The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Are Government Officials Crooked 1958-2012

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Hardly Any"

  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12
Males 29 ** ** 22 ** 21 18 15 11 15 15 9 ** 18 ** 14 11 10 9 11 16 14 14 11 ** 6 ** 4
Females 24 ** ** 16 ** 17 15 13 9 12 11 8 ** 12 ** 9 8 8 8 7 9 13 14 8 ** 6 ** 4
White non-Hispanic 27 ** ** 18 ** 20 17 15 10 14 13 8 ** 15 ** 11 8 9 8 9 11 13 14 9 ** 5 ** 4
Black non-Hispanic 19 ** ** 20 ** 14 8 9 9 7 8 11 ** 10 ** 10 8 9 11 10 12 8 13 7 ** 4 ** 5
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 21 21 3 26 5 17 15 ** 16 ** 21 18 11 11 6 20 22 17 16 ** 12 ** 7
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 31 ** 16 4 11 ** 15 ** 4 17 10 3 10 21 13 12 11 ** 4 ** 3
8th Grade or Lower 25 ** ** 16 ** 16 16 14 10 12 11 11 ** 18 ** 12 9 13 4 7 19 22 22 ** ** 7 ** 9
High School (Grades 9-12) 25 ** ** 19 ** 19 16 14 8 11 12 9 ** 14 ** 10 11 8 10 9 12 14 16 9 ** 6 ** 4
Some College, no Degree 28 ** ** 16 ** 18 16 15 12 13 13 5 ** 12 ** 10 6 6 6 7 9 8 11 8 ** 5 ** 3
College Degree/ Post-grad 34 ** ** 22 ** 23 16 15 13 17 15 8 ** 16 ** 14 9 11 8 11 14 16 13 14 ** 6 ** 5
Income 0-16 Percentile 24 ** ** 18 ** 20 14 14 10 12 12 13 ** 16 ** 12 11 11 13 9 15 15 ** 8 ** 6 ** 4
Income 17-33 Percentile 24 ** ** 13 ** 14 15 16 6 14 12 10 ** 13 ** 11 11 8 9 6 14 12 ** 10 ** 8 ** 6
Income 34-67 Percentile 27 ** ** 20 ** 19 13 13 9 12 13 8 ** 13 ** 10 10 7 8 7 10 13 ** 9 ** 6 ** 3
Income 68-95 Percentile 28 ** ** 20 ** 21 21 16 9 12 14 8 ** 15 ** 12 9 9 7 10 11 13 ** 12 ** 3 ** 4
Income 96-100 Percentile 33 ** ** 21 ** 30 19 14 28 18 18 4 ** 21 ** 13 10 13 7 18 18 16 ** 13 ** 3 ** 4
Professionals 34 ** ** 21 ** 22 17 19 13 16 16 9 ** 16 ** 12 7 9 8 12 12 12 ** 13 ** ** ** **
White Collar 28 ** ** 23 ** 19 16 11 12 11 13 6 ** 14 ** 13 13 9 8 7 12 14 ** 7 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 26 ** ** 17 ** 18 16 14 8 11 11 8 ** 14 ** 9 9 8 8 9 13 14 ** 8 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 19 ** ** 22 ** 15 8 14 19 13 10 17 ** 10 ** 10 16 9 3 ** 2 9 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 25 ** ** 24 ** 18 11 7 10 13 5 13 ** 25 ** 9 10 11 11 7 26 13 ** 9 ** ** ** **
Housewives 23 ** ** 15 ** 18 15 13 7 14 12 10 ** 13 ** 11 6 9 11 8 9 14 ** 11 ** ** ** **
Union Households 27 ** ** 20 ** 23 19 11 12 11 11 8 ** 11 ** 9 8 6 7 6 11 11 13 8 ** 4 ** 4
Non-Union Households 26 ** ** 18 ** 18 15 15 9 13 13 9 ** 15 ** 12 10 9 9 9 13 14 15 10 ** 6 ** 4
South 23 ** ** 14 ** 14 11 14 8 10 13 9 ** 12 ** 11 10 9 8 8 12 9 15 10 ** 6 ** 4
Nonsouth 27 ** ** 20 ** 21 18 14 10 14 13 8 ** 16 ** 11 9 9 8 9 12 16 14 10 ** 6 ** 4
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 5
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 9 2 16 10 7 7 ** 5 ** 3
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 11 ** 14 ** 13 11 8 8 6 12 12 12 7 ** 6 ** 4
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 24 ** 19 15 14 9 11 13 7 ** 12 ** 9 7 7 9 11 12 13 16 11 ** 5 ** 4
Born 1927-1942 22 ** ** 17 ** 18 16 12 8 14 10 8 ** 16 ** 12 10 11 5 10 9 18 17 15 ** 8 ** 6
Born 1911-1926 27 ** ** 18 ** 19 19 16 10 13 14 9 ** 15 ** 13 9 9 11 12 17 18 30 9 ** 11 ** 6
Born 1895-1910 24 ** ** 20 ** 21 14 14 12 14 15 11 ** 19 ** 10 16 12 8 4 15 ** 43 ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 33 ** ** 17 ** 18 19 21 18 18 27 22 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 25 ** ** 21 ** 20 16 12 8 12 13 9 ** 13 ** 10 9 9 8 9 13 16 13 9 ** 6 ** 5
Independents 29 ** ** 11 ** 14 18 10 7 11 13 10 ** 14 ** 6 10 8 8 12 8 12 11 11 ** 6 ** 3
Republicans 30 ** ** 15 ** 18 16 18 13 15 11 7 ** 16 ** 14 10 9 8 8 13 11 17 11 ** 5 ** 3
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 8 11 15 10 ** 13 ** 10 9 9 10 8 13 12 9 9 ** 6 ** 5
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 9 14 12 6 ** 14 ** 11 9 9 7 8 11 17 17 13 ** 6 ** 4
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 12 14 13 7 ** 16 ** 12 9 8 9 9 12 11 13 9 ** 6 ** 4