The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Interest in Current Campaign 1952-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Very Much Interested"

  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 40 ** 34 31 42 41 40 35 44 39 37 ** 41 23 33 28 33 24 31 24 42 30 28 23 30 25 45 ** 46 ** 45 ** 52
Females 34 ** 26 23 34 32 36 26 35 30 27 ** 34 20 27 24 25 21 25 19 36 23 22 19 24 16 35 ** 42 ** 38 ** 46
White non-Hispanic 38 ** 30 27 39 37 37 31 40 35 31 ** 36 22 30 25 29 22 29 22 41 27 24 20 27 18 43 ** 44 ** 41 ** 52
Black non-Hispanic 27 ** 21 25 29 26 48 28 34 28 37 ** 41 24 32 35 32 28 27 20 35 29 29 29 24 27 34 ** 51 ** 49 ** 45
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 31 21 24 ** 31 13 27 13 19 19 21 15 27 23 26 17 22 15 29 ** 40 ** 33 ** 44
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 25 25 0 16 ** 13 12 19 27 24 23 13 23 31 30 16 16 33 33 36 ** 26 ** 37 ** 41
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 25 ** 23 19 30 26 25 23 27 28 25 ** 37 21 29 26 23 20 22 18 28 20 15 17 23 53 25 ** 33 ** 19 ** 30
High School Diploma 38 ** 30 25 35 34 37 27 37 30 26 ** 29 18 24 22 24 17 20 17 30 22 20 15 18 16 37 ** 36 ** 35 ** 40
Some College, no Degree 63 ** 41 37 49 48 55 41 49 41 42 ** 38 23 36 24 31 25 34 21 42 27 26 24 25 17 35 ** 45 ** 40 ** 49
College Degree/ Post-grad 71 ** 38 45 59 54 57 49 58 53 48 ** 58 31 40 38 41 32 44 34 56 41 37 29 42 25 52 ** 55 ** 51 ** 61
Income 0-16 Percentile 27 ** 21 18 30 29 30 20 28 23 26 ** 34 23 27 22 24 20 21 14 28 21 25 25 20 ** 35 ** 32 ** 34 ** 41
Income 17-33 Percentile 31 ** 26 22 31 30 35 22 36 30 31 ** 36 18 25 28 26 17 27 20 34 25 24 14 23 ** 34 ** 35 ** 39 ** 42
Income 34-67 Percentile 34 ** 29 25 36 35 36 31 40 31 25 ** 32 20 32 23 29 20 26 22 41 26 22 20 25 ** 42 ** 46 ** 40 ** 48
Income 68-95 Percentile 44 ** 38 35 43 42 45 33 47 40 40 ** 40 21 30 28 32 27 32 24 45 30 27 22 28 ** 49 ** 52 ** 46 ** 54
Income 96-100 Percentile 69 ** 40 33 63 68 55 54 46 59 55 ** 56 34 40 43 34 36 51 22 47 47 41 29 48 ** 47 ** 53 ** 53 ** 71
Professionals 60 ** 42 38 54 ** 53 ** 50 45 44 ** 48 31 40 36 38 33 38 30 50 37 34 31 38 ** 47 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 47 ** 33 32 45 ** 41 ** 40 38 32 ** 34 21 29 22 27 24 31 21 40 23 21 17 22 ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 32 ** 29 25 32 ** 32 ** 34 29 28 ** 33 17 25 22 27 18 20 18 32 23 20 19 22 ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 26 ** 17 35 38 ** 29 ** 33 42 32 ** 25 8 15 13 13 14 19 9 22 14 24 14 10 ** 24 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 27 ** 31 21 36 ** 32 ** 43 33 31 ** 41 25 19 23 18 16 30 21 32 16 36 4 29 ** 51 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 32 ** 26 20 31 ** 35 ** 35 28 27 ** 35 21 30 25 24 15 25 20 37 26 19 16 23 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 35 ** 28 27 35 ** 33 29 35 32 30 ** 33 19 30 29 30 23 30 21 39 26 21 23 26 16 42 ** 51 ** 39 ** 50
Non-Union Households 38 ** 31 27 39 ** 40 31 40 34 32 ** 37 22 30 25 28 22 27 21 39 27 26 20 26 21 39 ** 43 ** 42 ** 49
South 34 ** 26 23 38 33 41 33 39 31 33 ** 42 26 34 29 29 23 27 21 37 28 24 21 28 22 40 ** 43 ** 44 ** 51
Nonsouth 38 ** 31 28 37 37 37 29 39 34 31 ** 35 20 28 25 28 22 28 22 40 26 25 20 26 19 40 ** 44 ** 40 ** 48
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 20 ** 25
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 10 14 9 10 5 30 ** 32 ** 32 ** 37
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 13 10 18 10 16 10 31 19 18 13 20 12 33 ** 44 ** 37 ** 56
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 22 36 25 26 ** 25 12 21 22 24 19 26 20 40 29 26 26 30 24 46 ** 51 ** 50 ** 64
Born 1927-1942 32 ** 22 18 31 29 35 26 36 32 33 ** 37 23 33 27 32 30 33 30 43 35 33 25 41 41 55 ** 55 ** 58 ** 69
Born 1911-1926 32 ** 29 27 37 38 41 33 42 39 34 ** 45 32 39 35 40 33 39 33 47 35 38 34 37 41 39 ** 49 ** 72 ** 58
Born 1895-1910 42 ** 32 30 41 43 41 34 42 37 34 ** 50 35 43 32 31 27 34 22 48 37 36 20 21 23 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 39 ** 34 32 44 34 37 30 31 33 36 ** 34 35 42 50 50 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 34 ** 31 29 34 35 38 28 38 34 32 ** 39 22 29 29 30 24 30 24 41 25 24 22 26 22 38 ** 45 ** 41 ** 51
Independents 28 ** 17 23 30 36 22 19 27 29 19 ** 21 10 21 13 15 11 12 8 26 13 10 8 15 13 25 ** 26 ** 21 ** 29
Republicans 47 ** 34 26 46 41 44 39 46 36 37 ** 40 26 35 26 30 24 30 23 41 33 29 22 31 18 46 ** 48 ** 48 ** 54
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 ** 43 26 40 40 39 25 35 31 49 31 27 26 34 18 51 ** 55 ** 47 ** 58
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 32 ** 35 21 31 24 25 21 28 21 42 22 21 17 22 22 35 ** 39 ** 30 ** 43
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 39 ** 47 29 37 32 37 29 35 30 46 38 35 28 40 24 48 ** 53 ** 50 ** 60