The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Do People in Government Waste Tax Money 1958-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Not Very Much"

  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 11 ** ** 7 ** 5 3 2 1 3 2 2 2 3 ** 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 3 2 ** 1 ** 3 ** 4
Females 9 ** ** 6 ** 3 4 2 1 3 2 2 2 4 ** 3 2 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 ** 1 ** 3 ** 4
White non-Hispanic 10 ** ** 5 ** 4 3 2 1 2 1 1 2 3 ** 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 2 1 ** 1 ** 2 ** 2
Black non-Hispanic 19 ** ** 19 ** 8 6 4 1 7 5 7 7 7 ** 5 4 4 8 7 4 4 9 6 ** 3 ** 8 ** 8
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 14 7 0 0 5 11 5 8 2 ** 8 6 5 3 1 8 7 3 5 ** 3 ** 7 ** 9
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 0 13 6 0 0 0 0 0 5 ** 6 4 2 0 1 5 3 7 6 ** 4 ** 3 ** 4
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 12 ** ** 9 ** 6 3 5 2 6 5 4 4 10 ** 6 5 6 9 1 5 6 0 6 ** 5 ** 9 ** 5
High School Diploma 10 ** ** 6 ** 4 4 2 1 3 1 2 2 3 ** 2 2 2 2 2 4 4 5 3 ** 2 ** 4 ** 6
Some College, no Degree 8 ** ** 5 ** 3 4 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 ** 2 1 1 1 0 4 1 1 2 ** 1 ** 2 ** 2
College Degree/ Post-grad 8 ** ** 6 ** 3 2 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 ** 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 0 ** 1 ** 2 ** 4
Income 0-16 Percentile 14 ** ** 10 ** 7 4 4 4 10 3 6 6 6 ** 7 4 6 6 4 5 5 ** 7 ** 1 ** 7 ** 9
Income 17-33 Percentile 12 ** ** 6 ** 4 4 2 1 3 3 1 4 4 ** 2 3 2 0 2 5 1 ** 1 ** 3 ** 3 ** 5
Income 34-67 Percentile 12 ** ** 7 ** 4 4 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 ** 2 1 1 1 1 4 2 ** 2 ** 1 ** 2 ** 2
Income 68-95 Percentile 8 ** ** 5 ** 4 4 2 0 1 1 1 1 2 ** 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 ** 1 ** 0 ** 2 ** 3
Income 96-100 Percentile 4 ** ** 2 ** 2 0 3 0 1 1 3 1 2 ** 2 3 2 1 0 2 0 ** 0 ** 2 ** 2 ** 4
Professionals 8 ** ** 3 ** 3 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 3 ** 2 1 1 1 1 3 1 ** 1 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 9 ** ** 7 ** 3 3 2 1 2 1 1 3 2 ** 1 1 1 0 0 4 3 ** 1 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 12 ** ** 8 ** 4 3 3 2 3 2 2 3 4 ** 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 ** 1 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 13 ** ** 16 ** 5 4 3 0 9 0 2 0 5 ** 2 7 0 0 0 7 7 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 15 ** ** 17 ** 13 6 2 3 8 5 0 7 2 ** 7 1 6 0 6 7 0 ** 8 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 9 ** ** 5 ** 3 4 2 1 3 2 3 2 7 ** 3 2 4 2 2 4 5 ** 9 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 12 ** ** 8 ** 3 3 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 ** 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 ** 1 ** 3 ** 5
Non-Union Households 10 ** ** 6 ** 4 4 2 1 3 2 2 2 4 ** 3 2 2 2 2 4 3 4 2 ** 1 ** 3 ** 4
South 11 ** ** 8 ** 5 2 2 1 3 3 3 3 5 ** 4 3 3 3 3 5 3 6 3 ** 1 ** 3 ** 3
Nonsouth 10 ** ** 6 ** 4 4 2 1 3 1 2 2 3 ** 2 1 1 1 1 3 2 2 2 ** 1 ** 3 ** 4
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 ** 7
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 4 0 10 2 6 3 ** 1 ** 5 ** 6
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 3 4 4 4 ** 4 2 3 2 1 3 3 4 1 ** 1 ** 3 ** 3
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 5 ** 9 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 ** 2 2 1 1 3 2 3 2 1 ** 1 ** 2 ** 2
Born 1927-1942 13 ** ** 7 ** 3 4 1 0 1 1 1 0 3 ** 4 2 3 1 1 3 1 1 1 ** 1 ** 2 ** 1
Born 1911-1926 8 ** ** 5 ** 1 2 3 1 3 2 2 2 4 ** 2 3 1 5 1 3 3 4 9 ** 2 ** 9 ** 4
Born 1895-1910 10 ** ** 7 ** 7 4 3 2 6 2 4 5 6 ** 1 2 5 2 0 0 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 12 ** ** 5 ** 6 4 4 2 2 8 0 17 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 10 ** ** 9 ** 6 3 2 1 3 3 2 3 3 ** 3 2 2 3 1 4 3 4 2 ** 2 ** 5 ** 5
Independents 10 ** ** 5 ** 1 6 4 1 3 1 2 1 7 ** 3 3 2 2 2 4 3 3 4 ** 1 ** 4 ** 7
Republicans 10 ** ** 3 ** 2 3 2 2 3 0 2 2 3 ** 2 2 2 1 2 3 2 2 1 ** 1 ** 1 ** 1
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 2 2 1 2 3 2 3 ** 3 1 2 1 1 6 2 4 1 ** 1 ** 3 ** 5
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 3 1 2 1 1 2 3 ** 2 2 2 2 1 3 7 2 2 ** 2 ** 5 ** 4
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 2 1 2 1 2 1 3 ** 2 1 2 1 1 2 0 3 1 ** 1 ** 2 ** 1