The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Elections Make the Government Pay Attention 1964-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "A Good Deal"

  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 66 66 62 62 58 51 53 59 54 ** 40 ** 39 ** 50 ** 47 50 48 54 58 44 28 28
Females 64 60 57 56 52 49 51 53 48 ** 44 ** 35 ** 43 ** 38 41 42 49 53 49 28 26
White non-Hispanic 65 62 59 60 56 50 53 56 51 ** 42 ** 39 ** 47 ** 40 44 45 52 58 45 26 24
Black non-Hispanic 63 65 64 39 40 45 43 54 52 ** 52 ** 27 ** 45 ** 56 56 44 44 43 56 38 31
Hispanic ** 38 50 50 37 58 51 53 51 ** 34 ** 37 ** 45 ** 45 41 42 49 66 47 32 38
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 75 75 75 60 29 51 56 29 ** 30 ** 26 ** 49 ** 43 51 48 58 56 49 25 28
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 52 53 53 51 43 33 42 48 43 ** 40 ** 32 ** 45 ** 40 41 24 54 34 38 26 19
High School Diploma 68 62 60 58 55 49 52 53 50 ** 41 ** 35 ** 45 ** 41 41 39 46 52 43 27 25
Some College, no Degree 72 75 59 64 63 59 55 60 54 ** 45 ** 35 ** 49 ** 40 49 49 52 57 46 27 26
College Degree/ Post-grad 69 74 69 71 60 64 57 67 52 ** 43 ** 46 ** 48 ** 48 50 52 59 66 54 30 30
Income 0-16 Percentile 53 52 49 40 44 42 46 48 48 ** 40 ** 33 ** 44 ** 46 46 37 ** 46 47 31 22
Income 17-33 Percentile 63 59 56 47 53 42 49 54 48 ** 44 ** 31 ** 45 ** 40 44 41 ** 54 48 27 27
Income 34-67 Percentile 69 60 60 57 56 53 54 57 52 ** 43 ** 38 ** 48 ** 36 41 46 ** 56 44 26 25
Income 68-95 Percentile 70 69 66 71 58 54 54 63 55 ** 42 ** 42 ** 48 ** 46 50 52 ** 59 49 28 30
Income 96-100 Percentile 76 82 75 71 72 80 69 64 48 ** 45 ** 47 ** 53 ** 54 54 57 ** 76 51 36 33
Professionals 68 ** 64 70 59 56 54 62 56 ** 43 ** 40 ** 49 ** 46 51 48 ** 57 ** ** **
White Collar 75 ** 59 58 59 57 55 54 51 ** 42 ** 35 ** 47 ** 40 39 45 ** 55 ** ** **
Blue Collar 63 ** 60 61 53 46 49 54 51 ** 43 ** 37 ** 46 ** 41 47 40 ** 54 ** ** **
Unskilled 56 ** 70 24 49 41 45 59 58 ** 39 ** 26 ** 49 ** 27 35 52 ** 47 ** ** **
Farmers 57 ** 53 41 43 48 50 43 38 ** 38 ** 35 ** 50 ** 34 60 53 ** 60 ** ** **
Housewives 62 ** 57 52 52 46 51 53 43 ** 42 ** 38 ** 41 ** 38 37 44 ** 68 ** ** **
Union Households 73 58 61 60 51 52 52 57 51 ** 44 ** 39 ** 49 ** 45 48 51 50 55 47 29 29
Non-Union Households 62 64 59 58 56 49 52 55 50 ** 42 ** 37 ** 46 ** 41 45 43 51 56 47 28 26
South 61 62 60 53 56 40 47 55 54 ** 45 ** 36 ** 44 ** 45 46 43 52 59 47 29 26
Nonsouth 66 63 59 61 54 54 53 56 49 ** 41 ** 37 ** 48 ** 41 45 45 51 55 47 28 27
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 26 26
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 ** 40 42 35 43 48 42 25 24
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 51 42 ** 42 ** 33 ** 42 ** 36 42 42 46 55 48 28 27
Born 1943-1958 67 62 56 54 55 53 52 55 51 ** 39 ** 35 ** 45 ** 40 47 48 55 62 48 29 28
Born 1927-1942 70 63 60 62 57 53 50 57 53 ** 44 ** 41 ** 49 ** 48 51 50 62 57 51 31 33
Born 1911-1926 67 66 64 66 55 51 55 57 49 ** 47 ** 41 ** 53 ** 54 47 45 59 54 51 37 29
Born 1895-1910 60 65 59 49 48 42 53 55 52 ** 42 ** 36 ** 48 ** 58 28 33 43 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 48 42 42 44 50 30 33 52 70 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 69 63 59 58 51 52 51 57 49 ** 43 ** 34 ** 50 ** 44 51 45 49 49 53 30 32
Independents 52 54 53 56 47 38 42 46 42 ** 30 ** 31 ** 34 ** 31 30 38 32 37 28 18 15
Republicans 61 66 64 61 62 53 56 59 56 ** 45 ** 43 ** 46 ** 42 44 46 59 69 44 29 25
Liberals ** ** ** ** 57 57 58 60 48 ** 43 ** 35 ** 52 ** 45 46 54 55 53 56 28 32
Moderates ** ** ** ** 57 52 56 58 50 ** 40 ** 39 ** 48 ** 36 45 49 54 49 41 23 26
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 61 55 57 62 58 ** 48 ** 43 ** 48 ** 46 48 50 58 71 49 30 26