The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

General Interest in Public Affairs 1960-2008

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Hardly At All"

  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08
Males 28 35 8 14 13 ** 7 9 6 13 10 13 11 10 11 11 8 13 10 7 11 6 7 ** 9
Females 45 47 14 19 21 ** 14 13 16 21 19 16 17 18 19 20 14 15 15 15 19 12 12 ** 14
White non-Hispanic 36 41 11 16 17 ** 11 11 11 16 14 14 13 14 13 15 10 14 12 11 16 9 9 ** 11
Black non-Hispanic 51 52 14 23 23 ** 13 12 18 23 22 13 21 15 19 19 15 14 11 10 13 9 11 ** 11
Hispanic ** ** ** 46 50 ** 11 46 26 28 16 33 19 28 20 20 20 22 16 15 16 7 12 ** 10
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** 25 25 ** 7 0 23 20 12 18 20 13 26 14 7 12 24 25 15 8 14 ** 14
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 47 58 21 35 34 ** 24 27 24 31 33 32 30 28 31 34 30 35 33 43 28 13 22 ** 16
High School Diploma 38 43 10 14 17 ** 12 11 13 20 17 17 17 18 20 21 16 20 16 13 22 12 13 ** 13
Some College, no Degree 25 25 3 6 9 ** 2 3 6 11 10 10 10 11 11 9 5 8 11 7 12 9 9 ** 10
College Degree/ Post-grad 22 15 2 3 2 ** 2 2 3 4 4 5 3 4 3 4 4 4 6 6 6 4 2 ** 10
Income 0-16 Percentile 48 58 19 35 36 ** 21 20 25 27 24 21 22 26 28 27 24 22 14 18 22 ** 16 ** 13
Income 17-33 Percentile 47 46 10 19 24 ** 16 11 15 19 19 19 16 13 16 19 13 18 18 16 15 ** 10 ** 8
Income 34-67 Percentile 42 40 12 15 12 ** 11 10 9 17 13 12 13 13 13 16 9 12 15 11 17 ** 10 ** 12
Income 68-95 Percentile 28 29 7 10 9 ** 4 8 7 11 11 8 11 10 9 9 4 10 7 8 10 ** 5 ** 10
Income 96-100 Percentile 17 19 4 6 8 ** 3 3 4 12 7 10 3 6 4 4 3 9 7 6 7 ** 4 ** 15
Professionals 22 ** 4 ** 8 ** 3 5 6 10 5 8 6 7 7 6 5 6 7 7 10 ** 4 ** **
White Collar 31 ** 6 ** 12 ** 9 3 10 14 16 13 11 13 12 14 10 11 13 10 15 ** 11 ** **
Blue Collar 38 ** 13 ** 21 ** 11 15 13 21 19 18 19 19 22 20 13 20 16 16 19 ** 10 ** **
Unskilled 29 ** 9 ** 15 ** 20 19 23 17 18 23 20 24 24 33 19 26 22 19 15 ** 15 ** **
Farmers 47 ** 17 ** 22 ** 21 10 21 16 24 18 17 15 7 28 23 7 13 7 36 ** 10 ** **
Housewives 48 ** 15 ** 23 ** 17 17 16 23 22 18 17 21 17 21 15 19 18 14 23 ** 19 ** **
Union Households 41 ** 11 20 18 ** 11 13 9 16 12 13 11 14 14 11 12 11 11 11 15 11 6 ** 15
Non-Union Households 36 ** 11 16 18 ** 11 10 12 18 16 15 15 15 15 17 11 15 13 12 16 9 10 ** 11
South 38 48 12 23 21 ** 16 14 14 21 16 17 17 15 18 22 13 15 14 11 16 8 10 ** 12
Nonsouth 37 39 11 16 16 ** 10 10 11 16 15 14 13 14 14 14 10 14 12 12 16 10 9 ** 12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 31 21 16 29 15 18 ** 21
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 21 28 20 21 22 24 13 18 20 15 16 10 10 ** 11
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 19 19 14 ** 10 12 12 20 17 12 12 16 14 12 9 10 10 8 14 8 7 ** 6
Born 1927-1942 49 43 12 13 16 ** 8 8 9 14 12 14 13 11 12 13 10 9 7 8 8 1 4 ** 6
Born 1911-1926 33 41 9 15 15 ** 11 10 12 13 13 13 13 8 10 13 11 14 7 11 12 8 7 ** 6
Born 1895-1910 30 38 12 21 21 ** 17 15 17 19 17 19 16 18 20 23 23 32 24 65 34 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 46 48 11 29 38 ** 23 12 16 35 20 14 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 37 42 11 16 19 ** 11 8 11 18 16 13 15 12 15 14 10 14 12 10 15 8 10 ** 9
Independents 44 37 18 27 18 ** 17 25 18 30 27 34 25 34 35 40 24 30 33 26 35 23 25 ** 31
Republicans 33 37 7 12 13 ** 9 8 11 9 9 9 10 11 10 11 9 10 10 8 10 7 5 ** 8
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** 3 5 4 11 11 9 8 10 12 8 7 8 9 6 10 5 7 ** 7
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 8 8 14 11 12 12 17 11 11 6 13 15 11 13 6 10 ** 9
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 7 5 8 7 6 8 7 8 8 6 8 7 6 7 5 3 ** 8