The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Parties 1978-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Net Pro Dem.-Pro Rep."

  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 53 51 53 51 52 49 52 52 47 50 53 51 ** 51 ** 54 ** 52 ** 51
Females 54 53 56 53 54 53 55 55 51 55 57 54 ** 54 ** 56 ** 55 ** 54
White non-Hispanic 52 50 53 50 51 48 52 52 46 50 52 50 ** 49 ** 51 ** 49 ** 48
Black non-Hispanic 65 65 71 68 67 66 65 66 61 65 70 67 ** 65 ** 71 ** 76 ** 73
Hispanic 63 56 62 55 55 56 55 56 55 59 59 55 ** 53 ** 60 ** 62 ** 62
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 56 52 58 53 52 57 47 52 49 49 55 55 ** 51 ** 60 ** 55 ** 55
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 59 59 64 58 62 58 61 61 57 61 60 54 ** 66 ** 65 ** 62 ** 60
High School Diploma 55 53 56 53 54 53 54 55 51 54 56 54 ** 53 ** 56 ** 55 ** 52
Some College, no Degree 51 50 53 50 51 49 52 53 47 52 55 51 ** 51 ** 54 ** 53 ** 51
College Degree/ Post-grad 50 50 50 51 51 48 51 51 45 50 52 51 ** 52 ** 53 ** 53 ** 55
Income 0-16 Percentile 57 57 62 59 59 58 56 58 54 58 56 59 ** 56 ** 62 ** 58 ** 56
Income 17-33 Percentile 57 55 57 56 56 53 58 57 54 56 58 55 ** 56 ** 60 ** 57 ** 56
Income 34-67 Percentile 53 52 55 51 53 51 53 54 48 53 56 51 ** 52 ** 55 ** 53 ** 51
Income 68-95 Percentile 52 49 52 50 49 48 52 51 45 47 53 52 ** 49 ** 49 ** 51 ** 51
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 43 45 45 45 40 42 47 42 47 49 47 ** 49 ** 45 ** 53 ** 52
Professionals 51 50 51 51 50 49 51 51 47 51 53 52 ** 54 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 54 52 53 51 52 49 53 53 49 53 55 52 ** 51 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 56 54 58 55 56 54 55 57 51 55 58 54 ** 53 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 58 56 58 56 55 56 56 54 54 57 50 56 ** 60 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 54 49 53 46 54 50 57 50 47 45 54 45 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 52 51 56 50 52 52 53 53 48 49 51 51 ** 45 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 57 54 58 56 56 55 56 57 55 56 58 56 ** 57 ** 58 ** 56 ** 56
Non-Union Households 52 51 54 51 53 50 53 53 48 52 54 52 ** 52 ** 54 ** 53 ** 52
South 54 54 57 53 54 52 56 54 49 52 54 52 ** 52 ** 51 ** 53 ** 51
Nonsouth 53 51 54 52 53 51 52 54 49 53 56 53 ** 53 ** 57 ** 54 ** 54
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 57 ** 55
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 47 52 51 56 ** 56 ** 57 ** 56 ** 56
Born 1959-1974 50 53 52 52 52 51 51 52 49 53 54 50 ** 51 ** 55 ** 55 ** 52
Born 1943-1958 53 51 55 51 52 51 54 54 48 52 55 53 ** 50 ** 54 ** 52 ** 51
Born 1927-1942 54 50 55 53 53 51 53 53 50 53 58 52 ** 53 ** 51 ** 49 ** 50
Born 1911-1926 54 54 57 54 56 54 55 57 52 56 57 57 ** 58 ** 56 ** 54 ** 53
Born 1895-1910 54 53 53 52 54 52 63 58 49 43 52 45 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 53 54 47 56 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 62 63 66 65 65 65 63 66 62 66 67 66 ** 68 ** 70 ** 73 ** 72
Independents 51 49 49 50 51 49 50 53 50 50 52 50 ** 53 ** 51 ** 52 ** 51
Republicans 40 37 37 37 38 35 40 38 34 36 39 35 ** 34 ** 35 ** 32 ** 32
Liberals 59 60 65 62 62 60 61 64 63 65 65 64 ** 69 ** 70 ** 72 ** 72
Moderates 54 53 56 54 54 53 53 54 52 55 55 53 ** 55 ** 56 ** 58 ** 56
Conservatives 46 44 45 42 45 42 46 44 38 40 45 42 ** 38 ** 39 ** 37 ** 34