The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Government Services and Spending 1982-2020

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Cut Services/ Spending (1,2,3)"

  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16 '18 '20
Males 40 35 29 32 29 32 43 37 32 26 ** 25 ** 26 ** 43 ** 35 ** 27
Females 26 23 20 21 17 20 28 26 21 13 ** 15 ** 21 ** 33 ** 27 ** 17
White non-Hispanic 35 32 26 29 25 29 39 36 29 23 ** 23 ** 28 ** 46 ** 37 ** 28
Black non-Hispanic 15 10 11 11 9 11 16 10 18 5 ** 7 ** 7 ** 11 ** 9 ** 6
Hispanic 21 19 17 18 16 14 24 20 19 11 ** 18 ** 16 ** 22 ** 18 ** 13
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 18 25 27 25 21 42 21 26 17 ** 24 ** 12 ** 28 ** 28 ** 18
8th Grade or Lower 18 16 18 14 14 15 23 18 26 18 ** 8 ** 6 ** 15 ** 25 ** 13
High School (Grades 9-12) 27 25 20 20 18 18 27 24 22 13 ** 17 ** 16 ** 31 ** 24 ** 18
Some College, no Degree 35 30 26 31 27 29 42 35 26 19 ** 19 ** 29 ** 39 ** 34 ** 23
College Degree/ Post-grad 49 41 32 39 34 40 49 45 35 31 ** 27 ** 30 ** 48 ** 36 ** 25
Income 0-16 Percentile 18 15 17 11 11 13 18 16 21 6 ** 16 ** 14 ** 22 ** 21 ** 13
Income 17-33 Percentile 29 24 22 19 18 19 28 21 18 17 ** 16 ** 12 ** 28 ** 21 ** 17
Income 34-67 Percentile 32 28 23 28 22 25 38 34 28 19 ** 20 ** 24 ** 41 ** 32 ** 22
Income 68-95 Percentile 41 36 29 32 29 33 44 43 30 25 ** 26 ** 34 ** 47 ** 38 ** 27
Income 96-100 Percentile 54 46 31 49 35 46 46 43 39 26 ** 29 ** 42 ** 51 ** 50 ** 26
Professionals 42 36 31 35 30 34 47 42 33 26 ** 21 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 38 31 26 29 26 28 34 33 22 14 ** 21 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 26 23 19 19 18 20 30 23 24 18 ** 17 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 15 26 14 17 20 18 38 8 8 24 ** 12 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 35 38 28 38 30 25 31 42 11 31 ** 29 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 29 21 18 18 16 18 30 35 31 14 ** 24 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 30 25 18 21 18 24 33 25 20 15 ** 19 ** 19 ** 35 ** 28 ** 20
Non-Union Households 33 29 25 27 23 26 36 32 27 20 ** 20 ** 24 ** 38 ** 32 ** 23
South 36 26 24 24 19 25 34 28 25 20 ** 20 ** 28 ** 37 ** 33 ** 23
Nonsouth 31 29 23 26 24 26 36 32 27 18 ** 19 ** 20 ** 38 ** 30 ** 22
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 27 ** 25 ** 16
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** 8 19 17 18 10 ** 14 ** 21 ** 35 ** 24 ** 20
Born 1959-1974 23 23 20 19 17 23 33 30 27 20 ** 20 ** 24 ** 37 ** 34 ** 25
Born 1943-1958 33 32 23 28 27 28 39 35 30 23 ** 23 ** 25 ** 41 ** 38 ** 24
Born 1927-1942 37 31 29 29 24 26 37 32 25 18 ** 20 ** 22 ** 45 ** 33 ** 28
Born 1911-1926 31 25 22 26 23 25 37 28 26 19 ** 21 ** 36 ** 36 ** 27 ** **
Born 1895-1910 30 20 25 22 16 28 24 29 8 56 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 30
Born before 1895 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 21 15 15 17 17 14 22 18 19 7 ** 8 ** 9 ** 15 ** 12 ** 4
Independents 31 27 18 16 17 18 23 20 20 14 ** 17 ** 10 ** 29 ** 21 ** 17
Republicans 52 44 37 39 33 43 54 51 39 37 ** 35 ** 47 ** 68 ** 58 ** 44
Liberals 21 23 20 18 19 19 24 19 15 7 ** 7 ** 8 ** 17 ** 11 ** 5
Moderates 31 26 18 22 22 21 30 28 27 16 ** 15 ** 17 ** 29 ** 22 ** 15
Conservatives 54 47 41 43 38 46 58 52 40 43 ** 40 ** 49 ** 64 ** 63 ** 49
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