The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Contacted by Democratic Party 1956-2020

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "No"

  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16 '18 '20
Males 87 ** 88 ** 83 80 84 ** 80 83 80 79 87 78 85 84 86 89 85 86 87 80 77 73 70 ** 68 ** 72 ** 77 ** 71
Females 89 ** 87 ** 86 84 84 ** 81 86 83 82 86 78 86 84 86 89 88 85 84 83 79 71 67 ** 67 ** 68 ** 77 ** 72
White non-Hispanic 88 ** 87 ** 85 81 85 ** 80 84 81 81 86 78 85 84 86 89 86 85 85 81 78 70 64 ** 66 ** 70 ** 77 ** 73
Black non-Hispanic 90 ** 88 ** 83 89 78 ** 84 87 85 79 84 76 89 83 85 88 87 88 87 85 76 72 76 ** 65 ** 64 ** 71 ** 66
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 100 93 ** 92 89 86 86 98 83 88 90 81 92 85 84 90 82 89 82 86 ** 74 ** 75 ** 78 ** 72
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 100 75 ** 88 94 100 92 88 90 90 89 86 92 96 83 80 77 68 80 74 ** 71 ** 78 ** 79 ** 69
8th Grade or Lower 90 ** 91 ** 89 90 89 ** 86 90 87 83 89 88 91 91 92 92 92 86 90 92 79 64 77 ** 78 ** 72 ** 77 ** 92
High School (Grades 9-12) 88 ** 86 ** 86 81 86 ** 81 86 84 83 88 80 87 86 88 90 89 89 88 83 82 78 74 ** 71 ** 70 ** 79 ** 79
Some College, no Degree 85 ** 81 ** 80 80 80 ** 76 79 79 83 82 76 82 82 85 90 86 84 83 80 79 73 68 ** 69 ** 72 ** 77 ** 72
College Degree/ Post-grad 87 ** 89 ** 74 75 73 ** 74 80 75 70 86 72 81 79 79 84 81 80 83 78 70 61 60 ** 60 ** 68 ** 73 ** 65
Income 0-16 Percentile 91 ** 93 ** 90 92 88 ** 88 90 91 86 90 83 92 88 91 90 92 92 90 87 89 ** 82 ** 69 ** 71 ** 78 ** 77
Income 17-33 Percentile 86 ** 91 ** 86 90 89 ** 82 88 84 82 85 82 85 84 87 91 90 85 86 85 80 ** 69 ** 68 ** 73 ** 78 ** 75
Income 34-67 Percentile 90 ** 85 ** 88 84 83 ** 80 83 80 82 85 82 84 86 83 92 87 86 87 83 78 ** 72 ** 65 ** 69 ** 78 ** 73
Income 68-95 Percentile 87 ** 84 ** 82 76 78 ** 75 81 79 74 88 71 82 80 84 87 81 81 83 74 73 ** 58 ** 67 ** 68 ** 76 ** 67
Income 96-100 Percentile 89 ** 92 ** 67 70 85 ** 79 82 69 79 87 72 90 78 84 85 85 82 78 78 78 ** 54 ** 69 ** 72 ** 66 ** 71
Professionals 87 ** 84 ** 76 ** 78 ** 75 78 77 74 83 75 84 79 82 86 82 79 82 74 72 ** 63 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 85 ** 87 ** 84 ** 80 ** 77 81 81 79 87 75 82 83 84 89 87 86 84 82 80 ** 64 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 88 ** 87 ** 86 ** 87 ** 83 87 83 83 87 81 87 86 89 91 89 88 87 86 82 ** 71 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 86 ** 97 ** 87 ** 95 ** 100 95 82 87 90 84 86 95 93 88 87 88 93 84 81 ** 82 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 91 ** 96 ** 93 ** 91 ** 83 92 99 86 97 79 95 93 85 93 95 91 91 72 90 ** 69 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 90 ** 86 ** 86 ** 86 ** 81 87 83 84 86 79 87 83 89 88 85 82 88 81 78 ** 83 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 88 ** 83 ** 81 80 86 ** 78 83 77 77 85 77 83 81 84 88 80 81 81 75 69 69 56 ** 62 ** 65 ** 70 ** 67
Non-Union Households 88 ** 89 ** 86 83 83 ** 81 85 84 82 87 79 86 85 86 89 88 86 86 83 80 72 71 ** 68 ** 71 ** 78 ** 72
South 90 ** 91 ** 87 85 86 ** 89 92 87 82 88 78 90 86 89 89 88 88 90 90 85 76 80 ** 71 ** 72 ** 79 ** 71
Nonsouth 88 ** 86 ** 84 82 83 ** 77 82 80 80 85 78 84 83 84 89 86 84 83 77 75 70 63 ** 64 ** 69 ** 76 ** 72
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 82 ** 82 ** 69
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 100 97 92 93 92 91 82 ** 79 ** 83 ** 81 ** 68
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 91 91 90 92 91 92 95 90 92 90 86 84 73 69 ** 70 ** 71 ** 78 ** 73
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 90 86 90 ** 78 83 83 83 90 77 85 85 86 89 86 82 85 78 72 68 66 ** 62 ** 59 ** 71 ** 74
Born 1927-1942 92 ** 84 ** 83 82 81 ** 79 85 80 80 83 75 85 80 84 87 83 79 81 75 71 60 59 ** 51 ** 54 ** 65 ** 77
Born 1911-1926 86 ** 86 ** 84 79 83 ** 82 85 82 77 80 77 80 78 79 83 84 80 78 74 68 61 59 ** 55 ** 72 ** 70 ** 71
Born 1895-1910 88 ** 90 ** 87 85 88 ** 80 85 83 79 90 81 88 83 85 88 86 88 88 40 77 81 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 66
Born before 1895 90 ** 90 ** 87 89 83 ** 86 89 83 88 80 67 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 87 ** 86 ** 84 82 83 ** 76 81 79 79 85 75 84 80 82 86 83 82 83 80 74 70 65 ** 59 ** 64 ** 70 ** 65
Independents 86 ** 86 ** 91 84 91 ** 86 88 88 89 89 89 91 88 89 94 94 91 91 82 83 78 69 ** 81 ** 70 ** 81 ** 74
Republicans 90 ** 87 ** 83 83 84 ** 84 88 83 80 87 81 86 88 89 92 88 87 87 84 81 73 72 ** 74 ** 77 ** 83 ** 77
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 71 78 75 77 78 74 82 80 80 84 83 80 82 76 68 68 63 ** 57 ** 63 ** 70 ** 62
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 82 81 81 79 86 77 85 83 82 89 85 84 84 83 81 69 69 ** 67 ** 68 ** 76 ** 71
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 78 84 79 79 87 76 83 83 87 88 85 83 87 78 77 72 67 ** 69 ** 73 ** 79 ** 77