The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Respondent's Financial Situation Over the Next Year 1956-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Get Better"

  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 48 46 42 42 52 37 38 32 42 25 39 28 35 30 42 44 43 34 38 38 39 45 44 ** 43 40 38 37
Females 41 40 39 34 41 34 31 31 33 20 30 22 26 24 35 37 34 24 30 29 36 38 35 ** 36 33 36 35
White non-Hispanic 43 41 38 39 43 34 35 31 37 21 33 23 29 28 38 39 37 25 33 30 35 38 37 ** 37 33 32 31
Black non-Hispanic 54 61 57 28 68 43 27 29 35 27 42 28 33 20 36 41 43 35 36 42 48 48 45 ** 48 51 62 51
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 50 45 33 33 45 46 31 44 20 47 39 40 36 39 43 43 54 46 ** 46 48 47 47
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 50 33 67 33 8 23 50 38 27 38 59 31 50 35 36 28 50 38 ** 39 30 32 37
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 32 33 29 18 29 16 16 14 20 10 20 11 14 11 15 18 14 12 21 21 14 28 13 ** 26 28 28 37
High School Diploma 46 45 43 42 49 40 36 34 37 21 33 23 30 21 35 37 36 27 32 32 36 39 36 ** 38 35 34 36
Some College, no Degree 57 54 55 41 55 47 40 39 47 32 43 31 33 33 50 47 46 34 39 37 40 46 41 ** 46 42 41 37
College Degree/ Post-grad 57 53 46 60 62 39 46 39 45 27 39 30 37 39 45 47 45 33 39 36 43 43 44 ** 36 34 37 35
Income 0-16 Percentile 30 30 24 16 22 22 20 21 27 19 30 23 23 19 30 37 34 31 35 33 40 42 33 ** 37 35 41 35
Income 17-33 Percentile 41 40 36 28 40 30 27 20 42 14 27 26 29 23 33 40 37 24 34 30 30 37 35 ** 38 35 41 43
Income 34-67 Percentile 48 47 39 43 56 37 36 31 36 23 34 23 32 28 42 42 37 30 34 36 41 42 43 ** 41 37 36 35
Income 68-95 Percentile 49 48 48 52 56 42 44 38 44 26 40 26 32 31 43 42 44 28 35 35 39 40 45 ** 43 38 35 34
Income 96-100 Percentile 58 55 57 45 52 48 46 56 38 37 38 29 41 37 50 47 41 38 32 36 26 43 42 ** 42 34 36 44
Professionals 52 50 55 ** 52 ** 44 41 41 26 39 27 33 32 45 39 39 33 37 32 39 42 41 ** 40 ** ** **
White Collar 55 53 42 ** 50 ** 37 38 40 23 36 26 30 32 43 43 41 27 36 40 44 43 39 ** 41 ** ** **
Blue Collar 45 44 39 ** 50 ** 34 31 37 21 35 24 28 22 36 38 39 28 34 32 37 41 37 ** 37 ** ** **
Unskilled 37 44 40 ** 65 ** 5 0 38 34 38 28 40 31 27 48 33 38 26 15 25 56 40 ** 47 ** ** **
Farmers 34 29 28 ** 27 ** 14 5 16 16 22 20 23 18 32 45 35 24 24 30 21 46 28 ** 32 ** ** **
Housewives 40 36 35 ** 39 ** 29 28 30 19 26 19 24 20 28 32 26 17 26 26 23 35 36 ** 36 ** ** **
Union Households 45 42 37 ** 49 35 34 24 38 22 36 23 35 27 35 38 39 25 27 28 35 41 33 ** 39 32 38 34
Non-Union Households 44 43 42 ** 45 35 34 33 37 22 34 25 28 27 39 40 38 29 35 34 38 41 40 ** 39 37 37 36
South 43 43 40 34 46 29 34 32 39 20 36 22 32 29 38 39 39 30 38 35 41 44 40 ** 44 38 41 40
Nonsouth 45 43 41 39 46 37 34 31 36 23 33 25 29 26 38 40 37 27 32 32 36 40 38 ** 38 35 35 34
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 42 47
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 46 53 55 46 ** 55 47 49 47
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 47 40 33 55 58 53 45 50 48 57 54 52 ** 47 42 38 36
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 80 62 63 47 57 35 48 36 40 42 49 51 47 32 36 32 34 43 38 ** 34 29 29 23
Born 1927-1942 63 66 67 62 67 51 47 43 45 22 38 20 30 23 35 33 33 18 24 20 20 26 25 ** 20 23 22 18
Born 1911-1926 51 49 46 40 47 33 30 24 25 14 20 13 18 10 15 12 12 6 13 13 11 8 8 ** 25 12 15 11
Born 1895-1910 37 31 26 22 25 13 10 14 14 5 13 8 11 7 10 6 7 6 13 4 0 0 0 ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 15 14 13 7 8 15 6 13 9 7 8 10 13 0 25 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 45 46 38 39 48 38 32 28 32 22 34 25 28 21 32 35 33 27 32 34 40 43 40 ** 35 34 47 41
Independents 40 34 36 32 44 41 37 29 41 21 35 27 34 28 41 43 38 29 35 31 35 38 41 ** 35 36 28 30
Republicans 45 40 45 39 43 29 37 37 42 23 34 23 30 35 45 44 44 30 36 33 35 40 37 ** 45 41 29 31
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 40 26 41 32 37 33 43 44 44 37 35 46 42 42 51 ** 34 37 48 40
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 23 34 24 28 28 34 39 36 25 32 34 37 41 35 ** 39 34 35 35
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 42 21 39 22 32 32 45 41 44 29 39 33 36 41 39 ** 45 38 30 33