The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Parties 1978-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Both Parties"

  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 57 58 57 59 59 60 57 54 55 55 55 56 ** 56 ** 51 ** 47 ** 45
Females 60 59 59 60 60 61 59 57 56 57 56 57 ** 57 ** 56 ** 49 ** 47
White non-Hispanic 59 58 58 59 59 60 57 54 54 55 54 55 ** 55 ** 52 ** 47 ** 45
Black non-Hispanic 60 64 59 61 60 62 60 58 64 62 60 61 ** 59 ** 58 ** 51 ** 51
Hispanic 57 62 60 64 62 63 62 61 59 59 60 58 ** 60 ** 58 ** 51 ** 49
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 61 58 60 58 63 64 66 61 56 61 58 57 ** 58 ** 54 ** 46 ** 46
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 63 63 61 63 62 62 60 61 63 62 61 58 ** 57 ** 64 ** 48 ** 51
High School Diploma 59 60 60 60 60 61 59 57 56 57 57 57 ** 58 ** 55 ** 50 ** 47
Some College, no Degree 57 58 57 60 59 60 58 54 55 55 54 56 ** 56 ** 54 ** 49 ** 46
College Degree/ Post-grad 56 55 56 57 58 59 56 51 54 54 52 55 ** 53 ** 50 ** 45 ** 44
Income 0-16 Percentile 62 63 60 62 61 60 59 60 58 59 57 58 ** 58 ** 57 ** 48 ** 48
Income 17-33 Percentile 60 59 59 61 60 60 59 57 59 59 58 56 ** 57 ** 55 ** 51 ** 48
Income 34-67 Percentile 58 58 59 59 59 61 59 55 55 56 55 56 ** 56 ** 53 ** 48 ** 47
Income 68-95 Percentile 58 58 57 59 59 60 57 53 54 54 53 56 ** 55 ** 51 ** 47 ** 44
Income 96-100 Percentile 56 54 56 61 59 60 55 51 54 56 52 57 ** 54 ** 51 ** 45 ** 41
Professionals 58 57 57 59 59 59 58 53 55 54 54 56 ** 54 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 59 57 58 60 60 60 58 55 55 55 56 57 ** 57 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 59 61 59 61 60 61 58 57 57 58 56 56 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 60 59 61 59 63 64 62 56 55 57 59 60 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 59 57 57 62 60 57 54 55 62 59 55 59 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 59 60 60 60 60 60 62 57 55 56 54 57 ** 57 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 59 59 58 58 60 61 57 55 56 56 53 57 ** 56 ** 52 ** 48 ** 47
Non-Union Households 59 59 58 60 60 60 59 55 56 56 56 56 ** 56 ** 54 ** 48 ** 46
South 60 60 61 61 61 61 60 58 57 59 58 56 ** 59 ** 55 ** 49 ** 47
Nonsouth 58 58 58 59 59 60 58 54 55 55 54 56 ** 55 ** 53 ** 48 ** 46
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 50 ** 46
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 56 57 57 56 56 ** 54 ** 53 ** 47 ** 46
Born 1959-1974 58 57 57 57 58 59 58 55 55 55 55 56 ** 56 ** 54 ** 48 ** 46
Born 1943-1958 57 57 57 59 59 58 57 54 54 55 53 55 ** 56 ** 52 ** 48 ** 45
Born 1927-1942 58 59 58 62 59 62 59 55 58 59 57 58 ** 57 ** 56 ** 50 ** 47
Born 1911-1926 61 62 61 62 63 63 61 58 59 59 57 59 ** 62 ** 61 ** 51 ** 49
Born 1895-1910 63 62 60 62 62 63 59 59 59 56 60 61 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 65 65 57 74 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 61 61 60 60 61 61 59 57 58 58 56 58 ** 56 ** 54 ** 50 ** 49
Independents 54 55 52 56 55 54 52 51 51 53 52 51 ** 52 ** 54 ** 43 ** 41
Republicans 58 58 59 61 60 60 59 55 54 55 55 55 ** 57 ** 53 ** 48 ** 44
Liberals 56 57 57 58 59 58 56 53 55 54 53 55 ** 52 ** 51 ** 47 ** 46
Moderates 60 60 59 60 60 61 60 56 56 57 55 58 ** 57 ** 54 ** 49 ** 48
Conservatives 58 57 58 60 60 60 58 54 54 55 56 54 ** 57 ** 54 ** 47 ** 42