The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

General Interest in Public Affairs 1960-2008

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Most of the Time"

  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08
Males 26 21 37 44 41 ** 45 45 45 29 33 35 33 33 30 35 32 33 29 34 29 33 31 ** 33
Females 17 12 25 28 27 ** 30 34 33 18 21 23 21 21 17 21 21 23 15 20 13 22 21 ** 20
White non-Hispanic 21 17 31 37 35 ** 38 39 39 24 27 29 28 27 25 29 28 28 21 28 20 26 27 ** 26
Black non-Hispanic 20 9 27 22 21 ** 29 36 31 17 20 32 19 24 18 27 21 31 25 29 17 26 18 ** 28
Hispanic ** ** ** 8 0 ** 26 22 23 20 24 15 19 20 12 21 16 17 17 17 11 17 21 ** 24
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** 25 25 ** 33 36 14 16 18 18 15 26 6 20 19 30 30 22 28 42 34 ** 27
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 16 10 19 23 21 ** 23 29 27 16 23 18 18 19 12 17 19 11 17 13 15 34 16 ** 22
High School Diploma 20 15 28 33 29 ** 31 35 30 18 20 20 21 19 15 19 19 24 18 19 14 20 22 ** 17
Some College, no Degree 25 16 45 45 45 ** 47 46 46 26 32 34 28 27 25 30 28 28 19 30 17 23 21 ** 26
College Degree/ Post-grad 35 32 50 59 55 ** 60 58 64 41 39 48 42 44 39 51 42 43 31 41 33 41 39 ** 41
Income 0-16 Percentile 15 13 22 23 20 ** 27 33 26 17 24 21 21 19 16 22 19 24 24 25 12 ** 22 ** 22
Income 17-33 Percentile 16 9 26 38 28 ** 37 36 39 19 26 27 28 25 20 20 22 27 17 20 16 ** 26 ** 20
Income 34-67 Percentile 20 14 27 33 33 ** 33 37 35 22 26 26 28 24 21 27 26 29 19 25 18 ** 25 ** 25
Income 68-95 Percentile 26 19 36 39 43 ** 45 44 42 27 25 33 25 31 26 33 32 31 24 32 24 ** 31 ** 31
Income 96-100 Percentile 26 37 55 53 46 ** 58 62 61 38 49 54 40 48 31 40 34 40 35 39 35 ** 37 ** 38
Professionals 32 ** 46 ** 51 ** 56 51 54 31 38 43 38 42 34 44 37 39 31 41 26 ** 32 ** **
White Collar 25 ** 31 ** 34 ** 37 41 37 22 23 28 27 24 22 26 23 25 18 26 18 ** 25 ** **
Blue Collar 17 ** 27 ** 28 ** 31 33 35 21 25 23 22 22 17 22 22 23 19 21 17 ** 24 ** **
Unskilled 18 ** 28 ** 30 ** 34 19 25 15 23 21 11 13 14 14 16 15 13 2 11 ** 9 ** **
Farmers 17 ** 28 ** 31 ** 23 42 30 37 28 34 23 15 36 27 21 27 27 4 30 ** 35 ** **
Housewives 16 ** 25 ** 25 ** 30 34 31 19 20 19 20 16 11 19 25 25 14 18 17 ** 20 ** **
Union Households 19 ** 26 30 32 ** 33 38 37 24 28 25 26 25 23 28 23 27 20 30 20 23 29 ** 28
Non-Union Households 21 ** 32 37 33 ** 38 39 38 23 26 29 27 26 22 27 27 28 22 26 20 28 25 ** 26
South 22 16 30 33 38 ** 31 40 38 23 28 29 26 23 20 25 26 27 21 23 21 27 26 ** 27
Nonsouth 20 16 31 35 31 ** 38 38 38 23 26 28 27 28 23 28 26 28 22 29 19 26 26 ** 26
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 12 2 12 5 17 13 ** 14
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 9 13 17 13 14 18 17 22 16 21 14 16 23 ** 25
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 24 22 25 ** 31 28 27 18 19 25 23 23 20 27 26 30 24 32 25 34 30 ** 32
Born 1927-1942 19 12 26 29 30 ** 37 41 40 25 31 33 28 34 25 33 34 35 27 31 28 39 38 ** 38
Born 1911-1926 20 13 32 39 38 ** 41 46 47 30 34 34 36 39 34 38 36 34 29 41 31 50 30 ** 29
Born 1895-1910 23 21 34 43 36 ** 41 45 46 29 40 35 35 25 26 33 32 35 37 22 10 45 ** ** **
Born before 1895 21 21 34 31 26 ** 30 48 37 23 10 29 100 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 19 16 28 31 32 ** 35 41 39 22 24 30 27 27 21 30 27 26 20 28 20 29 26 ** 29
Independents 21 15 18 31 28 ** 29 29 25 16 20 13 20 17 14 12 18 19 10 17 11 11 14 ** 7
Republicans 25 17 39 43 38 ** 41 41 42 29 32 32 28 28 26 30 28 32 25 28 22 27 29 ** 29
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** 51 49 49 26 32 38 36 33 26 42 33 32 23 41 23 31 33 ** 32
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** 37 41 36 25 27 29 26 26 23 27 30 23 18 26 19 28 24 ** 27
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 47 53 33 36 39 35 34 30 37 32 38 29 31 29 30 32 ** 32