The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Democratic Presidential Candidate Knowledgeable 1980-2008

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Not Too Well/ Not Well at All"

  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08
Males 25 ** 22 ** 20 ** 18 ** 20 ** 17 ** 20 ** 23
Females 24 ** 17 ** 16 ** 16 ** 15 ** 16 ** 23 ** 22
White non-Hispanic 26 ** 20 ** 19 ** 18 ** 19 ** 17 ** 24 ** 28
Black non-Hispanic 12 ** 9 ** 11 ** 10 ** 5 ** 13 ** 11 ** 4
Hispanic 22 ** 16 ** 16 ** 15 ** 17 ** 13 ** 18 ** 15
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 33 ** 16 ** 6 ** 18 ** 24 ** 17 ** 19 ** 1
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 17 ** 16 ** 15 ** 17 ** 16 ** 21 ** 33 ** 29
High School Diploma 22 ** 18 ** 18 ** 16 ** 19 ** 18 ** 23 ** 23
Some College, no Degree 29 ** 20 ** 17 ** 17 ** 16 ** 17 ** 22 ** 26
College Degree/ Post-grad 30 ** 20 ** 19 ** 19 ** 15 ** 13 ** 16 ** 19
Income 0-16 Percentile 21 ** 13 ** 17 ** 13 ** 15 ** 19 ** 26 ** 15
Income 17-33 Percentile 23 ** 17 ** 14 ** 18 ** 17 ** 17 ** 16 ** 22
Income 34-67 Percentile 25 ** 20 ** 19 ** 17 ** 20 ** 17 ** 24 ** 24
Income 68-95 Percentile 28 ** 19 ** 18 ** 18 ** 15 ** 15 ** 19 ** 20
Income 96-100 Percentile 26 ** 21 ** 26 ** 21 ** 16 ** 16 ** 15 ** 42
Professionals 28 ** 21 ** 18 ** 17 ** 16 ** 15 ** 14 ** **
White Collar 30 ** 16 ** 18 ** 17 ** 15 ** 15 ** 28 ** **
Blue Collar 22 ** 19 ** 17 ** 16 ** 18 ** 18 ** 21 ** **
Unskilled 26 ** 19 ** 17 ** 27 ** 34 ** 19 ** 8 ** **
Farmers 24 ** 23 ** 20 ** 21 ** 3 ** 18 ** 9 ** **
Housewives 19 ** 16 ** 17 ** 17 ** 29 ** 22 ** 36 ** **
Union Households 23 ** 17 ** 15 ** 14 ** 14 ** 15 ** 17 ** 21
Non-Union Households 25 ** 19 ** 18 ** 18 ** 18 ** 17 ** 22 ** 23
South 22 ** 18 ** 15 ** 15 ** 16 ** 20 ** 22 ** 25
Nonsouth 26 ** 19 ** 19 ** 18 ** 18 ** 15 ** 21 ** 21
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 ** 18 ** 16 ** 12 ** 16
Born 1959-1974 23 ** 18 ** 19 ** 19 ** 21 ** 16 ** 21 ** 19
Born 1943-1958 25 ** 18 ** 19 ** 16 ** 16 ** 16 ** 28 ** 26
Born 1927-1942 28 ** 19 ** 17 ** 14 ** 15 ** 19 ** 21 ** 33
Born 1911-1926 22 ** 19 ** 15 ** 18 ** 16 ** 18 ** 26 ** 39
Born 1895-1910 22 ** 23 ** 19 ** 20 ** 16 ** 0 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 20 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 15 ** 11 ** 8 ** 8 ** 7 ** 10 ** 8 ** 10
Independents 29 ** 22 ** 19 ** 22 ** 23 ** 15 ** 33 ** 30
Republicans 38 ** 28 ** 28 ** 27 ** 31 ** 26 ** 35 ** 37
Liberals 22 ** 16 ** 12 ** 7 ** 7 ** 8 ** 10 ** 8
Moderates 22 ** 16 ** 18 ** 19 ** 19 ** 11 ** 19 ** 28
Conservatives 33 ** 25 ** 21 ** 23 ** 23 ** 27 ** 28 ** 33