The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

General Interest in Public Affairs 1960-2008

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Only Now and Then"

  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08
Males ** ** 13 14 15 ** 13 10 15 23 20 16 22 19 20 19 18 19 21 25 23 16 22 ** 23
Females ** ** 20 20 21 ** 18 16 20 27 26 25 24 28 29 26 24 27 31 25 34 27 24 ** 27
White non-Hispanic ** ** 17 17 18 ** 15 13 18 25 23 21 22 24 24 23 20 22 26 24 26 22 22 ** 26
Black non-Hispanic ** ** 14 23 20 ** 23 24 18 25 23 21 27 28 27 20 19 25 26 25 45 22 24 ** 23
Hispanic ** ** ** 8 21 ** 15 8 26 32 20 23 25 23 36 24 24 31 31 34 35 35 26 ** 29
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** 25 25 ** 7 29 14 32 47 27 35 21 28 18 38 16 22 11 28 16 29 ** 8
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. ** ** 23 19 23 ** 20 13 21 24 16 18 24 25 29 23 19 26 21 20 33 28 12 ** 21
High School Diploma ** ** 18 22 22 ** 19 17 22 29 28 27 27 29 30 27 25 26 28 30 33 28 24 ** 32
Some College, no Degree ** ** 11 10 13 ** 10 13 17 24 24 19 21 22 22 25 21 22 29 25 32 19 28 ** 22
College Degree/ Post-grad ** ** 5 5 6 ** 6 6 6 15 14 13 15 16 17 11 14 17 21 16 19 15 19 ** 16
Income 0-16 Percentile ** ** 20 17 21 ** 19 18 25 29 24 22 27 26 30 23 20 23 28 24 42 ** 26 ** 23
Income 17-33 Percentile ** ** 20 21 22 ** 19 18 21 27 25 27 23 32 28 27 26 28 27 28 33 ** 23 ** 29
Income 34-67 Percentile ** ** 16 19 19 ** 17 14 20 27 26 22 25 25 26 20 22 24 26 27 26 ** 26 ** 28
Income 68-95 Percentile ** ** 15 18 16 ** 13 10 15 24 22 17 19 19 24 24 19 20 26 24 25 ** 22 ** 22
Income 96-100 Percentile ** ** 6 9 18 ** 11 6 8 14 16 15 14 22 22 23 22 8 17 18 21 ** 15 ** 17
Professionals ** ** 10 ** 8 ** 9 8 10 20 17 15 18 17 19 15 16 17 21 19 24 ** 22 ** **
White Collar ** ** 16 ** 20 ** 12 20 20 27 28 25 24 24 28 27 25 29 27 24 31 ** 21 ** **
Blue Collar ** ** 20 ** 23 ** 20 15 21 28 23 23 24 27 28 26 24 23 30 26 31 ** 24 ** **
Unskilled ** ** 13 ** 35 ** 11 14 14 27 30 13 25 31 26 25 24 27 42 41 55 ** 38 ** **
Farmers ** ** 14 ** 15 ** 21 16 21 9 17 14 37 31 31 18 18 31 22 49 7 ** 27 ** **
Housewives ** ** 19 ** 22 ** 18 13 21 25 25 27 24 30 29 27 20 23 26 28 29 ** 23 ** **
Union Households ** ** 20 20 22 ** 16 12 19 27 25 26 24 22 21 29 20 25 31 23 26 31 20 ** 24
Non-Union Households ** ** 16 17 17 ** 16 14 18 24 23 20 23 25 27 22 21 23 25 25 30 20 24 ** 25
South ** ** 13 14 13 ** 18 14 17 22 19 19 23 25 27 21 20 24 26 28 29 23 25 ** 25
Nonsouth ** ** 18 19 20 ** 15 14 19 26 25 22 23 24 25 24 21 23 26 23 29 22 23 ** 24
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 27 32 43 44 36 30 ** 28
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 36 38 26 30 32 31 26 27 29 33 29 34 24 30 ** 30
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 24 23 24 ** 17 19 23 30 27 25 27 25 27 24 23 22 25 21 23 20 20 ** 22
Born 1927-1942 ** ** 17 22 18 ** 16 13 18 24 20 18 21 21 25 18 13 20 22 19 26 12 15 ** 18
Born 1911-1926 ** ** 16 15 20 ** 14 10 13 21 18 17 14 18 17 20 15 15 15 15 17 7 3 ** 10
Born 1895-1910 ** ** 18 14 17 ** 15 10 15 15 16 16 17 23 23 26 15 7 7 0 0 55 ** ** **
Born before 1895 ** ** 19 16 14 ** 18 15 27 23 20 29 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) ** ** 19 20 18 ** 15 13 18 25 23 20 25 26 26 22 20 26 29 24 30 22 23 ** 26
Independents ** ** 18 17 30 ** 20 17 24 27 24 25 23 24 25 24 24 25 35 28 30 31 22 ** 29
Republicans ** ** 13 16 16 ** 15 13 16 24 24 21 21 22 25 24 21 19 21 25 28 20 24 ** 21
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 14 17 25 22 15 18 23 22 15 14 22 26 21 28 25 16 ** 24
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 13 19 24 22 20 23 22 29 25 19 25 28 25 30 19 26 ** 29
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** 11 9 11 22 20 17 16 19 22 18 21 15 21 21 20 19 21 ** 16