The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Do People in Government Waste Tax Money 1958-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Some"

  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 40 ** ** 41 ** 28 22 27 22 19 18 16 26 25 ** 31 26 27 27 36 37 36 44 35 ** 22 ** 25 ** 24
Females 45 ** ** 46 ** 39 30 33 23 20 19 19 31 33 ** 34 34 32 28 42 32 40 53 38 ** 28 ** 27 ** 26
White non-Hispanic 43 ** ** 44 ** 33 25 30 23 20 19 16 28 29 ** 32 29 28 26 38 33 40 50 38 ** 25 ** 23 ** 22
Black non-Hispanic 36 ** ** 45 ** 45 35 26 13 21 21 29 39 28 ** 36 28 35 33 45 39 40 50 32 ** 27 ** 37 ** 33
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 29 36 33 42 17 16 20 27 41 ** 36 46 32 34 41 40 31 42 35 ** 31 ** 30 ** 33
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 50 25 31 50 45 20 28 9 30 ** 36 38 52 29 53 8 27 40 32 ** 23 ** 28 ** 28
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 37 ** ** 42 ** 28 20 24 19 16 16 16 23 28 ** 28 28 28 27 48 38 23 33 17 ** 20 ** 28 ** 46
High School Diploma 45 ** ** 46 ** 38 30 30 21 20 18 19 30 31 ** 33 32 32 29 37 32 35 44 35 ** 23 ** 22 ** 24
Some College, no Degree 42 ** ** 41 ** 27 26 31 27 18 20 16 26 27 ** 34 27 27 25 39 33 39 52 35 ** 25 ** 25 ** 21
College Degree/ Post-grad 51 ** ** 41 ** 42 25 37 28 26 21 18 35 30 ** 34 30 30 25 42 41 45 55 44 ** 31 ** 31 ** 28
Income 0-16 Percentile 36 ** ** 39 ** 33 28 29 22 19 21 22 30 33 ** 34 30 35 35 49 34 33 ** 34 ** 26 ** 27 ** 28
Income 17-33 Percentile 42 ** ** 50 ** 29 29 29 16 22 20 18 27 30 ** 31 30 35 32 35 38 36 ** 34 ** 23 ** 25 ** 26
Income 34-67 Percentile 45 ** ** 45 ** 36 25 31 25 19 18 17 29 29 ** 34 32 28 26 37 30 39 ** 41 ** 25 ** 24 ** 23
Income 68-95 Percentile 44 ** ** 44 ** 37 26 30 22 22 19 15 34 28 ** 33 30 28 22 40 38 43 ** 37 ** 27 ** 27 ** 24
Income 96-100 Percentile 46 ** ** 43 ** 25 31 34 20 17 23 17 24 30 ** 36 27 25 30 43 35 36 ** 35 ** 26 ** 29 ** 27
Professionals 47 ** ** 44 ** 29 26 31 27 20 19 16 30 28 ** 34 31 29 25 41 35 45 ** 40 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 45 ** ** 40 ** 35 29 32 17 23 21 16 29 30 ** 32 36 30 30 38 35 36 ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 38 ** ** 46 ** 29 24 27 19 18 17 18 28 27 ** 34 26 28 25 37 32 34 ** 32 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 44 ** ** 44 ** 50 21 34 16 20 22 17 33 34 ** 33 28 34 49 46 39 34 ** 32 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 26 ** ** 35 ** 24 18 24 21 16 16 13 20 33 ** 20 28 35 27 43 52 47 ** 27 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 46 ** ** 46 ** 42 30 32 25 20 17 17 28 33 ** 32 30 30 27 43 26 31 ** 39 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 37 ** ** 49 ** 36 28 28 25 18 18 19 30 26 ** 33 31 24 26 37 35 39 55 37 ** 19 ** 26 ** 22
Non-Union Households 44 ** ** 42 ** 34 26 31 21 20 19 17 29 30 ** 33 30 31 28 40 34 38 48 36 ** 27 ** 26 ** 25
South 38 ** ** 43 ** 31 27 27 22 19 18 17 26 26 ** 33 27 33 32 43 35 32 45 35 ** 26 ** 25 ** 24
Nonsouth 44 ** ** 45 ** 35 26 31 22 20 19 18 30 31 ** 33 32 28 25 38 34 41 51 37 ** 25 ** 26 ** 25
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 39 ** 36
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 62 40 45 44 51 54 49 ** 32 ** 33 ** 24
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 26 35 45 41 ** 44 38 34 32 44 35 40 51 38 ** 27 ** 26 ** 23
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 52 ** 36 30 37 27 25 22 18 30 32 ** 31 31 31 26 38 33 38 47 34 ** 19 ** 20 ** 21
Born 1927-1942 47 ** ** 48 ** 39 29 31 24 19 17 15 26 24 ** 33 21 24 20 38 30 31 45 27 ** 21 ** 17 ** 24
Born 1911-1926 47 ** ** 44 ** 35 26 24 17 16 16 16 25 22 ** 27 23 24 26 29 31 30 50 23 ** 29 ** 12 ** 41
Born 1895-1910 37 ** ** 41 ** 29 20 27 17 16 16 13 24 29 ** 24 40 26 38 37 36 15 43 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 32 ** ** 36 ** 22 23 27 26 15 12 22 33 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 42 ** ** 48 ** 38 28 29 24 21 20 21 30 28 ** 33 30 31 32 44 37 43 49 35 ** 28 ** 35 ** 35
Independents 41 ** ** 38 ** 30 24 27 20 17 15 18 29 28 ** 27 33 27 27 37 32 30 45 25 ** 33 ** 19 ** 21
Republicans 45 ** ** 38 ** 30 25 33 21 20 19 12 27 32 ** 34 30 29 22 34 32 35 50 41 ** 20 ** 17 ** 15
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 30 23 27 20 23 39 26 ** 33 32 34 31 50 35 50 56 40 ** 29 ** 40 ** 36
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 25 21 18 18 32 29 ** 31 31 30 25 35 38 46 55 37 ** 23 ** 25 ** 26
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 19 19 18 12 23 29 ** 32 26 24 22 35 32 33 44 33 ** 23 ** 17 ** 14