The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Federal Government Ensure School Integration 1962-2000

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Govt See to It"

  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Males 49 41 46 36 43 37 ** 25 26 ** ** ** 31 ** 32 28 25 ** ** 32
Females 46 42 46 40 46 37 ** 24 28 ** ** ** 30 ** 32 35 30 ** ** 36
White non-Hispanic 46 38 43 33 41 32 ** 20 22 ** ** ** 24 ** 26 26 23 ** ** 30
Black non-Hispanic 63 68 75 84 83 74 ** 62 57 ** ** ** 59 ** 61 56 51 ** ** 50
Hispanic ** ** 62 63 63 50 ** 24 45 ** ** ** 43 ** 43 52 40 ** ** 42
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 75 50 0 37 ** 32 64 ** ** ** 50 ** 33 33 35 ** ** 40
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 41 34 38 36 37 38 ** 28 31 ** ** ** 26 ** 34 30 35 ** ** 40
High School Diploma 48 43 47 37 45 34 ** 21 25 ** ** ** 28 ** 29 34 27 ** ** 36
Some College, no Degree 52 46 55 40 47 37 ** 22 27 ** ** ** 30 ** 30 31 29 ** ** 36
College Degree/ Post-grad 56 47 52 46 64 47 ** 32 32 ** ** ** 38 ** 40 31 27 ** ** 29
Income 0-16 Percentile 44 37 41 36 45 42 ** 32 32 ** ** ** 34 ** 39 42 33 ** ** 38
Income 17-33 Percentile 45 40 50 40 49 41 ** 29 33 ** ** ** 30 ** 29 40 34 ** ** 42
Income 34-67 Percentile 47 40 46 37 42 36 ** 22 24 ** ** ** 30 ** 31 31 28 ** ** 29
Income 68-95 Percentile 54 46 50 40 45 34 ** 21 24 ** ** ** 29 ** 30 26 23 ** ** 32
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 47 51 37 62 38 ** 28 28 ** ** ** 39 ** 22 26 26 ** ** 31
Professionals ** 43 ** 43 51 35 ** 28 27 ** ** ** 34 ** 35 33 27 ** ** 29
White Collar ** 40 ** 36 45 37 ** 22 24 ** ** ** 26 ** 33 30 25 ** ** 37
Blue Collar ** 47 ** 36 46 38 ** 25 28 ** ** ** 27 ** 29 30 28 ** ** 38
Unskilled ** 36 ** 48 65 43 ** 22 41 ** ** ** 33 ** 44 40 28 ** ** 30
Farmers ** 23 ** 37 34 46 ** 24 32 ** ** ** 28 ** 31 35 18 ** ** 26
Housewives ** 39 ** 38 40 33 ** 19 22 ** ** ** 29 ** 28 32 30 ** ** 32
Union Households ** 47 49 40 44 35 ** 23 29 ** ** ** 30 ** 29 31 27 ** ** 33
Non-Union Households ** 40 45 38 45 37 ** 25 26 ** ** ** 30 ** 32 32 28 ** ** 35
South 19 28 31 32 34 32 ** 25 26 ** ** ** 29 ** 40 35 30 ** ** 34
Nonsouth 58 46 51 40 49 39 ** 24 27 ** ** ** 31 ** 28 31 27 ** ** 35
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 28 ** ** 46
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 30 ** ** ** 41 ** 35 34 32 ** ** 32
Born 1943-1958 ** 35 64 43 57 44 ** 28 31 ** ** ** 29 ** 36 31 27 ** ** 33
Born 1927-1942 50 46 47 43 44 35 ** 21 25 ** ** ** 31 ** 26 30 23 ** ** 29
Born 1911-1926 43 43 48 38 42 32 ** 23 22 ** ** ** 23 ** 28 32 27 ** ** 36
Born 1895-1910 47 39 42 31 41 33 ** 22 27 ** ** ** 25 ** 15 34 28 ** ** 60
Born before 1895 52 27 34 32 38 40 ** 28 31 ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 47 44 50 45 48 40 ** 30 32 ** ** ** 35 ** 37 40 37 ** ** 42
Independents 59 36 48 32 34 38 ** 19 23 ** ** ** 28 ** 30 28 26 ** ** 26
Republicans 49 38 40 30 45 32 ** 18 20 ** ** ** 24 ** 26 23 19 ** ** 26
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** 58 ** 42 37 ** ** ** 46 ** 46 39 41 ** ** 37
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** 34 ** 22 26 ** ** ** 26 ** 34 34 32 ** ** 37
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 19 21 ** ** ** 26 ** 25 25 20 ** ** 24