The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Do People in Government Waste Tax Money 1958-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "A Lot"

  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 46 ** ** 50 ** 66 73 70 76 75 79 81 69 71 ** 66 71 72 71 62 60 60 52 63 ** 76 ** 72 ** 72
Females 41 ** ** 44 ** 54 65 62 73 73 76 77 63 60 ** 61 63 64 69 56 62 57 44 59 ** 69 ** 69 ** 70
White non-Hispanic 44 ** ** 49 ** 62 70 66 74 75 78 81 68 67 ** 65 70 70 73 61 63 58 47 61 ** 74 ** 75 ** 76
Black non-Hispanic 39 ** ** 34 ** 36 58 65 77 65 69 59 49 57 ** 56 64 58 57 47 56 54 41 62 ** 70 ** 55 ** 59
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 43 57 63 55 67 70 71 54 50 ** 51 46 60 62 58 52 60 55 57 ** 64 ** 62 ** 58
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 25 63 63 50 39 68 72 91 63 ** 52 54 43 68 46 87 71 53 62 ** 73 ** 68 ** 67
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 43 ** ** 43 ** 62 75 67 75 69 71 71 61 50 ** 62 61 60 60 50 57 70 67 73 ** 68 ** 60 ** 49
High School Diploma 42 ** ** 46 ** 55 65 67 76 75 78 78 65 64 ** 63 65 65 68 61 63 61 50 61 ** 75 ** 73 ** 70
Some College, no Degree 50 ** ** 54 ** 70 70 66 70 78 78 82 71 71 ** 63 71 72 75 60 62 59 47 62 ** 74 ** 73 ** 76
College Degree/ Post-grad 41 ** ** 53 ** 55 71 62 70 71 78 80 64 66 ** 63 68 70 73 56 57 53 42 56 ** 68 ** 67 ** 68
Income 0-16 Percentile 41 ** ** 45 ** 53 65 62 67 65 70 67 60 54 ** 56 61 56 56 47 57 60 ** 57 ** 70 ** 65 ** 62
Income 17-33 Percentile 42 ** ** 43 ** 63 66 67 80 70 74 79 66 64 ** 64 65 62 68 63 56 63 ** 64 ** 74 ** 72 ** 69
Income 34-67 Percentile 40 ** ** 46 ** 59 71 67 73 77 81 81 69 68 ** 64 66 71 73 62 66 58 ** 57 ** 73 ** 74 ** 75
Income 68-95 Percentile 47 ** ** 50 ** 58 69 67 77 76 80 83 64 69 ** 65 69 71 77 59 61 56 ** 62 ** 73 ** 71 ** 73
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 ** ** 54 ** 74 69 62 80 81 76 81 73 68 ** 62 71 73 68 57 63 64 ** 65 ** 72 ** 69 ** 68
Professionals 45 ** ** 51 ** 68 71 67 70 76 79 81 68 69 ** 63 68 70 73 59 62 54 ** 60 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 44 ** ** 52 ** 60 66 64 81 74 76 82 67 68 ** 66 63 68 69 62 60 61 ** 59 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 47 ** ** 44 ** 63 71 69 77 75 77 77 67 65 ** 62 69 69 73 61 64 62 ** 66 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 37 ** ** 28 ** 45 75 63 81 63 73 76 54 59 ** 60 61 66 49 54 55 54 ** 65 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 50 ** ** 47 ** 64 76 72 73 68 74 84 64 61 ** 69 68 55 69 51 41 53 ** 65 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 39 ** ** 45 ** 50 64 64 70 72 78 76 65 56 ** 62 66 63 68 54 68 62 ** 52 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 48 ** ** 41 ** 60 69 68 71 78 79 77 66 69 ** 64 67 75 72 61 64 58 43 62 ** 79 ** 71 ** 72
Non-Union Households 42 ** ** 49 ** 59 69 65 75 73 76 79 66 64 ** 62 67 66 70 59 60 59 49 60 ** 71 ** 71 ** 71
South 45 ** ** 47 ** 62 69 67 73 72 75 78 67 65 ** 61 67 63 64 55 59 64 49 60 ** 72 ** 71 ** 73
Nonsouth 43 ** ** 47 ** 58 69 65 74 74 78 78 65 65 ** 64 66 69 73 62 62 56 47 61 ** 73 ** 70 ** 70
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 ** 58
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 56 55 44 46 40 47 ** 66 ** 62 ** 69
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 66 58 49 53 ** 50 58 62 66 54 60 56 45 60 ** 71 ** 72 ** 73
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 43 ** 54 63 59 69 72 75 79 66 65 ** 67 67 68 72 60 65 59 51 63 ** 79 ** 78 ** 77
Born 1927-1942 37 ** ** 43 ** 55 66 67 74 77 80 83 70 71 ** 62 76 72 79 60 66 68 54 72 ** 77 ** 80 ** 74
Born 1911-1926 41 ** ** 48 ** 63 72 71 81 77 80 80 69 71 ** 69 72 74 69 70 64 66 46 67 ** 63 ** 76 ** 55
Born 1895-1910 48 ** ** 49 ** 62 74 68 76 71 78 76 61 57 ** 71 55 62 60 63 64 76 57 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 49 ** ** 53 ** 63 72 62 65 65 69 78 50 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 45 ** ** 42 ** 53 68 68 72 73 75 74 64 67 ** 63 68 67 65 55 58 54 47 62 ** 69 ** 60 ** 60
Independents 47 ** ** 55 ** 66 68 66 75 77 81 75 65 58 ** 67 59 69 66 61 63 63 51 66 ** 65 ** 75 ** 72
Republicans 41 ** ** 57 ** 68 71 63 76 75 80 86 70 64 ** 62 68 68 77 64 64 63 47 58 ** 79 ** 82 ** 84
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 68 74 71 77 74 57 70 ** 63 67 65 68 49 59 48 40 58 ** 69 ** 57 ** 59
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 66 73 76 81 79 66 68 ** 67 67 68 74 64 58 46 43 61 ** 75 ** 70 ** 69
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 79 79 81 86 75 69 ** 65 72 74 76 64 66 66 53 66 ** 76 ** 81 ** 85