The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Congressional Candidates 1978-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Republican Candidate"

  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 62 58 58 56 58 55 58 55 57 58 55 59 58 57 56 52 54
Females 63 61 59 58 59 58 60 53 58 56 58 58 58 59 56 51 54
White non-Hispanic 63 60 59 58 59 58 59 54 59 58 58 59 59 59 57 54 55
Black non-Hispanic 53 52 56 47 56 47 57 51 56 53 57 51 54 52 53 42 45
Hispanic 60 57 61 54 53 50 64 56 52 52 48 58 56 57 54 47 51
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 56 61 64 51 69 51 53 48 49 60 56 55 54 55 53 49 54
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 69 63 62 57 58 56 61 51 58 52 60 61 54 55 59 43 51
High School Diploma 62 59 60 58 60 55 60 54 56 56 58 58 59 60 56 52 54
Some College, no Degree 62 60 56 57 59 60 61 55 59 57 57 60 58 60 58 52 54
College Degree/ Post-grad 60 58 58 56 57 57 56 54 59 59 55 57 57 55 56 52 53
Income 0-16 Percentile 64 63 60 54 59 56 61 51 53 54 58 54 ** 57 53 47 52
Income 17-33 Percentile 62 60 58 57 58 56 58 54 56 54 58 57 ** 58 55 51 51
Income 34-67 Percentile 63 60 60 59 59 56 60 54 59 56 56 56 ** 60 56 53 55
Income 68-95 Percentile 62 59 57 57 58 57 58 55 58 61 59 60 ** 58 57 53 55
Income 96-100 Percentile 64 62 57 58 60 66 56 56 59 59 55 63 ** 56 65 49 53
Professionals 63 59 59 56 57 57 59 54 58 59 55 59 ** 54 ** ** **
White Collar 63 60 59 58 59 58 60 54 56 57 59 58 ** 62 ** ** **
Blue Collar 62 59 58 57 58 54 58 55 57 54 56 58 ** 60 ** ** **
Unskilled 60 58 52 59 57 59 65 54 50 47 56 55 ** 56 ** ** **
Farmers 65 70 70 58 58 63 60 56 54 60 62 62 ** 56 ** ** **
Housewives 65 61 60 61 63 60 60 51 62 59 61 55 ** 62 ** ** **
Union Households 62 57 54 54 58 55 59 55 58 53 56 54 57 61 55 50 52
Non-Union Households 63 61 60 58 59 57 59 54 58 58 57 59 58 58 57 52 54
South 61 61 61 57 60 55 60 54 60 57 61 62 59 60 60 53 56
Nonsouth 63 59 58 57 58 57 59 54 56 57 55 57 58 58 54 51 53
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 50
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 57 60 58 60 52 57 53 55 48 51
Born 1959-1974 60 55 58 55 56 52 57 54 56 55 53 56 57 58 57 51 56
Born 1943-1958 60 57 56 56 57 55 58 52 58 57 57 59 59 61 55 53 55
Born 1927-1942 62 59 58 58 60 60 61 55 58 58 60 62 60 60 61 59 58
Born 1911-1926 66 62 60 60 61 61 62 58 60 59 59 63 59 57 57 53 55
Born 1895-1910 69 71 65 61 70 62 65 53 57 48 74 100 65 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 73 55 95 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 58 56 53 52 54 49 54 49 52 51 51 51 51 50 50 42 44
Independents 61 56 59 55 55 51 60 52 52 54 56 57 51 53 56 46 49
Republicans 68 65 66 62 64 64 64 60 63 65 65 66 65 66 63 64 65
Liberals 56 53 49 51 51 48 51 47 48 47 46 48 50 47 49 40 41
Moderates 62 58 57 56 59 56 59 54 57 56 56 59 58 55 54 48 53
Conservatives 67 63 63 63 61 63 62 59 62 64 63 63 64 65 63 61 65