The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Condition of Nation's Economy Over the Next Year 1980-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Get Better"

  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 37 46 30 24 25 13 33 31 26 25 25 ** 40 ** 28 ** 42 ** 27
Females 24 33 28 19 22 10 31 27 24 22 22 ** 33 ** 28 ** 42 ** 24
White non-Hispanic 29 41 28 20 21 9 30 26 22 19 20 ** 39 ** 23 ** 36 ** 23
Black non-Hispanic 37 26 24 24 39 16 34 39 38 37 40 ** 28 ** 42 ** 67 ** 36
Hispanic 39 33 44 26 26 19 41 35 31 41 33 ** 36 ** 43 ** 51 ** 30
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 7 36 28 32 20 20 31 25 33 28 22 ** 42 ** 36 ** 41 ** 24
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 35 27 25 23 16 15 35 38 26 28 31 ** 28 ** 59 ** 47 ** 26
High School Diploma 29 34 26 21 25 11 31 25 26 24 27 ** 37 ** 29 ** 38 ** 28
Some College, no Degree 31 48 32 22 22 13 30 30 24 25 22 ** 37 ** 30 ** 43 ** 24
College Degree/ Post-grad 26 44 34 20 25 8 34 34 25 20 17 ** 37 ** 22 ** 45 ** 23
Income 0-16 Percentile 31 23 27 23 28 18 34 36 38 33 28 ** 38 ** 31 ** 41 ** 25
Income 17-33 Percentile 24 39 24 23 26 8 30 27 21 29 30 ** 36 ** 30 ** 45 ** 30
Income 34-67 Percentile 26 37 29 22 22 10 31 26 24 20 20 ** 37 ** 26 ** 41 ** 28
Income 68-95 Percentile 32 45 32 19 21 10 31 29 22 20 18 ** 35 ** 27 ** 40 ** 22
Income 96-100 Percentile 38 53 37 25 25 14 37 34 29 19 18 ** 41 ** 26 ** 49 ** 19
Professionals 29 47 31 18 22 10 33 34 27 20 16 ** 35 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 27 43 31 22 23 11 34 29 20 25 27 ** 42 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 31 33 27 22 26 11 30 25 26 24 27 ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 44 33 15 21 18 20 24 31 14 28 32 ** 34 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 21 35 35 18 24 17 37 28 45 22 19 ** 24 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 29 36 28 24 16 10 31 27 25 17 26 ** 34 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 35 34 24 23 23 11 25 26 24 23 22 ** 30 ** 22 ** 43 ** 24
Non-Union Households 28 40 30 21 23 11 33 29 26 24 24 ** 38 ** 29 ** 42 ** 26
South 28 40 32 24 27 13 35 30 27 27 27 ** 41 ** 34 ** 45 ** 29
Nonsouth 30 38 28 20 21 10 30 28 24 22 22 ** 35 ** 24 ** 41 ** 24
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 45 ** 28
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 13 13 33 29 ** 44 ** 28 ** 42 ** 25
Born 1959-1974 28 34 30 22 28 12 34 28 29 27 22 ** 33 ** 28 ** 40 ** 26
Born 1943-1958 25 39 31 23 21 11 30 28 25 23 21 ** 38 ** 24 ** 44 ** 24
Born 1927-1942 32 39 27 21 23 9 30 29 23 22 19 ** 32 ** 32 ** 42 ** 27
Born 1911-1926 34 38 28 18 20 11 31 40 23 10 34 ** 37 ** 32 ** 43 ** 22
Born 1895-1910 33 45 21 20 28 10 48 30 21 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 38 67 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 34 26 20 20 23 10 29 31 32 30 27 ** 25 ** 25 ** 60 ** 32
Independents 28 28 23 20 13 9 23 21 19 16 26 ** 24 ** 26 ** 26 ** 15
Republicans 24 63 40 24 26 13 39 28 18 18 17 ** 54 ** 33 ** 25 ** 22
Liberals 37 31 24 18 21 12 25 32 30 28 24 ** 24 ** 23 ** 62 ** 32
Moderates 31 40 22 19 21 11 30 29 27 22 16 ** 33 ** 22 ** 38 ** 22
Conservatives 26 55 39 24 25 11 39 28 22 19 22 ** 52 ** 33 ** 31 ** 21