The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Are Government Officials Crooked 1958-2012

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Not Many"

  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12
Males 43 ** ** 48 ** 49 48 48 44 43 45 45 ** 50 ** 46 40 45 42 47 45 50 56 54 ** 44 ** 31
Females 44 ** ** 50 ** 54 51 43 40 38 39 38 ** 49 ** 44 40 43 36 47 46 48 55 53 ** 40 ** 31
White non-Hispanic 43 ** ** 48 ** 51 51 48 42 41 42 42 ** 51 ** 48 42 44 39 46 45 51 57 57 ** 44 ** 29
Black non-Hispanic 54 ** ** 56 ** 63 41 24 32 27 38 37 ** 39 ** 33 32 40 33 42 49 46 48 50 ** 34 ** 34
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 36 36 47 34 47 38 43 ** 53 ** 36 39 46 43 56 46 41 54 37 ** 37 ** 41
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 100 38 44 69 71 56 33 ** 46 ** 40 33 47 53 62 50 32 55 54 ** 27 ** 22
8th Grade or Lower 39 ** ** 45 ** 48 40 39 31 29 36 32 ** 34 ** 28 33 37 43 56 47 22 38 60 ** 46 ** 41
High School (Grades 9-12) 45 ** ** 50 ** 51 51 45 40 39 38 38 ** 46 ** 42 37 42 36 43 43 45 52 50 ** 37 ** 27
Some College, no Degree 48 ** ** 49 ** 54 54 50 46 46 43 44 ** 57 ** 49 40 46 40 45 45 53 57 58 ** 40 ** 28
College Degree/ Post-grad 51 ** ** 52 ** 59 60 53 57 52 55 54 ** 56 ** 54 50 48 43 55 51 56 62 54 ** 49 ** 37
Income 0-16 Percentile 42 ** ** 41 ** 50 39 39 38 34 33 35 ** 42 ** 32 33 38 36 49 42 39 ** 54 ** 35 ** 32
Income 17-33 Percentile 43 ** ** 53 ** 54 48 41 32 34 40 38 ** 47 ** 42 35 41 35 48 46 46 ** 48 ** 38 ** 25
Income 34-67 Percentile 45 ** ** 52 ** 54 53 47 46 42 43 42 ** 52 ** 46 37 44 42 44 48 50 ** 52 ** 42 ** 28
Income 68-95 Percentile 45 ** ** 50 ** 50 50 49 47 51 48 47 ** 54 ** 53 48 47 41 49 45 51 ** 60 ** 47 ** 33
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 ** ** 49 ** 48 63 57 39 39 49 43 ** 56 ** 58 57 48 49 46 40 52 ** 55 ** 52 ** 46
Professionals 44 ** ** 48 ** 53 56 50 46 45 47 50 ** 55 ** 51 49 51 45 52 50 55 ** 49 ** ** ** **
White Collar 48 ** ** 49 ** 56 54 46 46 44 42 41 ** 47 ** 46 43 42 34 44 47 48 ** 61 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 43 ** ** 48 ** 47 44 41 39 36 39 39 ** 47 ** 40 34 39 38 45 42 44 ** 52 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 48 ** ** 56 ** 55 58 37 30 37 36 37 ** 44 ** 36 26 31 48 52 79 47 ** 55 ** ** ** **
Farmers 35 ** ** 47 ** 56 44 44 40 31 47 26 ** 45 ** 38 28 49 34 44 43 68 ** 36 ** ** ** **
Housewives 44 ** ** 50 ** 54 49 47 41 40 39 34 ** 51 ** 47 41 41 33 39 37 44 ** 57 ** ** ** **
Union Households 40 ** ** 49 ** 47 47 48 37 41 44 41 ** 51 ** 47 44 44 38 46 44 52 58 59 ** 31 ** 29
Non-Union Households 45 ** ** 49 ** 54 51 45 43 40 41 41 ** 49 ** 44 39 44 39 47 46 48 55 52 ** 43 ** 31
South 39 ** ** 53 ** 54 46 41 36 34 39 38 ** 42 ** 39 34 45 39 46 44 44 53 52 ** 38 ** 30
Nonsouth 45 ** ** 48 ** 51 51 47 44 42 43 42 ** 53 ** 47 43 43 39 48 47 51 57 54 ** 44 ** 31
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 32
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 62 42 43 43 48 62 47 ** 41 ** 29
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 36 ** 52 ** 48 41 44 39 45 41 44 56 54 ** 40 ** 28
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 33 ** 59 51 47 46 44 44 41 ** 54 ** 48 42 45 35 45 44 53 54 55 ** 43 ** 33
Born 1927-1942 51 ** ** 51 ** 53 50 50 41 40 45 45 ** 47 ** 44 36 41 44 50 52 51 57 52 ** 41 ** 31
Born 1911-1926 42 ** ** 52 ** 51 46 44 39 38 41 41 ** 46 ** 38 37 43 39 53 53 48 45 70 ** 46 ** 36
Born 1895-1910 45 ** ** 45 ** 50 50 43 39 34 28 37 ** 39 ** 31 47 44 28 61 32 33 ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 35 ** ** 43 ** 47 53 37 32 34 23 44 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 43 ** ** 50 ** 52 48 42 44 39 42 44 ** 48 ** 42 38 44 40 48 48 47 55 50 ** 40 ** 35
Independents 44 ** ** 49 ** 50 39 46 32 38 33 36 ** 45 ** 41 34 37 29 35 42 41 42 45 ** 42 ** 25
Republicans 46 ** ** 48 ** 54 56 50 43 44 46 39 ** 53 ** 49 44 46 40 47 44 53 58 60 ** 44 ** 27
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 49 43 42 46 ** 53 ** 45 46 46 43 51 51 57 61 47 ** 42 ** 36
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 51 45 44 44 43 ** 49 ** 45 43 43 39 44 46 53 53 52 ** 40 ** 31
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 48 40 43 46 44 ** 53 ** 48 40 45 39 47 47 54 60 60 ** 43 ** 29