The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Which Party More Likely to Favor a Strong Government 1964-2000

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Democrats"

  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Males 41 ** 37 ** 19 ** 24 18 30 ** 20 ** 19 ** 20 ** ** ** 30
Females 31 ** 24 ** 14 ** 15 12 17 ** 12 ** 7 ** 10 ** ** ** 18
White non-Hispanic 35 ** 28 ** 15 ** 18 16 26 ** 18 ** 12 ** 16 ** ** ** 26
Black non-Hispanic 44 ** 42 ** 24 ** 26 7 12 ** 9 ** 15 ** 11 ** ** ** 11
Hispanic ** ** 25 ** 17 ** 5 12 4 ** 6 ** 5 ** 8 ** ** ** 17
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 25 ** 11 ** 24 0 0 ** 0 ** 5 ** 6 ** ** ** 22
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 25 ** 22 ** 15 ** 17 10 16 ** 5 ** 6 ** 10 ** ** ** 6
High School Diploma 32 ** 24 ** 13 ** 14 9 13 ** 12 ** 7 ** 11 ** ** ** 14
Some College, no Degree 47 ** 41 ** 22 ** 22 20 32 ** 19 ** 15 ** 13 ** ** ** 28
College Degree/ Post-grad 61 ** 51 ** 23 ** 31 31 43 ** 29 ** 22 ** 26 ** ** ** 39
Income 0-16 Percentile 28 ** 22 ** 15 ** 19 9 11 ** 6 ** 7 ** 10 ** ** ** 9
Income 17-33 Percentile 29 ** 24 ** 23 ** 13 12 15 ** 14 ** 12 ** 10 ** ** ** 18
Income 34-67 Percentile 32 ** 30 ** 13 ** 17 15 25 ** 16 ** 11 ** 14 ** ** ** 24
Income 68-95 Percentile 45 ** 33 ** 16 ** 21 17 32 ** 20 ** 17 ** 18 ** ** ** 32
Income 96-100 Percentile 56 ** 53 ** 31 ** 41 34 41 ** 27 ** 18 ** 25 ** ** ** 50
Professionals 48 ** 45 ** 23 ** 27 23 36 ** 28 ** 17 ** 20 ** ** ** 33
White Collar 38 ** 30 ** 17 ** 16 14 23 ** 15 ** 14 ** 15 ** ** ** 18
Blue Collar 32 ** 23 ** 14 ** 19 10 17 ** 10 ** 9 ** 12 ** ** ** 17
Unskilled 42 ** 44 ** 11 ** 18 12 15 ** 5 ** 8 ** 19 ** ** ** 9
Farmers 38 ** 33 ** 10 ** 14 14 29 ** 16 ** 14 ** 12 ** ** ** 20
Housewives 30 ** 23 ** 13 ** 13 14 17 ** 12 ** 5 ** 14 ** ** ** 26
Union Households 34 ** 25 ** 12 ** 15 12 21 ** 11 ** 11 ** 12 ** ** ** 18
Non-Union Households 36 ** 31 ** 17 ** 20 16 24 ** 17 ** 12 ** 15 ** ** ** 23
South 32 ** 30 ** 17 ** 17 16 24 ** 16 ** 11 ** 13 ** ** ** 27
Nonsouth 37 ** 29 ** 16 ** 19 14 22 ** 16 ** 12 ** 15 ** ** ** 21
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** 10
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 6 ** 7 ** 6 ** 11 ** ** ** 23
Born 1943-1958 23 ** 28 ** 15 ** 15 14 19 ** 16 ** 15 ** 14 ** ** ** 27
Born 1927-1942 36 ** 28 ** 17 ** 20 17 36 ** 18 ** 14 ** 19 ** ** ** 28
Born 1911-1926 38 ** 32 ** 15 ** 25 13 22 ** 19 ** 11 ** 16 ** ** ** 23
Born 1895-1910 34 ** 30 ** 19 ** 16 16 23 ** 15 ** 10 ** 16 ** ** ** 0
Born before 1895 31 ** 32 ** 11 ** 17 20 0 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 32 ** 28 ** 17 ** 18 9 15 ** 10 ** 8 ** 9 ** ** ** 9
Independents 24 ** 17 ** 6 ** 9 5 10 ** 8 ** 4 ** 6 ** ** ** 9
Republicans 46 ** 38 ** 20 ** 25 31 41 ** 25 ** 19 ** 24 ** ** ** 43
Liberals ** ** ** ** 25 ** 23 16 23 ** 12 ** 10 ** 11 ** ** ** 17
Moderates ** ** ** ** 13 ** 17 11 18 ** 15 ** 9 ** 12 ** ** ** 16
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 21 ** 28 28 41 ** 29 ** 21 ** 26 ** ** ** 48