The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Respondent's Financial Situation Over the Last Year 1962-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Gotten Worse"

  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 17 ** 24 18 31 20 40 29 34 40 38 24 24 22 31 31 26 22 21 11 26 28 48 46 23
Females 20 ** 27 21 36 24 42 32 38 44 38 31 29 27 34 38 30 27 22 13 26 36 52 45 27
White non-Hispanic 18 ** 26 20 34 21 40 29 36 42 35 25 26 23 33 33 30 25 22 12 26 29 51 49 28
Black non-Hispanic 30 ** 25 22 34 38 47 45 40 42 55 44 35 32 35 40 22 24 26 9 23 42 52 30 14
Hispanic ** ** 31 7 83 10 39 49 43 44 54 36 22 31 26 41 24 26 13 12 21 34 45 40 22
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 0 25 25 13 59 29 42 44 45 31 20 24 36 35 27 25 26 13 28 31 47 51 24
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 24 ** 29 22 36 24 32 28 38 41 39 38 28 39 26 37 24 25 26 9 19 40 39 48 22
High School Diploma 19 ** 24 20 35 24 42 32 38 45 40 31 32 25 35 37 30 28 23 13 27 32 51 50 27
Some College, no Degree 14 ** 29 17 31 20 49 32 35 41 39 25 28 20 34 38 29 24 19 11 23 33 53 46 28
College Degree/ Post-grad 16 ** 21 16 32 19 39 28 31 37 32 18 16 22 27 26 24 18 19 11 28 28 46 39 20
Income 0-16 Percentile 28 ** 34 30 50 29 47 35 47 43 48 44 40 39 37 48 35 34 29 20 ** 43 52 51 33
Income 17-33 Percentile 26 ** 29 19 40 23 45 36 39 45 42 36 33 26 35 39 32 24 28 16 ** 41 61 51 32
Income 34-67 Percentile 16 ** 24 20 33 26 42 30 37 45 38 26 28 23 32 33 28 24 21 12 ** 28 50 49 27
Income 68-95 Percentile 15 ** 22 15 28 16 38 28 31 37 33 17 18 18 31 29 23 20 14 8 ** 27 44 38 17
Income 96-100 Percentile 8 ** 23 13 22 8 28 21 23 39 30 15 12 11 15 22 19 22 16 8 ** 25 43 30 21
Professionals ** ** ** 19 28 17 37 29 34 37 32 21 22 22 30 31 25 18 16 11 ** 31 ** ** **
White Collar ** ** ** 16 37 23 42 33 39 45 36 28 25 25 33 36 32 24 22 14 ** 30 ** ** **
Blue Collar ** ** ** 19 32 26 44 33 36 45 40 31 31 26 36 37 27 29 26 10 ** 33 ** ** **
Unskilled ** ** ** 25 60 21 44 29 33 28 53 41 34 28 29 36 22 30 32 24 ** 42 ** ** **
Farmers ** ** ** 17 31 15 25 22 30 39 48 23 35 26 31 36 21 33 11 27 ** 26 ** ** **
Housewives ** ** ** 22 40 21 39 28 36 44 40 30 28 28 26 30 34 24 20 12 ** 30 ** ** **
Union Households ** ** 27 18 38 26 40 33 37 43 37 27 25 25 28 36 27 23 19 8 26 34 56 43 20
Non-Union Households ** ** 25 21 33 21 42 30 36 42 38 28 28 25 33 34 29 25 22 13 25 31 49 46 26
South 17 ** 24 17 30 18 39 28 36 39 38 31 27 28 30 32 25 20 22 12 26 26 44 45 27
Nonsouth 20 ** 26 21 36 24 42 32 36 43 38 27 27 23 33 36 30 28 21 12 25 34 54 46 24
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 18
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 27 24 19 11 19 32 45 38 22
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 35 31 36 26 29 18 31 33 27 23 20 14 20 25 54 46 28
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 16 16 33 20 44 29 31 42 39 24 25 25 36 36 30 27 24 12 31 37 52 49 28
Born 1927-1942 14 ** 24 17 36 25 45 35 41 48 44 33 30 26 36 36 32 27 23 11 36 31 52 58 27
Born 1911-1926 19 ** 28 22 33 24 40 34 38 43 37 30 25 33 26 34 23 23 17 11 31 41 37 59 28
Born 1895-1910 22 ** 25 22 37 20 35 25 39 37 24 29 29 22 16 28 38 15 15 11 0 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 24 ** 30 21 24 21 15 12 35 8 13 50 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 19 ** 26 18 39 24 41 36 36 41 43 38 29 30 33 40 26 21 20 10 30 44 57 32 17
Independents 22 ** 22 26 35 28 40 26 34 41 42 29 34 29 33 38 37 29 30 16 23 28 47 56 38
Republicans 18 ** 27 21 26 18 41 26 37 44 28 16 22 17 31 27 28 29 21 13 21 19 42 59 30
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** 28 45 38 38 40 41 30 27 30 37 39 26 24 22 10 29 39 56 32 17
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** 21 42 32 39 44 35 32 27 22 33 37 27 22 21 9 23 34 54 46 25
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** 18 38 26 34 44 34 19 24 21 30 30 29 25 20 13 23 22 43 57 30