The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Respondent's Financial Situation Over the Next Year 1956-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Stay Same"

  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 43 39 48 52 39 52 51 46 49 42 49 43 43 51 49 45 49 47 53 55 54 47 50 ** 48 48 49 49
Females 49 49 51 60 49 54 59 55 57 48 57 51 53 58 56 52 57 60 59 63 55 57 59 ** 56 50 53 51
White non-Hispanic 47 46 52 56 47 53 55 51 54 46 55 48 49 55 53 49 53 56 57 62 56 55 57 ** 54 51 55 52
Black non-Hispanic 36 30 34 63 28 48 60 54 50 38 43 48 50 53 52 47 47 51 55 51 47 47 52 ** 42 41 34 40
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 50 55 33 44 35 30 37 36 65 48 57 55 50 52 53 52 42 49 ** 50 41 46 41
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 50 67 33 67 85 37 29 50 55 50 36 63 37 54 54 59 50 51 ** 53 52 54 52
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 54 52 58 73 57 72 68 61 64 56 63 54 59 57 71 62 69 72 62 69 76 68 83 ** 61 55 49 44
High School Diploma 45 41 49 53 44 50 53 51 54 44 54 49 49 59 56 53 56 57 59 62 55 54 56 ** 54 51 53 49
Some College, no Degree 36 42 37 54 38 37 50 43 43 41 46 45 47 52 43 41 48 50 53 53 52 48 54 ** 46 45 49 48
College Degree/ Post-grad 35 36 44 35 32 43 50 48 50 44 50 40 43 48 48 41 46 44 52 57 52 51 51 ** 54 50 52 52
Income 0-16 Percentile 53 50 58 75 58 62 66 57 57 51 59 46 57 49 61 49 52 58 55 58 51 50 56 ** 51 53 45 48
Income 17-33 Percentile 50 45 51 66 53 58 61 62 46 43 55 46 48 59 56 54 54 57 56 63 61 58 57 ** 49 49 48 42
Income 34-67 Percentile 45 40 52 52 38 52 54 51 55 44 53 48 48 54 50 49 55 54 57 57 52 52 54 ** 54 48 53 51
Income 68-95 Percentile 43 43 45 43 38 48 49 48 49 47 50 48 46 55 49 43 50 52 55 60 53 55 50 ** 49 49 55 54
Income 96-100 Percentile 34 31 40 53 41 38 46 24 57 38 50 47 34 54 44 39 54 46 60 59 67 49 53 ** 50 49 52 43
Professionals 40 39 38 ** 41 ** 50 45 52 45 51 44 46 55 49 48 52 48 53 60 55 52 54 ** 50 ** ** **
White Collar 39 35 48 ** 44 ** 54 52 54 45 48 45 46 55 48 46 51 56 54 55 48 50 55 ** 54 ** ** **
Blue Collar 45 42 51 ** 41 ** 53 50 48 43 51 48 49 55 54 50 53 54 57 59 55 54 55 ** 53 ** ** **
Unskilled 56 43 40 ** 29 ** 79 63 46 41 53 48 50 37 67 40 57 49 62 78 59 41 52 ** 53 ** ** **
Farmers 46 49 59 ** 55 ** 67 62 72 56 61 44 45 65 58 48 54 51 59 62 62 54 59 ** 66 ** ** **
Housewives 50 52 55 ** 51 ** 61 53 62 48 62 53 58 60 59 57 63 68 63 65 64 61 62 ** 55 ** ** **
Union Households 46 42 53 ** 44 55 56 56 51 44 49 47 45 54 57 48 54 58 60 62 55 51 57 ** 54 50 52 52
Non-Union Households 46 45 48 ** 45 52 56 50 54 46 54 48 50 55 52 49 53 54 55 59 55 53 55 ** 52 49 51 49
South 48 44 51 61 45 57 55 55 53 46 55 49 49 50 55 49 52 55 53 58 53 52 54 ** 49 49 48 46
Nonsouth 46 45 49 55 45 52 56 50 54 45 52 47 49 57 52 49 54 54 57 60 55 53 56 ** 54 49 53 52
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 43
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 50 44 39 49 ** 41 43 44 42
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 39 45 51 39 35 41 46 45 47 39 42 43 ** 48 43 50 50
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 12 32 30 43 38 37 42 44 42 45 46 40 47 49 54 60 58 50 55 ** 56 52 55 58
Born 1927-1942 31 25 29 34 29 39 47 42 45 45 49 46 45 53 55 55 58 59 63 70 67 66 71 ** 66 63 64 62
Born 1911-1926 41 42 47 55 47 54 57 54 64 49 64 52 54 70 69 71 71 70 72 76 78 83 83 ** 64 74 66 73
Born 1895-1910 55 52 59 71 57 73 73 66 71 59 72 57 68 63 75 66 75 83 66 84 81 100 100 ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 64 65 70 82 74 69 82 66 79 61 83 60 88 100 75 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 45 42 52 56 44 52 58 50 55 46 52 47 51 56 55 51 58 55 57 58 54 51 54 ** 54 52 47 49
Independents 51 48 50 58 39 46 50 51 46 37 52 46 43 50 52 49 50 59 53 57 54 54 50 ** 54 54 57 48
Republicans 46 48 46 54 48 56 54 53 54 49 55 49 48 55 50 46 49 52 55 61 56 53 59 ** 50 44 54 52
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 45 42 44 42 46 51 46 41 48 43 53 49 52 50 43 ** 56 50 45 50
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 45 55 42 52 52 58 52 55 58 57 60 55 51 59 ** 52 46 54 49
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 52 45 50 50 45 55 48 47 47 52 51 60 54 54 55 ** 49 48 53 51