The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Parties 1978-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Democratic Party"

  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 61 59 60 60 60 58 59 56 52 55 57 56 ** 56 ** 54 ** 49 ** 46
Females 64 62 65 63 64 63 64 61 57 62 62 61 ** 60 ** 59 ** 54 ** 51
White non-Hispanic 61 58 61 59 60 57 59 56 50 55 55 55 ** 54 ** 52 ** 46 ** 42
Black non-Hispanic 75 78 80 79 77 78 74 73 75 76 80 77 ** 73 ** 78 ** 77 ** 73
Hispanic 69 69 71 68 66 68 67 66 63 68 70 63 ** 64 ** 66 ** 62 ** 60
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 66 59 67 60 65 70 62 63 55 60 63 62 ** 59 ** 61 ** 51 ** 51
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 72 72 74 71 73 71 71 71 69 72 71 62 ** 73 ** 73 ** 59 ** 61
High School Diploma 64 62 65 63 64 63 63 62 57 61 62 61 ** 61 ** 59 ** 54 ** 49
Some College, no Degree 58 57 60 60 60 58 60 56 52 57 59 57 ** 56 ** 57 ** 52 ** 47
College Degree/ Post-grad 56 54 56 58 59 56 56 52 49 53 54 56 ** 55 ** 52 ** 48 ** 49
Income 0-16 Percentile 69 70 71 71 70 67 65 67 61 67 63 67 ** 64 ** 66 ** 56 ** 54
Income 17-33 Percentile 66 63 66 66 66 63 67 64 62 65 66 60 ** 63 ** 64 ** 57 ** 54
Income 34-67 Percentile 61 60 64 61 62 61 62 59 52 59 61 56 ** 58 ** 57 ** 51 ** 48
Income 68-95 Percentile 60 56 59 59 58 57 58 53 49 50 55 58 ** 54 ** 49 ** 48 ** 45
Income 96-100 Percentile 56 47 51 55 54 49 48 47 46 53 52 54 ** 52 ** 45 ** 47 ** 43
Professionals 58 56 58 59 59 58 59 54 51 54 57 57 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 62 59 60 61 61 59 60 58 53 58 60 59 ** 57 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 66 65 67 66 66 64 63 63 57 63 64 60 ** 60 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 68 66 69 64 67 69 67 59 58 63 58 66 ** 67 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 65 56 61 57 64 56 60 55 59 53 60 55 ** 65 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 61 61 66 59 62 62 65 60 53 54 55 58 ** 52 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 66 63 66 64 65 65 63 61 60 62 61 62 ** 63 ** 59 ** 53 ** 52
Non-Union Households 61 60 62 61 62 60 61 58 53 58 60 58 ** 57 ** 57 ** 51 ** 48
South 64 64 68 64 66 63 65 62 56 60 61 58 ** 60 ** 54 ** 51 ** 47
Nonsouth 61 59 61 61 61 60 60 58 54 57 59 59 ** 58 ** 59 ** 52 ** 49
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 56 ** 50
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 60 53 58 57 62 ** 60 ** 58 ** 52 ** 52
Born 1959-1974 57 60 59 59 60 60 59 57 53 58 59 56 ** 57 ** 57 ** 52 ** 48
Born 1943-1958 60 58 62 60 61 59 60 57 52 56 57 58 ** 56 ** 55 ** 49 ** 46
Born 1927-1942 62 59 63 64 62 62 62 58 57 61 65 59 ** 60 ** 55 ** 49 ** 47
Born 1911-1926 65 66 67 65 69 66 66 65 62 65 65 66 ** 70 ** 64 ** 55 ** 57
Born 1895-1910 66 65 63 63 66 65 72 66 55 49 61 56 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 68 70 54 79 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 73 73 75 75 75 76 72 72 70 73 73 74 ** 73 ** 73 ** 72 ** 71
Independents 54 53 51 56 55 53 52 53 51 53 54 52 ** 55 ** 52 ** 45 ** 41
Republicans 47 44 45 47 47 45 49 43 38 40 44 40 ** 41 ** 37 ** 29 ** 25
Liberals 65 67 71 70 70 69 67 67 68 69 67 69 ** 70 ** 70 ** 69 ** 68
Moderates 64 62 64 64 64 64 62 59 59 62 60 61 ** 61 ** 58 ** 56 ** 54
Conservatives 54 51 52 52 54 52 53 48 42 45 51 46 ** 45 ** 42 ** 34 ** 26