The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Contacted by Democratic Party 1956-2020

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Yes"

  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16 '18 '20
Males 13 ** 12 ** 17 20 16 ** 20 17 20 21 13 22 15 16 14 11 15 14 13 20 23 27 30 ** 32 ** 28 ** 23 ** 29
Females 11 ** 13 ** 14 16 16 ** 19 14 17 18 14 22 14 16 14 11 12 15 16 17 21 29 33 ** 33 ** 32 ** 23 ** 28
White non-Hispanic 12 ** 13 ** 15 19 15 ** 20 16 19 19 14 22 15 16 14 11 14 15 15 19 22 30 36 ** 34 ** 30 ** 23 ** 27
Black non-Hispanic 10 ** 12 ** 17 11 22 ** 16 13 15 21 16 24 11 17 15 12 13 12 13 15 24 28 24 ** 35 ** 36 ** 29 ** 34
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 ** 8 11 14 14 2 17 12 10 19 8 15 16 10 18 11 18 14 ** 26 ** 25 ** 22 ** 28
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** 25 ** 13 6 ** 8 12 10 10 11 14 8 4 17 20 23 32 20 26 ** 29 ** 22 ** 21 ** 31
8th Grade or Lower 10 ** 9 ** 11 10 11 ** 14 10 13 17 11 12 9 9 8 8 8 14 10 8 21 36 23 ** 22 ** 28 ** 23 ** 8
High School (Grades 9-12) 12 ** 14 ** 14 19 14 ** 19 14 16 17 12 20 13 14 12 10 11 11 12 17 18 22 26 ** 29 ** 30 ** 21 ** 21
Some College, no Degree 15 ** 19 ** 20 20 20 ** 24 21 21 17 18 24 18 18 15 10 14 16 17 20 21 27 32 ** 31 ** 28 ** 23 ** 28
College Degree/ Post-grad 13 ** 11 ** 26 25 27 ** 26 20 25 30 14 28 19 21 21 16 19 20 17 22 30 39 40 ** 40 ** 32 ** 27 ** 35
Income 0-16 Percentile 9 ** 7 ** 10 8 12 ** 12 10 9 14 10 17 8 12 9 10 8 8 10 13 11 ** 18 ** 31 ** 29 ** 22 ** 23
Income 17-33 Percentile 14 ** 9 ** 14 10 11 ** 18 12 16 18 15 18 15 16 13 9 10 15 14 15 20 ** 31 ** 32 ** 27 ** 22 ** 25
Income 34-67 Percentile 10 ** 15 ** 12 16 17 ** 20 17 20 18 15 18 16 14 17 8 13 14 13 17 22 ** 28 ** 35 ** 31 ** 22 ** 27
Income 68-95 Percentile 13 ** 16 ** 18 24 22 ** 25 19 21 26 12 29 18 20 16 13 19 19 17 26 27 ** 42 ** 33 ** 32 ** 24 ** 33
Income 96-100 Percentile 11 ** 8 ** 33 30 15 ** 21 18 31 21 13 28 10 22 16 15 15 18 22 22 22 ** 46 ** 31 ** 28 ** 34 ** 29
Professionals 13 ** 16 ** 24 ** 22 ** 25 22 23 26 17 25 16 21 18 14 18 21 18 26 28 ** 37 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 15 ** 13 ** 16 ** 20 ** 23 19 19 21 13 25 18 17 16 11 13 14 16 18 20 ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 12 ** 13 ** 14 ** 13 ** 17 13 17 17 13 19 13 14 11 9 11 12 13 14 18 ** 29 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 14 ** 3 ** 13 ** 5 ** ** 5 18 13 10 16 14 5 7 12 13 12 7 16 19 ** 18 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 9 ** 4 ** 7 ** 9 ** 17 8 1 14 3 21 5 7 15 7 5 9 9 28 10 ** 31 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 10 ** 14 ** 14 ** 14 ** 19 13 17 16 14 21 13 17 11 12 15 18 12 19 22 ** 17 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 12 ** 17 ** 19 20 14 ** 22 17 23 23 15 23 17 19 16 12 20 19 19 25 31 31 44 ** 38 ** 35 ** 30 ** 33
Non-Union Households 12 ** 11 ** 14 17 17 ** 19 15 16 18 13 21 14 15 14 11 12 14 14 17 20 28 29 ** 32 ** 29 ** 22 ** 28
South 10 ** 9 ** 13 15 14 ** 11 8 13 18 12 22 10 14 11 11 12 12 10 10 15 24 20 ** 29 ** 28 ** 21 ** 29
Nonsouth 12 ** 14 ** 16 18 17 ** 23 18 20 20 15 22 16 17 16 11 14 16 17 23 25 30 37 ** 36 ** 31 ** 24 ** 28
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 ** 18 ** 31
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 3 8 7 8 9 18 ** 21 ** 17 ** 19 ** 32
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 9 9 10 8 9 8 5 10 8 10 14 16 27 31 ** 30 ** 29 ** 22 ** 27
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 10 14 10 ** 22 17 17 17 10 23 15 15 14 11 14 18 15 22 28 32 34 ** 38 ** 41 ** 29 ** 26
Born 1927-1942 8 ** 16 ** 17 18 19 ** 21 15 20 20 17 25 15 20 16 13 17 21 19 25 29 40 41 ** 49 ** 46 ** 35 ** 23
Born 1911-1926 14 ** 14 ** 16 21 17 ** 18 15 18 23 20 23 20 22 21 17 16 20 22 26 32 39 41 ** 45 ** 28 ** 30 ** 29
Born 1895-1910 12 ** 10 ** 13 15 12 ** 20 15 17 21 10 19 12 17 15 13 14 12 12 60 23 19 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 34
Born before 1895 10 ** 10 ** 13 11 17 ** 14 11 17 13 20 33 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 13 ** 14 ** 16 18 17 ** 24 19 21 21 15 25 16 20 18 14 17 18 17 20 26 30 35 ** 41 ** 36 ** 30 ** 35
Independents 14 ** 14 ** 9 16 9 ** 14 12 12 11 11 11 9 12 11 6 6 9 9 18 17 22 31 ** 19 ** 30 ** 19 ** 26
Republicans 10 ** 13 ** 17 17 16 ** 16 12 17 20 13 19 14 12 11 8 12 13 13 16 19 27 28 ** 26 ** 23 ** 17 ** 23
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 22 25 23 22 26 18 20 20 16 17 20 18 24 32 32 37 ** 43 ** 37 ** 30 ** 38
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 19 19 21 14 23 15 17 18 11 15 16 16 17 19 31 31 ** 33 ** 32 ** 24 ** 29
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 22 16 21 21 13 24 17 17 13 12 15 17 13 22 23 28 33 ** 31 ** 27 ** 21 ** 23