The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Has Republican Presidential Candidate Made Respondent Feel Hopeful 1980-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "No, Haven't Felt"

  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 50 ** 38 ** 61 ** 50 ** 62 ** 53 ** 43 ** 53 ** 59 ** 47
Females 54 ** 41 ** 61 ** 53 ** 68 ** 60 ** 46 ** 56 ** 61 ** 54
White non-Hispanic 47 ** 35 ** 57 ** 47 ** 61 ** 53 ** 38 ** 49 ** 52 ** 41
Black non-Hispanic 83 ** 67 ** 77 ** 72 ** 87 ** 77 ** 70 ** 83 ** 90 ** 81
Hispanic 60 ** 44 ** 67 ** 58 ** 70 ** 59 ** 52 ** 63 ** 75 ** 70
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 63 ** 45 ** 77 ** 55 ** 69 ** 55 ** 47 ** 59 ** 66 ** 58
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 68 ** 60 ** 68 ** 62 ** 71 ** 62 ** 67 ** 58 ** 70 ** 44
High School Diploma 53 ** 42 ** 64 ** 55 ** 71 ** 59 ** 45 ** 61 ** 64 ** 48
Some College, no Degree 47 ** 31 ** 57 ** 47 ** 63 ** 57 ** 41 ** 53 ** 58 ** 48
College Degree/ Post-grad 44 ** 33 ** 54 ** 47 ** 55 ** 51 ** 45 ** 47 ** 57 ** 56
Income 0-16 Percentile 63 ** 52 ** 68 ** 64 ** 75 ** 66 ** 54 ** 68 ** 72 ** 52
Income 17-33 Percentile 56 ** 50 ** 60 ** 55 ** 75 ** 57 ** 52 ** 61 ** 64 ** 54
Income 34-67 Percentile 51 ** 36 ** 61 ** 49 ** 66 ** 56 ** 41 ** 57 ** 59 ** 49
Income 68-95 Percentile 45 ** 32 ** 55 ** 46 ** 56 ** 56 ** 37 ** 43 ** 54 ** 49
Income 96-100 Percentile 32 ** 18 ** 47 ** 42 ** 43 ** 39 ** 40 ** 35 ** 50 ** 52
Professionals 47 ** 30 ** 59 ** 46 ** 58 ** 53 ** 48 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 50 ** 38 ** 56 ** 50 ** 68 ** 57 ** 39 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 58 ** 47 ** 64 ** 55 ** 70 ** 59 ** 47 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 58 ** 50 ** 57 ** 65 ** 63 ** 51 ** 44 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 42 ** 39 ** 69 ** 50 ** 66 ** 56 ** 37 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 49 ** 38 ** 61 ** 55 ** 58 ** 59 ** 39 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 58 ** 46 ** 65 ** 57 ** 72 ** 60 ** 52 ** 58 ** 65 ** 56
Non-Union Households 50 ** 38 ** 60 ** 51 ** 64 ** 56 ** 43 ** 54 ** 59 ** 50
South 52 ** 43 ** 59 ** 52 ** 69 ** 51 ** 43 ** 49 ** 56 ** 47
Nonsouth 52 ** 39 ** 62 ** 51 ** 63 ** 59 ** 45 ** 59 ** 62 ** 52
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 71 ** 54
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 77 ** 78 ** 70 ** 54 ** 66 ** 68 ** 60
Born 1959-1974 58 ** 41 ** 61 ** 51 ** 71 ** 54 ** 40 ** 55 ** 62 ** 48
Born 1943-1958 56 ** 36 ** 61 ** 49 ** 61 ** 53 ** 40 ** 50 ** 54 ** 45
Born 1927-1942 44 ** 37 ** 60 ** 50 ** 61 ** 56 ** 47 ** 42 ** 46 ** 42
Born 1911-1926 51 ** 46 ** 59 ** 55 ** 62 ** 58 ** 52 ** 46 ** 48 ** 40
Born 1895-1910 51 ** 44 ** 64 ** 66 ** 41 ** 55 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 67 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 69 ** 59 ** 79 ** 65 ** 85 ** 78 ** 70 ** 76 ** 88 ** 79
Independents 59 ** 45 ** 70 ** 61 ** 79 ** 63 ** 52 ** 64 ** 73 ** 56
Republicans 22 ** 15 ** 37 ** 30 ** 35 ** 25 ** 12 ** 23 ** 22 ** 16
Liberals 68 ** 54 ** 77 ** 64 ** 84 ** 82 ** 71 ** 74 ** 87 ** 83
Moderates 50 ** 38 ** 62 ** 52 ** 69 ** 60 ** 50 ** 57 ** 71 ** 55
Conservatives 30 ** 21 ** 45 ** 36 ** 39 ** 37 ** 19 ** 25 ** 30 ** 20