The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Liberals and Conservatives 1964-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Liberals"

  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 52 51 50 41 53 53 51 ** 50 43 54 51 50 54 49 47 49 49 52 49 52 ** 51 ** 44 ** 48
Females 54 50 52 45 55 55 53 ** 53 48 58 55 53 56 53 52 54 54 56 52 58 ** 57 ** 49 ** 54
White non-Hispanic 52 50 50 41 52 53 51 ** 50 45 55 51 50 53 49 47 50 50 53 50 54 ** 53 ** 44 ** 49
Black non-Hispanic 62 57 58 60 71 65 65 ** 67 52 61 65 59 66 59 64 62 60 61 54 60 ** 63 ** 57 ** 59
Hispanic ** 47 56 48 53 59 52 ** 54 41 57 54 59 58 57 53 57 56 58 53 56 ** 58 ** 52 ** 56
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 44 60 53 58 47 51 ** 58 56 57 50 58 60 52 58 53 51 57 53 57 ** 57 ** 48 ** 53
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 52 48 51 41 54 54 56 ** 52 42 54 53 50 54 52 50 56 50 49 40 52 ** 62 ** 45 ** 56
High School Diploma 54 50 50 42 54 54 51 ** 52 44 56 53 51 54 51 50 53 51 54 51 54 ** 53 ** 46 ** 49
Some College, no Degree 53 53 53 45 54 54 53 ** 52 47 55 52 51 56 51 49 52 54 55 50 54 ** 55 ** 47 ** 50
College Degree/ Post-grad 54 52 56 50 54 54 51 ** 51 49 57 54 53 57 50 49 50 51 55 52 57 ** 55 ** 48 ** 55
Income 0-16 Percentile 53 49 51 47 57 59 58 ** 56 46 60 55 55 56 56 55 56 55 59 ** 56 ** 58 ** 49 ** 52
Income 17-33 Percentile 53 51 51 45 56 59 53 ** 54 46 58 56 53 57 52 55 54 53 56 ** 59 ** 57 ** 49 ** 52
Income 34-67 Percentile 55 52 50 43 54 54 53 ** 54 47 57 53 51 56 51 49 54 52 52 ** 56 ** 55 ** 46 ** 51
Income 68-95 Percentile 53 50 51 42 52 51 50 ** 48 47 55 52 52 54 49 45 48 49 54 ** 52 ** 52 ** 45 ** 51
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 52 53 49 52 46 48 ** 46 40 49 52 47 52 48 48 48 50 55 ** 53 ** 49 ** 45 ** 50
Professionals 51 ** 53 45 52 53 51 ** 49 46 57 53 52 57 51 49 51 52 55 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 53 ** 51 44 54 54 52 ** 50 47 57 53 52 55 50 50 51 50 55 ** 54 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 55 ** 50 43 56 55 54 ** 53 45 56 53 51 55 52 50 54 52 54 ** 53 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 52 ** 54 56 57 55 56 ** 59 45 56 58 51 58 52 47 59 54 55 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 48 ** 45 43 52 50 50 ** 51 38 47 52 50 46 45 51 45 59 49 ** 51 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 55 ** 51 41 51 52 51 ** 53 45 55 53 53 53 50 47 47 47 50 ** 48 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 56 51 51 44 54 55 55 ** 53 47 57 55 53 57 52 51 54 52 58 54 55 ** 56 ** 48 ** 55
Non-Union Households 53 50 51 43 54 54 52 ** 51 45 56 53 51 55 51 49 51 52 54 50 55 ** 54 ** 47 ** 50
South 48 48 50 40 54 53 53 ** 51 44 55 52 52 54 51 51 52 51 53 49 54 ** 53 ** 46 ** 48
Nonsouth 55 51 51 45 54 55 52 ** 52 46 56 54 52 56 51 49 52 52 55 52 55 ** 55 ** 47 ** 53
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 51 ** 54
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 59 50 60 55 61 56 56 ** 57 ** 48 ** 53
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 55 49 58 57 55 58 52 52 52 53 53 50 55 ** 54 ** 47 ** 51
Born 1943-1958 52 56 54 46 57 58 55 ** 53 48 57 55 52 56 51 50 52 51 54 49 54 ** 54 ** 45 ** 49
Born 1927-1942 54 51 51 43 53 51 50 ** 49 44 54 50 50 50 48 46 50 49 51 50 54 ** 50 ** 44 ** 48
Born 1911-1926 53 49 51 42 52 52 51 ** 50 43 55 51 49 54 52 48 51 49 57 52 54 ** 53 ** 49 ** 57
Born 1895-1910 52 51 51 44 52 55 52 ** 51 40 53 48 47 53 50 43 44 50 58 34 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 53 47 51 40 56 51 51 ** 52 32 65 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 56 54 54 48 59 60 57 ** 58 51 62 59 58 60 58 59 61 58 62 58 63 ** 63 ** 60 ** 66
Independents 51 50 51 38 53 53 52 ** 50 45 57 54 51 53 51 51 53 52 52 49 56 ** 55 ** 45 ** 49
Republicans 48 45 46 37 47 45 45 ** 42 38 49 45 45 49 41 39 41 43 46 44 46 ** 43 ** 32 ** 34
Liberals ** ** ** ** 70 69 65 ** 68 66 67 68 63 71 65 69 68 65 65 64 68 ** 69 ** 68 ** 74
Moderates ** ** ** ** 53 54 53 ** 54 47 58 55 55 56 52 55 56 52 58 54 59 ** 57 ** 49 ** 55
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 42 42 42 ** 40 35 47 42 43 45 40 36 39 42 44 42 44 ** 44 ** 30 ** 30