The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Has Republican Presidential Candidate Made Respondent Feel Hopeful 1980-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Yes, Have Felt"

  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 50 ** 62 ** 39 ** 50 ** 38 ** 47 ** 57 ** 47 ** 41 ** 53
Females 46 ** 59 ** 39 ** 47 ** 32 ** 40 ** 54 ** 44 ** 39 ** 46
White non-Hispanic 53 ** 65 ** 43 ** 53 ** 39 ** 47 ** 62 ** 51 ** 48 ** 59
Black non-Hispanic 17 ** 33 ** 23 ** 28 ** 13 ** 23 ** 30 ** 17 ** 10 ** 19
Hispanic 40 ** 56 ** 33 ** 42 ** 30 ** 41 ** 48 ** 37 ** 25 ** 30
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 38 ** 55 ** 23 ** 45 ** 31 ** 45 ** 53 ** 41 ** 34 ** 42
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 32 ** 40 ** 32 ** 38 ** 29 ** 38 ** 33 ** 42 ** 30 ** 56
High School Diploma 47 ** 58 ** 36 ** 45 ** 29 ** 41 ** 55 ** 39 ** 36 ** 52
Some College, no Degree 53 ** 69 ** 43 ** 53 ** 37 ** 43 ** 59 ** 47 ** 42 ** 52
College Degree/ Post-grad 56 ** 67 ** 46 ** 53 ** 45 ** 49 ** 55 ** 53 ** 43 ** 44
Income 0-16 Percentile 37 ** 48 ** 32 ** 36 ** 25 ** 34 ** 46 ** 32 ** 28 ** 48
Income 17-33 Percentile 44 ** 50 ** 40 ** 45 ** 25 ** 43 ** 48 ** 39 ** 36 ** 46
Income 34-67 Percentile 49 ** 64 ** 39 ** 51 ** 34 ** 44 ** 59 ** 43 ** 41 ** 51
Income 68-95 Percentile 55 ** 68 ** 45 ** 54 ** 44 ** 44 ** 63 ** 57 ** 46 ** 51
Income 96-100 Percentile 68 ** 82 ** 53 ** 58 ** 57 ** 61 ** 60 ** 65 ** 50 ** 48
Professionals 53 ** 70 ** 41 ** 54 ** 42 ** 47 ** 52 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 50 ** 62 ** 44 ** 50 ** 32 ** 43 ** 61 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 42 ** 53 ** 36 ** 45 ** 30 ** 41 ** 53 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 42 ** 50 ** 43 ** 35 ** 37 ** 49 ** 56 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 58 ** 61 ** 31 ** 50 ** 34 ** 44 ** 63 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 51 ** 62 ** 39 ** 45 ** 42 ** 41 ** 61 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 42 ** 54 ** 35 ** 43 ** 28 ** 40 ** 48 ** 42 ** 35 ** 44
Non-Union Households 50 ** 62 ** 40 ** 49 ** 36 ** 44 ** 57 ** 46 ** 41 ** 50
South 48 ** 57 ** 41 ** 48 ** 31 ** 49 ** 57 ** 51 ** 44 ** 53
Nonsouth 48 ** 61 ** 38 ** 49 ** 37 ** 41 ** 55 ** 41 ** 38 ** 48
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 46
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 ** 22 ** 30 ** 46 ** 34 ** 32 ** 40
Born 1959-1974 42 ** 59 ** 39 ** 49 ** 29 ** 46 ** 60 ** 45 ** 38 ** 52
Born 1943-1958 44 ** 64 ** 39 ** 51 ** 39 ** 47 ** 60 ** 50 ** 46 ** 55
Born 1927-1942 56 ** 63 ** 40 ** 50 ** 39 ** 44 ** 53 ** 58 ** 54 ** 58
Born 1911-1926 49 ** 54 ** 41 ** 45 ** 38 ** 42 ** 48 ** 54 ** 52 ** 60
Born 1895-1910 49 ** 56 ** 36 ** 34 ** 59 ** 45 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 33 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 31 ** 41 ** 21 ** 35 ** 15 ** 22 ** 30 ** 24 ** 12 ** 21
Independents 41 ** 55 ** 30 ** 39 ** 21 ** 37 ** 48 ** 36 ** 27 ** 44
Republicans 78 ** 85 ** 63 ** 70 ** 65 ** 75 ** 88 ** 77 ** 78 ** 84
Liberals 32 ** 46 ** 23 ** 36 ** 16 ** 18 ** 29 ** 26 ** 13 ** 17
Moderates 50 ** 62 ** 38 ** 48 ** 31 ** 40 ** 50 ** 43 ** 29 ** 45
Conservatives 70 ** 79 ** 55 ** 64 ** 61 ** 63 ** 81 ** 75 ** 70 ** 80