problems of Comparability and Inference Using the CPS 1972 Election Study.” American Journal of Political Science 25:808-14.

Davis, Sandra Kay. 1981. “An Analysis and Test of Electoral Competition Theory.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Dennis, Jack. 1981. “On Being An Independent Partisan Supporter.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Cincinnati.

Dennis, Jack. 1981. “Public Support for Congress.” Political Behavior 3:319-50.

Dennis, Jack. 1981. “Some Properties of Measures of Partisanship.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Erbring, Lutz. 1981. “Cross-Temporal Dynamics with Cross Sectional Data: The Year-Long 1980 Campaign.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Erikson, Robert S. 1981. “Balance Theory and Political Cognitions.” American Politics Quarterly 9:259-76.

Erikson, Robert S. 1981. “Measuring Constituency Opinion: The 1978 U.S. Congressional Election Survey.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 6:235-57.

Erikson, Robert S. 1981. “Why Do People Vote? Because They are Registered.” American Politics Quarterly 9:259-76.

Erikson, Robert S. and Kent L. Tedin. 1981. “The 1928-1936 Partisan Realignment: The Case for the Conversion Hypothesis.” American Political Science Review 75:951-62.

Eubank, Robert B. 1981. “Incumbency, Partisan, and Saliency Effects in Congressional Elections from 1956-1978.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Rice University, Houston, TX.

Eulau, Heinz and Jonathan W. Siegel. 1981. “Social Network Analysis and Political Behavior: A Feasibility Study.” The Western Political Quarterly 34:499-509.

Evans, Susan H. and Peter Clarke. 1981. “Press Coverage and Competition for House Seats: Another Incumbent Edge.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Farah, Barbara G., M. Kent Jennings, and Warren E. Miller. 1981. “Convention Delegates: Reform and the Representation of Party Elites, 1972-1980.” in Presented at the Conference on Presidential Activities. Williamsburg.

Fiorina, Morris P. 1981. Retrospective Voting in American National Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Fiorina, Morris P. 1981. “Some Problems in Studying the Effects of Resource Allocation in Congressional Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 25:543-67.

Fisher, Alan M. 1981. “Jewish Political Shift? Erosion, Yes; Conversion, No.” in Party Coalitions in the 1980’s, edited by S. M. Lipset. San Francisco, CA: Institute for Contemporary Studies.

Franklin, Charles H. and John E. Jackson. 1981. “The Dynamics of Party Identification.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Fulenwider, Claire Knoche. 1981. “Feminist Ideology and the Political Attitudes and Participation of White and Minority Women.” Western Politics Quarterly 34:17-30.

Garrison, Glenn David. 1981. “An Analysis of Media, Social, and Political Influences on Time of Voting Decision in Presidential Elections, 1952-1976.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, North Texas State University, Denton, TX.

Giles, Michael W., Gerald C. Wright, and Marilyn K. Dantico. 1981. “Social Status and Political Behavior: The Impact of Residential Context.” Social Science Quarterly 62:453-60.

Goldenberg, Edie N. and Michael W. Traugott. 1981. “Normal Vote Analysis of Congressional Campaigns.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 6:247-58.

Granberg, Donald, Lyneel N. Jefferson, Jr. Brent, Edward E., and Michael R. King. 1981. “Membership Group, Reference Group, and the Attribution of Attitude to Groups.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 40:833-42.

Hadley, Charles D. 1981. “Survey Research and Southern Politics: The Implications of Data Management.” Public Opinion Quarterly 45:393-401.

Hibbing, John R. and John R. Alford. 1981. “The Electoral Impact of Economic Conditions: Who is Held Responsible?” American Journal of Political Science 25:423-39.

Hinckley, Barbara. 1981. Congressional Elections. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly.

Howell, Susan E. 1981. “Short Term Forces and Changing Partisanship.” Political Behavior 3:163-80.

Jackman, Mary R. 1981. “Education and Policy Commitment to Racial Integration.” American Journal of Political Science 25:256-69.

Jackson, John E. 1981. “Election Reporting and Voter Turnout.” in Presented at the National Professional Conference of Women in Communications. Cincinnati, OH.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1981. “Congressional Elections, 1978: The Case of the Vanishing Challengers.” in Congressional Elections, edited by L. S. Maisel and J. Cooper. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1981. “Incumbents’ Advantages in the 1978 U.S. Congressional Elections.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 6:183-200.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1981. “Voting Behavior in the 1980 Congressional Elections: A Preliminary Analysis.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Memphis, TN.

Johannes, John R. and John C. McAdams. 1981. “The Congressional Incumbency Effect: Is it Casework, Policy Compatibility, or Something Else? An Examination of the 1978 Election.” American Journal of Political Science 25:512-42.

Johannes, John R. and John C. McAdams. 1981. “Does Casework Matter? A Reply to Professor Fiorina.” American Journal of Political Science 25:581-604.

Jones, Charles O. 1981. “The New, New Senate.” in A Tide of Discontent: The 1980 Elections and Their Meaning, edited by E. Sandoz and C. V. Crabb Jr. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Judd, Charles M., Jon A. Krosnick, and Michael A. Milburn. 1981. “Political Involvement and Attitude Structure in the General Public.” American Sociological Review 46:660-69.

Katosh, John P. and Michael W. Traugott. 1981. “The Consequences of Validated and Self-Reported Voting Measures in Studies of Electoral Participation.” Public Opinion Quarterly 45:519-35.

Kiewiet, D. Roderick. 1981. “Policy-Oriented Voting in Response to Economic Issues.” American Political Science Review 75:448-59.

Kinder, Donald R. 1981. “Presidents, Prosperity, and Public Opinion.” Public Opinion Quarterly 45:1-21.

Kinder, Donald R. and Robert P. Abelson. 1981. “Appraising Presidential Candidates: Personality and Affect in the 1980 Campaign.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Kinder, Donald R. and D. Roderick Kiewiet. 1981. “Sociotropic Politics: The American Case.” British Journal of Political Science 11:129-61.

King, Michael R. and Robert E. O’Connor. 1981. “The Contribution of the ISR Voting Studies: Review and Critique.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Kuklinski, James H. and Darrell M. West. 1981. “Economic Expectations and Voting Behavior in United States House and Senate Elections.” American Political Science Review 75:436-47.

Ladd, Jr., Everett C. 1981. “The Brittle Mandate: Electoral Dealignment and the 1980 Presidential Election.” Political Science Quarterly 96:1-25.

Lau, Richard R. and David O. Sears. 1981. “Cognitive Links Between Economic Grievances and Political Responses.” Political Behavior 34:279-302.

Lawrence, David G. 1981. “Towards An Attitudinal Theory of Political Participation.” Polity 14:332-46.

LeDuc, Lawrence. 1981. “The Dynamic Properties of Party Identification: A Four-Nation Comparison.” European Journal of Political Review 9:257-68.

Lodge, Milton and Bernard Tursky. 1981. “On the Magnitude Scaling of Political Opinion in Survey Research.” American Journal of Political Science 25:376-419.

Lowery, David and Lee Sigelman. 1981. “Understanding the Tax Revolt: Eight Explanations.” American Political Science Review 75:963-74.

MacKuen, Michael B. and Steven L. Coombs. 1981. More Than News: Media Power in Public Affairs. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Maddox, William S. 1981. “The Citizen’s Role and Voter Turnout.” Sociological Focus 14:287-96.

Maddox, William S. and Dan Nimmo. 1981. “In Search of the Ticket Splitter.” Social Science Quarterly 62:401-8.

Mann, Thomas E. and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1981. “Candidates and Parties in Congressional Elections.” in Congressional Elections, edited by L. S. Maisel and J. Cooper. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Margolis, Michael and Khondaker E. Hague. 1981. “Applied Tolerance or Fear of Government? An Alternative Interpretation of Jackman’s Findings.” American Journal of Political Science 25:241-55.

Markus, Gregory B. 1981. “Political Attitudes During an Election Year: A Report on the 1980 NES Panel Study.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Miller, Arthur H. 1981. “Realignment in the 1980 Election.” Economic Outlook USA 9:88-90.

Miller, Arthur H. 1981. “What Mandate? What Realignment?;

The Congress is being steamrollered by a ‘consensus’ that doesn’t exist.” Pp. D1 in The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

Miller, Arthur H., Patricia Gurin, Gerald Gurin, and Oksana Malanchuk. 1981. “Group Consciousness and Political Participation.” American Journal of Political Science 25:494-511.

Miller, Arthur H. and Martin P. Wattenberg. 1981. “Policy and Performance Voting in the 1980 Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York, NY.

Miller, Jr., John Dudley. 1981. “Multidimensional Evaluations of Government: Rethinking the Trust in Government Concept.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Miller, Steven D. 1981. “Contemporary Racial Conflict: The Nature of White Opposition to Mandatory Busing.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

Miller, Warren E. 1981. “Ideology in the 1980 Elections: Elite Interpretations and the Reality of Mass Behavior.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Cincinnati, OH.

Miller, Warren E. and John P. Katosh. 1981. “Design and Core Data for the 1978 Election Study.” in Congressional Elections, edited by L. S. Maisel and J. Cooper. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Nilson, Linda Burzotta. 1981. “Reconsidering Ideological Beliefs About Party in America.” Sociological Quarterly 22:532-48.

O’Brien, Robert M. 1981. “Reducing Grouping Distortion in Rank Category Variables.” American Journal of Political Science 25:605-16.

Parker, Glenn R. 1981. “Incumbent Popularity and Electoral Success.” in Congressional Elections, edited by L. S. Maisel and J. Cooper. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Parker, Glenn R. 1981. “Interpreting Candidate Awareness in Congressional Elections.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 6:219-33.

Pasquino, Gianfranco. 1981. “Riallineamento o Scompaginamento di Partitie Electtorato Nelle Elezioni Presidenziali Statunitensi del 1980.” in Convegno su: Le elezioni presidenziali americane del 4 novembre 1980: societa civile esistema politico. Roma.

Petrocik, John R. 1981. Party Coalitions: Realignments and the Decline of the New Deal Party System. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Petrocik, John R. 1981. “Voter Turnout and Electoral Oscillation.” American Politics Quarterly 9:161-79.

Petrocik, John R., Sidney Verba, and Christine Schultz. 1981. “Choosing the Choice and Not the Echo: A Funny Thing Happened to The Changing American Voter on the Way to the l980 Election.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Pierce, Roy and Philip E. Converse. 1981. “Candidate Visibility in France and the United States.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 6:339-71.

Polsby, Nelson W. 1981. “Contemporary Transformations of American Politics: Thoughts on Research Agendas of Political Scientists.” Political Science Quarterly 96:551-70.

Pomper, Gerald M. 1981. The Election of 1980. Chatham: Chatham House.

Poole, Keith T. and L. Harmon Zeigler. 1981. “The Diffusion of Feminist Ideology.” Political Behavior 3:229-56.

Powell, Lynda W., Clifford W. Brown, and Roman B. Hedges. 1981. “Male and Female Differences in Elite Political Participation: An Examination of the Effects of Socioeconomic and Familial Variables.” Western Politics Quarterly 34:17-30.

Ragsdale, Lyn. 1981. “Incumbent Popularity Challenger Invisibility and Congressional Voters.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 6:201-18.

Rankin, William L. and et al. 1981. “Nuclear Power and the Public: An Update of Collected Survey Research on Nuclear Power.” Seattle, WA: Human Affairs Research Centers Battelle Memorial Institute.Available from NTIS.

Rapoport, Ronald B. 1981. “The Sex Gap in Political Persuading: Where the ‘Structuring Principle’ Works.” American Journal of Political Science 25:32-48.

Robeck, Bruce W. 1981. “A Comparison of Congressional Voters in Primary and General Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Rood, Steven. 1981. “Interpretation in American Electoral Studies.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Boston University, Boston, MA.

Schneider, William. 1981. “The November 4 Vote for President: What Did It Mean?” in The American Elections of 1980, edited by A. Ranney. Washington: American Enterprise Institute.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1981. “Balance Theory and Political Cognitions.” American Politics Quarterly 9:291-320.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1981. “A Multivariate Explanation of Declining Turnout in Presidential Elections, 1960-1976.” American Journal of Political Science 25:68-95.

Shanks, J. Merrill and Bradley L. Palmquist. 1981. “Intra-party Candidate Choice in 1980: An Early Portrait of Pre-convention Preferences.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Cincinnati, OH.

Smith, Eric R.A.N. 1981. “Communications: Reply to Nie, Verba and Petrocik.” American Political Science Review 75:152-5.

Smith, Eric R.A.N. 1981. “Reply (to Nie, Verba, and Petrocik).” American Political Science Review March:152-54.

Stadther, Denis G. 1981. “The Rise of Southern Republicanism: 1956-1976.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Stanley, Harold W. 1981. “The Political Impact of Electoral Mobilization: The South and Universal Suffrage, 1952-1980.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Steeh, Charlotte. 1981. “Trends in Nonresponse Rates, 1952-1979.” Public Opinion Quarterly 45:40-57.

Tanenhaus, Joseph and Walter F. Murphy. 1981. “Patterns of Public Support for the Supreme Court: A Panel Study.” Journal of Politics 43:24-39.

Uslaner, Eric M. 1981. “Ain’t Misbehavin’: The Logic of Defensive Issue Voting Strategies in Congressional Elections.” American Politics Quarterly 9:3-22.

Uslaner, Eric M. 1981. “The Case of the Vanishing Liberal Senators: The House Did It.” British Journal of Political Science 11:105-13.

Wagner, Randolph. 1981. “Public Response to Watergate.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Yale University.

Wattenberg, Martin P. 1981. “The Decline of Political Partisanship in theUnited States: Negativity or Neutrality?” American Political Science Review 75:941-50.

Wattenberg, Martin P. and Arthur H. Miller. 1981. “Decay in Regional Party Coalitions: 1952-1980.” in Party Coalitions in the 1980’s, edited by S. M. Lipset. San Francisco, CA: Institute for Contemporary Studies.

Weisberg, Herbert F. and Bernard N. Grofman. 1981. “Candidate Evaluations and Turnout.” American Politics Quarterly 9:197-219.

Welch, Susan. 1981. “The Impact of Political Issues on Political Efficacy: A Panel Analysis.” Micropolitics 1:71-86.

Welch, Susan and Philip E. Secret. 1981. “Sex, Race and Political Participation.” Western Political Quarterly 34:5-16.

Westlye, Mark C. 1981. “Competitiveness of Senate Seats and Senate Voting Behavior.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Wides, Jeffrey W. and Manfred Kuechler. 1981. “Electoral Perceptions and the 1976 Presidential Vote: A WLS Analysis.” Micropolitics 1:369-93.

Wirth, Clifford J. 1981. “Attitudes Toward Integration Among Black and White School Board Members.” Political Behavior 3:201-9.

Yiannakis, Diana Evans. 1981. “The Grateful Electorate: Casework and Congressional Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 25:568-80.

Zisk, Betty and Steven Rood. 1981. “An Introduction to Statistics.” Political Research.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1980. “A Comparison of Voting for U.S. Senator and Representative in 1978.” American Political Science Review 74:633-50.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1980. “Party and Individual Accountability in the 1978 Congressional Election.” in Presented at the Houston Conference on Congressional Elections.

Abramson, Paul R. 1980. “The Decline of Electoral Participation in America: Political Attitudes and Behavioral Change.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

Asp, Kent and Arthur H. Miller. 1980. “Learning About Politics From the Media in Sweden and the United States.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Bann, Charles A. 1980. “Black Citizenship in America.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Berkeley.

Barker, Lucius J. and Jr. McCorry, Jesse J. 1980. Black Americans and the Political System. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: Wintrop Publishers, Inc.

Bishop, George F. , Robert W. Oldendick, and Alfred J. Tuchfarber. 1980. “Experiments in Filtering Political Opinions.” Political Behavior 2:339-69.

Bishop, George F. 1980. “Experiments in Using Survey Filter Questions with American Public Affairs Issues.” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Bishop, George F., Robert W. Oldendick, Alfred J. Tuchfarber, and Stephen Earl Bennett. 1980. “Pseudo-Opinions on Public Affairs.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 44:198-209.

Black, Merle and George B. Rabinowitz. 1980. “American Electoral Change: 1952-1972 With a Note on 1976.” in The Party Symbol: Readings on Political Parties, edited by W. J. Crotty. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman and Company.

Blank, Robert H. 1980. Political Parties: An Introduction. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Bonor, Clyde Albert. 1980. “Voting Turnout in Presidential Elections: A Causal Model.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

Boyd, William A. 1980. “Testing Two Formal Models of Voter Registration and Turnout in the U.S., 1952-1976.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Cain, Bruce E., John A. Ferejohn, and Morris P. Fiorina. 1980. “Legislators v. Legislatures: A Comparative Analysis of Fenno’s Paradox.” in Presented at the NES Research and Development Conference on Congressional Elections. Houston.

Campbell, Bruce A. 1980. “Population Redistribution and Voting Patterns in the United States.” in Briefing on Implications of Internal Migration. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Campbell, Bruce A. 1980. “Realignment, Party Decomposition, and Issue Voting.” in Realignment in American Politics, edited by B. A. Campbell and R. J. Trilling. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Cannon, Lynn Weber. 1980. “Normative Embourgeoisement among Blue Collar Workers: A Re-examination Using Longitudinal Data.” The Sociological Quarterly 21:185-95.

Cannon, Lynn Weber 1980. “On the Absolute or Relative Basis of Perception: The Case for Middle Class Identification.” Social Indicators Research 8:347-63.

Cannon, Lynn Weber and Bonnie T. Dill. 1980. “Changes in Class Consciousness among Blacks from 1952 to 1978.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association. New York City.

Carmines, Edward G. and James A. Stimson. 1980. “The Racial Reorientation of American Politics.” in The Electorate Reconsidered, edited by J. C. Pierce and J. L. Sullivan. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

J. C. Pierce and J. L. Sullivan. 1980. “The Two Faces of Issue Voting.” American Political Science Review 74:78-91.

Claggett, William. 1980. “The Life Cycle and Generational Models of the Development of Partisanship: A Test Based on the Delayed Enfranchisement of Women.” Social Science Quarterly March:643-50.

Claggett, William. 1980. “Partisan Development and Aggregate Electoral Instability: A First Step in a Reconsideration of the Burnham-Rusk-Converse Debate.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Social Science History Association.

Clotfelter, James and Charles L. Prysby. 1980. Political Choices: A Study of Elections and Voters. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Clubb, Jerome M., William H. Flanigan, and Nancy H. Zingale. 1980. Partisan Realignment: Voters, Parties and Government in American History. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1980. “Belief Systems Organization in the American Electorate: An Alternate Approach.” in The Electorate Reconsidered, edited by J. C. Pierce and J. L. Sullivan. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman. 1980. “Liberal-Conservative Self-identifications: Their Origins and Meanings.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Converse, Philip E. and Gregory B. Markus. 1980. “Recent Evidence on the Stability of Party Identification: The New Michigan Election Study Panel.” in Realignment in American Politics, edited by B. A. Campbell and R. J. Trilling. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Conway, M. Margaret. 1980. “Mass Media Use, Candidate Contacts, and Political Participation in Congressional Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.

Conway, M. Margaret and Mikel L. Wyckoff. 1980. “The Kelley-Mirer Rule and Prediction of Voter Choice in the 1974 Senate Elections.” Journal of Politics 42:1146-52.

Conway, M. Margaret and Mikel L. Wyckoff. 1980. “Voter Choice in the 1974 Congressional Elections.” American Politics Quarterly 8:3-13.

Crotty, William J. and Gary C. Jacobson. 1980. American Parties in Decline. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company.

Darcy, Robert E. 1980. “Consensus, Constraint, and Political Polarization in Recent Presidential Elections.” Political Behavior 2:147-61.

Darcy, Robert E. and Hans Aigner. 1980. “The Uses of Entropy in the Multivariate Analysis of Categorical Variables.” American Journal of Political Science 24:155-74.

Devine, Donald J. 1980. “The Problem of Question Form in Describing Public Opinion.” Polity Spring:522-34.

Dyer, James A. and Bruce W. Robeck. 1980. “The Use of National Election Studies for Longitudinal Analysis of Congressional Elections: The Case of Voting for House and Senate, 1972-1978.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

El Azhary, M.S. 1980. Political Cohesion of American Jews in Politics: A Reappraisal of Their Role in Presidential Elections. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America.

Erbring, Lutz, Edie N. Goldenberg, and Arthur H. Miller. 1980. “Front-Page News and Real-World Cues: A New Look at Agenda-Setting by the Media.” American Journal of Political Science 24:16-49.

Erbring, Lutz and Arthur H. Miller. 1980. “Media Monitoring and Political Cognitions: A Feasibility Study Report.”

Eulau, Heinz and Jonathan W. Siegel. 1980. “A Post-Facto Experiment in Contextual Analysis: Of Day-and-Night-Dwellers.” Experimental Study of Politics 2:1-26.

Fee, Joan L. 1980. “Religion, Ethnicity and Class in American Electoral Behavior.” in The Party Symbol: Readings on Political Parties, edited by W. J. Crotty. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman and Company.

Feigert, Frank B. and W. Bowling. 1980. “The Impact of Televised Debates on the 1976 Presidential Election: New Myths and Old Realities.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, Il.

Fiorina, Morris P. 1980. “The Decline of Collective Responsibility in American Politics.” Daedalus 9:25-45.

Galderisi, Peter F. 1980. “Effects of the Direct Primary.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Gant, Michael M. 1980. “A Theory of Citizen Information Gathering in Electoral Contents.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Goldenberg, Edie N. and Michael W. Traugott. 1980. “Campaign Effects on Outcomes in the 1978 Congressional Elections.” in Presented at the Rice-Houston Conference on Congressional Elections. Houston, TX.

Goldenberg, Edie N. and Michael W. Traugott. 1980. “Campaign Effects on Voting Behavior in the 1978 Congressional Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Goldenberg, Edie N. and Michael W. Traugott. 1980. “Congressional Campaign Effects on Candidate Recognition and Evaluation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association.

Granberg, Donald and Michael R. King. 1980. “Cross-Lagged Panel Analysis of the Relation between Attraction and Perceived Similarity.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 16:573-81.

Gurin, Patricia, Arthur H. Miller, and Gerald Gurin. 1980. “Stratum Identification and Consciousness.” Social Psychology Quarterly 43:30-47.

Hartwig, Frederick, William R. Jenkins, and Earl M. Temchin. 1980. “Variability in Electoral Behavior: The 1960, 1968, and 1976 Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 24:553-58.

Hill, David B. and Norman R. Luttbeg. 1980. Trends in American Electoral Behavior. Itasca, IL: Peacock Publishers.

Hinckley, Barbara. 1980. “The American Voter in Congressional Elections.” American Political Science Review 74:641-50.

Hinckley, Barbara. 1980. “House Re-Elections and Senate Defeats: The Role of the Challenger.” British Journal of Political Science 10:441-60.

Howell, Susan E. 1980. “The Behavioral Component of Changing Partisanship.” American Politics Quarterly 8:279-302.

Hunt, John P. 1980. “Social Position, Political Consciousness and Political Behavior: A Multivariate Analysis.” Ph.D. Dissertation Thesis, Syracuse University.

Hurley, Patricia A. 1980. “Dyadic and Collective Representation in 1978.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Hurley, Patricia A. and Kim Quaile Hill. 1980. “The Prospects for Issue Voting in Contemporary Congressional Elections: An Assessment of Citizens’ Awareness and Representation.” American Politics Quarterly 8:425-58.

Ippolito, Dennis S. 1980. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy: Group Influence in American Politics. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Iyengar, Shanto. 1980. “Subjective Political Efficacy as a Measure of Diffuse Support.” Public Opinion Quarterly 44:249-56.

Jackson, John E. 1980. “Analysis of Pilot Study Issue Questions.”

Jacobson, Gary C. 1980. “Candidates, Campaigns and Contexts in Congressional Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1980. “The Case of the Vanishing Challengers.” in Presented at the Houston Conference on Senate Elections. Houston, TX.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1980. “The Dynamics of Congressional Elections: Notes Toward a Theory.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association.

Jacobson, Gary C. 1980. Money in Congressional Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Jennings, Jeanette. 1980. “American Value Orientation and its Impact on Policy.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Judd, Charles M. and Michael A. Milburn. 1980. “The Structure of Attitude Systems in the General Public: Comparisons of a Structural Equation Model.” American Sociological Review 45:627-43.

Just, Marion R. 1980. “Indecent Exposure: Media Impact on Political Attitudes.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Kagay, Michael R. and Gregory A. Caldeira. 1980. “A Reformed Electorate? Well, at Least, a Changed Electorate, 1952-1976.” Pp. 3-33 in Paths to Political Reform, edited by W. J. Crotty. Lexington: Lexington Books.

Kiecolt, K. Jill. 1980. “Attribution of Economic Blame.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

Kiewiet, D. Roderick. 1980. “The Electoral Effects of Economic Issues.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Kinder, Donald R., Mark D. Peters, Robert P. Abelson, and Susan T. Fiske. 1980. “Presidential Prototypes.” Political Behavior 2:315-37.

Klecka, William R. 1980. “Some Problems in Interpreting Canonical Discriminant Function Coefficients.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Klein, Ethel. 1980. “A Social Learning Perspective on Political Mobilization: Why the Women’s Liberation Movement Happened When it Did.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Knoche Fulenwider, Claire. 1980. Feminisim in American Politics: A Study of Ideological Influence. New York, NY: Praeger.

Kritzer, Herbert M. 1980. “Analyzing Changing Relationships: A Method for the Secondary Analysis of Relational Measures.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Kuklinski, James H. and Darrell M. West. 1980. “Prospective Economic Voting in House and Senate Elections.” in Presented at the Houston Conference on Senate Elections. Houston, TX.

Lengle, James I. 1980. “Divisive Presidential Primaries and Party Electoral Prospects, 1932-1976.” American Politics Quarterly 8:261-77.

Maddox, William S. 1980. “Candidate Images Among Voters and Nonvoters in 1976.” American Politics Quarterly 8:209-20.

Mann, Thomas E. 1980. Vital Statistics on Congress 1980. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.

Mann, Thomas E. and Raymond E. Wolfinger. 1980. “Candidates and Parties in Congressional Elections.” American Political Science Review 74:617-32.

Margolis, Michael. 1980. “Local Party Organization: From Disaggregation to Disintegration.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

McGlen, Nancy E. 1980. “The Impact of Parenthood on Political Participation.” Western Political Quarterly 33:297-313.

Miller, Arthur H. 1980. “Liberal-Conservative Ideology in the 1980 Election.” Economic Outlook USA 7:85-7.

Miller, Arthur H., Patricia Gurin, and Gerald Gurin. 1980. “Age Consciousness and Political Mobilization of Older Americans.” The Gerontologist 20:691-700.

Miller, Warren E. 1980. “Disinterest, Disaffection, and Participation in Presidential Politics.” in Presented at the Conference on National Elections 1980: Continuity and Change in American Politics. St. Louis.

Niemi, Richard G., Richard S. Katz, and David Newman. 1980. “Reconstructing Past Partisanship: The Failure of the Party Identification Recall Questions.” American Journal of Political Science24:633-51.

Parker, Glenn R. 1980. “The Advantages of Incumbency in House Elections.” American Politics Quarterly October:449-64.

Parker, Glenn R. 1980. “Can Congress Ever be a Popular Institution?” in House at Work, edited by J. Cooper and G. C. Mackenzie. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Parker, Glenn R. 1980. “Incumbent Popularity and Electoral Success.” in Presented at the NES Research and Development Conference on Congressional Elections. Houston, TX.

Petrocik, John R. 1980. “Contextual Sources of Voting Behavior.” in The Electorate Reconsidered, edited by J. C. Pierce and J. L. Sullivan. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Pierce, John C. and Paul R. Hagner. 1980. “Changes in the Public’s Political Thinking: The Watershed years, 1956-1968.” in The Electorate Reconsidered, edited by J. C. Pierce and J. L. Sullivan.

Pierce, John C. and John L. Sullivan. 1980. The Electorate Reconsidered. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Pomper, Gerald M. and Susan S. Lederman. 1980. Elections in America. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Longman.

Powell, Lynda W. 1980. “Issues Representation in Congress.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Presser, Stanley and Howard Schuman. 1980. “The Measurement of a Middle Position in Attitude Surveys.” Public Opinion Quarterly 44:70-85.

Ragsdale, Lyn. 1980. “The Fiction of Congressional Elections as Presidential Events.” in Presented at the NES Research and Development Conference on Congressional Elections. Houston.

Rapoport, Ronald B. 1980. “Sex and the Survey Respondent: Toward a Substantive Interpretation of `Don’t Know’ Responses.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Rivers, Douglas. 1980. “The Dynamics of Party Support in the American Electorate, 1952-1976.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Robeck, Bruce W. and James A. Dyer. 1980. “Party, Incumbency and Presidential Evaluation in Congressional Elections: House versus Senate.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Robeck, Bruce W. and James A. Dyer. 1980. “The Use of National Election Studies for Longitudinal Analysis of Congressional Elections: 1972-1978.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Robey, Bryant and Mary John. 1980. “The Political Future.” American Demographics 2.

Robinson, John P. 1980. “Ideological and Issues Voting in the American Electorate: Measurement, Trends and an Alternative Model.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Robinson, John P. 1980. “Ideology, Issues and the Changing American Voter.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association. New York City.

Robinson, John P. and John D. Holm. 1980. “Ideological Voting is Alive and Well.” Public Opinion 3:52-58.

Russell, Allen A. 1980. “The Political Representation of Political Campaign Contributors.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Sanders, Elizabeth. 1980. “On the Costs, Utilities, and Simple Joys of Voting.” Journal of Politics 42:854-63.

Santi, Lawrence. 1980. “Voter Turnout in Presidential Elections, 1964-1976.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

Sapiro, Virginia. 1980. “News From the Front: Inter-Sex and Intergenerational Conflict Over the Status of Women.” Western Political Quarterly 33:260-77.

Sears, David O. and et al. 1980. “Self-interest vs. Symbolic Politics in Policy Attitudes and Presidential Voting.” American Political Science Review 74:670-84.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1980. “The Effects of Presidential Campaigning in Midterm Elections.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Shaffer, Stephen D. 1980. “The Political Biases of Political Activists.” American Politics Quarterly 8:15-33.

Shively, W. Phillips. 1980. “The Nature of Party Identification: A Review of Recent Developments.” in The Electorate Reconsidered, edited by J. C. Pierce and J. L. Sullivan. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Skalaban, Andrew. 1980. “Do the Polls Affect Elections? Some 1980 Evidence.” Political Behavior 10:136-150.

Smith, Eric R.A.N. 1980. “The Levels of Conceptualization: False Measures of Ideological Sophistication.” American Political Science Review 74:685-96.

Smith, Jeffrey A. 1980. American Presidential Elections: Trust and the Rational Voter. New York, NY: Praeger.

Stimson, James A. and Edward G. Carmines. 1980. “The Racial Reconstruction of American Politics.” in The Electorate Reconsidered, edited by J. C. Pierce and J. L. Sullivan. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Stone, Walter J. 1980. “The Dynamics of Constituency.” American Politics Quarterly 8:399-424.

Stone, Walter J. 1980. “Notes Toward an Empirical Study of Representation in Congress: A Working Paper.” in Presented at the Conference on Congressional Elections. Houston, TX.

Tate, C. Neal. 1980. “The Centrality of Party in Voting Choice.” in Western European Party Systems: Trends and Prospects, edited by P. H. Merkl. New York: Free Press.

Traugott, Michael W. 1980. “Estimating Election Outcomes from Surveys of the Electorate.” in Presented at the Special National Workshop on Research Methodology and Criminal Justice Programs. Baltimore, MD.

Traugott, Michael W. and John P. Katosh. 1980. “The Consequences of Validated and Self-Reported Voting Measures in Studies of Electoral Participation.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Traugott, Michael W. and Maris A. Vinovskis. 1980. “Abortion and the 1978 Congressional Elections.” Family Planning Perspectives 12:238-46.

Valentine, David C. and John R. Van Wingen. 1980. “Partisan, Independence, and the Partisan Identification Question.” American Politics Quarterly 8:165-86.

Van Wingen, John R. 1980. “Biases in the Normal Vote.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Vanneman, Reeve D. 1980. “U.S. and British Perceptions of Class.” American Journal of Sociology 85:769-90.

Vinovskis, Maris A. 1980. “Abortion and the Presidential Election of 1976: A Multivariate Analysis of Voting Behavior.” in The Law and Politics of Abortion, edited by C. E. Schneider and M. A. Vinovskis. Lexington: Lexington Books.

Watson, Richard A. 1980. The Presidential Contest: With a Guide to the 1980 Race. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.

Weisberg, Herbert F. 1980. “A Multi-dimensional Conceptualization of Party Identification.” Political Behavior 2:33-60.

Weisberg, Herbert F. and Morris P. Fiorina. 1980. “Candidate Preference Under Uncertainty: An Expanded View of Rational Voting.” in The Electorate Reconsidered, edited by J. C. Pierce and J. L. Sullivan. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Williams, Christine B. 1980. “A Cohort Analysis of Ideological Consistency: Some Theoretical Issues and an Empirical Test.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Wolfinger, Raymond E. and Steven J. Rosenstone. 1980. Who Votes? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Wolfinger, Raymond E., M. Shapiro, and Fred I. Greenstein. 1980. Dynamics of American Politics. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Wright, Larry Lee. 1980. “Attitudinal and Behavioral Congruence of Coalitional Voting Deviations.” Ph.D. dissertation Thesis, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.

Wyckoff, Mikel L. 1980. “Belief System Constraint and Policy Voting: A Test of the Unidimensional Consistency Model.” Political Behavior 2:115-46.

Yiannakis, Diana Evans. 1980. “The Grateful Electorate: Casework and Congressional Voting.” in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.