The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

External Political Efficacy Index by Mode 1952-2016


  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '12F '12W '14 '16 '16F '16W
Average Score on Index 66 ** 72 ** 74 ** 67 63 57 58 55 54 52 51 53 52 63 45 49 35 51 33 38 42 46 61 47 ** 38 ** 36 43 32 ** 35 37 34

F indicates face-to-face mode only
W indicates web/Internet mode only
Table 5B.4. by Mode