The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Conservatism Index by Mode 1964-2016


  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '12F '12W '14 '16 '16F '16W
Average Score on Index 51 52 52 54 53 52 52 ** 54 52 51 51 54 51 51 54 53 51 51 52 52 ** 51 ** 53 51 53 ** 51 51 51

F indicates face-to-face mode only
W indicates web/Internet mode only
Table 3.3. by Mode