The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Parties 1978-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Republican Party"

  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 54 57 54 58 57 60 55 51 58 56 52 55 ** 55 ** 47 ** 45 ** 43
Females 56 56 53 58 56 58 55 52 55 51 49 53 ** 52 ** 48 ** 44 ** 43
White non-Hispanic 57 58 56 59 59 61 56 52 58 54 52 55 ** 56 ** 50 ** 49 ** 47
Black non-Hispanic 46 49 38 43 44 45 46 42 53 47 40 45 ** 44 ** 36 ** 26 ** 28
Hispanic 44 56 49 59 57 57 57 55 54 51 51 53 ** 57 ** 46 ** 39 ** 37
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 55 56 53 56 61 57 70 60 57 61 53 51 ** 58 ** 42 ** 40 ** 41
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 54 54 47 55 50 54 51 50 56 51 51 55 ** 40 ** 42 ** 36 ** 41
High School Diploma 55 57 54 58 56 58 55 52 56 54 51 53 ** 56 ** 47 ** 45 ** 45
Some College, no Degree 55 58 54 59 58 61 56 51 57 53 50 55 ** 55 ** 49 ** 46 ** 45
College Degree/ Post-grad 57 55 56 56 58 61 55 51 58 54 50 54 ** 51 ** 46 ** 42 ** 39
Income 0-16 Percentile 55 56 48 54 51 52 53 52 53 51 51 50 ** 52 ** 42 ** 39 ** 41
Income 17-33 Percentile 53 55 52 55 55 57 50 50 55 52 50 51 ** 51 ** 44 ** 44 ** 41
Income 34-67 Percentile 55 56 54 58 56 60 56 51 57 53 50 55 ** 55 ** 48 ** 46 ** 45
Income 68-95 Percentile 56 59 55 59 60 62 55 53 59 57 50 54 ** 55 ** 51 ** 46 ** 43
Income 96-100 Percentile 56 61 61 66 64 70 63 54 63 58 53 60 ** 55 ** 56 ** 42 ** 38
Professionals 57 57 56 58 58 60 56 52 58 54 50 54 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 55 56 55 59 58 61 55 52 56 52 51 55 ** 56 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 53 57 51 55 54 57 53 50 56 53 49 51 ** 55 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 52 55 53 53 57 58 56 52 51 50 59 54 ** 48 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 55 58 55 66 56 57 47 55 65 64 51 64 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 57 58 53 60 58 58 58 54 56 58 53 56 ** 62 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 52 55 50 52 54 55 50 48 51 50 46 51 ** 49 ** 43 ** 42 ** 41
Non-Union Households 56 58 55 59 57 60 56 52 58 54 51 54 ** 55 ** 48 ** 45 ** 43
South 56 56 54 58 57 59 54 53 59 56 54 54 ** 57 ** 52 ** 47 ** 46
Nonsouth 55 57 54 58 56 59 55 51 56 52 48 53 ** 52 ** 44 ** 43 ** 42
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 ** 42
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 60 55 56 50 ** 48 ** 45 ** 41 ** 40
Born 1959-1974 58 54 55 55 56 59 56 53 56 52 51 56 ** 55 ** 47 ** 44 ** 43
Born 1943-1958 54 55 53 57 57 58 53 50 56 53 48 53 ** 56 ** 47 ** 46 ** 45
Born 1927-1942 54 58 52 59 56 60 57 53 58 56 50 56 ** 53 ** 53 ** 51 ** 47
Born 1911-1926 56 58 54 58 56 59 56 51 57 52 51 52 ** 54 ** 53 ** 46 ** 46
Born 1895-1910 59 59 58 60 59 60 47 51 60 63 58 63 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 62 61 60 80 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 48 48 44 45 46 46 45 41 46 42 39 42 ** 38 ** 33 ** 27 ** 27
Independents 53 56 53 56 54 55 52 48 51 53 50 51 ** 49 ** 49 ** 41 ** 41
Republicans 68 71 71 74 72 75 69 67 70 69 67 70 ** 73 ** 67 ** 66 ** 62
Liberals 47 47 42 46 46 48 45 38 42 39 38 41 ** 33 ** 31 ** 25 ** 24
Moderates 56 57 53 57 56 58 57 51 54 52 50 55 ** 52 ** 46 ** 41 ** 41
Conservatives 62 63 64 68 65 69 62 60 66 64 61 63 ** 69 ** 63 ** 61 ** 59