The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Has Democratic Presidential Candidate Made Respondent Feel Hopeful 1980-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Yes, Have Felt"

  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 58 ** 36 ** 38 ** 48 ** 50 ** 43 ** 44 61 55 54
Females 62 ** 45 ** 44 ** 54 ** 64 ** 49 ** 49 60 62 59
White non-Hispanic 58 ** 37 ** 36 ** 49 ** 54 ** 44 ** 42 54 51 49
Black non-Hispanic 78 ** 67 ** 63 ** 67 ** 74 ** 57 ** 67 85 91 87
Hispanic 54 ** 45 ** 55 ** 54 ** 64 ** 56 ** 42 68 69 72
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 50 ** 34 ** 61 ** 48 ** 62 ** 46 ** 48 83 61 62
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 58 ** 43 ** 39 ** 53 ** 43 ** 43 ** 50 55 56 61
High School Diploma 59 ** 41 ** 40 ** 50 ** 57 ** 44 ** 47 58 56 55
Some College, no Degree 63 ** 40 ** 42 ** 56 ** 60 ** 48 ** 45 61 58 52
College Degree/ Post-grad 60 ** 42 ** 47 ** 51 ** 60 ** 50 ** 47 62 63 63
Income 0-16 Percentile 64 ** 51 ** 43 ** 57 ** 66 ** 52 ** 51 64 61 60
Income 17-33 Percentile 62 ** 49 ** 45 ** 55 ** 59 ** 48 ** 57 69 62 57
Income 34-67 Percentile 63 ** 39 ** 45 ** 54 ** 59 ** 43 ** 45 61 57 56
Income 68-95 Percentile 55 ** 38 ** 39 ** 48 ** 53 ** 48 ** 42 57 56 55
Income 96-100 Percentile 51 ** 30 ** 21 ** 41 ** 49 ** 53 ** 42 46 67 54
Professionals 58 ** 40 ** 46 ** 52 ** 58 ** 49 ** 51 ** ** **
White Collar 59 ** 38 ** 41 ** 52 ** 63 ** 46 ** 38 ** ** **
Blue Collar 60 ** 44 ** 39 ** 53 ** 55 ** 46 ** 50 ** ** **
Unskilled 53 ** 49 ** 41 ** 48 ** 61 ** 52 ** 61 ** ** **
Farmers 59 ** 23 ** 34 ** 41 ** 41 ** 34 ** 38 ** ** **
Housewives 63 ** 41 ** 41 ** 48 ** 53 ** 42 ** 35 ** ** **
Union Households 62 ** 51 ** 50 ** 60 ** 60 ** 55 ** 57 67 64 64
Non-Union Households 59 ** 38 ** 40 ** 50 ** 57 ** 45 ** 44 60 58 55
South 64 ** 38 ** 40 ** 49 ** 58 ** 41 ** 43 53 55 54
Nonsouth 59 ** 42 ** 43 ** 52 ** 58 ** 49 ** 48 65 60 58
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 66 60
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 ** 62 ** 45 ** 59 64 63 59
Born 1959-1974 63 ** 40 ** 42 ** 52 ** 58 ** 44 ** 42 61 61 54
Born 1943-1958 60 ** 39 ** 43 ** 52 ** 58 ** 46 ** 40 63 55 56
Born 1927-1942 56 ** 43 ** 41 ** 50 ** 57 ** 48 ** 50 49 47 53
Born 1911-1926 63 ** 45 ** 41 ** 54 ** 59 ** 56 ** 53 61 55 50
Born 1895-1910 60 ** 38 ** 39 ** 41 ** 39 ** 30 ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 67 ** 33 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 75 ** 65 ** 65 ** 75 ** 77 ** 66 ** 76 83 88 87
Independents 49 ** 25 ** 30 ** 42 ** 46 ** 29 ** 32 51 48 47
Republicans 42 ** 17 ** 19 ** 23 ** 36 ** 26 ** 14 33 28 24
Liberals 72 ** 61 ** 64 ** 74 ** 79 ** 62 ** 80 86 89 86
Moderates 63 ** 44 ** 45 ** 56 ** 62 ** 50 ** 51 66 63 64
Conservatives 53 ** 24 ** 30 ** 36 ** 40 ** 31 ** 21 37 33 25