The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Aid to Blacks/Minorities 1970-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Govt Help (1,2,3)"

  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 27 31 26 29 23 19 20 28 21 22 22 19 18 15 24 16 ** 21 ** 17 ** 15 ** 25
Females 27 30 29 29 27 19 22 27 23 25 25 22 21 19 26 18 ** 21 ** 19 ** 15 ** 27
White non-Hispanic 21 26 23 25 20 15 18 24 18 16 18 16 15 13 21 15 ** 16 ** 13 ** 10 ** 20
Black non-Hispanic 79 71 69 60 54 41 47 49 40 45 49 38 39 35 44 29 ** 43 ** 44 ** 37 ** 53
Hispanic 57 30 24 51 53 35 33 40 28 46 32 30 26 25 35 22 ** 24 ** 23 ** 22 ** 34
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 13 44 43 57 38 24 18 32 25 48 22 19 23 11 19 14 ** 25 ** 26 ** 17 ** 28
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 26 24 21 24 26 16 17 29 18 26 24 18 18 20 37 20 ** 26 ** 23 ** 25 ** 42
High School Diploma 24 27 24 25 23 15 18 23 19 23 20 19 16 14 20 16 ** 19 ** 17 ** 15 ** 23
Some College, no Degree 32 37 34 33 25 21 20 29 24 20 25 17 19 17 26 16 ** 19 ** 18 ** 13 ** 23
College Degree/ Post-grad 37 43 41 41 29 29 34 39 31 28 32 29 27 23 30 21 ** 26 ** 20 ** 16 ** 33
Income 0-16 Percentile 31 33 33 36 36 24 23 34 24 35 29 27 28 25 29 20 ** 28 ** 25 ** 21 ** 30
Income 17-33 Percentile 29 30 33 31 27 15 22 29 21 23 27 20 22 15 29 23 ** 19 ** 24 ** 16 ** 25
Income 34-67 Percentile 26 28 27 28 25 18 22 27 21 23 24 19 15 15 24 16 ** 24 ** 13 ** 14 ** 26
Income 68-95 Percentile 26 30 26 26 18 20 22 26 21 19 20 18 17 15 20 15 ** 17 ** 15 ** 11 ** 26
Income 96-100 Percentile 29 32 15 26 18 13 20 30 21 15 20 22 27 20 29 10 ** 14 ** 13 ** 15 ** 25
Professionals 29 35 37 32 23 22 25 34 28 22 26 23 21 19 30 16 ** 26 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 29 33 24 34 25 21 20 27 21 24 22 20 18 13 20 17 ** 15 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 28 32 26 28 25 17 19 26 19 23 25 17 18 16 20 17 ** 22 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 42 46 38 25 37 26 21 21 15 29 23 26 13 30 31 9 ** 30 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 29 23 17 28 23 7 19 23 20 28 17 19 13 6 4 30 ** 23 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 22 21 20 19 22 13 18 20 21 19 18 20 15 20 22 20 ** 10 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 27 29 28 27 24 18 23 29 19 21 20 18 21 20 29 18 ** 23 ** 19 ** 17 ** 29
Non-Union Households 27 30 28 30 25 19 21 27 23 24 24 21 19 16 24 17 ** 21 ** 18 ** 14 ** 26
South 22 28 23 26 23 17 20 26 19 23 25 21 20 16 26 16 ** 23 ** 14 ** 16 ** 23
Nonsouth 29 31 29 30 25 20 22 28 24 24 23 20 19 17 25 18 ** 20 ** 21 ** 15 ** 28
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 19 ** 37
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 21 21 31 23 ** 29 ** 23 ** 17 ** 30
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** 34 26 25 34 26 26 26 23 22 19 25 18 ** 18 ** 16 ** 14 ** 23
Born 1943-1958 33 41 38 37 27 20 27 30 24 24 24 21 19 14 25 16 ** 19 ** 17 ** 14 ** 22
Born 1927-1942 29 28 22 29 19 19 20 26 22 21 22 19 18 18 19 9 ** 22 ** 15 ** 14 ** 20
Born 1911-1926 27 25 23 23 25 13 15 25 17 22 21 17 13 11 25 23 ** 18 ** 22 ** 9 ** 18
Born 1895-1910 23 25 20 19 24 20 14 20 13 22 13 16 7 16 34 26 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 15 23 27 24 36 10 14 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 34 36 35 34 31 26 26 36 29 32 30 27 29 24 34 23 ** 33 ** 28 ** 25 ** 43
Independents 22 26 24 22 23 14 15 27 17 18 19 19 12 18 19 15 ** 19 ** 12 ** 11 ** 18
Republicans 19 23 17 24 15 10 14 18 15 15 16 12 10 7 14 9 ** 8 ** 7 ** 4 ** 10
Liberals ** 61 53 52 41 39 45 47 40 39 42 37 45 36 44 27 ** 39 ** 35 ** 29 ** 54
Moderates ** 29 30 30 21 12 19 24 20 25 21 20 17 12 24 16 ** 20 ** 13 ** 13 ** 23
Conservatives ** 20 14 20 16 14 16 22 16 15 16 14 13 10 17 8 ** 12 ** 10 ** 6 ** 10