The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Condition of Nation's Economy Over the Next Year 1980-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Stay About the Same"

  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 38 37 48 55 51 27 48 54 60 54 54 ** 42 ** 42 ** 42 ** 53
Females 41 43 54 56 57 34 50 56 63 60 62 ** 50 ** 40 ** 44 ** 53
White non-Hispanic 40 40 53 58 57 29 52 56 63 58 62 ** 46 ** 43 ** 47 ** 54
Black non-Hispanic 36 36 44 44 40 37 42 44 53 55 41 ** 49 ** 35 ** 25 ** 49
Hispanic 31 44 39 55 53 38 41 53 58 50 53 ** 49 ** 33 ** 40 ** 50
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 57 55 35 50 52 27 47 71 64 64 55 ** 35 ** 38 ** 40 ** 51
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 36 46 52 52 62 41 48 49 63 57 51 ** 49 ** 28 ** 38 ** 47
High School Diploma 39 42 54 56 55 33 50 58 60 57 57 ** 46 ** 41 ** 45 ** 51
Some College, no Degree 40 35 49 56 55 26 50 52 62 57 56 ** 47 ** 40 ** 43 ** 52
College Degree/ Post-grad 43 38 45 55 50 25 48 52 64 58 65 ** 45 ** 43 ** 41 ** 57
Income 0-16 Percentile 39 50 47 53 51 38 47 45 52 57 50 ** 40 ** 41 ** 43 ** 49
Income 17-33 Percentile 44 38 55 52 55 40 53 61 65 56 54 ** 45 ** 39 ** 42 ** 49
Income 34-67 Percentile 44 42 51 58 57 28 51 59 63 57 61 ** 47 ** 40 ** 42 ** 51
Income 68-95 Percentile 36 38 51 59 54 27 48 53 64 60 61 ** 50 ** 46 ** 45 ** 57
Income 96-100 Percentile 34 29 47 45 57 16 51 49 59 55 58 ** 45 ** 33 ** 41 ** 56
Professionals 42 35 51 57 53 25 48 51 61 57 64 ** 45 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 40 38 49 56 56 32 49 51 67 55 55 ** 47 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 40 43 50 52 53 33 50 59 61 57 52 ** 45 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 29 39 49 60 57 29 52 60 67 49 50 ** 48 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 38 43 49 60 56 22 44 55 29 78 67 ** 61 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 40 42 55 57 61 34 52 56 56 68 64 ** 47 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 34 41 51 53 56 28 53 53 64 57 60 ** 49 ** 54 ** 43 ** 55
Non-Union Households 42 40 51 56 55 31 49 55 61 57 58 ** 45 ** 39 ** 43 ** 53
South 40 42 48 57 52 33 48 56 63 57 55 ** 44 ** 37 ** 40 ** 50
Nonsouth 39 39 52 55 56 29 50 54 61 57 60 ** 47 ** 44 ** 44 ** 54
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 49 ** 48
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 66 79 54 59 ** 44 ** 40 ** 46 ** 52
Born 1959-1974 41 45 51 57 49 33 47 55 58 55 57 ** 49 ** 39 ** 43 ** 54
Born 1943-1958 41 38 50 53 54 24 50 55 58 56 58 ** 45 ** 44 ** 38 ** 56
Born 1927-1942 37 38 52 54 57 30 50 55 66 58 65 ** 47 ** 39 ** 45 ** 53
Born 1911-1926 37 44 51 61 61 35 54 50 67 70 54 ** 44 ** 53 ** 48 ** 64
Born 1895-1910 45 39 55 65 57 54 39 47 67 91 53 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 38 33 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 39 46 52 55 52 30 53 54 61 56 59 ** 52 ** 44 ** 32 ** 54
Independents 33 50 50 51 56 31 54 56 57 61 53 ** 50 ** 39 ** 52 ** 50
Republicans 43 27 49 58 57 32 43 56 65 59 60 ** 39 ** 38 ** 53 ** 53
Liberals 36 41 47 56 51 26 53 51 60 55 62 ** 52 ** 41 ** 29 ** 53
Moderates 41 41 57 58 54 32 50 56 62 63 65 ** 50 ** 44 ** 48 ** 58
Conservatives 40 30 48 53 57 27 44 55 61 53 56 ** 36 ** 38 ** 48 ** 53