The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Liberals and Conservatives 1964-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Conservatives"

  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '14 '16
Males 57 56 58 53 61 61 58 ** 62 54 59 58 61 59 57 61 61 56 59 57 61 ** 60 ** 54 ** 56
Females 56 56 56 53 62 61 59 ** 63 53 60 59 61 60 55 61 58 57 58 58 61 ** 60 ** 55 ** 55
White non-Hispanic 58 56 57 54 62 62 60 ** 63 54 60 59 62 59 56 61 60 57 59 59 61 ** 61 ** 56 ** 57
Black non-Hispanic 48 53 53 44 51 56 50 ** 58 47 56 56 54 57 52 62 59 55 57 52 60 ** 59 ** 49 ** 50
Hispanic ** 52 52 50 61 59 54 ** 58 50 60 63 60 64 55 62 60 55 58 59 63 ** 58 ** 52 ** 55
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 69 70 57 51 50 62 ** 58 60 57 60 59 63 57 53 64 51 54 54 61 ** 55 ** 50 ** 53
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 51 53 54 47 61 63 60 ** 62 46 55 54 59 56 55 59 59 58 52 48 59 ** 64 ** 53 ** 54
High School Diploma 58 56 56 53 62 62 59 ** 62 54 59 58 60 60 56 60 60 56 58 58 62 ** 60 ** 55 ** 57
Some College, no Degree 60 57 60 58 62 60 58 ** 65 52 62 61 63 61 54 62 59 57 59 59 62 ** 61 ** 55 ** 56
College Degree/ Post-grad 61 61 61 57 58 58 58 ** 61 54 61 58 62 58 56 62 60 55 59 58 58 ** 59 ** 52 ** 53
Income 0-16 Percentile 53 54 56 51 60 60 59 ** 62 52 57 56 60 59 55 58 56 56 56 ** 57 ** 58 ** 52 ** 55
Income 17-33 Percentile 54 55 55 51 61 60 57 ** 63 50 57 59 62 57 54 58 60 57 59 ** 60 ** 60 ** 54 ** 55
Income 34-67 Percentile 55 56 57 52 62 61 59 ** 62 53 60 58 61 60 56 62 59 55 57 ** 62 ** 59 ** 55 ** 56
Income 68-95 Percentile 60 56 58 54 61 61 59 ** 62 55 61 60 61 59 57 62 62 56 59 ** 61 ** 62 ** 55 ** 56
Income 96-100 Percentile 61 58 60 59 62 70 62 ** 67 58 65 60 65 64 56 61 62 58 65 ** 59 ** 66 ** 53 ** 54
Professionals 61 ** 59 56 61 60 58 ** 63 54 60 59 62 59 55 62 59 55 59 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** **
White Collar 58 ** 57 53 61 63 59 ** 63 53 61 59 62 60 56 60 59 57 58 ** 64 ** ** ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 54 ** 55 50 60 60 57 ** 63 52 58 57 59 59 55 61 60 57 58 ** 61 ** ** ** ** ** **
Unskilled 51 ** 58 52 56 59 61 ** 63 54 54 62 61 56 58 51 59 56 56 ** 61 ** ** ** ** ** **
Farmers 54 ** 58 48 67 66 60 ** 61 53 63 56 62 59 57 64 66 65 63 ** 69 ** ** ** ** ** **
Housewives 57 ** 57 55 64 65 62 ** 63 54 62 61 63 61 59 61 59 59 61 ** 64 ** ** ** ** ** **
Union Households 53 54 56 49 61 60 57 ** 61 52 57 58 59 59 55 59 58 55 54 57 58 ** 56 ** 52 ** 52
Non-Union Households 58 57 57 54 62 62 60 ** 63 53 61 59 62 60 56 61 60 57 59 58 61 ** 61 ** 55 ** 56
South 57 58 58 54 65 62 60 ** 65 57 61 61 62 61 58 63 61 59 60 59 63 ** 63 ** 58 ** 60
Nonsouth 57 55 57 53 60 61 58 ** 62 52 59 57 61 59 55 60 59 55 58 57 60 ** 58 ** 53 ** 54
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 52 ** 54
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 56 60 56 56 57 56 ** 56 ** 50 ** 52
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 63 54 59 57 60 60 55 60 58 57 58 58 61 ** 60 ** 54 ** 56
Born 1943-1958 56 53 56 52 58 57 55 ** 61 53 60 59 61 58 55 62 60 55 58 56 62 ** 61 ** 56 ** 58
Born 1927-1942 55 57 56 52 60 61 60 ** 63 54 60 59 61 61 57 63 63 56 61 60 65 ** 65 ** 62 ** 61
Born 1911-1926 57 55 57 53 65 64 62 ** 63 53 59 58 62 60 56 58 59 58 61 62 57 ** 66 ** 60 ** 67
Born 1895-1910 58 57 59 53 66 67 63 ** 65 53 62 61 64 54 60 62 51 56 75 56 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 58 56 59 56 65 69 67 ** 39 39 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 53 53 54 48 58 58 55 ** 58 49 54 54 55 55 50 56 54 51 54 51 53 ** 54 ** 43 ** 44
Independents 54 53 57 51 60 60 57 ** 59 53 59 56 59 59 54 54 56 54 53 49 57 ** 57 ** 50 ** 53
Republicans 65 62 63 62 66 67 65 ** 70 60 66 66 68 66 63 68 67 64 66 66 70 ** 69 ** 69 ** 70
Liberals ** ** ** ** 49 50 49 ** 50 43 50 46 51 48 44 49 47 40 48 47 45 ** 48 ** 36 ** 36
Moderates ** ** ** ** 62 60 58 ** 63 51 58 57 59 62 54 58 58 56 55 55 58 ** 57 ** 50 ** 53
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 72 74 67 ** 72 65 70 68 70 69 66 70 69 67 68 70 73 ** 72 ** 70 ** 74