The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Condition of Nation's Economy Over the Next Year 1980-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Get Worse"

  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 25 18 22 22 24 60 19 16 13 20 22 ** 17 ** 30 ** 16 ** 20
Females 36 24 19 25 21 57 19 17 13 18 15 ** 17 ** 32 ** 15 ** 23
White non-Hispanic 31 19 19 22 22 62 18 17 14 22 18 ** 16 ** 34 ** 17 ** 23
Black non-Hispanic 28 38 33 32 21 48 24 18 8 9 19 ** 22 ** 23 ** 9 ** 15
Hispanic 30 23 17 18 22 44 17 13 11 9 14 ** 15 ** 23 ** 9 ** 20
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 36 9 38 18 28 53 22 4 3 9 24 ** 23 ** 26 ** 19 ** 25
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 29 27 24 26 22 45 17 13 11 15 19 ** 23 ** 12 ** 15 ** 27
High School Diploma 32 24 20 23 21 56 19 17 14 19 16 ** 17 ** 30 ** 17 ** 21
Some College, no Degree 30 17 19 22 23 62 20 18 14 17 22 ** 17 ** 30 ** 14 ** 24
College Degree/ Post-grad 31 17 21 25 25 67 18 14 11 23 18 ** 18 ** 35 ** 14 ** 20
Income 0-16 Percentile 29 27 26 24 21 44 19 19 10 11 21 ** 21 ** 29 ** 16 ** 26
Income 17-33 Percentile 33 23 20 25 20 53 17 13 14 15 16 ** 19 ** 31 ** 14 ** 21
Income 34-67 Percentile 30 20 20 20 21 62 18 16 13 23 19 ** 16 ** 34 ** 17 ** 21
Income 68-95 Percentile 32 17 17 23 25 64 21 18 14 20 21 ** 15 ** 27 ** 14 ** 21
Income 96-100 Percentile 28 17 16 30 18 70 13 17 12 25 23 ** 13 ** 41 ** 10 ** 24
Professionals 29 17 18 25 25 65 19 15 12 24 19 ** 20 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 33 19 20 22 21 57 17 20 13 20 18 ** 11 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 29 24 23 26 21 56 20 16 12 18 21 ** 19 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 26 28 36 19 25 52 24 9 20 23 18 ** 18 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 41 22 15 22 20 61 19 17 26 0 14 ** 15 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 31 23 16 18 23 56 18 17 19 15 10 ** 19 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 31 25 25 25 21 61 22 21 12 20 18 ** 21 ** 24 ** 14 ** 21
Non-Union Households 31 20 19 23 22 58 18 15 13 19 18 ** 16 ** 32 ** 15 ** 22
South 32 18 21 19 20 54 17 14 10 15 19 ** 15 ** 29 ** 15 ** 20
Nonsouth 30 23 20 25 23 61 20 18 15 21 18 ** 18 ** 32 ** 15 ** 22
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 6 ** 24
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 20 8 13 13 ** 12 ** 31 ** 13 ** 23
Born 1959-1974 31 21 19 22 23 55 19 17 13 18 21 ** 19 ** 33 ** 17 ** 20
Born 1943-1958 34 23 19 24 25 65 21 18 16 21 20 ** 17 ** 33 ** 18 ** 20
Born 1927-1942 30 23 21 26 20 61 20 16 11 20 16 ** 21 ** 29 ** 13 ** 20
Born 1911-1926 29 18 22 22 18 54 14 10 10 20 12 ** 19 ** 14 ** 9 ** 13
Born 1895-1910 21 16 24 16 15 37 13 23 12 9 47 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 25 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 27 28 27 26 25 60 18 16 8 15 14 ** 23 ** 31 ** 8 ** 15
Independents 38 22 27 29 31 60 23 23 25 23 21 ** 25 ** 35 ** 22 ** 35
Republicans 33 10 10 18 17 55 18 16 18 23 23 ** 8 ** 29 ** 21 ** 25
Liberals 27 28 28 26 27 63 22 17 10 16 14 ** 24 ** 36 ** 8 ** 15
Moderates 29 19 21 23 25 57 19 15 11 15 19 ** 17 ** 34 ** 14 ** 21
Conservatives 35 15 13 23 18 63 18 17 17 28 22 ** 13 ** 29 ** 20 ** 25