The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Contacted by Republican Party 1956-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "No"

  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 87 ** 86 ** 78 83 81 ** 84 88 84 84 86 82 86 85 87 89 87 85 80 83 75 70 74 74 71 81
Females 90 ** 86 ** 82 86 83 ** 85 85 85 84 86 82 89 87 87 91 90 84 85 82 75 69 70 76 70 82
White non-Hispanic 88 ** 86 ** 79 84 81 ** 83 86 83 83 84 80 86 84 86 88 87 82 79 80 72 66 65 71 65 79
Black non-Hispanic 92 ** 93 ** 91 91 90 ** 94 93 93 94 95 91 95 92 92 95 94 94 93 91 86 80 89 91 84 86
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 100 86 ** 100 89 95 96 90 91 92 93 90 97 95 92 95 90 91 85 90 83 83 88
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 100 75 ** 100 94 100 88 88 100 98 92 92 92 94 88 89 80 80 77 74 88 77 89
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 91 ** 92 ** 90 91 92 ** 88 89 93 91 94 91 95 90 95 96 92 95 92 92 89 69 81 86 81 91
High School Diploma 89 ** 88 ** 81 85 82 ** 85 87 86 87 88 85 90 90 89 93 91 89 88 84 79 79 74 81 73 82
Some College, no Degree 83 ** 80 ** 73 78 76 ** 84 86 80 82 82 80 84 84 84 87 88 81 79 81 74 66 72 76 71 81
College Degree/ Post-grad 84 ** 70 ** 63 77 73 ** 81 84 78 73 78 72 81 76 83 84 84 76 76 79 68 59 67 67 66 81
Income 0-16 Percentile 93 ** 90 ** 91 91 90 ** 91 93 92 94 95 87 95 94 93 96 95 96 90 91 91 ** 86 87 76 85
Income 17-33 Percentile 88 ** 93 ** 86 91 91 ** 92 88 90 90 86 87 92 88 92 94 92 90 87 86 75 ** 73 79 77 84
Income 34-67 Percentile 90 ** 87 ** 80 85 81 ** 85 87 85 84 86 85 86 89 87 91 90 83 83 83 77 ** 74 73 69 83
Income 68-95 Percentile 86 ** 83 ** 74 81 72 ** 80 84 80 78 82 77 84 80 82 87 83 79 76 78 68 ** 60 72 65 79
Income 96-100 Percentile 85 ** 71 ** 58 69 82 ** 75 73 69 73 69 57 77 67 70 77 83 64 83 76 67 ** 62 60 64 71
Professionals 85 ** 77 ** 69 ** 77 ** 81 84 78 76 79 75 83 79 83 86 87 79 76 78 68 ** 72 ** ** **
White Collar 85 ** 80 ** 78 ** 72 ** 86 83 86 83 85 79 85 86 84 88 88 84 82 80 76 ** 65 ** ** **
Blue Collar 92 ** 92 ** 84 ** 87 ** 87 88 88 91 92 88 91 91 92 94 91 87 86 86 82 ** 74 ** ** **
Unskilled 88 ** 94 ** 94 ** 90 ** 94 97 80 96 88 89 93 98 93 91 87 96 92 86 95 ** 95 ** ** **
Farmers 90 ** 88 ** 92 ** 87 ** 77 91 96 81 76 74 90 88 89 94 93 97 90 70 66 ** 83 ** ** **
Housewives 89 ** 88 ** 80 ** 84 ** 85 87 83 81 86 82 89 83 86 87 86 81 84 80 77 ** 69 ** ** **
Union Households 91 ** 90 ** 79 87 83 ** 85 87 83 86 87 85 84 84 87 91 87 83 82 78 73 72 68 75 68 80
Non-Union Households 88 ** 85 ** 80 84 82 ** 85 86 85 84 85 81 88 86 87 90 89 85 83 83 76 69 73 75 70 82
South 90 ** 86 ** 85 89 85 ** 91 95 88 85 83 82 90 88 93 92 89 87 88 88 79 71 81 75 73 82
Nonsouth 88 ** 86 ** 78 83 81 ** 83 83 83 84 87 82 86 85 84 89 89 83 80 80 74 69 68 76 69 81
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 84 94
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 92 95 100 93 87 88 89 91 86 89
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 94 89 93 94 96 95 95 94 89 87 89 83 75 74 77 74 79
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 90 84 88 ** 86 88 89 88 89 85 88 86 87 89 88 82 81 81 70 64 67 70 60 74
Born 1927-1942 94 ** 86 ** 78 87 80 ** 84 86 83 80 85 80 86 81 85 87 84 81 77 75 63 52 57 52 42 68
Born 1911-1926 88 ** 86 ** 78 80 80 ** 83 83 82 81 80 75 82 82 80 86 86 83 71 72 66 61 67 65 64 68
Born 1895-1910 87 ** 85 ** 82 86 85 ** 85 87 80 86 86 82 89 80 86 88 89 80 86 33 91 57 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 89 ** 92 ** 88 91 87 ** 86 92 91 92 60 50 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 89 ** 91 ** 83 88 84 ** 86 88 88 88 88 85 89 88 91 92 90 91 86 86 78 78 80 80 77 87
Independents 86 ** 84 ** 93 85 85 ** 94 90 90 88 85 90 91 93 94 96 94 89 87 81 86 80 69 88 74 84
Republicans 88 ** 80 ** 71 79 77 ** 80 82 77 77 82 73 84 81 80 85 85 77 77 78 68 59 63 65 61 74
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 83 87 86 85 86 82 87 88 90 88 89 87 88 85 69 75 81 80 77 89
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 85 85 81 82 84 83 87 87 85 89 86 85 81 80 77 68 73 79 71 83
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 79 82 78 79 82 74 83 81 82 87 86 78 76 78 70 60 61 64 61 72