The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Is the Government Run for the Benefit of All 1964-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Few Big Interests"

  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 30 36 45 51 55 69 68 66 72 59 57 ** 64 72 77 76 71 62 61 46 58 ** 74 ** 81 ** 83
Females 27 31 36 49 52 64 65 67 69 63 53 ** 63 71 74 76 69 65 60 49 54 ** 65 ** 77 ** 82
White non-Hispanic 29 35 41 49 52 66 66 68 73 61 55 ** 63 74 78 78 71 67 61 46 52 ** 71 ** 83 ** 87
Black non-Hispanic 28 23 26 65 67 69 73 59 55 64 60 ** 70 70 75 68 62 60 63 55 70 ** 66 ** 68 ** 69
Hispanic ** 15 14 43 53 42 66 47 61 50 44 ** 59 49 59 73 69 50 56 60 51 ** 55 ** 67 ** 68
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 25 0 25 31 71 42 64 67 82 63 ** 74 54 62 76 60 59 59 53 63 ** 76 ** 79 ** 81
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 33 33 46 63 58 71 69 59 67 57 53 ** 66 65 64 61 64 58 72 33 53 ** 54 ** 53 ** 68
High School Diploma 27 36 40 48 54 66 68 67 71 60 55 ** 66 70 74 77 70 64 61 48 55 ** 69 ** 78 ** 79
Some College, no Degree 29 29 36 40 52 62 66 70 73 68 54 ** 62 76 78 80 73 67 64 49 56 ** 73 ** 80 ** 85
College Degree/ Post-grad 26 27 32 42 46 65 60 66 67 57 56 ** 60 74 78 73 65 62 55 49 58 ** 67 ** 81 ** 83
Income 0-16 Percentile 36 37 42 60 53 64 64 66 65 62 55 ** 68 63 67 72 60 58 63 ** 58 ** 62 ** 71 ** 72
Income 17-33 Percentile 26 37 41 58 61 79 67 67 72 59 55 ** 67 71 78 76 74 64 66 ** 61 ** 69 ** 79 ** 78
Income 34-67 Percentile 30 32 42 52 56 64 67 71 71 64 56 ** 68 72 77 78 73 66 64 ** 50 ** 73 ** 83 ** 84
Income 68-95 Percentile 26 30 35 41 49 67 68 67 74 62 55 ** 58 73 77 77 70 66 56 ** 53 ** 70 ** 80 ** 87
Income 96-100 Percentile 16 27 37 42 36 41 52 64 69 54 43 ** 38 71 78 74 66 66 53 ** 64 ** 57 ** 74 ** 84
Professionals 29 ** 37 44 47 63 64 70 68 59 56 ** 61 73 80 74 67 63 58 ** 62 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 29 ** 39 42 51 65 65 67 74 62 56 ** 67 72 75 79 70 68 63 ** 55 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 28 ** 45 52 62 72 75 66 71 62 56 ** 65 72 77 77 71 64 66 ** 52 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 34 ** 25 71 63 78 70 61 70 66 67 ** 79 68 76 78 68 75 65 ** 71 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 36 ** 56 73 54 64 55 60 90 59 58 ** 73 68 62 73 73 71 40 ** 59 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 26 ** 34 51 49 61 59 68 70 60 47 ** 55 70 67 76 76 65 56 ** 43 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 24 34 42 47 59 67 72 68 74 63 62 ** 64 75 83 76 73 61 60 48 60 ** 77 ** 77 ** 83
Non-Union Households 30 33 39 51 51 66 64 66 69 61 53 ** 64 71 74 76 69 64 61 48 55 ** 68 ** 80 ** 82
South 33 42 42 57 52 68 64 63 64 58 53 ** 67 70 71 72 67 60 64 48 52 ** 67 ** 79 ** 81
Nonsouth 27 31 39 48 54 66 67 68 73 62 56 ** 62 72 77 78 71 66 59 48 58 ** 71 ** 79 ** 83
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 70 ** 77
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 62 79 67 49 50 49 61 ** 62 ** 77 ** 80
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 45 61 50 50 ** 56 62 70 76 71 63 62 47 52 ** 68 ** 81 ** 84
Born 1943-1958 29 27 33 43 54 62 70 67 73 65 54 ** 69 74 77 79 69 68 61 47 55 ** 74 ** 81 ** 84
Born 1927-1942 23 28 35 46 53 70 65 67 70 60 57 ** 60 74 74 74 69 64 62 48 58 ** 74 ** 81 ** 82
Born 1911-1926 30 33 40 50 54 68 66 68 73 61 58 ** 62 79 83 71 68 67 67 54 55 ** 64 ** 68 ** 65
Born 1895-1910 34 38 48 59 54 67 63 69 65 58 54 ** 76 71 74 61 53 64 45 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 31 46 42 55 48 68 49 58 78 67 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 24 28 37 53 60 67 75 65 69 65 65 ** 70 75 78 75 67 60 59 56 70 ** 71 ** 76 ** 76
Independents 39 42 53 53 54 72 64 65 67 64 50 ** 67 69 76 79 76 70 68 60 60 ** 64 ** 81 ** 80
Republicans 37 39 41 43 43 61 54 71 75 54 46 ** 55 67 72 77 71 67 61 37 39 ** 67 ** 83 ** 90
Liberals ** ** ** ** 66 74 74 68 67 69 65 ** 69 77 81 78 65 68 53 57 70 ** 76 ** 79 ** 81
Moderates ** ** ** ** 51 65 70 72 74 64 55 ** 66 73 76 75 70 63 56 54 58 ** 72 ** 80 ** 82
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 46 65 60 69 76 60 50 ** 59 70 74 78 70 63 59 38 44 ** 67 ** 81 ** 90