The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Respondent's Financial Situation Over the Next Year 1956-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Get Worse"

  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 9 15 9 6 9 11 11 22 9 34 13 29 22 19 9 12 9 19 9 7 7 7 6 ** 9 12 12 14
Females 10 11 10 6 10 13 10 14 11 32 13 27 21 18 9 12 9 16 11 8 8 5 6 ** 7 17 11 15
White non-Hispanic 10 13 10 6 10 12 10 18 9 33 12 29 22 18 9 12 9 19 10 8 9 7 6 ** 8 16 14 16
Black non-Hispanic 10 9 8 9 4 9 13 17 15 36 15 24 17 28 12 12 9 14 9 7 4 5 4 ** 10 8 4 9
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 0 0 33 22 19 25 31 20 15 5 3 6 14 9 4 5 4 5 ** 4 11 7 12
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 0 0 0 0 8 40 21 13 18 12 5 6 13 11 10 13 0 11 ** 8 18 14 10
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 14 15 13 9 15 12 16 26 17 34 16 36 27 32 15 20 16 17 17 11 11 5 4 ** 13 17 23 19
High School Diploma 8 14 8 5 8 10 10 15 9 35 13 28 21 19 9 10 8 16 10 6 9 6 7 ** 7 14 13 15
Some College, no Degree 7 4 7 5 7 16 10 18 9 27 11 24 20 16 7 11 7 16 8 10 8 6 5 ** 8 14 10 15
College Degree/ Post-grad 8 12 10 5 6 18 4 13 5 29 11 30 21 12 7 13 9 23 9 7 5 6 5 ** 10 16 11 13
Income 0-16 Percentile 17 20 18 8 20 17 14 22 15 30 12 31 20 33 9 14 14 11 10 9 9 8 11 ** 12 12 15 17
Income 17-33 Percentile 10 15 13 6 7 12 12 18 12 43 17 28 22 18 11 6 8 19 10 7 8 6 9 ** 13 16 12 14
Income 34-67 Percentile 8 13 9 5 6 11 11 18 9 33 13 29 20 18 8 9 8 16 8 7 7 6 3 ** 5 15 12 14
Income 68-95 Percentile 8 8 7 5 6 10 7 14 7 27 10 26 22 13 8 14 6 20 11 6 8 5 5 ** 8 13 10 13
Income 96-100 Percentile 8 15 4 2 7 15 7 20 5 24 11 24 25 9 6 13 4 16 8 5 6 7 5 ** 8 17 11 14
Professionals 8 11 7 ** 7 ** 6 14 7 29 10 29 21 13 7 13 9 19 10 8 5 6 5 ** 10 ** ** **
White Collar 6 12 9 ** 6 ** 9 11 7 32 16 29 25 13 8 11 8 16 10 5 8 7 6 ** 5 ** ** **
Blue Collar 10 14 10 ** 9 ** 13 19 15 35 14 28 23 24 9 12 8 18 10 9 8 6 8 ** 10 ** ** **
Unskilled 7 13 20 ** 6 ** 16 37 15 24 9 24 10 31 6 12 10 13 12 6 16 3 8 ** 0 ** ** **
Farmers 20 22 13 ** 18 ** 19 33 12 28 17 37 32 18 10 6 11 25 17 8 17 0 13 ** 2 ** ** **
Housewives 10 12 10 ** 10 ** 10 19 8 33 12 28 19 20 13 11 12 15 11 9 13 5 2 ** 9 ** ** **
Union Households 8 16 10 ** 7 10 11 20 11 34 15 30 21 19 9 14 7 17 13 10 9 7 11 ** 7 18 11 14
Non-Union Households 10 12 10 ** 10 12 10 17 9 32 12 27 22 18 9 11 9 18 9 7 8 6 5 ** 8 14 12 14
South 9 13 9 5 9 14 11 14 9 34 9 29 20 21 7 11 9 15 9 6 6 5 5 ** 7 12 11 15
Nonsouth 10 13 10 6 9 11 10 19 10 32 14 28 22 17 10 12 9 19 11 8 9 7 6 ** 9 16 12 14
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 10
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 3 3 6 5 ** 5 10 7 11
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 15 16 6 8 5 9 5 5 5 5 5 ** 6 15 12 14
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 8 6 7 11 5 28 10 20 18 13 5 8 5 20 10 8 8 7 8 ** 10 18 17 19
Born 1927-1942 6 9 4 4 4 10 5 16 10 33 13 34 25 24 10 12 10 23 13 10 13 7 5 ** 14 15 14 19
Born 1911-1926 8 10 7 5 6 13 13 22 11 36 17 35 27 20 16 18 17 23 15 11 11 9 9 ** 11 15 20 16
Born 1895-1910 9 16 15 7 18 14 16 19 16 37 15 35 21 30 15 28 18 11 21 12 19 0 0 ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 21 21 17 11 18 16 12 21 12 32 10 30 0 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 10 13 10 5 8 10 10 21 13 32 15 28 21 23 12 14 9 19 10 8 7 6 6 ** 11 14 6 10
Independents 8 18 14 10 17 13 13 20 13 42 13 28 23 22 7 8 13 12 12 12 11 8 10 ** 11 10 15 21
Republicans 9 12 9 7 9 15 10 10 5 28 10 28 22 10 5 9 8 18 9 6 9 6 4 ** 4 15 17 17
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 32 15 26 17 16 11 15 8 20 11 6 6 7 6 ** 10 12 7 10
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 9 31 12 34 21 20 8 9 9 17 11 7 8 7 5 ** 9 20 11 16
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 34 11 29 23 13 7 13 9 19 9 8 10 5 6 ** 6 14 17 16